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55
votes
1answer
3k views

Nontrivial finite group with trivial group homologies?

I stumbled across this question in a seminar-paper a long time ago: Does there exist a positive integer $N$ such that if $G$ is a finite group with $\bigoplus_{i=1}^NH_i(G)=0$ then $G=\lbrace ...
34
votes
9answers
7k views

Intuition for Group Cohomology

I'm beginning to learn cohomology for cyclic groups in preparation for use in the proofs of global class field theory (using ideal-theoretic arguments). I've seen the proof of the long exact sequence ...
32
votes
1answer
1k views

H^4 of the Monster

The Monster group $M$ acts on the moonshine vertex algebra $V^\natural$. Because $V^\natural$ is a holomorphic vertex algebra (i.e., it has a unique irreducible module), there is a corresponding ...
26
votes
6answers
3k views

Why does non-abelian group cohomology exist?

If K is a non-abelian group on which a group G acts via automorphisms, we can define 1-cocycles and 1-coboundaries by mimicking the explicit formulas coming from the bar resolution in ordinary group ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

Why aren't there more classifying spaces in number theory?

Much of modern algebraic number theory can be phrased in the framework of group cohomology. (Okay, this is a bit of a stretch -- much of the part of algebraic number theory that I'm interested ...
22
votes
3answers
941 views

Geometric Interpretation of the Lower Central Series for the Fundamental Group?

For any group G we can form the lower central series of normal subgroups by taking $G_0 = G$, $G_1 = [G,G]$, $G_{i+1} = [G,G_i]$. We can check this gives a normal chain $G_0 > G_1 > ... > ...
22
votes
0answers
515 views

Is there a Kan-Thurston theorem for fibrations ?

Given a fibration $F \to X \to B$ with all spaces path-connected. Is there a (discrete) group $G$ with normal subgroup $H$ such that $$H^\ast(BG;\mathcal{A}) = H^\ast(X;\mathcal{A})$$ ...
20
votes
2answers
668 views

Is super-vector spaces a “universal central extension” of vector spaces?

Is there some sense in which the category $sVect$ of super-vector spaces is the "maximal non-trivial extension" of $Vect$ as a symmetric monoidal category? Is the $\mathbb Z/2$ that shows up in the ...
18
votes
2answers
832 views

When does a homomorphism factor through a free group?

Let $f\colon\thinspace G\to H$ be a surjective homomorphism of finitely generated groups. Are there any methods to decide whether $f$ factors through a free group? That is, does there exist a free ...
18
votes
5answers
1k views

Why is the standard definition of cocycle the one that _always_ comes up??

This question might not have a good answer. It was something that occurred to me yesterday when I found myself in a pub, needing to do an explicit calculation with 2-cocycles but with no references ...
16
votes
2answers
729 views

Proofs of the Stallings-Swan theorem

It is a well-known and deep${}^\ast$ theorem that if a group $G$ has cohomological dimension one then it must be free. This was proved in the late 60's by Stallings (for finitely generated groups) and ...
16
votes
1answer
927 views

Grothendieck's question on the Brauer group for groups

Let $G$ be a group, and let $M(G)=H^2(G,\mathbb{C}^*)$ be the Schur multiplier of $G$. There is a group $Br(G)$ of complex projective representations of $G$ modulo those that can be lifted to linear ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Why is BG infinite dimensional for G finite ?

If $G \neq \lbrace 1 \rbrace$ is a finite group with classifying space $BG$ then there are infinitely many i such that $H^i(BG,\mathbb{Z}) \neq 0$. This can be found, for example, there: ...
15
votes
7answers
1k views

universal cover of SL2(R): does it admit central extensions?

Is it true that the universal cover of SL2(ℝ) has no non-trivial central extensions... as an abstract group? (that's certainly true as a Lie group) Motivation: I have a projective action of ...
15
votes
1answer
991 views

Reference request: The first cohomology of SL(2,Z) with coefficients in homogeneous polynomials

Let $H_k$ be the vector space of degree $k$ homogeneous polynomials in two variables.I'm looking for a reference for the fact that $H^1(SL(2,\mathbb Z);H_k)=M^0(k+2)\oplus\overline{M^0(k+2)}\oplus ...
15
votes
3answers
712 views

central extensions of Diff(S^1) and of the semigroup of annuli

$\mathit{Diff}(S^1)$ refers to the group of orientation preserving diffeomorphisms of the circle. The semigroup of annuli $\mathcal A$ is its "complexification": the elements of $\mathcal A$ are ...
15
votes
0answers
934 views

Is the equivariant cohomology an equivariant cohomology?

