# Tagged Questions

Questions about the branch of combinatorics called graph theory (not to be used for questions concerning the graph of a function). This tag can be further specialized via using it in combination with more specialized tags such as extremal-graph-theory, spectral-graph-theory, algebraic-graph-theory, ...

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### Does every triangle-free graph with maximum degree at most 6 have a 5-colouring?

A very specific case of Reed's Conjecture Reed's $\omega$,$\Delta$, $\chi$ conjecture proposes that every graph has $\chi \leq \lceil \tfrac 12(\Delta+1+\omega)\rceil$. Here $\chi$ is the chromatic ...
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### How much must deleting a spanning tree reduce edge-connectivity?

Suppose you have a 100-edge connected graph (e.g. an infrastructure network). You want to delete the edges of a spanning tree, any spanning tree you choose (e.g. to sell a connected subnetwork). What ...
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### Cycles of length $2^n - 2$ in the De Bruijn graph

It is well known that the number of (cyclic) De Bruijn sequences is $2^{2^{n-1}-n}$. This number may also be interpreted as the number of cycles of length $2^n$ in the De Bruijn graph of order $n$. ...
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### Shortest path in Cayley graphs

The standard way to find the shortest path between 2 vertices, $v_1$ and $v_2$, of an undirected graph is BFS (breadth first search) which takes time $O(|E|)$ and space $O(|V|)$ (where $E$ is the set ...
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### Has the technique of “sprinkling” been used in studying random matrices?

In 1982, while studying the component sizes of random subgraphs of a hypercube, Ajtai, Komlós, and Szemerédi introduced a technique that came to be known as sprinkling. In this technique, the edges of ...
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### Is there an “Erlangen Program” for Graph Theory?

There are certain graph theoretic problems (especially optimization problems), whose solution-subgraph (i.e. the set of vertices and edges)), is invariant under certain modifications (especially ...
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### Edge-colorings of plane graphs: do you know references where the following questions are studied?

Let $G$ be a plane graph (or more generally, a graph embedded on a surface) with a proper edge-coloring of $G$ with $k$ colors $\{1,\ldots,k\}$. I am interested in studying the cyclic permutations of ...
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### Approximation of the effective resistance on Cayley graph

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group, and denote by $G$ the Cayley graph of $\Gamma$. Denote by $d_R$ the resistance distance metric on this graph. The resistance distance metric between the ...
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### Set system with prescribed intersection sizes

Questions: What is the asymptotic maximal size of a $4$-uniform (every set has 4 elements) set system $\mathcal{A}$ of subsets of $[n]$ such that, no two sets have size of their intersection $2$? In ...
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### Colouring a graph whose edge set is a special union of cliques

I am trying to show that a certain family of graphs can always be properly coloured with at most $6$ colours (where "properly coloured" means that each vertex gets a colour and no edge has both ends ...
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### A counterexample to a conjecture of Nash-Williams about hamiltonicity of digraphs?

Maybe I am missing something, but found potential counterexample to a conjecture of Nash-Williams. According to HAMILTONIAN DEGREE SEQUENCES IN DIGRAPHS The outdegree and indegree sequences of ...
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### One more coloring question

This question is related to my previous questions, say, this one and this one. Let $G$ be an infinite graph of bounded degree, and $\lambda>0$. Let $k=k_G(\lambda)$ be the minimal number of colors ...
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### Abelian sandpile models

This question is about a popular probabilistic model on graphs studied in physics, mostly, for the standard lattice in ${\mathbb R}^n$ but also on other graphs (this model is of the same spirit as ...
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### An extremal problem for graphs having every edge contained in a 4-clique

This is a follow-up to Graphs with many triangles but few complete graphs on 4 vertices I'm looking for an upper bound for the difference between the number of edges and the number of 4-cliques in a ...
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### Is the dominating set problem restricted to planar bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3 NP-complete?

Does anyone know about an NP-completeness result for the DOMINATING SET problem in graphs, restricted to the class of planar bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3? I know it is NP-complete for the ...
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### Disjoint Rooted Paths with Specified Patterns

Let $S:=$ { $s_i : i \in [k]$ } and $T:=$ { $t_i : i \in [k]$ } be disjoint subsets of vertices of a graph $G$. Furthermore, let $A$ be a subset of $S_k$ (the symmetric group on $[k]$). A set of ...
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### Has anyone seen these binary trees (Catalan-type related to the Gegenbauer polynomials and Motzkin paths)?

The OEIS entry A121448 enumerates binary trees with $n$ edges and $k$ vertices with outdegree 1. Has anyone seen these trees? The o.g.f. for this entry, $G(x,t)$, is essentially a discriminant ...
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### A separation property of graphs of bounded tree-width

The following separation property of trees is well-known and in fact easy to prove (see e.g. the paper "Covering a hypergraph of subgraphs" by Noga Alon, Lemma 2.2) Let $T$ be a tree and $r, m$ ...