A groupoid is a category where all morphisms are invertible. This notion can also be seen as an extension of the notion of group. A motivating example is the fundamental groupoid of a topological space with respect to several base points, compared to the usual fundamental group.

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Normal subgroupoid? [on hold]

Is there a definition of normal groupoid? For normal sub-quasi-group I found two: The first one: a sub-quasi-group $H$ is called normal if there exists a normal congruence $\theta$ such that $H$ ...
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Groupoids and hypergroups

There are two generalizations of usual groups: groupoids, where the multiplication operation becomes "partial", and hypergroups, for which the result of multiplying two elements is a probability ...
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Representing topoi by topological groupoids

i was reading an article written by Butz and Moerdijk (https://www.math.uu.nl/publications/preprints/984.ps.gz) and i have a problem in understanding their proof of theorem $5.1$ (The one in which ...
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930 views

Category = Groupoid x Poset?

Is it possible to split a given category $C$ up into its groupoid of isomorphisms and a category that resembles a poset? "Splitting up" should be that $C$ can be expressed as some kind of extension ...
5
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139 views

Relation between graphs and groupoid $C^*$-algebras

In the paper "Graphs, groupoids and Cuntz-Krieger algebras" by Kumijan, Pask, Raeburn, Renault it was shown (if I understand it correctly) that whenever $G$ is a row-finite directed graph with no ...
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Representation of Groupoids

The title is vague, my actuall question is the following: Has the representations of groupoids been systematically studied? Is there any new phenomenon, compare with the representation of groups? ...
11
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4answers
727 views

Brandt's definition of groupoids (1926)

The definition of a category is usually attributed to Mac Lane and Eilenberg (1945). What seems to be less known is that the german mathematician Heinrich Brandt has developed the notion of a groupoid ...
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512 views

The groupoid of algebraic expressions and proofs

Fix a set of variables $V$, and suppose we're given a presentation of a monosorted algebraic theory, with variable symbols taken from $V$. For the sake of example, suppose the presentation consists of ...
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46 views

Local section of Lie Groupoids

Suppose we have the pair groupoid $G:\mathbb{R}^2\rightrightarrows \mathbb{R}$ which is a Lie groupoid with source $s$ and target $t$ maps given by the first and second projection, respectively. ...
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1answer
251 views

Reference request for generalization of groups with out identity element?

In other words what do we call a magma which is associative and has divisibility property but not existence of identity? Or a groupoid when it loses the identity property? A reference on such ...
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68 views

Lower periodic subsets of groups and semigroups

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are subsets of a group or semigroup. We call $A$ left upper [resp. lower] $B$-periodic if $BA\subseteq A$ [resp. $A\subseteq BA$]. If $A$ is both left upper and lower ...
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One dimensional foliation of surfaces with prescribed graph of foliation

According to the definition of the graph of a foliation by Winkelnkemper we ask the following questions: Let $G$ be one of the following non hausdorff 3 dim manifold 1) $G$ is a ...
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Is the cotangent complexes of groupoids bounded above by degree $1$?

Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a stack given by a groupoid $X_1\rightrightarrows X_0$, where $X_0$ and $X_1$ are smooth $k$-varieties. Let $\mathbb{L}_{\mathcal{X}/k}$ be the cotangent complex of ...
14
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542 views

What's the big deal about $M_{13}$?

$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11, London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...
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3answers
393 views

Does the nerve functor (resp. fundamental groupoid functor) preserve homotopy colimits (resp. homotopy limits)?

Let $\pi _1:SS\to Grpd$ denote the fundamental groupoid functor, from simplicial sets to groupoids, and let $N:Grpd\to SS$ denote the nerve functor. Then $\pi _1$ is left adjoint to $N.$ On ...
3
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1answer
142 views

How to construct a free 2-group on a groupoid?

Let G be a groupoid. I'm wondering how to construct the free 2-group on G. By the free 2-group I mean a 2-group $\mathcal{F}\left(G\right)$ equipped with a functor ...
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224 views

Is the crossed product $\mathcal{K} \rtimes G$ a groupoid algebra?

