9
votes
2answers
274 views

Heegaard genera of arithmetic 3-manifolds

UPDATE: Because I was hoping that state the question as concisely as possible, the original post did not include a precise definition of arithmetic 3-manifold only a reference to Maclachlan and ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Ratner theorem and dense geodesic planes in hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose we have a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$. For any $x\in M$ and plane $\pi$ in $T_xM$ we consider $P$ the geodesic plane exp$(\pi)$ originating from $\pi$. For any $p\in \pi$ we consider ...
10
votes
1answer
249 views

Representation varieties of 3-manifold groups in SL(n,C)

I am looking at the variety of representations of the fundamental group of a hyperbolic 3-manifold into $SL(n,C)$: $$Hom(\pi_1M, SL(n,{\mathbb C}))$$ It is known that volume and Chern-Simons ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Structures on open surfaces

Let $\phi\in PSL(2,R)$ be hyperbolic and $\varphi\in PSL(2,R)$ be elliptic. Is it possible to find a local homeomorphism $f:H^2\rightarrow H^2$ such that $f(\phi(x))=\varphi(f(x))$ for all $x\in H^2$ ...
7
votes
2answers
211 views

Are there infinitely many commensurable classes of finite-covolume hyperbolic Coxeter groups?

Allcock(2006) proved that there are infinitely many finite-covolume (resp. cocompact) Coxeter groups acting on hyperbolic space $H^n$ for every $n\le 19$ (resp. $n\le 6$). His main technique of ...
8
votes
1answer
204 views

Virtual fibering conjecture for cusped hyperbolic manifolds

I am interested in understanding if the Virtual Fibering Theorem holds in the non-compact case. Agol proved that every closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold has a finite index cover which fibers over the ...
11
votes
1answer
202 views

Rank and hyperbolic volume

Suppose $M$ is a hyperbolic $3$-manifold whose fundamental group has rank $r.$ What is the best (lower) bound on the volume of $M?$ Similar question for rank of $H_1.$ There is a bunch of papers of ...
8
votes
3answers
324 views

What constant ensures hyperbolicity of Dehn surgery?

I am interested in showing that certain knots having a surgery description are hyperbolic. Unfortunately I have not had time yet to read Thurston's work, so my understanding of this is vague. But from ...
4
votes
2answers
283 views

Who first used the cross-ratio to describe shapes in hyperbolic geometry?

I was reading this Wikipedia article today:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shape#Similarity_classes and I realized that it strongly resembles the use of coss-ratios as "shape parameters" in hyperbolic ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

What is known about maximal free subgroups of surface groups?

Let $\Gamma_g=< a_1,...,a_g,b_1,...,b_g | \prod_{i=1}^g [a_i,b_i]>$ (a surface group). What is known about maximal free subgroups of $\Gamma_g$ for $g>1.$ (I.e. free subgroups which are not ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Injective simplicial maps between Arc complexes

Let $A(S)$ denotes the Arc complex of a finite type hyperbolic surface $S$ with nonempty boundary. Let $\lambda:A(S)\rightarrow A(S)$ be a map such that on triangulations of $S$ i.e. on the top ...
7
votes
0answers
189 views

Right-angled polytopes

%This question is motivated by the little discussion here at the bottom. The following thing are known about hyperbolic right-angled polytopes: Compact hyperbolic right-angled polytopes do not ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Geometrization & JSJ decomposition with boundary

Is there any paper where I can find a good explanation of the JSJ decomposition, the geometrization theorem and the relations between them when the manifold has nonempty (and non necessarily toroidal) ...
0
votes
1answer
179 views

A question on Cayley graphs and hyperbolic 3-manifolds

There are two hyperbolic closed 3-manifolds, but I don't know whether they are homeomorphic or not. The only thing I know is that the Cayley graphs of their fundamental groups are quasi-isometric. ...
4
votes
0answers
145 views

Haken manifolds and characterising sutured manifold hierarchies

In Gabai's paper (Knot Theory and Manifolds Lecture Notes in Mathematics Volume 1144, 1985, pp 14-17 An internal hierarchy for 3-manifolds) he considers sutured manifold decompositions of Haken ...
8
votes
1answer
151 views

Counterexamples to analogue of Cannon conjecture in higher dimensions

It is known that a group $G$ acts geometrically on $\mathbb{H}^2$ if and only if $G$ is word-hyperbolic and its boundary $\partial G$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$. The analogous statement for ...
5
votes
1answer
231 views

Andreev's Theorem and Thurston's hyperbolization theorem

I am attempting to get to grips with Thurston's hyperbolization theorem for Haken $3$--manifolds. In particular I was looking at the section related to gluing up along hierarchy surfaces in Otal, ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Standard (special) spines and hyperbolic structure on 3-manifolds