Suppose a finite group $G$ acts piecewise linearly on a polyhedron $X$. Then there are two kinds of equivariant cohomology (or homology). $\bullet$ With coefficients in a $\Bbb Z G$-module $M$. A ...
14
votes
7answers
2k views

Essential theorems in group (co)homology

I'm trying to fill in the gaps in my understanding of group (co)homology and I'm wondering what are considered the "must know" theorems and concepts. I'm thinking of things along the lines of ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Non-vanishing of group cohomology in sufficiently high degree

Atiyah in his famous paper , Characters and cohomology of finite groups, after proving completion of representation ring in augmentation ideal is the same as $ K(BG)$, gives bunch of corollaries of ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Are all Galois cohomology groups also étale cohomology groups?

Let $K$ be a field and $K^s$ a separable closure of $K$, and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a sheaf on $\mathrm{Spec}(K)$ (in the étale topology). By Grothendieck's Galois Theory, we have the isomorphism ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Characterization of the transfer map in group theory

Let $i : H \to G$ be a subgroup of finite index. The transfer map is a special homomorphism $V(i) : G^\mathrm{ab} \to H^\mathrm{ab}$. The usual ad hoc definition uses a set of representatives of $H$ ...
13
votes
3answers
440 views

Does this subgroup of “even braids” have a name?

The full braid group on $n$ strands $B_n$ admits a surjective homomorphism $p\colon\thinspace B_n\to \Sigma_n$ onto the symmetric group on $n$ letters, which takes a braid to the induced permutation ...
13
votes
1answer
487 views

Second nonabelian group cohomology: cocycles vs. gerbes

In 1965 Jean Giraud published two Comptes Rendus notes titled "Cohomologie non abélienne", and in 1971 he published a book with the same title. In 1966 Tonny A. Springer's paper "Nonabelian $H^2$ in ...
13
votes
0answers
448 views

Noether-Deuring for injections and surjections?

Noether-Deuring theorem (not in the strongest form, but in the one I usually need): Let $L\diagup K$ be a field extension. Let $A$ be a $K$-algebra which is finite-dimensional as a vector space over ...
12
votes
2answers
420 views

The Teichmüller's algebraic interpretation of $H^3$ in group cohomology

In the book "Cohomology of Groups" of Kenneth S. Brown, it is told in the introduction that Teichmüller arrived to $H^3$ in an algebraic context, i.e. that Teichmüller worked with an algebraic ...
12
votes
2answers
752 views

Geometric model for classifying spaces of alternating groups

The classifying space of the nth symmetric group $S_n$ is well-known to be modeled by the space of subsets of $R^\infty$ of cardinality $n$. Various subgroups of $S_n$ have related models. For ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

The relationship between group cohomology and topological cohomology theories

I was recently trying to learn a little bit about group cohomology, but one point has been confusing me. According to wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Group_cohomology and some other sources on ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

metaplectic group does not split

I'm trying to understand the Weil representation and hope there are some experts around who can set me straight. Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field (I don't mind assuming that the characteristic ...
12
votes
2answers
625 views

Is the following map from Z(G) x H^3(G, C*) --> H^2(G, C*) ever nontrivial?

Suppose that G is a finite group, then we have the following map f which takes an element z in the center of G and a 3-cohomology class w and returns a 2-cohomology class f(z,w) (for concreteness ...
12
votes
1answer
318 views

Fundamental theorem of K-theory for loop groups over $\mathbb{F}_1$?

As the title says, I would like to know what the fundamental theorem of algebraic K-theory would say over the field with one element. Recall that the fundamental theorem of K-theory provides a ...
12
votes
2answers
312 views

Group cohomology without G-modules (a.k.a. what does this bar construction compute?)

Without any prior exposure to the cohomology of groups, one might naively proceed by replacing a group by a sort of resolution. For instance, let's take $G = \mathbb{Z}^2$, and "resolve": $$ 0 \to ...
12
votes
1answer
818 views

Interpretation of universal coefficients theorem for group cohomology

Suppose $G$ and $A$ are abelian groups (I'm setting $G$ abelian to keep the discussion simple, though there are analogues for non-abelian $G$) with $G$ acting trivially on $A$. By the universal ...
11
votes
1answer
358 views

Do there exist non-isomorphic groups with the same cohomology?