Suppose G, a discrete group acting on the compact operators $\mathcal{K}$ by automorphism of C*-algebra $\mathcal{K}$. Can we view the crossed product as a groupoid C*-algebra of some groupoid? This ...
3
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59 views

Representable torsors on geometric groupoid

Let $(C,\tau,\mathbb P)$ be a geometric context, as defined by Toen and Vezzosi. Let $(X_1\rightrightarrows X_0)$ be a groupoid object in $C$ such that the source and target morphisms are in $\mathbb ...
14
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623 views

What is the 2-category whose 0-objects are Lie algebroids?

Recall the notion of Lie algebroid (n Lab, Wikipedia). One motivation for studying Lie algebroids is that they are infinitesimal versions of Lie groupoids, and Lie groupoids present stacks. In ...
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37 views

Connection on 3-bundle given as triplet of forms

A connection on a bundle is given locally by a Lie algebra-valued 1-form. Gauge transformations act in the usual way on the forms, and form a groupoid. A connection on a 2-bundle is given locally by ...
11
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819 views

How do you define the strict infinity groupoids in Homotopy Type Theory?

In the setting of Homotopy Type Theory, how would you construct $\mathrm{isStrict} : U \rightarrow U$ which is inhabited exactly when the first type is (equivalent to?) a strict $\infty$-groupoid? ...
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Homotopy category of groupoids

The nlab Ho(Cat) page says: morphisms in the homotopy category of groupoids $Ho(Gpd)$, have two equivalent description: iso-classes of functors. formally invert equivalence functors (i.e. ...
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2answers
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Classifying map of a principal bundle

Given a topological group, say $G$, it is well known that the classifying space $BG$ classifies $G$ principal bundles. Under some mild assumption on $G$, one model of $BG$ is the geometric realization ...
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1answer
76 views

Groupoid as a 2-coequaliser

Let $G=(G_1, G_0, s, t, u, i,\circ)$ be a groupoid, where $s, t$ are source and target maps, $i$ is the inverse, $u$ is the unit, and $\circ$ is the composition. Denote $\underline{G_1}, ...
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How to detect if a simplicial set is the nerve of a groupoid?

I have the following question. Suppose I have a simplicial set. Is there a way to detect if it actually is isomorphic to a nerve of a groupoid? I've seen the fact that if you have a nerve ...
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What's a groupoid? What's a good example of a groupoid?

Or more specifically, why do people get so excited about them? And what's your favorite easy example of one, which illustrates why I should care (and is not a group)?
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1answer
239 views

What's the link between topological spaces as locales and topological spaces as infinity-groupoids?

I've seen texts that talk about topological spaces being essentially locales, like Topology via Logic by Vickers, and texts related to homotopy theory that talk about topological spaces being ...
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2answers
395 views

Semidirect product of groupoids

I am trying to understand the semidirect product of groupoids, as defined in this answer by Theo Johnson-Freyd. Part of my difficulty is that although the definition of a 2-group makes sense, I am ...
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278 views

Albrecht Fröhlich's text `Groupoids, groupoid spaces and cohomology' (1965)

I am looking for Albrecht Fröhlich's unpublished text `Groupoids, groupoid spaces and cohomology' (1965). In this text Fröhlich defines cohomology of a group with coefficients in a groupoid (this was ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Is there a Fourier transform for principal r-discrete groupoids?

I have been looking for an analog of the Fourier transform for groupoids coming from tilings (which are generally principal and r-discrete), however all the generalizations I have found assume that ...
9
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3answers
350 views

Groupoid of moves on trivalent fatgraph

Let $T$ be a finite trivalent fatgraph - i.e. a graph with a cyclic order of the edges at each vertex. Then there are certain basic "moves" we can perform on $T$: an embedded edge can be collapsed and ...
6
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1answer
346 views

Continuous and smooth Lie groupoid cohomology

In the paper by Weinstein and Xu: Extensions of symplectic groupoids and quantization, J. Reine Angew. Math. 417 (1991), there are two versions of Lie groupoid cohomology. The same differential ...
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920 views

How can I understand the “groupoid” quotient of a group action as some sort of “product”?

