The grothendieck-topology tag has no usage guidance.

**9**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Can we just use effective descent morphisms (pure morphisms) as covers?

There are a number of notions of "cover" for a scheme: etale, faithfully flat, fpqc, fppf, Zariski, Nisnevich, etc. Most of these have a nice property, which is that a cover of that type satisfies ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

284 views

### Grothendieck topologies on $\mathbb{C}$

I would like to consider three sheaves $\mathcal{C}^0$, $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{S}$ on $\mathbb{C}$ (endowed with the euclidean topology): the first is the sheaf of continuous $\mathbb{C}$-valued ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### Flat versus etale cohomology

Although the definition of etale ($\ell$-adic) cohomology is scary, I have at least some intuition for how it should behave: for instance, when it makes sense, I expect that it should be ``similar'' ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Making the conceptual leap from locales to Grothendieck topologies?

I find the definition for locales and sheaves on locales to be straightforward, but I'm stumbling over the idea of a Grothendieck topology. Is there a nice way to see roughly how the latter ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Sections of morphisms up to fppf covering

Let $f:X\to S$ be a finite type affine morphism of schemes where $S$ is an integral noetherian affine regular scheme whose function field is of characteristic zero.
Assume that all geometric fibers ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

131 views

### Isomorphism in a derived category of chain complexes with rational coefficients

Let $C$ be the category of quasi-projective schemes over a base field $k$ (maybe I will need some assumptions on $k$). Let $Ab(C_{\tau})$ be the category of Abelian sheaves on a site $C_{\tau}$, where ...

**35**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What is the purpose of the flat/fppf/fpqc topologies?

There have been other similar questions before (e.g. What is your picture of the flat topology?), but none of them seem to have been answered fully.
As someone who originally started in topology/...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Reference for cdh topology

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a proper surjective morphism over some base scheme $S$ of finite type, suppose $f$ restricts to an isomorphism over some open $U$ of $X$, we also suppose both $X$ and $Y$ are ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Morphism on schemes induced by continuous morphism of sites

I am beginner in the theory of Grothendieck topologies and I have the following question.
Let $X, Y$ be schemes over an algebraically closed field $k$. Denote by $X_{et}$ and $Y_{et}$ the Etale sites ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

639 views

### Gerbes and Stacks

The definition of a gerbe on a smooth manifold that I know is that - after fixing an open cover $U_i$, a gerbe consists of the data of line bundles $L_{ij}$ on two-fold-intersections $U_{ij}$, ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

853 views

### Reference request: Book of topology from “Topos” point of view

Question: Is there any book of topology in the modern language of topos theory?
Motivation:
In "Sheaves in Geometry and Logic" Mac Lane and Moerdijk say: "For Grothendieck, topology became the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

209 views

### Two functorial definitions of schemes

I have been reading a bit about the "functor of points" theory for schemes. There seem to be two ways of going about defining schemes this way:
Equip the category $\textbf {Psh}=\operatorname{Fun}(\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Hypercovers of sheaves in classical and quasi-categories

I am interested in relating the definition of hypercovers in the $\infty$-topos of sheaves on an $\infty$-Grothendieck site to the classical definition of hypercovers of presheaves on a Grothendieck ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Are there any useful Grothendieck topologies for which the H1 of $GL_n$ is not the set of rank $n$ vector bundles

Let n be a positive integer and X a scheme. Then for all the Grothendieck topologies I know (Zariski, etale, fppf) the set $H^1(X,GL_n)$ is the set of (isomorphism classes of) rank $n$ vector bundles.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Cohomology and quotients for the canonical topology

Recall that for any category $\mathcal C$, there is a unique finest topology, the canonical topology on $\mathcal C$ for which all representable functors are sheaves. I am interested in the example $\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Sheaffication using a $\lambda$-transfinite colimit

I asked this question on mathstack (long time ago), however I received no answers, so I'm trying it here. I don't know whether it's suitable for this site, anyway.
I was reading this article http://...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Which dense inclusions of sites are ∞-dense?

