Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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7
votes
1answer
88 views

Max flow, min cut on manifolds

If a graph has some half edges marked "input" and some half edges marked "output", it is well known that the smallest number of edges which must be cut to disconnect input from output is equal to the ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

In the definition of the Heegard Floer surgery exact triangle, what exactly is the correspondence between Whitney triangles and periodic domains?

I'm reading Osváth-Szabó's notes on Heegard Floer homology, in particular about the surgery exact triangle. On page 14 (numbered 42 on the document), they describe an isomorphism between the space of ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Is the hypersurface satisfying $\langle x-x_0,\nu\rangle>0$ diffeomorphic to sphere?

Let $p:M\to \mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ be the closed immersed hypersurface. Is the following thing right? If there exists a point $x_0$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ such that $\langle x(p)-x_0,\nu(p)\rangle>0$ ...
12
votes
1answer
277 views

Why are Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants expected to be integral?

A Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev (WRT) Invariant $\tau_{M,L}^G(\xi)\in\mathbb{C}$ is an invariant of closed oriented 3-manifold $M$ containing a framed link $L$, where $G$ is a simple Lie group, and $\xi$ ...
4
votes
2answers
213 views

A question about Dehn surgery and Brieskorn homology 3-spheres

I have been learning about Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(a_1,...,a_n)$ and Seifert manifolds. My reference is the first few pages of Saveliev's "Invariants of Homology 3-spheres." If I ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

Is it known which links have Seifert fibered complements?

I believe many such links can be constructed by looking at a foliation similar to the hopf fibration, but the wrapping leaves replaced with $(p,q)$ torus knots. However, I'm interested in particular ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

What 3-manifolds can be obtained by gluing $ S^1 \times P $ and two copies of $S^1 \times D^2$

Let P denote the pair of pants e.g. a sphere minus three small discs $D_1$,$D_2$,$D_3$ about marked points $x_1,x_2,x_3$. I then consider $P \times S^1$. We have boundary components $T_1$,$T_2$,$T_3$. ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Simple connectedness of $\mathbb{C}P^2$ intersected with an affine subspace

The complex projective plane $\mathbb{C}P^2$ can be thought of as the set of rank one 3-by-3 Hermitian matrices with norm one, i.e., $\mathbb{C}P^2 = \{xx^* : x \in \mathbb{C}^3, x^*x=1 \}$. As such, ...
15
votes
2answers
486 views

Topological transversality

Warmup question: Let us say that two continuous functions $f,g:[0,1]\to \mathbb R$ are topologically transverse if their difference $f-g$ has only finitely many zeros, and each zero separates an ...
3
votes
0answers
205 views

Does the following object has a name in algebraic geometry?

Suppose $X$ is a projective variety and $D$ is a smooth divisor and let $L = \mathcal{O}(D)$ be the line bundle corresponding to $D$. Consider $X \times \mathbb{P}^1$ with the line bundle ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Ratner theorem and dense geodesic planes in hyperbolic manifolds

Suppose we have a closed hyperbolic $3$-manifold $M$. For any $x\in M$ and plane $\pi$ in $T_xM$ we consider $P$ the geodesic plane exp$(\pi)$ originating from $\pi$. For any $p\in \pi$ we consider ...
4
votes
1answer
572 views

solvable word problem without algorithm

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. I wonder if there are examples where: 1) The word problem is known to be solvable in $G$ but there is no algorithm known. 2) The word problem is known to be ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Knot invariants in 3-manifolds that are not $\mathbb{R}^3$ or $S^3$ or $B^3$?

This is just a reference request; I have no sharp mathematical question. Inspired by the $(3+)$-year old MO question, In knot theory: Benefits of working in $S^3$ instead of $\mathbb{R}^3$?, I would ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Pure braid groups of the complement of a lattice in the complex plane: generators and relations

Where can I find a presentation (by `natural' generators and relations between them) of the pure braid groups $PB_n(S)$ (for $n>0$) of $S=\mathbb C\setminus (\mathbb Z\oplus i \mathbb Z)$? Thanks ...
12
votes
0answers
316 views

What is the determinant of Poincare duality?

