A groupoid is a category where all morphisms are invertible. This notion can also be seen as an extension of the notion of group. A motivating example is the fundamental groupoid of a topological space with respect to several base points, compared to the usual fundamental group.

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How can I understand the “groupoid” quotient of a group action as some sort of “product”?

Recall the notion of groupoid (Wikipedia, nLab). An important construction of groupoids is as "action groupoids" for group actions. Namely, let $X$ be a groupoid and $G$ a group, and suppose that ...
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How do you define the strict infinity groupoids in Homotopy Type Theory?

In the setting of Homotopy Type Theory, how would you construct $\mathrm{isStrict} : U \rightarrow U$ which is inhabited exactly when the first type is (equivalent to?) a strict $\infty$-groupoid? ...
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Algebraic stacks as (etale) groupoid alg.spaces/schemes

Assume given an algebraic stack() $\mathcal{X}$ with presentation $X_0 \to \mathcal{X}$, and the corresponding groupoid $X = (X_0\times_\mathcal{X} X_0 \rightrightarrows X_0)$ in algebraic spaces (or ...