My question relates to constructing angled triangulations or hyperbolic triangulations for $3$--manifolds. Briefly, an angle triangulation can be considered as an assignment of a real number (called ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Discrete Isoperimetric Problem in the Hyperbolic Plane

Let $S_{g}$ be the closed orientable genus $g$ surface. I'm interested in studying a certain class $\Gamma$ of graphs on $S_{g}$ which fill (the complementary regions are simply connected), and which ...
8
votes
1answer
224 views

Topology of boundaries of hyperbolic groups

For many examples of word-hyperbolic groups which I have seen in the context of low-dimensional topology, the ideal boundary is either homeomorphic to a n-sphere for some n or a Cantor set. So, I was ...
6
votes
2answers
190 views

Comparing different layered structures for fibered 3-manifolds: example request.

Let's consider a fibering hyperbolic 3-manifold obtained as a mapping torus over some hyperbolic surface with pseudo-Anosov monodromy, and let's suppose that the surface is punctured at the singular ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Hyperbolic structures on once punctured tori

I've been working on a problem about billiards in ideal hyperbolic polygons and I was thinking about how the problem for ideal quadrilaterals relates to closed geodesics on once punctured tori. My ...
2
votes
2answers
543 views

Hyperbolic pair of pants.

Suppose $Y$ is a pair of pants with a hyperbolic structure and $\gamma_i; i = 1, 2, 3$ are the geodesic boundaries of length $l_i; i=1, 2, 3$ respectively. Now consider a essential simple arc $\sigma$ ...
9
votes
1answer
477 views

Why isn't $\langle x,y,z|xyzx^{-1}y^{-1}z^{-1}\rangle$ a hyperbolic surface group?

The group mentioned in the title, $\langle x,y,z|xyzx^{-1}y^{-1}z^{-1}=1\rangle$, is in between the torus fundamental group $\langle x,y|xyx^{-1}y^{-1}=1\rangle$ and the two-holed torus fundamental ...
4
votes
2answers
272 views

Do quasi convex hyperbolic subgroups remain quasi convex after adding redundant generators?

We know now that hyperbolic 3-manifolds virtually embed into right-angled Artin groups as quasiconvex subgroups. Also, quasiconvexity depends on the generating set. I have been constructing a space ...
6
votes
2answers
349 views

Do different Dehn fillings produce homeomorphic 3-manifolds ?

Hi, everyone. I am interested in the dehn filling and Hyperbolic 3-manifold. Suppose M be an orientable compact 3-manifold with one torus boundary and int(M) admit a hyperbolic structure. ...
17
votes
2answers
800 views

How does hyperbolicity of space time affect our lives?

My main research has been in hyperbolic geometry and geometric group theory. I always thought that the only real "application" of my work was that the universe is a 3-manifold. But recently I found ...
6
votes
0answers
295 views

A conjecture of Thurston and possibly Weeks too

What is the status of the following conjecture: "... [w]hen the shortest simple closed geodesics are repeatedly removed from any complete hyperbolic 3-manifold of finite volume, eventually one ...
6
votes
1answer
337 views

Hyperbolic 3-manifolds with no geometrically finite structure

Does there exist a compact hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ that is not diffeomorphic to a geometrically finite hyperbolic manifold? If yes, can such $M$ have incompressible boundary? I think the answer ...
8
votes
1answer
274 views

Geodesic cuffs of pairs of pants in a hyperbolic manifold- why are they disjoint?

I'm trying to understand Kahn-Markovic's celebrated Immersing almost geodesic surfaces in a closed hyperbolic three manifold. There is something probably quite basic which I can't figure out. We have ...
9
votes
2answers
375 views

Some mid-sized ¿hyperbolic? manifolds and SnapPea

I've recently come across some mid-sized 3-manifolds that I think are likely hyperbolic, but SnapPea has some trouble with them. This is related to my previous question can you fool SnapPea? but in ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

Can bilipschitz models of hyperbolic 3-manifolds be made effective?

