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7
votes
1answer
328 views

Reference request: Book of topology from “Topos” point of view

Question: Is there any book of topology in the modern language of topos theory? I refer to the (systematic, formalist) study of the category of sheaves on a site or the study of topology in a ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Two functorial definitions of schemes

I have been reading a bit about the "functor of points" theory for schemes. There seem to be two ways of going about defining schemes this way: Equip the category $\textbf ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Hypercovers of sheaves in classical and quasi-categories

I am interested in relating the definition of hypercovers in the $\infty$-topos of sheaves on an $\infty$-Grothendieck site to the classical definition of hypercovers of presheaves on a Grothendieck ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Are there any useful Grothendieck topologies for which the H1 of $GL_n$ is not the set of rank $n$ vector bundles

Let n be a positive integer and X a scheme. Then for all the Grothendieck topologies I know (Zariski, etale, fppf) the set $H^1(X,GL_n)$ is the set of (isomorphism classes of) rank $n$ vector bundles. ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Cohomology and quotients for the canonical topology

Recall that for any category $\mathcal C$, there is a unique finest topology, the canonical topology on $\mathcal C$ for which all representable functors are sheaves. I am interested in the example ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Sheaffication using a $\lambda$-transfinite colimit

I asked this question on mathstack (long time ago), however I received no answers, so I'm trying it here. I don't know whether it's suitable for this site, anyway. I was reading this article ...
5
votes
0answers
97 views

Which dense inclusions of sites are ∞-dense?

An inclusion of sites f: D→C is dense if it induces an equivalence between the categories of sheaves on C and D. Likewise, f is ∞-dense is it induces an equivalence between the ∞-categories of ...
0
votes
1answer
363 views

What was the original/historical motivation for introducing Grothendieck (pre-)topologies

The title essentially explains it, but I'll give some background: I'm giving a talk to some fellow grad students about the relative Picard functor which requires introducing Grothendieck ...
3
votes
0answers
168 views

Can one construct Freyd-Mitchell's embeddings that respect sheafifications?

For a certain presheaf $P$ with values in an abelian category $A$ satisfying AB5 and its sheafification $S$ (with respect to a small Grothendieck site) I would like to prove: $S(f):S(X)\to S(Y)$ is ...
5
votes
2answers
579 views

Can Inequivalent Topologies Have Same Sheaves/Cohomology?

Let $C$ be a fixed category, and let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be two Grothendieck (pre)topologies on $C$. We say $T_1$ is subordinate to $T_2$ if every covering in $T_1$ has a refinement in $T_2$. We say $T_1$ ...
0
votes
0answers
198 views

Needless axiom for Grothendieck topologies?

Hi, The first axiom for a Grothendieck (pre)topology on a category $C$ says that for every object $X\in C$, the family consisting of just the identity $1_X : X\to X$ should be a covering family. Why ...
9
votes
1answer
369 views

Is there a direct proof that affine schemes are fppf quasi-compact?

Let $A$ be a (commutative) ring. A family $(B_i)_{i\in I}$ of $A$-algebras is said to be an fppf cover if it satisfies three properties: (1) each $B_i$ is flat as an $A$-module, (2) each $B_i$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

cech cohomology in topos

Hi, The following result seems to be well known, but I can't come up with a proof. Suppose that $C$ is a topos and that $F\to G$ is an effective epimorphism in $C$. If $P$ is any abelian sheaf on ...
7
votes
4answers
625 views

Grothendieck topology for a non-small category

To define a Grothendieck topology of a category, we usually require that the category is small. Question 1: Why do we need to require the category to be small? I thought that the problem was that ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

Examples of Sheafification via Hypercovers

For a presheaf $F$ on a category equipped with a pretopology, one has the sheafification $F^{\sharp}$ of $F$. I know well the plus-construction of sheafification, which is presented in Artin's paper ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Numerable covers from the point of view of Grothendieck topologies

Let $G$ be a topological group. Recall that its classifying space $BG$ is a CW-complex which is the base of a locally trivial principal bundle of group $G$, with contractible total space $EG$. It ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Is there a name for this “weak compatibility” between Grothendieck (pre)topologies?