An inclusion of sites f: D→C is dense if it induces an equivalence between the categories of sheaves on C and D.
Likewise, f is ∞-dense is it induces an equivalence between the ∞-categories of ∞-...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

420 views

### What was the original/historical motivation for introducing Grothendieck (pre-)topologies

The title essentially explains it, but I'll give some background:
I'm giving a talk to some fellow grad students about the relative Picard functor which requires introducing Grothendieck (pre-)...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Can one construct Freyd-Mitchell's embeddings that respect sheafifications?

For a certain presheaf $P$ with values in an abelian category $A$ satisfying AB5 and its sheafification $S$ (with respect to a small Grothendieck site) I would like to prove: $S(f):S(X)\to S(Y)$ is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

632 views

### Can Inequivalent Topologies Have Same Sheaves/Cohomology?

Let $C$ be a fixed category, and let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be two Grothendieck (pre)topologies on $C$. We say $T_1$ is subordinate to $T_2$ if every covering in $T_1$ has a refinement in $T_2$. We say $T_1$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Needless axiom for Grothendieck topologies?

Hi,
The first axiom for a Grothendieck (pre)topology on a category $C$ says that for every object $X\in C$, the family consisting of just the identity $1_X : X\to X$ should be a covering family.
Why ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

456 views

### Is there a direct proof that affine schemes are fppf quasi-compact?

Let $A$ be a (commutative) ring. A family $(B_i)_{i\in I}$ of $A$-algebras is said to be an fppf cover if it satisfies three properties: (1) each $B_i$ is flat as an $A$-module, (2) each $B_i$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

159 views

### cech cohomology in topos

Hi,
The following result seems to be well known, but I can't come up with a proof.
Suppose that $C$ is a topos and that $F\to G$ is an effective epimorphism in $C$. If $P$ is
any abelian sheaf on $C$...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

778 views

### Grothendieck topology for a non-small category

To define a Grothendieck topology of a category, we usually require that the category is small.
Question 1: Why do we need to require the category to be small?
I thought that the problem was that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Examples of Sheafification via Hypercovers

For a presheaf $F$ on a category equipped with a pretopology, one has the sheafification $F^{\sharp}$ of $F$.
I know well the plus-construction of sheafification, which is presented in Artin's paper "...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Numerable covers from the point of view of Grothendieck topologies

Let $G$ be a topological group. Recall that its classifying space $BG$ is a CW-complex which is the base of a locally trivial principal bundle of group $G$, with contractible total space $EG$. It ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Is there a name for this “weak compatibility” between Grothendieck (pre)topologies?

(I find it easier to think in terms of Grothendieck pretopologies, instead of topologies. If this annoys any experts, please forgive me.)
Suppose that $C$ is a (full) subcategory of a category $D$. ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

684 views

### Representable Presheaf

I have a very quick question. Is there an easy example of a representable presheaf on a site that is not a sheaf? This certainly can't happen on a small FPPF site so I would expect a counterexample to ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Grothendieck Topologies versus Pretopologies

The wikipedia article(s) as well as the nlab article(s) about Grothendieck topologies and Grothendieck pretopologies are careful to differentiate the two very emphatically and to point out that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### Coverage, itself considered as a presheaf

A coverage $J$ on a category $C$ assigns to an object $U$ of $C$ a set of covering families $J(U)$. The covering families are required to be stable under pullback, which amounts to requiring that for ...

**26**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is your picture of the flat topology?

I recently tried to explain the fppf site to a differential geometer. I started with the etale site, where I had two motivating claims:
If X is a smooth projective variety over the complexes, the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

397 views

### Does this Grothendieck topology have a name?

I have the following Grothendieck pretopologies on the category of schemes.
The first one, the covers are families of morphisms $\{ U_i \to X \}$ such that for every point $x \in X$ there exists some ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Coverages that are not pretopologies

A coverage on a category $C$ is a collection of covering families $\{u_i \to a\}$ for each object $a$ of $C$ such that for each arrow $b\to a$ there is a covering family for $b$ which fits into a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

240 views

### Do Categorical Quotients Preserve Covering Maps?

Before asking a question, please let me write down settings.
SETTINGS:
Let $C$ be a category with fiber products and $B$ be a closed subcategory of $C$ (i.e. $B$ contains any isomorphism of $C$, and ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

