**11**

votes

**4**answers

672 views

### Brandt's definition of groupoids (1926)

The definition of a category is usually attributed to Mac Lane and Eilenberg (1945). What seems to be less known is that the german mathematician Heinrich Brandt has developed the notion of a groupoid ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

471 views

### The groupoid of algebraic expressions and proofs

Fix a set of variables $V$, and suppose we're given a presentation of a monosorted algebraic theory, with variable symbols taken from $V$. For the sake of example, suppose the presentation consists of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Local section of Lie Groupoids

Suppose we have the pair groupoid $G:\mathbb{R}^2\rightrightarrows \mathbb{R}$ which is a Lie groupoid with source $s$ and target $t$ maps given by the first and second projection, respectively. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

66 views

### Lower periodic subsets of groups and semigroups

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are subsets of a group or semigroup. We call $A$ left
upper [resp. lower] $B$-periodic if $BA\subseteq A$
[resp. $A\subseteq BA$]. If $A$ is both left upper and
lower ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Reference request for generalization of groups with out identity element?

In other words what do we call a magma which is associative and has divisibility property but not existence of identity? Or a groupoid when it loses the identity property?
A reference on such ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### One dimensional foliation of surfaces with prescribed graph of foliation

According to the definition of the graph of a foliation by Winkelnkemper we ask the following questions:
Let $G$ be one of the following non hausdorff 3 dim manifold
1) $G$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Is the cotangent complexes of groupoids bounded above by degree $1$?

Let $\mathcal{X}$ be a stack given by a groupoid $X_1\rightrightarrows X_0$, where $X_0$ and $X_1$ are smooth $k$-varieties. Let $\mathbb{L}_{\mathcal{X}/k}$ be the cotangent complex of ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

527 views

### What's the big deal about $M_{13}$?

$M_{13}$ is the Mathieu groupoid defined by Conway in
Conway, J. H. $M_{13}$. Surveys in combinatorics, 1997 (London), 1–11,
London Math. Soc. Lecture Note Ser., 241, Cambridge Univ. Press, ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

333 views

### Does the nerve functor (resp. fundamental groupoid functor) preserve homotopy colimits (resp. homotopy limits)?

Let $\pi _1:SS\to Grpd$ denote the fundamental groupoid functor, from simplicial sets to groupoids, and let $N:Grpd\to SS$ denote the nerve functor. Then $\pi _1$ is left adjoint to $N.$
On ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### How to construct a free 2-group on a groupoid?

Let G
be a groupoid. I'm wondering how to construct the free 2-group on G.
By the free 2-group I mean a 2-group $\mathcal{F}\left(G\right)$
equipped with a functor ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### Is the crossed product $\mathcal{K} \rtimes G$ a groupoid algebra?

Suppose G, a discrete group acting on the compact operators $\mathcal{K}$ by automorphism of C*-algebra $\mathcal{K}$. Can we view the crossed product as a groupoid C*-algebra of some groupoid?
This ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Representable torsors on geometric groupoid

Let $(C,\tau,\mathbb P)$ be a geometric context, as defined by Toen and Vezzosi. Let $(X_1\rightrightarrows X_0)$ be a groupoid object in $C$ such that the source and target morphisms are in $\mathbb ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Connection on 3-bundle given as triplet of forms

A connection on a bundle is given locally by a Lie algebra-valued 1-form.
Gauge transformations act in the usual way on the forms, and form a groupoid.
A connection on a 2-bundle is given locally by ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### Homotopy category of groupoids

The nlab Ho(Cat) page says: morphisms in the homotopy category of groupoids $Ho(Gpd)$, have two equivalent description:
iso-classes of functors.
formally invert equivalence functors (i.e. ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Classifying map of a principal bundle

Given a topological group, say $G$, it is well known that the classifying space $BG$ classifies $G$ principal bundles. Under some mild assumption on $G$, one model of $BG$ is the geometric realization ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

76 views

### Groupoid as a 2-coequaliser

Let $G=(G_1, G_0, s, t, u, i,\circ)$ be a groupoid, where $s, t$ are source and target maps, $i$ is the inverse, $u$ is the unit, and $\circ$ is the composition.
Denote $\underline{G_1}, ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Relation between graphs and groupoid $C^*$-algebras

