Questions about the branch of combinatorics called graph theory (not to be used for questions concerning the graph of a function). This tag can be further specialized via using it in combination with more specialized tags such as extremal-graph-theory, spectral-graph-theory, algebraic-graph-theory, ...

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28
votes
0answers
846 views

Does every triangle-free graph with maximum degree at most 6 have a 5-colouring?

A very specific case of Reed's Conjecture Reed's $\omega$,$\Delta$, $\chi$ conjecture proposes that every graph has $\chi \leq \lceil \tfrac 12(\Delta+1+\omega)\rceil$. Here $\chi$ is the chromatic ...
19
votes
0answers
676 views

Non-linear expanders?

Recall that a family of graphs (indexed by an infinite set, such as the primes, say) is called an expander family if there is a $\delta>0$ such that, on every graph in the family, the discrete ...
19
votes
0answers
840 views

Red-blue alternating paths

Suppose we have two simple graphs on the same vertex set. We will call one of them red, the other blue. Suppose that for $i=1,..,k$ we have $deg (v_i)\ge i$ in both graphs, where ...
17
votes
0answers
157 views

A small unavoidable collection of subgraphs

What is the smallest number S(k,n) of unlabeled graphs on k vertices such that every simple graph on n vertices contains at least one of these as an induced subgraph? I'd like to avoid exhaustive ...
16
votes
0answers
234 views

Is the Poset of Graphs Automorphism-free?

For $n\geq 5$, let $\mathcal {P}_n$ be the set of all isomorphism classes of graphs with n vertices. Give this set the poset structure given by $G \le H$ if and only if $G$ is a subgraph of $H$. ...
16
votes
0answers
342 views

Planar minor graphs

The theorem of Robertson-Seymour about graph minors says that there exists no infinite family of graphs such that none of them is a minor of another one. Apparently, it came as a generalization of ...
15
votes
0answers
259 views

Maximum automorphism group for a 3-connected cubic graph

The following arose as a side issue in a project on graph reconstruction. Problem: Let $a(n)$ be the greatest order of the automorphism group of a 3-connected cubic graph with $n$ vertices. Find a ...
15
votes
0answers
755 views

Optimal Monotone Families for the Discrete Isoperimetric Inequality

Background: the Discrete Isoperimetric Inequality Start with a set X={1,2,...,n} of n elements and the family $2^X$ of all subsets of X. For a real number p between zero and one, we consider a ...
14
votes
0answers
583 views

A Conjecture About Directed Graphs that are the Union of Two Trees

Let D=(V,E) be a directed graph that is the union of two edge-disjoint directed spanning trees. Suppose that There no subset X of vertices so that there is precisely one directed edge from X ...
14
votes
0answers
848 views

Is every k-edge-connected graph also k-trail-ordered?

This is an old question of Aradhana Narula-Tam and Philip Lin that I think deserves wider circulation. It appeared in Discrete Math. 257 (2002), page 613, but not many people have looked at it and it ...
13
votes
0answers
473 views

$\epsilon$-nets with respect to the cut norm

The cut norm $||A||\_C$ of a real matrix $A = (a_{i,j}) \in \mathcal{R}^{n\times n}$ is the maximum over all $I \subseteq [n], J \subseteq [n]$ of the quantity $\left|\sum_{i \in I, j \in ...
12
votes
0answers
168 views

Coloring the edges of a torus graph

Question:Consider the $2k \times 2k$ grid graph on a torus. Is it true that for every $2$-coloring of the edges, there is an antipodal pair of vertices connected by a path that changes colors at most ...
12
votes
0answers
249 views

Are the zeros of Tutte polynomials dense in $\mathbb C^2$?

For the chromatic polynomials of graphs we have two nice theorems which describe the behavior of their zeros: Thomassen proved that the set of real zeros of all chromatic polynomials is the union of ...
12
votes
0answers
342 views

How much must deleting a spanning tree reduce edge-connectivity?

Suppose you have a 100-edge connected graph (e.g. an infrastructure network). You want to delete the edges of a spanning tree, any spanning tree you choose (e.g. to sell a connected subnetwork). What ...
12
votes
0answers
1k views

Finding a chromatic polynomial by polynomial fitting

I would like to find the chromatic polynomial χ for the n by m rook's graph Gn,m for as many values of n and m possible. The rooks graph is also (a) the line graph of the complete bipartite graph ...
11
votes
0answers
350 views

Drawings of complete graphs with $Z(n)$ crossings

Hill conjectured that the minimum number of crossings in a drawing of the complete graph $K_n$ in the plane is exactly $$Z(n) = \frac{1}{4} \bigg\lfloor\frac{n}{2}\bigg\rfloor ...
11
votes
0answers
701 views