680 views

### Topos associated to a category

For each topos $\mathbb E$ let $\mathcal O(\mathbb E)$ be the locally presentable category of objects in $\mathbb E$. We can make $\mathcal O$ into a contravariant functor to the category of locally ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

473 views

### Is any presheaf on a local ring a sheaf? Stalks/points for some Grothendieck topologies

I was able to recover the original statement, which is:
Let A be a local ring (for Zariski, henselian for Nisnevic and strictly henselian for étale) and $\{U_i\rightarrow Spec A\}$ a covering. Then ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

588 views

### Commuting Grothendieck topologies.

Let $T_1$ and $T_2$ be two Grothendieck topologies on the same small category $C$, and let $T_3 = T_1 ∪ T_2$ (by which I mean the smallest Grothendieck topology on C containing $T_1$ and $T_2$).
...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

653 views

### Nisnevich topology on non-(locally) Noetherian schemes

Background
Lurie has in DAG XI a definition (given below) of a Nisnevich cover for arbitrary commutative rings, which reduces to the usual one for Noetherian rings. It boils down to being a etale ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

313 views

### What are the easiest cases of base change (for sheaves on sites)?

I have a closed embedding of schemes $i:X'\to X$, and for each of them I consider three Grothendieck topologies for the category of the corresponding (relatively) \'etale schemes: the \'etale one, the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

386 views

### Fine and acyclic sheaves on locales

Hey all. Here's the thing, so I have a measure space. According to Johnstone's 'Topos theory' (page 213), let $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ be a measure space, we can define a Grothendieck pretopology on it (and ...

**46**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### A bestiary of topologies on Sch

The category of schemes has a large (and to me, slightly bewildering) number of what seem like different Grothendieck (pre)topologies. Zariski, ok, I get. Etale, that's alright, I think. Nisnevich? ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

437 views

### Question about the definition of a sheaf cohomology group for a sheaf using tensor products of sheaves

In Warner's 'Foundations of differentiable manifolds and Lie groups', in the section about axiomatic sheaf theory (page 178), when establishing the conditions necessary for the existence of a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### What sheaf topoi classify: attribution request

Is there an accepted name or attribution by which to refer to the following well-known theorem?
If C is a small site, then the topos of sheaves on C is the classifying topos for flat cover-...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

795 views

### Cohomologie Etale

Is there an English translation available for Deligne's Cohomologie Etale (Arcata) that is now part of the SGA 4 1/2 ?? Atleast for the first two sections - Grothendieck Topologies and Etale Topology.

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Crystalline cohomology via the syntomic site

Hello,
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p > 0$, and let $Y$ be a $k$-scheme. Consider the
sites $Y_{syn}$ and $(Y/W_n)_{cris}$ (where $W_n$ are the Witt vectors of $k$ of length $n$), of $Y$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Induced pretopologies on sSet

Recall that the geometric realisation functor $| - |: sSet \to Top$ preserves products (choosing $Top = k Space$ or similar). Thus any given singleton Grothendieck pretopology on $Top$ gives rise to a ...

**26**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### In what sense is the étale topology equivalent to the Euclidean topology?

I have heard it said more than once—on Wikipedia, for example—that the étale topology on the category of, say, smooth varieties over $\mathbb{C}$, is equivalent to the Euclidean topology. I have not ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Locally constant sheaves for the étale topology, lack of intuition about “étale-localness”

I have started studying some étale cohomology and I am trying to build up some intuition about the concept of local for the étale topology. I can understand some nice examples (like Kummer exact ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

553 views

### Stable motivic cohomology with finite coefficients?

In this question, which attracted no responces so far, I've asked whether it is possible to extend the Beilinson-Lichtenbaum etale descent rule for motivic cohomology to singular varieties, in ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

708 views

### Are completions stalks under some Grothendieck topology?

Let $R$ be a ring, and $\mathfrak{p}$ be a prime ideal. The stalk at $\mathfrak{p}$ with respect to the etale topology is $(R_{\mathfrak{p}})^{sh}$ (the strict henselization of $R_{\mathfrak{p}}$). ...