Tagged Questions

Topology of cell complexes and manifolds, classification of manifolds (e.g. smoothing, surgery), low dimensional topology (e.g. knot theory, invariants of 4-manifolds), embedding theory, combinatorial and PL topology, geometric group theory, infinite dimensional topology (e.g. Hilbert cube ...

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2
votes
1answer
106 views

Counting Ribbon graphs

Let $G$ be a ribbon graph (sometimes called fat graph) with $v$ vertices and $e$ edges. Furthermore each vertex is of degree $d$. Q) What is the number of $G$ with the above properties? I mean does ...
8
votes
2answers
171 views

Configuration space like subspace of sphere product

For $k \geq 2, n \geq 1$ let $$M^{n,k} = \{(x_1,\dots,x_k) \in S^n \times \dots \times S^n \ | \ x_1 + \dots + x_k = 0\}$$ This is a compact CW-complex and almost, but not quite, a manifold. I ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Actions on the mapping class groups on arcs

Let $S$ be an orientable punctured surface and denote by $MCG(S)$ its $extended$ mapping class group, i.e. the group of its homeomorphisms modulo isotopies fixing the punctures pointwise. ...
4
votes
0answers
142 views

Topology of the space of foliations on a 3-manifold

Denote by $\mathcal{P} (M)$ the space of smooth plane fields(oriented and transversely oriented) on a given closed and orientable 3-manifold $M$ with the $C^{\infty}$ topology, and by $\mathcal{F}(M)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
94 views

An integrality theorem for immersions of quaternion projective spaces in the euclidean space

There are three questions: Please let me know your proof of the following theorem: If $\mathbb HP^2$ can be immersed in $\mathbb R^{12}$ with an Euler class $W_{4}(\nu)$ for the normal bundle of ...
0
votes
1answer
148 views

An integrality theorem for immersions of complex projective spaces in the euclidean space

There are three questions: Please let me know your proof of the following theorem: If $CP^3$ can be immersed in $R^8$ with an Euler class $W_{2}(\nu)$ for the normal bundle of $CP^3$ respect to ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Open Books $( \Sigma, \Phi) $ living in Lefschetz Fibrations over the disk $D^2$

I have a question about open books and Lefschetz fibrations over the 2-disk $D^2$. Please let me set it up first, before going on. Setup: Say we have a Lefschetz fibration $f: W^4 \rightarrow D^2 $ ...
5
votes
0answers
154 views

Gompf's invariant of $2$-plane fields

I am interested in low dimensional contact topology. These days I read "Handlebody construction of Stein surfaces" written by R. E. Gompf, and study an invariant $\theta (\xi)$. This invariant is ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Immersed versus embedded surfaces representing a same homology class

I am working on the Gromov norm of submanifolds in the total space E of surface bundles over surfaces. So I am interested in knowing the minimal genus of a surface representing a given homology class ...
-2
votes
1answer
77 views

Definition of Milnor exact sequence and complex-oriented generalized cohomology of $\mathbb{C}P^{\infty}$

Consider a complex-oriented multiplicative generalized cohomology theory $h^{*}(X)$. It is complex-oriented, if by the definition the following two conditions hold: 1) There exists an element $t\in ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Are homotopy braid groups residually nilpotent?

A group is called residually nilpotent if given any non-identity element, there is a normal subgroup not containing that element, such that the quotient group is nilpotent. It is known that pure braid ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Existence of a torus fibration with given vanishing cycles

Suppose I have a torus fibration over the disc with $n$ nodal singular fibers $F_1,\dots,F_n$ over the points $p_1,\dots,p_n$. I was specifically thinking about a Lagrangian fibration, but I'd be ...
11
votes
1answer
476 views

Thurston geometries in dimension 4

In the sense of W. Thurston here, there is 3 geometries in dimension 2 and there is 8 geometries in dimension 3. Question: How many different geometries (in the sense of Thurston) do we have in ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Unseparability of two linked rings in higher dimensions [closed]

I am not familiar with topology. We know that in $R^3$, we cannot separate two "rings": two copies of $S^1$, if they are "linked". I wonder that is there any similar results for two copies of ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Topology of surfaces and mean curvature

The Gauss-Bonnet theorem characterizes topology of surfaces by their Gaussian curvature. Do there exist results characterizing topology of surfaces embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ by their mean ...
14
votes
3answers
414 views

Which mapping class group representations come from algebraic geometry?