For a complex $C^{\bullet}$ of finite dimensional vector spaces, one has a determinant $$|C^\bullet|:= \bigotimes \left(\Lambda^{top} C^i\right)^{(-1)^i}$$ functorial with respect to ...
5
votes
0answers
129 views

Some questions about geodesic lamination

I'm learning geodesic laminations on surfaces. Here are some questions I thought a lot but could not understand well. We consider a complete finite area hyperbolic surface $S$ w/o geodesic boundary. ...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

Manifolds such that every homeomorphism of a submanifold to itself extends to the full manifold

Let manifold $S$ (connected, without boundary) have next property: for every submanifold $D \subset S$ (connected, compact, without boundary), every homeomorphism $f:D \to D$ extends to a ...
9
votes
1answer
227 views

Representation varieties of 3-manifold groups in SL(n,C)

I am looking at the variety of representations of the fundamental group of a hyperbolic 3-manifold into $SL(n,C)$: $$Hom(\pi_1M, SL(n,{\mathbb C}))$$ It is known that volume and Chern-Simons ...
7
votes
1answer
343 views

Do all combinatorially distinct fundamental polygons correspond to surfaces?

The topology of a closed surface can be constructed by identifying edges of a fundamental polygon of an even number $2n$ of edges. Labeling the edges and using $\pm 1$ exponents to indicate direction, ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

General information on sets of pairwise transverse submanifolds

I am looking for general information on the following definition: Given a manifold $M$, let $T_k(M)$ be the set containing all sets of pairwise transversal submanifolds on $M$ of dimension $k$. So ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Centralizers and intersections in the Gromov-boundary of the mapping class group

The mapping class group of a punctured surface $\Sigma$ is weakly relatively hyperbolic (see below), hence it is well defined the Gromov-boundary with respect to the relative metric. First question: ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Compact Lie groups with only 3 dimensional cohomology generators

Let $M$ be a compact connected semi-simple Lie group. Then by Hopf's Theorem $H^*(M;\mathbb Q)=\Lambda[\omega_1,...,\omega_s]$ where $\omega_i\in H^i(M;\mathbb Q)$ , $i\ge 3$ is odd. For which $M$, ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Lower dimensional Pin cobordisms

I'm studying Pin cobordism groups of a point for some low dimensions. I found a general result by Anderson, Brown, Peterson in Theorem 5.1 of their paper "Pin cobordism and related topics" ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

On the fundamental group of closed 3-manifolds

I know that every finitely presented group can be realized as the fundamental group of a compact, connected, smooth manifold of dimension 4 (or higher). In dimension 2 there are strong restriction on ...
8
votes
0answers
159 views

Consequences of Zeeman's conjecture

Recall the Zeeman's conjecture: if $K$ is a contractible polyhedron of dimension 2, then $K\times I$ has a collapsible subdivision. Zeeman showed that this implies the Poincaré conjecture in ...
2
votes
0answers
201 views

Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed 4-manifolds. Are there any closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many ...
7
votes
1answer
259 views

What is a metaboliser?

What is a "metaboliser" for a linking form? This term appears in a recent paper on the Hopf link and I cannot find any definition on the net or in any texts. I am a professional topologist trying to ...
5
votes
0answers
183 views

Homeomorphisms of product spaces: an example

In the first of these lectures (http://www.mpim-bonn.mpg.de/node/4436) given by M. Freedman he says that there exists (compact metric) spaces $X$ and $Y$ such that $X\times S^{1}$ is homeomorphic to ...
6
votes
0answers
89 views

Two-relator products of cyclic groups

In "A proof of the Scott–Wiegold conjecture on free products of cyclic groups" Howie proved that every one-relator product of three cyclic groups is nontrivial. Is there a now proven theorem that says ...
12
votes
0answers
126 views

Approximating homeomorphisms of 2-disk by diffeomorphisms

Any homeomorphism of a compact surface can be approximated by diffeomorphisms. Is there a parametrized version of this result, where the parameter space is an $n$-disk? In other words, if $S$ is a ...
-2
votes
1answer
253 views

Do homeomorphic complements give homotopic knots?

Maybe this question is too trivial for a research site but there are so many notions of equivalence of knots that I am lost in literature. The question that interests me is the following. A knot is a ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

CW complex with generalized cells

In the definition of CW complexes, all cells are homeomorphic to closed balls. I search for a generalized notion of CW complexes. In my application, the complexes are in fact finite. Is there a ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

cell decomposition of real homogeneous hypersurfaces

Let $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{R}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a homogeneous polynomial and consider the real hypersurface $H=\{(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{R}^n:f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)=1\}$. Assume to simplify ...
7
votes
1answer
421 views

Geometric interpretation for fourth coeficient of the polynomial for Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem

Hey guys :) I have a question on a theorem which is known as Tian-Yau-Zelditch theorem now. If there is some reference for following question, please let me know Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

When $\frac{\text{Aut}(G/P,L)}{S^1}$ is discrete?