For any group $G$, cohomology can be viewed as a functor $$ H^\ast(G,-): G{\sf\text{-}mod}\to {\sf GrAbGrp}, $$ where $G{\sf\text{-}mod}$ denotes the category of (left) $\mathbb{Z}[G]$-modules and ...
11
votes
1answer
216 views

Crossed modules and degree-3 group cohomology

It is well known (see e.g. K. Brown, "Cohomology of groups") that a degree-3 cohomology class of a group G with coefficients in a module A can be thought of as an equivalence class of crossed modules, ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Tate Cohomology via Stable Categories

Situation Let $G$ be a finite group and provide $G\text{-mod} := {\mathbb Z}G\text{-mod}$ with the Frobenius structure of ${\mathbb Z}$-split short exact sequences. Denote by ...
11
votes
1answer
429 views

The semidihedral group of order 16 and ko

Let $\mathcal{A}(1)$ denote the subalgebra of the $\mathrm{mod}\ 2$ Steenrod algebra generated by $\mathrm{Sq}^1$ and $\mathrm{Sq}^2$. The cohomology with $\mathbf{F}_2$ coefficients of the ...
11
votes
1answer
241 views

Group cochains invariant under the action of the symmetric group

Let $G$ be a finite group and $A$ an abelian group. Recall the cochain groups $$ C^k = \{f: G^k \to A\} $$ and the coboundary map $$ \delta : C^k \to C^{k+1} $$ $$ (\delta f)(g_1, \ldots, g_{k+1}) ...
10
votes
2answers
299 views

H*(braid group, irrep of symmetric group) = ?

As in the title, say $\lambda$ is some irrep of the symmetric group $S_n$, and $Br_n$ the braid group on $n$ strands, What is $H^*(Br_n, \lambda)$?
10
votes
2answers
675 views

Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...
10
votes
4answers
649 views

Examples of Tate cohomology rings

If $G$ is a finite group with periodic cohomology then the Tate cohomology ring can be easily computed to be the localization $\hat{H}^\ast(G,\mathbb{Z}) = H^\ast(G,\mathbb{Z})_{(z)}$ where $z$ is a ...
10
votes
3answers
997 views

Zariski tangent spaces to representation varieties

In Bill Goldman's paper "The Symplectic Nature of the Fundamental Groups of Surfaces" (Advances, 54, 200-225, '84) it is stated that the "Zariski tangent space" to a representation space Hom$(\pi, ...
10
votes
2answers
426 views

An explicit description of $\operatorname{gr}(k \cdot G)$ for the filtration induced by the augmentation ideal?

Let $A$ be any bialgebra (associative, unital, etc.) over a ring $k$. Then among other things it has a counit $\epsilon : A \to k$, and hence an augmentation ideal $I = \ker \epsilon$, which is a ...
10
votes
1answer
492 views

Second homology group of free nilpotent p-group

Let $F_n$ be a free group on $n$ generators. Fix a prime $p$. Let $\gamma_k^p(F_n)$ be the mod $p$ lower central series, i.e. the inductively defined series $$\gamma_0^p(F_n) = F_n \quad \text{and} ...
10
votes
0answers
377 views

To what extent does (co)homology of groups made discrete depend on set theory?

There's a well-known paper by Milnor, "On the homology of Lie groups made discrete," that discusses the relation between the homology of a Lie group $G$ and the underlying discrete group $G^\delta$. ...
9
votes
4answers
421 views

Can one do without a classifying space when showing vanishing of cohomology

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $A$ an abelian group, then $H^n (G,A)$ can be defined as $$ H^n (G,A) = H^n (B_G, A)$$ Where $B_G$ is the classifying space of $G$, i.e. $B_G = E_G / G$ where $E_G$ is ...
9
votes
1answer
373 views

Finitely generated subgroups of a product of free groups

Is it true that a finitely generated subgroup of a cartesian product of free groups has a finite cohomological dimension? The same question about pro-$p$ groups: Is it true that a finitely generated ...
9
votes
1answer
252 views

Calculations of nonabelian group cohomology of R^n

I am looking at $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n,G)$ where $G$ is a finite 2-group. I'm wondering if such things have been calculated. I'm afraid I can't say I know anything here, past the result that this ...
9
votes
2answers
300 views

Cohomological dimension of knit products

Let $G$ be a group with complementary subgroups $A$ and $B$ (meaning $A\cap B=1$ and $AB=G$). If $A$ and $B$ are both normal in $G$, then $G\cong A\times B$ is a direct product. If $A$ is normal, ...
9
votes
1answer
501 views

A torsionfree group with infinite cohomological dimension and no infinitely generated free abelian subgroup

Recently I've been reading about cohomological finiteness conditions for groups, my main source being Brown's book "Cohomology of Groups". One of the first things one learns is that a group with ...
9
votes
2answers
575 views

Cohomological dimension of a homomorphism

Let $G$ and $\Gamma$ be discrete groups, and let $\phi\colon\thinspace G\to \Gamma$ be a homomorphism. Define its cohomological dimension $\operatorname{cd}\phi$ to be the least integer $d$ such that ...