(I find it easier to think in terms of Grothendieck pretopologies, instead of topologies. If this annoys any experts, please forgive me.) Suppose that $C$ is a (full) subcategory of a category $D$. ...
7
votes
3answers
485 views

Representable Presheaf

I have a very quick question. Is there an easy example of a representable presheaf on a site that is not a sheaf? This certainly can't happen on a small FPPF site so I would expect a counterexample to ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Grothendieck Topologies versus Pretopologies

The wikipedia article(s) as well as the nlab article(s) about Grothendieck topologies and Grothendieck pretopologies are careful to differentiate the two very emphatically and to point out that ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Coverage, itself considered as a presheaf

A coverage $J$ on a category $C$ assigns to an object $U$ of $C$ a set of covering families $J(U)$. The covering families are required to be stable under pullback, which amounts to requiring that for ...
25
votes
1answer
978 views

What is your picture of the flat topology?

I recently tried to explain the fppf site to a differential geometer. I started with the etale site, where I had two motivating claims: If X is a smooth projective variety over the complexes, the ...
5
votes
0answers
346 views

Does this Grothendieck topology have a name?

I have the following Grothendieck pretopologies on the category of schemes. The first one, the covers are families of morphisms $\{ U_i \to X \}$ such that for every point $x \in X$ there exists some ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Coverages that are not pretopologies

A coverage on a category $C$ is a collection of covering families $\{u_i \to a\}$ for each object $a$ of $C$ such that for each arrow $b\to a$ there is a covering family for $b$ which fits into a ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Do Categorical Quotients Preserve Covering Maps?

Before asking a question, please let me write down settings. SETTINGS: Let $C$ be a category with fiber products and $B$ be a closed subcategory of $C$ (i.e. $B$ contains any isomorphism of $C$, and ...
15
votes
1answer
601 views

Topos associated to a category

For each topos $\mathbb E$ let $\mathcal O(\mathbb E)$ be the locally presentable category of objects in $\mathbb E$. We can make $\mathcal O$ into a contravariant functor to the category of locally ...
1
vote
0answers
408 views

Is any presheaf on a local ring a sheaf? Stalks/points for some Grothendieck topologies

I was able to recover the original statement, which is: Let A be a local ring (for Zariski, henselian for Nisnevic and strictly henselian for étale) and $\{U_i\rightarrow Spec A\}$ a covering. Then ...
6
votes
1answer
566 views

Commuting Grothendieck topologies.

Let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be two Grothendieck topologies on the same small category $C$, and let $T_3 = T_1 ∪ T_2$ (by which I mean the smallest Grothendieck topology on C containing $T_1$ and $T_2$). ...
5
votes
1answer
491 views

Nisnevich topology on non-(locally) Noetherian schemes

Background Lurie has in DAG XI a definition (given below) of a Nisnevich cover for arbitrary commutative rings, which reduces to the usual one for Noetherian rings. It boils down to being a etale ...
2
votes
0answers
303 views

What are the easiest cases of base change (for sheaves on sites)?

I have a closed embedding of schemes $i:X'\to X$, and for each of them I consider three Grothendieck topologies for the category of the corresponding (relatively) \'etale schemes: the \'etale one, the ...
1
vote
0answers
356 views

Fine and acyclic sheaves on locales

Hey all. Here's the thing, so I have a measure space. According to Johnstone's 'Topos theory' (page 213), let $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ be a measure space, we can define a Grothendieck pretopology on it (and ...
35
votes
4answers
2k views

A bestiary of topologies on Sch

The category of schemes has a large (and to me, slightly bewildering) number of what seem like different Grothendieck (pre)topologies. Zariski, ok, I get. Etale, that's alright, I think. Nisnevich? ...
1
vote
1answer
398 views

Question about the definition of a sheaf cohomology group for a sheaf using tensor products of sheaves

In Warner's 'Foundations of differentiable manifolds and Lie groups', in the section about axiomatic sheaf theory (page 178), when establishing the conditions necessary for the existence of a ...
7
votes
1answer
333 views