Hamiltonian cycles and fundamental groups

I'm interested in the interplay between the Hamiltonian cycles of graphs and the compact surfaces they embed in. I was doing some reading on the Lovász conjecture for Cayley graphs, I started noticing ...
10
votes
0answers
241 views

Spectral theory of graph Laplacian besides $\lambda_2$

Most of what I've seen about the spectral theory of the graph Laplacian concentrates on $\lambda_2$, the second-smallest eigenvalue. This eigenvalue contains information regarding the connectivity of ...
10
votes
0answers
355 views

Reconstruction Conjecture and Partial 2-trees

Reconstruction conjecture says that graphs (with at least three vertices) are determined uniquely by their vertex deleted subgraphs. This conjecture is five decades old. Searching relevant ...
10
votes
0answers
286 views

Matroids with prescribed independent sets

Let $A$ be a finite set. Let $B$ be a family of subsets of $A$. We are interested in a matroid with a minimum rank such that every element of $B$ is independent. The answer is obvious - a uniform ...
9
votes
0answers
418 views

Shortest path in Cayley graphs

The standard way to find the shortest path between 2 vertices, $v_1$ and $v_2$, of an undirected graph is BFS (breadth first search) which takes time $O(|E|)$ and space $O(|V|)$ (where $E$ is the set ...
8
votes
0answers
229 views

Connections between Riemann hypothesis for curves over finite fields and Ramanujan property for graphs

this question relates to the beautiful construction of expander graphs using Cayley graphs of $PGL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$, as exposited by Davidoff-Sarnak-Valette in their book, Elementary Number Theory, ...
8
votes
0answers
170 views

How many n/2-cycles can a cubic graph have

Given a simple cubic graph with $n$ vertices (which implies that $n$ is even), what is a good upper bound on the number of cycles of length $n/2$ it can have? A random cubic graph has ...
8
votes
0answers
403 views

One more coloring question

This question is related to my previous questions, say, this one and this one. Let $G$ be an infinite graph of bounded degree, and $\lambda>0$. Let $k=k_G(\lambda)$ be the minimal number of colors ...
8
votes
0answers
1k views

a new lower bound for the chromatic number of a graph?

Let S+(G) denote the sum of the squares of the positive eigenvalues of the adjacency matrix of a graph G. Let S-(G) denote the sum of the squares of the negative eigenvalues and q the chromatic ...
8
votes
0answers
345 views

Has the technique of “sprinkling” been used in studying random matrices?

In 1982, while studying the component sizes of random subgraphs of a hypercube, Ajtai, Komlós, and Szemerédi introduced a technique that came to be known as sprinkling. In this technique, the edges of ...
8
votes
0answers
464 views

Is the dominating set problem restricted to planar bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3 NP-complete?

Does anyone know about an NP-completeness result for the DOMINATING SET problem in graphs, restricted to the class of planar bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3? I know it is NP-complete for the ...
8
votes
0answers
111 views

Disjoint Rooted Paths with Specified Patterns

Let $S:=$ { $s_i : i \in [k]$ } and $T:=$ { $t_i : i \in [k]$ } be disjoint subsets of vertices of a graph $G$. Furthermore, let $A$ be a subset of $S_k$ (the symmetric group on $[k]$). A set of ...
7
votes
0answers
81 views

Set system with prescribed intersection sizes

Questions: What is the asymptotic maximal size of a $4$-uniform (every set has 4 elements) set system $\mathcal{A}$ of subsets of $[n]$ such that, no two sets have size of their intersection $2$? In ...
7
votes
0answers
134 views

Algorithms for computing the Resilience of Graphs

The definition of resilience with a graph $G$ w.r.t to a monotone property $\mathcal{P}$ is well known. (Global resilience) Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an increasing monotone property. The global ...
7
votes
0answers
169 views

Genus of the graph $K_{4,2,2,2}$

I have ask this question in math.stackexchange, here. Since, there is no answer and apart from that i feel that the problem is difficult, i would like to ask it here. The problem is to find the genus ...
7
votes
0answers
114 views

A published proof for: the number of labeled $i$-edge ($i \geq 1$) forests on $p^k$ vertices is divisible by $p^k$

Let $F(n;i)$ be the number of labeled $i$-edge forests on $n$ vertices (A138464 on the OEIS). The first few values of $F(n;i) \pmod n$ are listed below: $$\begin{array}{r|rrrrrrrrrrr} & i=0 ...
7
votes
0answers
190 views

Is there a Rado category?