In their proof of the Ending Lamination Conjecture, Brock, Canary, and Minsky prove existence of bilipschitz models of hyperbolic 3-manifolds (homeomorphic to a surface times $\mathbb{R}$) depending ...
10
votes
1answer
280 views

Examples of 3-manifolds with RFRS fundamental group

I'm wondering if anyone knows how to construct hyperbolic 3-manifolds whose fundamental group is RFRS. Clearly the recent work of Agol, Wise, etc. says that such manifolds are abundant, and in ...
1
vote
2answers
242 views

Combination theorems for discrete subgroups of isometry groups

Maskit's combination theorem says: if $M=M_1\cup_\Sigma M_2$ is a union of hyperbolic 3-manifolds $M_1=\Gamma_1\backslash H^3, M_2=\Gamma_2\backslash H^3$ along a surface $\Sigma$, and if the limit ...
8
votes
2answers
441 views

Pseudo-Anosov map, Heegaard splitting, hyperbolic 3-manfold

Hi, I am interested in the relationship between the pseudo-anosov map and volume of the hyperbolic 3-manifold. Assume $H_{1}$ and $H_{2}$ are two handlebodies with $\partial H_{1}=\partial H_{2}=S$. ...
12
votes
1answer
461 views

Comparing layered triangulations of 3-manifolds which fiber over the circle.

I am sorry but I am reposting this question because I wasn't logged in when I first asked it. Ian Agol has produced a method to build an ideal layered triangulation of a hyperbolic 3-manifold which ...
7
votes
1answer
288 views

For which surfaces is Penner's conjecture known to be true?

Robert Penner has proven that, if $A=\{a_1,\dots, a_n\}$ and $B=\{b_1,\dots, b_m\}$ are multicurves in a surface $S$ that together fill $S$, then any product of positive powers of Dehn twists along ...
6
votes
2answers
256 views

Hyperbolic structures on $S\times\mathbb{R}$

Let $S$ be a closed incompressible surface in a finite volume hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$ without cusps. Let $N$ be the cover of $M$ associated to $\pi_1(S) \subset \pi_1(M)$. The cover $N$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

uniform properness of lifts of uniform proper maps

Let $(X,d)$ be a unique geodesic metric space and $Y\subseteq X$ a subset, equipped with the induced path metric $d'$. We say that the inclusion $i\colon Y\hookrightarrow X$ is uniformly proper if ...
5
votes
3answers
422 views

Matrices generating non-discrete subgroups of SL(2,R)

Jorgensen's inequality $\mid \left(Tr\left(A\right)\right)^2-4\mid+\mid Tr\left[A,B\right]-2\mid\ge 1$ gives a necessary condition for two matrices A,B to generate a discrete subgroup of SL(2,R). Are ...
4
votes
1answer
323 views

Does the fundamental group of a surface have rigid subgroups?

Suppose $\Gamma$ is the fundamental group of a closed, oriented surface $S$. Let $B$ be a finitely generated, infinite index subgroup of $\Gamma$, and let $\Gamma_B$ be the compact core of the ...
10
votes
3answers
575 views

Best known Margulis constants?

A Margulis number for a hyperbolic $n$-manifold $M=\mathbb{H}^n/\Gamma$ is a number $\epsilon>0$ such that for each $x\in\mathbb{H}^n$ the group generated by the elements in $\Gamma$ which move $x$ ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Rank of a group generated by side-pairing isometries of a polyhedron

Let $P$ be a compact convex polyhedron in $\mathbb{H}^3$. Let $G$ be a group generated by side-pairing isometries of $P$. Is there an algorithm to find the rank of $G$?
1
vote
0answers
154 views

Measuring the complexity of a knot by minimum number of simplices to tile the complement

This is essentially a duplicate of: Lower bound on number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a knot complement Suppose a knot $K\subseteq\mathbb S^3$ is such that the complement $\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
191 views

Mapping torus relative to an infinite orbit can be hyperbolic with finite volume?

Consider a homeomorphism of the sphere with an infinite orbit converging forwards and backwards to the same point. Remove the orbit and the accumulation point and make the mapping torus. Can the ...
9
votes
2answers
587 views

How to see isometries of figure 8 knot complement

The figure 8 knot complement $M$ is the orientable double cover of the Gieseking manifold, which implies that $M$ has a fixed-point free involution. If we think of $M$ with its hyperbolic metric, this ...
7
votes
1answer
436 views

Laminations as a limit of ideal triangulations

I am wondering about the following: Suppose that $S$ is a non-compact hyperbolic surface of finite area. Suppose that $\lambda \subset S$ is a non-trivial, geodesic, measured lamination. ...
0
votes
2answers
659 views

A quick question about Farb-Margalit's book on MCG's proof on Teichmuller's existence theorem

Hello, I was studying Farb-Margalit's " A Primer on MCG " for Teichmuller's existence theorem. On P. 347, proposition 11.14, they proved $ \omega : QD_1(X) -> Teich ( S_g) $ is proper, which, ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Detecting a cover of the figure-8 knot complement

I have a specific concrete example of a complete, finite volume, cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$, and I am trying to determine whether or not $M$ is a cover of the figure-8 knot complement (call this ...