Let $\Gamma_g$ be the mapping class group of a closed oriented surface $\Sigma$ of genus $g$. There is a natural surjection $t \colon \Gamma_g \to \mathrm{Sp}(2g,\mathbf Z)$ which sends a mapping ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Classification of elements in mapping class groups

Recently I start learning mapping class group. The Nielsen-Thurston classification says that each element in mapping class group $Mod(S_{g,n}),g,n\geq 0$ is periodic, reducible, or pseudo-Anosov. Take ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

how to construct an oriented double cover of a lamination?

Suppose $\lambda$ is an non-orientable lamination on a closed orientable surface. How to construct an oriented double cover of $\lambda$?
8
votes
1answer
266 views

Existence of certain “nondegenerate” function and manifold topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold without boundary, not necessarily compact. Let $f$ be a real-valued smooth function on $M\times M$. We say $f$ is good if for any point $(x,y)\in M\times M$ with local ...
9
votes
3answers
310 views

Unknotting number of knot diagrams

Define the "diagram unknotting number" of a knot diagram $D$ as the minimal number of crossings that need to be changed in $D$ in order to get a diagram of the trivial knot (the usual unknotting ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Are there analogs of smooth partitions of unity and good open covers for PL-manifolds?

Smooth partitions of unity and differentiable good open covers are important technical tools in the realm of smooth manifolds. Are there analogs of these tools for piecewise linear manifolds? A PL ...
12
votes
1answer
204 views

Can infinitely many alternating knots have the same Alexander polynomial?

There exist many constructions of infinite families of knots with the same Alexander polynomial. However, alternating knots seem very special. While there are also many result on restricting the form ...
8
votes
1answer
315 views

Is more alternating always better?

While thinking about this interesting question asked by Dylan Thurston, it occured to me that in every case that I know, the closer a knot diagram is to being alternating, the better its properties. ...
6
votes
0answers
115 views

A forked plane continuum

I came up with this question while trying to solve the following MO one: Does every connected set that is not a line segment cross some dyadic square? Suppose $C$ is a plane continuum (i.e. a ...
4
votes
2answers
241 views

Topological characterization of injective metric spaces

Let $\ (X\ d)\ \,(Y\ \delta)\ $ be arbitrary metric spaces. A function $\ f:X\rightarrow Y\ $ is called a metric map (with respect to the given metrics $\ d\ \delta$) $\ \Leftarrow:\Rightarrow\ ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Special retraction from a metric space onto an arc

Suppose $X$ is a metric space and $A$ is a subspace of $X$ homeomorphic to $[0,1]$ with its usual topology. Let $v$ an end point of $A$, that is $v$ does not disconnect $A$. Is there a retraction $r$ ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Braids, pure braids and Dehn twists

Consider the braid group with $n$ strands $B_n$. Each braid can be drawn (say) from bottom to top as $n$-intertwining strictly monotonic strands. Moreover, the group $B_n$ is generated by $n-1$ ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Ozsvath-Szabo orientation convention for Seifert fibred spaces

I am confused by the orientation convention that Ozsvath and Szabo use in On Heegaard Floer homology and Seifert Fibered Surgeries and would appreciate if someone clarifies this for me. On page 15 ...
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Calculation in From Seiberg Witten to pseudo-holomorphic curve

I am reading the Taubes's paper: From From Seiberg Witten to pseudo-holomorphic curve. I don't know how to get the result (2.17) \begin{eqnarray*} ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

cohomology of classifying space of permutation groups

Let $\Sigma_k$ be the permutation group of order $k$. Let $r: \Sigma_k\to GL(k)$ be the regular representation by permuting the order of the standard basis of $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\rho: ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Normal Form of Homotopy Pure Braids?

It is well known that a pure braid has a normal form (also called the combed form). Namely, let $P_n$ be the set of pure braids of $n$ strands and let $d_i:P_n\to P_{n-1}$ be the $i$th "forgetting ...
32
votes
1answer
821 views

Can knot diagrams be monotonically simplified using under moves?

It is well known that knot diagrams cannot be monotonically simplified using Reidemeister moves. For instance, the Goeritz unknot cannot be directly simplified. On the other hand, there is a stronger ...
1
vote
0answers
209 views

Is this a “new” terminology in homology/cohomology theory?

I have the following question. For our research purpose, we have introduced the following concept: Let $f:X\to Y$ be a continuous, disrecte and open mapping between two locally compact metric spaces. ...
7
votes
0answers
108 views

Topological restrictions from mean curvature bounds

Alexandrov's Theorem says that a compact constant mean curvature hypersurface embedded in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ must be a round sphere. What happens when the mean curvature is small, or bounded? (For ...
5
votes
0answers
169 views

Is there a connection between |roots| $\rightarrow$ 1 and Gromov's waist theorem?