Recall the notion of groupoid (Wikipedia, nLab). An important construction of groupoids is as "action groupoids" for group actions. Namely, let $X$ be a groupoid and $G$ a group, and suppose that ...
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105 views

Reduced C*-algebras of locally compact etale Hausdorff groupoids

Let $G$ be an étale locally compact Hausdorff groupoid (possibly second-countable) and let $a\in C_{\textrm{red}}^*(G)$. Is it true that for all $\varepsilon>0$ there is $s\in C_c(G)$ satisfying ...
2
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2answers
437 views

Groupoids vs. action groupoids

Let $A\rightrightarrows X$ be a groupoid, where $X$ is the set of objects and $A$ is the set of arrows. My favorite example of a groupoid is an action groupoid. If a group $G$ acts on the left on a ...
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5answers
416 views

Connected groupoids and action groupoids

It is written in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groupoid, that any connected groupoid $A\rightrightarrows X$ is isomorphic to an action groupoid $G\ltimes X$ coming from a transitive action ...
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Groupoid actions on spaces

The action of a group $G$ on a topological space $X$ can be viewed as a functor $F: G \to \mathcal{Top}$ with $F(*)=X$. (Here I'm viewing a group as a category with one object, $ * $, and the ...
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1answer
248 views

Equivalence and weak equivalence of groupoids

Let $A\rightrightarrows X$ be a groupoid, where $X$ is the set of objects and $A$ is the set of arrows. My favorite example of a groupoid is an action groupoid. If a group $G$ acts on the left on a ...
2
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79 views

Bisections in Kan Complexes

Kan Complexes can be seen as a generalization of groupoids, mostly called (weak) infinity groupoids in this context. On groupoids we can define the \textbf{group of bisections} the following way: ...
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2answers
277 views

Constructing a stack (gerbe) from a connected groupoid

Let $\mathcal{G}=(A\rightrightarrows X)$ be a groupoid. Here $X={\rm Ob}(\mathcal{G})$, $A={\rm Ar}(\mathcal{G})$, and we have 5 maps: $s,t\colon A\to X$ (the source and the target, surjective), ...
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How should one understand orbifold fundamental groups?

I am studying orbifold fundamental group (or more generally orbifold homotopy groups). In a nutshell, my questions is: what are they intuitively? In what follows I give definitions and more precise ...
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351 views

How to specify a finite group up to inner automorphism?

I want some finite set of data to which I can canoically associate a "group up to inner automorphism", and which can be constructed canoically from a "group up to inner automorphism". I have a few ...
3
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3answers
311 views

What are the symmetries of a principal homogeneous bundle?

Let $\operatorname{Klein}$ denote the category of principal homogeneous bundles. An object in this category is a tuple $\mathbf Q = (Q, P; G, H; q, a, \tilde a)$, where: $G$ is a Lie group, and $H$ ...
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1answer
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When are $k$-sectors of a Lie groupoid a manifold?

Let ${\mathcal{G} = \lbrace s,t:G_1 \to G_0 \rbrace}$ be a Lie groupoid. Define $$(\mathcal{G}^k)_0:=\lbrace (a_1,\dots,a_k) \in G_1^k\mid s(a_1)=t(a_1)=\dots=s(a_k)=t(a_k) \rbrace$$ (This is the ...
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1answer
862 views

Convolution algebras for double groupoids?

There is a lot of work of course on convolution algebras of measured groupoids, and this gives "Noncommutative geometry". However there is a lot of interest in algebraically structured groupoids, for ...
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How many binary operations are associative?

Let $X$ be a finite set of $n$ elements, and consider a binary operation $\odot: X \times X \rightarrow X$. There are $n^{n^2}$ such binary operations, as the $n \times n$ table entries can each be ...
3
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1answer
229 views

Simplicity of reduced C*-algebras for non-Hausdorff etale groupoids

It is known that for a Hausdorff locally compact etale groupoid, the reduced C*-algebra is simple iff the groupoid is minimal (meaning the orbit of each unit is dense) and topologically principal ...
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1answer
164 views

reference request for essential equivalence of top. groupoids

Let $G$ and $H$ be two topological groupoids. Recall that a morphism $F \colon H \to G$ is called an essential equivalence, if the map $t \circ \pi_1 \colon G_1 \times_{G_0} H_0 \to G_0$ is an open ...
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2answers
332 views

Cartesian cubes and groupoids

Given a groupoid $G,$ one can consider the canonical epimorphism $$G_0 \to G.$$ Since it is an epimorphism in the $2$-topos of groupoids, $G$ is the weak colimit of the corresponding Cech diagram ...
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110 views

spaces of projections

Let $\mathbb{K}$ be the compact operators on a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Denote by $\mathcal{P}(\mathbb{K})$ the space of projections in $\mathbb{K}$. If I am not terribly wrong ...