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a Kähler manifold with a pre-quantum Line bundle $L$ and $\text {Aut}(M,L)$ means the group biholomorphisms of $M$ which lift to holomorphic bundles maps $L\to L$. My question is ...
7
votes
0answers
95 views

The homology of the braid group with coefficients in the Burau representation

Let $B_n$ denote the braid group with $n$ braids. The Burau representation $B_n\to GL_n(\mathbb{Z}[t^{\pm1}])$ makes $(\mathbb{Q}[t^{\pm1}])^n$ a $B_n$-module. I am curious in knowing what $H_i(B_n, ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Construction of a Bott manifold

I have been searching the literature for a construction of a simply connected spin manifold of dimension 8 with A-genus 1. I am not sure, but I think this is called a Bott manifold. Can anybody help ...
13
votes
2answers
335 views

Homotopy groups of spaces of embeddings

Let $\mathrm{Emb}(M, N)$ be the space of smooth embeddings of a closed manifold $M$ into a manifold $N$ equipped with smooth compact-open topology. Question 1. Are there conditions ensuring that ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Does every canonical decomposition of the intersection form come from a canonical homology basis?

Take a closed surface $X$ of genus $n$. By a canonical homology basis, I will mean a set of $2n$ homologically independent simple closed curves $\{\alpha_1,\ldots,\alpha_n,\beta_1,\ldots,\beta_n\}$, ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Structures on open surfaces

Let $\phi\in PSL(2,R)$ be hyperbolic and $\varphi\in PSL(2,R)$ be elliptic. Is it possible to find a local homeomorphism $f:H^2\rightarrow H^2$ such that $f(\phi(x))=\varphi(f(x))$ for all $x\in H^2$ ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

Extending homotopy equivalence between manifolds with boundary

Let $f:N_1\to N_2$ be a homotopy equivalence between two simply connected manifolds with boundary of the same dimension. Can it be extended to a homotopy equivalence between closed manifolds $f:M_1\to ...
2
votes
3answers
210 views

Heegaard Floer Homology of double branched cover

The question is the following: Let $K\subset S^{3}$ be a knot, consider the double branched cover $Y$ of $S^{3}$ over $K$. We know $Y$ has a unique spin structure $\mathfrak{s}$, now the question is: ...
4
votes
2answers
321 views

Jones polynomial of the concatenation of two braids

Let $\sigma_1$ and $\sigma_2$ be two braids with $n$-strings. Are there any formulas relating $J_{\widehat{\sigma_1\sigma_2}}(q)$, $J_{\hat{\sigma_1}}(q)$, and $J_{\hat{\sigma_2}}(q)$? Here, ...
10
votes
1answer
303 views

Did Milnor and Thurston write anything else about characteristic numbers for 3-manifolds?

In Characteristic numbers for 3-manifolds Milnor and Thurston define a characteristic number and this is cited in ch. 6 of Thurston's notes when discussing the Gromov approach to Mostow rigidity. The ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

A smooth analog of the mapping cylinder?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a homotopy equivalence between closed smooth manifolds. Is there a closed manifold $Z$ such that $X$ and $Y$ are (strong) deformation retracts of $Z$? (There is the mapping ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

Action of the mapping class group on separating spheres in a connected sum of aspherical 3-manifolds

Let $M$ be a connected sum of $g$ closed aspherical 3-manifolds $M_1, \ldots, M_g$. [Update: I also assume that all the $M_i$-s are diffeomorphic, i.e. $M$ is a connected sum of copies of the same ...
1
vote
0answers
219 views

Functors with Mayer-Vietoris Sequences

Let $F$ be a contravariant functor from some category of spaces (e.g. smooth manifolds or (compact?) topological Hausdorff spaces), to Abelian groups. Assume that for any open sets $U, V \subseteq X$ ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Quasiconformal deformation

Given a finite set $A$ on the Riemann sphere and a homeomorphism $f$, may I say there exists a quasiconformal homeomorfism isotopic to $f$ relative to the set $A$?
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Sutured Manifolds and minimal genus

Is there a result relating sutured manifolds and surfaces of minimal genus? perhaps someone has a very clever point of view of these two notions that can share. In other matters, do we know how to ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Parity of knot signatures

I recently came upon a recursive formula for the (ordinary) signatures of torus knots. The formula, which I found in Murasugi's book "Knot Theory and Applications" (Springer, 2007), originally ...