Recent questions showed that roots of a random polynomial tend to lie on the unit circle ("Why do roots of polynomials tend to have absolute value close to 1?"; "Distribution of roots of complex ...
8
votes
2answers
524 views

Are there nontrivial involutions of $S^7\times S^7$ with fixed point set homeo to $S^7$?

The group $\mathbb{Z}_2$ acts on $S^7\times S^7$ by switching the coordinates with fixed point set $\Delta(S^7\times S^7)\cong S^7$. I want to know whether there are some other $\mathbb{Z}_2$ actions ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Does every hypersurface in the projective plane contain a projective line?

Consider $P^{2}(\mathbb{C})$, the space of all lines through the origin in $\mathbb{C}^{3}$ (or $\mathbb{R}^3$ if that works better). Let $X\subset P^{2}(\mathbb{C})$ be a (nonempty) hypersurface ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Wide cylinders on half-translation surfaces

Take a collection of pairwise disjoint, simple polygons in the plane. Identify pairs of sides between polygons by either a translation in the plane, or, a translation composed with a rotation by ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

cartesian product rigidity for the punctured open disc

Q1: Let $D^n$ ($n\geq 1$) be the n-dimensional open disk. If $D^n-\{0\}$ is homeomorphic to $X\times (0,1)$, for some topological space $X$, does it necessarily follow that $X$ is homeomorphic to ...
5
votes
0answers
186 views

Presentation of Homotopy Pure Braid Group?

Let $\tilde{B_n}$ be the homotopy braid group; namely, in the deformation of braids, a braid string is allowed to self-intersect itself. Similarly let $\tilde{P_n}$ be the homotopy pure braid group. ...
8
votes
0answers
127 views

Excluding exotic PL structures on S^4

Suppose you have a finite group $G<SO(5)$ such that $S^4/G$ is homeomorphic to $S^4$ and such that $S^4/G$ is a PL manifold with respect to a PL structure induced by a standard structure on $S^4$. ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Is the centralizer $Z_G(A)=\{g\in G| a g= g a\}$ of a finite $A\subset G$ connected for a connected compact Lie group?

Let $G$ be a connected compact Lie group, consider the left/right action on itself. For any finite $A\subset G$, consider the centralizer $Z_G(A):=\{g\in G| a g= g a\}$. Q: is $Z_G(A)$ a connected ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Basics on lattice in classical groups

as a beginner,I am not sure whether this question is too basic to post here./-\。 Many textbook will talk about the prototypical example SL(n,Z)\SL(n,R), which can be identified with the space of ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Is barycentric subdivision of a collapsible, regular CW complex collapsible (non-evasive)?

Let $X$ be a finite, regular CW complex, and let $X'$ be its barycentric subdivision (i.e. the order complex of the face poset of $X$). Assume $X$ is collapsible. Is $X'$ collapsible? Is $X'$ ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

On the realization of a compact surface as a leaf of an analytic foliation

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g \geq 2$. Is there any transversely real (or complex) analytic codimension one foliation $\mathcal{F}$ such that $\mathcal{F}$ has $S$ as a leaf with ...
5
votes
3answers
264 views

Contractibility of space of embeddings of a disc

I'm pretty sure that both of the following spaces are contractible. However, I can't seem to find a proof or a reference. Can anyone provide one? Let $D^2$ be the unit disc in $\mathbb{R}^2$. The ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

The Klee Trick for subsets of $\mathbb{R}^3$

I asked the question Is dimension given by the Klee trick ever sharp? That question remains unanswered, so I thought I might ask a slightly more concrete question along those lines. Given a metric ...
5
votes
2answers
228 views

Using Discrete Morse Theory to represent hom classes

In "vanilla" Morse theory, you can construct cycles representing integral homology classes of a smooth manifold from a Morse function on the manifold (by looking at the flow into/out of the critical ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

square tiled surfaces: Counting Saddle Connections vs Counting Square-Tiled Surfaces

I am reading Prime arithmetic Teichmuller discs in H(2) where they discuss the Siegel-Veech constant in a stratum $\mathcal{H}(2)$ of surfaces. However I see two definitions of Siegel-Veech constant: ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Decomposition of Lefschetz fibrations into surface bundles and Lefschetz fibrations over spheres

Assume that $M$ is a Lefschetz fibration with fiber genus $g$ over a base of genus $h>0$ (with at least one singular fiber). What obstructions exist to decomposing $M$ into a surface bundle $S$ of ...