What sheaf topoi classify: attribution request

Is there an accepted name or attribution by which to refer to the following well-known theorem? If C is a small site, then the topos of sheaves on C is the classifying topos for flat ...
3
votes
1answer
676 views

Cohomologie Etale

Is there an English translation available for Deligne's Cohomologie Etale (Arcata) that is now part of the SGA 4 1/2 ?? Atleast for the first two sections - Grothendieck Topologies and Etale Topology. ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Crystalline cohomology via the syntomic site

Hello, Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p > 0$, and let $Y$ be a $k$-scheme. Consider the sites $Y_{syn}$ and $(Y/W_n)_{cris}$ (where $W_n$ are the Witt vectors of $k$ of length $n$), of $Y$ ...
2
votes
1answer
224 views

Induced pretopologies on sSet

Recall that the geometric realisation functor $| - |: sSet \to Top$ preserves products (choosing $Top = k Space$ or similar). Thus any given singleton Grothendieck pretopology on $Top$ gives rise to a ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

In what sense is the étale topology equivalent to the Euclidean topology?

I have heard it said more than once—on Wikipedia, for example—that the étale topology on the category of, say, smooth varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, is equivalent to the Euclidean topology. I have not ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Locally constant sheaves for the étale topology, lack of intuition about “étale-localness”

I have started studying some étale cohomology and I am trying to build up some intuition about the concept of local for the étale topology. I can understand some nice examples (like Kummer exact ...
9
votes
1answer
451 views

Stable motivic cohomology with finite coefficients?

In this question, which attracted no responces so far, I've asked whether it is possible to extend the Beilinson-Lichtenbaum etale descent rule for motivic cohomology to singular varieties, in ...
17
votes
1answer
637 views

Are completions stalks under some Grothendieck topology?

Let $R$ be a ring, and $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal. The stalk at $\mathfrak{p}$ with respect to the etale topology is $(R_{\mathfrak{p}})^{sh}$ (the strict henselization of $R_{\mathfrak{p}}$). ...
4
votes
0answers
220 views

Topologies (and sheaves) on Cat and CAT

I've been wondering lately what sort of Grothendieck (pre)topologies there are on $Cat$ (the category of small categories) and $CAT$ (the v. large category of large categories - to forestall criticism ...
11
votes
1answer
680 views

Motivic cohomology with finite coefficients for singular varieties

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field $K$ whose characteristic does not divide a positive integer $m$. Then the motivic cohomology of $X$ with coefficients in $\mathbb Z/m(j)$ can be computed in ...
1
vote
1answer
693 views

Zariski sheaves lifted to etale topology

Let $X$ be a "reasonable" scheme (I am particularly interested in smooth algebraic varieties over a field). Let $Zar_X$ denote the (small) Zariski site of (open subschemes of) $X$ and $Et_X$ denote ...
3
votes
2answers
308 views

Colimits of covers

Suppose I have category $C$ equipped with a Grothendiek pretopology of covers, and let $y:C \to Sh(C)$ be the Yoneda embedding into sheaves and $y/c:C/c \to Sh(C)/y(c)\cong Sh(C/c)$. How can I show ...
13
votes
1answer
970 views

Grothendieck topologies, Mayer-Vietoris, and points

I am trying to think about certain problems in the theory of motives without having a proper background in Grothendieck topologies and the like, hoping to teach myself the related techniques in the ...
4
votes
0answers
280 views

Example of a Grothendieck pretopology satisfying a weak saturation condition

Recall that a singleton Grothendieck pretopology (henceforth 'singleton pretopology') on a category $C$ is a collection of maps $J$ containing the isomorphisms, closed under composition and stable ...
2
votes
1answer
343 views

Maps that admit local sections through each 'point' in the domain

In a recent MO question I asked about the relation between surjective submersions (in the category of smooth or otherwise manifolds) and maps that admit local sections. The latter, it turns out, are ...
15
votes
0answers
477 views

Is there a category of topological spaces such that open surjections admit local sections?

The class of open surjections $Q \to X$ is a Grothendieck pretopology on the category $Top$ of spaces, and includes the class of maps $\amalg U_\alpha \to X$ where $\{U_\alpha\}$ is an open cover of ...