In the paper "Graphs, groupoids and Cuntz-Krieger algebras" by Kumijan, Pask, Raeburn, Renault it was shown (if I understand it correctly) that whenever $G$ is a row-finite directed graph
with no ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

309 views

### How to detect if a simplicial set is the nerve of a groupoid?

I have the following question.
Suppose I have a simplicial set. Is there a way to detect if it actually is isomorphic to a nerve of a groupoid?
I've seen the fact that if you have a nerve ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

786 views

### How do you define the strict infinity groupoids in Homotopy Type Theory?

In the setting of Homotopy Type Theory, how would you construct $\mathrm{isStrict} : U \rightarrow U$ which is inhabited exactly when the first type is (equivalent to?) a strict $\infty$-groupoid?
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### What's the link between topological spaces as locales and topological spaces as infinity-groupoids?

I've seen texts that talk about topological spaces being essentially locales, like Topology via Logic by Vickers, and texts related to homotopy theory that talk about topological spaces being ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

277 views

### Albrecht Fröhlich's text `Groupoids, groupoid spaces and cohomology' (1965)

I am looking for Albrecht Fröhlich's unpublished text `Groupoids, groupoid spaces and cohomology' (1965). In this text Fröhlich defines cohomology of a group with coefficients in a groupoid (this was ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Is there a Fourier transform for principal r-discrete groupoids?

I have been looking for an analog of the Fourier transform for groupoids coming from tilings (which are generally principal and r-discrete), however all the generalizations I have found assume that ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### Reduced C*-algebras of locally compact etale Hausdorff groupoids

Let $G$ be an étale locally compact Hausdorff groupoid (possibly second-countable) and let $a\in C_{\textrm{red}}^*(G)$. Is it true that for all $\varepsilon>0$ there is $s\in C_c(G)$ satisfying ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

433 views

### Groupoids vs. action groupoids

Let $A\rightrightarrows X$ be a groupoid, where $X$ is the set of objects and $A$ is the set of arrows.
My favorite example of a groupoid is an action groupoid. If a group $G$ acts on the left on a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Equivalence and weak equivalence of groupoids

Let $A\rightrightarrows X$ be a groupoid, where $X$ is the set of objects and $A$ is the set of arrows.
My favorite example of a groupoid is an action groupoid. If a group $G$ acts on the left on a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Bisections in Kan Complexes

Kan Complexes can be seen as a generalization of groupoids, mostly called (weak)
infinity groupoids in this context.
On groupoids we can define the \textbf{group of bisections} the following way:
...

**3**

votes

**5**answers

407 views

### Connected groupoids and action groupoids

It is written in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groupoid, that any connected groupoid $A\rightrightarrows X$ is isomorphic to an action groupoid $G\ltimes X$ coming from a transitive action ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

269 views

### Constructing a stack (gerbe) from a connected groupoid

Let $\mathcal{G}=(A\rightrightarrows X)$ be a groupoid.
Here $X={\rm Ob}(\mathcal{G})$, $A={\rm Ar}(\mathcal{G})$,
and we have 5 maps:
$s,t\colon A\to X$ (the source and the target, surjective),
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

341 views

### How to specify a finite group up to inner automorphism?

I want some finite set of data to which I can canoically associate a "group up to inner automorphism", and which can be constructed canoically from a "group up to inner automorphism". I have a few ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

366 views

### Semidirect product of groupoids

I am trying to understand the semidirect product of groupoids, as defined in this answer by Theo Johnson-Freyd. Part of my difficulty is that although the definition of a 2-group makes sense, I am ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

300 views

### What are the symmetries of a principal homogeneous bundle?

Let $\operatorname{Klein}$ denote the category of principal homogeneous bundles. An object in this category is a tuple $\mathbf Q = (Q, P; G, H; q, a, \tilde a)$, where:
$G$ is a Lie group, and $H$ ...