The Rado graph appears to have a nice universality property (it contains all finite and all countably infinite graphs as induced subgraphs) and homogeinety property (any isomorphism between ...
7
votes
0answers
152 views

Colouring a graph whose edge set is a special union of cliques

I am trying to show that a certain family of graphs can always be properly coloured with at most $6$ colours (where "properly coloured" means that each vertex gets a colour and no edge has both ends ...
7
votes
0answers
132 views

How quickly can we test if a graph is distance-regular?

A (simple, finite, connected) graph $G$ is distance regular if there exist integers $b_i,c_i,i=0,...,D$ such that for any two vertices $x,y$ in $G$ and distance $i=d(x,y)$, there are exactly $c_i$ ...
7
votes
0answers
290 views

A counterexample to a conjecture of Nash-Williams about hamiltonicity of digraphs?

Maybe I am missing something, but found potential counterexample to a conjecture of Nash-Williams. According to HAMILTONIAN DEGREE SEQUENCES IN DIGRAPHS The outdegree and indegree sequences of ...
7
votes
0answers
170 views

Is there an analog of Khovanov homology for edge deletion-contraction-extraction?

Motivated by Khovanov's categorification of the Jones polynomial, several authors have worked on the categorification of graph invariants. For the chromatic polynomial some references are: "A ...
7
votes
0answers
231 views

A maximum discrepancy hypergraph 2-colouring problem

This is sort of a hypergraph-ish question that I feel should be easy to prove or disprove but I can't see it right now. The setup is as follows. We have a vertex set partitioned in to sets ...
7
votes
0answers
380 views

Abelian sandpile models

This question is about a popular probabilistic model on graphs studied in physics, mostly, for the standard lattice in ${\mathbb R}^n$ but also on other graphs (this model is of the same spirit as ...
7
votes
0answers
654 views

Decomposition of graphs as symmetric differences of copies of $K_{a,b}$

I was wondering if the following decomposition of graphs has been studied, whether it has a name, and what the literature might be on it. Given a labelled graph G, we decompose its edge-set as a ...
6
votes
0answers
102 views

What is known about the chromatic number for minimum-distance graphs in higher dimensions?

For a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with minimum distance $a$, the minimum-distance graph connect two points iff they are at distance $a$. We can also view it as the tangency graph for a set of ...
6
votes
0answers
137 views

The Universal Labeling of graph

The universal labeling of a graph $G$ is a labeling of the edge set in $G$ such that in every orientation $\ell$ of $G$ for every two adjacent vertices $v$ and $u$, the sum of incoming edges of $v$ ...
6
votes
0answers
219 views

Permutation Group Question

A question about permutation groups: I wonder if someone who is expert in permutation group theory could answer the following question. Let $x \in S_n$ (the symmetric group) be an involution which ...
6
votes
0answers
290 views

the length of paths in a specific graph

Let $n$ be a positive integer and $K$ be the set of all the $2$-elements subsets of $\{1,2,...,n\}$,then $|K|= \binom{n}{2}$. Define $$S=\{P\subseteq K:\bigcup_{I\in P}I=\{1,2,...,n\}\}.$$ For any ...
6
votes
0answers
140 views

Uniformly sampling from the set of all simplicial maps

Let $K$ and $L$ be finite simplicial complexes that remain fixed throughout. How does one efficiently sample (according to the uniform distribution) elements from the finite set of simplicial ...
6
votes
0answers
329 views

Graphs with graphic imbalance sequences

Let $G$ be simple undirected graph and $e=uv\in E(G)$. The imbalance of the edge $e$ is the value $imb(e)=|d(u)-d(v)|$. Let $M_{G}$ denotes the imbalance sequence (or more correctly, multiset of ...
6
votes
0answers
250 views

Maximum fractional chromatic number of a 4-regular triangle-free graph (updated)

Let $G$ be a graph with maximum degree 4 and clique number 2. The fractional version of Reed's Conjecture tells us that $\chi_f(G) \leq 7/2$. But how high can $\chi_f(G)$ be? The Chvátal graph has ...
6
votes
0answers
497 views

Is Logical Min-Cut Problem, NP-Complete?

Logical Min Cut (LMC) Problem: Suppose that G = (V, E) is an unweighted digraph, s,t are two vertices of V, and t is reachable from s. LMC Problem states that how we can make t unreachable from s by ...
6
votes
0answers
334 views

What is this subclass of $k$-colorable graphs called?

The following property emerged naturally when I was playing with certain generalizations of Kneser graphs. Let $k>0$ be a natural number. Consider a property $P_k$ of graphs defined as follows. ...
6
votes
0answers
876 views

What is the best lower bound for the domination number in regular graphs of girth 5?

The following theorem is a classical result (see [Alon and Spencer, The probabilistic method, 2nd ed., Theorem 1.2.2]): Theorem: Let $G$ be a graph on $n$ vertices with minimum degree $d$. Then ...