**24**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### How many binary operations are associative?

Let $X$ be a finite set of $n$ elements, and consider a binary operation $\odot: X \times X \rightarrow X$. There are $n^{n^2}$ such binary operations, as the $n \times n$ table entries can each
be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

302 views

### When are $k$-sectors of a Lie groupoid a manifold?

Let ${\mathcal{G} = \lbrace s,t:G_1 \to G_0 \rbrace}$ be a Lie groupoid. Define
$$(\mathcal{G}^k)_0:=\lbrace (a_1,\dots,a_k) \in G_1^k\mid s(a_1)=t(a_1)=\dots=s(a_k)=t(a_k) \rbrace$$
(This is the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### reference request for essential equivalence of top. groupoids

Let $G$ and $H$ be two topological groupoids. Recall that a morphism $F \colon H \to G$ is called an essential equivalence, if
the map $t \circ \pi_1 \colon G_1 \times_{G_0} H_0 \to G_0$ is an open ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Simplicity of reduced C*-algebras for non-Hausdorff etale groupoids

It is known that for a Hausdorff locally compact etale groupoid, the reduced C*-algebra is simple iff the groupoid is minimal (meaning the orbit of each unit is dense) and topologically principal ...

**17**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### How should one understand orbifold fundamental groups?

I am studying orbifold fundamental group (or more generally orbifold homotopy groups). In a nutshell, my questions is: what are they intuitively? In what follows I give definitions and more precise ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Groupoids and hypergroups

There are two generalizations of usual groups: groupoids, where the multiplication operation becomes "partial", and hypergroups, for which the result of multiplying two elements is a probability ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

326 views

### Cartesian cubes and groupoids

Given a groupoid $G,$ one can consider the canonical epimorphism $$G_0 \to G.$$ Since it is an epimorphism in the $2$-topos of groupoids, $G$ is the weak colimit of the corresponding Cech diagram ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### spaces of projections

Let $\mathbb{K}$ be the compact operators on a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Denote by $\mathcal{P}(\mathbb{K})$ the space of projections in $\mathbb{K}$. If I am not terribly wrong ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Continuous and smooth Lie groupoid cohomology

In the paper by Weinstein and Xu: Extensions of symplectic groupoids and quantization, J. Reine Angew. Math. 417 (1991), there are two versions of Lie groupoid cohomology. The same differential ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

847 views

### Convolution algebras for double groupoids?

There is a lot of work of course on convolution algebras of measured groupoids, and this gives "Noncommutative geometry". However there is a lot of interest in algebraically structured groupoids, for ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### Examples of Simplicial Groupoids in Nature

For me, a simplicial groupoid is a simplicial object in ${\mathbf{Grpd}}$. I am more general than Goerss-Jardine in this definition.
Do you have examples simplicial groupoids that occur in nature? ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

522 views

### Toposes (topoi) as classifying toposes of groupoids

A famous theorem of Joyal and Tierney says that each Grothendieck topos is equivalent to the classifying topos of a localic groupoid. I believe that Buntz and Moerdijk have shown that if the topos has ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Terminology for a partition of unity for an étale groupoid

I would like to ask about terminology for a partition of unity for an étale groupoid.
I am reading the lecture notes "Cohomology of Stacks" by Prof. Behrend. A partition of unity is defined in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

393 views

### A category being self-dual vs. it being a groupoid

What is the relationship between self-duality and groupoid-ness? Does any condition imply the other? Is there an example which helps understand the difference?
To go from a self-duality $F$ on a ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

412 views

### Characterizing Groupoids via Quotients?

A groupoid is a category in which all morphisms are invertible.(*) The groupoids form a very nice subclass of categories. The inclusion of the groupoids into the 2-category of small categories admits ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

387 views

### Algebraic stacks as (etale) groupoid alg.spaces/schemes

Assume given an algebraic stack() $\mathcal{X}$ with presentation $X_0 \to \mathcal{X}$, and the corresponding groupoid $X = (X_0\times_\mathcal{X} X_0 \rightrightarrows X_0)$ in algebraic spaces (or ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Groupoids vs Pseudogroups

(Warning: I'm not an expert in the topic) Let's work in a "geometric" category, for example the category $\mathfrak{Diff}$ of "manifolds" (without the requirements of connectedness and second ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

440 views

### 2 questions on the groupoid algebra

Dear All:
I would like some refs and/or thoughts on the following two related
questions:
1) If I am not mistaken, there is a " Groupoid Convolution Algebra"
(GCA)
contravariant functor from the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

460 views

### Automorphism groups and etale topological stacks

Recall that an etale topological stack is a stack $\mathscr{X}$ over the category of topological spaces (and open covers) which admits a representable local homeomorphism $X \to \mathscr{X}$ from a ...