Questions about the branch of combinatorics called graph theory (not to be used for questions concerning the graph of a function). This tag can be further specialized via using it in combination with more specialized tags such as extremal-graph-theory, spectral-graph-theory, algebraic-graph-theory, ...

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4
votes
0answers
58 views

What is known about the chromatic number for minimum-distance graphs in higher dimensions?

For a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with minimum distance $a$, the minimum-distance graph connect two points iff they are at distance $a$. We can also view it as the tangency graph for a set of ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Is there effective algorithm for finding “minimal discovery time” for large graphs?

Consider a large, probably sparse graph with Markovian random walkers on it. Define discovery time as time to first reach a vertex by random walk from uniform start. Are there effective ways to find ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Connections between loops (algebraic structure) and graphs

I would like to know whether there are known constructions which provide a bijection between loops (isomorphism classes) and (possibly directed) graphs. Any reference to a useful paper in this ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs. A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...
4
votes
0answers
148 views

Separating points in the plane II

Let A be a set of $2m$ points on the plane so that no open set of diameter $2$ has more than m of them. Define $A+A+...+A$ ($k$ times) to be the multiset of $k$-sums from $A$. That is, we consider all ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Actions of amenable groups on graphs with uncountably many ends

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group acting transitively on an amenable Schreier graph $S$. Is it possible for $S$ to have uncountably many ends? An amenable graph with uncountably many ends ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Is a rigid cycle a chordal graph?

There are two relevant questions: (1) We know an edge set $C$ is a rigid cycle in $\mathcal{G}_2(n)$ if and only if $|E(C)|=2|V(C)|−2$ and $|F|≤2|V(F)|−3$ for every proper subset $F$ of $E(C)$. Thus, ...
0
votes
2answers
76 views

Form of the Shannon capacity for Heptagon?

Is the $0$-error capacity of $7$-cycle: $(1)$ known to be of form $7^q$ for some $q\in \mathbb Q$?
9
votes
1answer
558 views

Lovasz theta function and independence number of product of simple odd-cycles

Lovasz theta function $\vartheta(G)$ of a graph $G$ provides an upper bound for the independence number of a graph, $\alpha(G)$ and $\Theta(G) = \lim_{k\rightarrow \infty}\sqrt[k]{\alpha(G^{k})}$. ...
10
votes
1answer
634 views

A generalization of the triangle counting problem for simple weighted graphs

One nice identity is $$tr(A^3)/6$$ which counts the number of triangles of a graph represented with adjacency matrix $A.$ It also implies that triangle counting can be performed in subcubic time. ...
-1
votes
0answers
43 views

Characterization of a family of interval graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph, where $V$ is a set of integral intervals from $[1,n]$ and $\left \{i,j \right \} \in E$ if $i \cap j \neq \emptyset $. Is the family of these graphs a proper subset of the ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

How to restructure adjacency matrix $A$ from shortest distance matrix $B$ in Network topology inference

An undirected graph with $n$ nodes could be referred to as an adjacency matrix $A$. $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ with $a_{ij}=a_{ji}=1$ standing for there being an edge between node $i$ and node $j$, and no ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Number of trees with n nodes and m leaves

Even searching for " 'number of trees' leaves " didn't reveal what I am looking for: an approach for calculating the (approximate) number of trees with exactly n nodes and m leaves. Any hints from MO? ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Coloring of a normal map

can the following proposition be proved? If so please suggest a method. Can Kempe’s Argument be used for proof ? Proposition: A normal map has a colouring of countries by 4 colours iff the edges of ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Cospectrality and dimension of graphs

Firstly, I apologize if the question is long. I appreciate any helpful answers and ideas. In the following all graphs are simple and connected. Let $G$ be graph with vertex set ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Connected graph as connected space

Let $G$ be locally finite graph. By $|G|$, we mean the Freudenthal compactification of the 1-complex $G$, see chapter 8 of "Graph Theory" by Diestel. It is followed from Lemma 8.5.4 of Diestel's book: ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Finding a sufficiently large complete bipartite subgraph using matrix counting

I'm trying to reconstruct the proof using matrix counting that there exists two subsets $A,B$ of $\{1,\cdots,N\}$ with $\#A=\#B$ such that for any $a\in A$ and $b\in B$, $a+b$ is prime, and $\#A=\#B$ ...
6
votes
2answers
295 views

Who first used/gave a coordinate representation of a graph?

In his proof of the Shannon capacity of a graph, Lovasz utilizes a coordinate representation of the pentagon (namely an orthonormal representation). Who first utilized a coordinate representation for ...
25
votes
2answers
789 views

Is this graph polynomial known? Can it be efficiently computed?

I am a physicist, so apologies in advance for any confusing notation or terminology; I'll happily clarify. To provide a minimal amount of context, the following graph polynomial came up in my research ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Hamiltonicity of random graphs with high girth

We say that $G\sim G_{n,f}$ (for $f=f(n)$) if $G$ is chosen uniformly at random from all graphs on $n$ vertices with girth $g(G)\ge f(n)$. Is there any threshold function $F(n)$ such that when $f\ll ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

eigenvalue estimate of the adjacency matrix

The adjacency matrix of a nonempty (undirected) graph has a strictly positive largest eigenvalue $\lambda_\max$. A very easy upper estimate for it can be obtained directly by Gershgorin's theorem: $$ ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How many Perfect Matchings in a regular bipartite Graph

Hi Guys, We have a d-regular bipartite Graph $G = (X,Y,E)$ with $|X| = |Y| = n$ and $|E| = nd$. i want to know a Upper Bound of the number of Matching Thankx
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Minimum number of perfect matchings in a regular bipartite graph

Is there a lower bound on the number of perfect matchings in a $k$-regular bipartite graph? One can use Hall's marriage theorem and induction on $k$ to derive the lower bound of $k$. I can't come up ...
15
votes
14answers
19k views

Good programs for drawing graphs ( directed weighted graphs )

Hi, does anyone know of a good program for drawing directed weighted graphs? Thanks
1
vote
3answers
92 views

Is there a formula for the number of labeled forests with $k$ components on $n$ vertices?

Cayley's formula states that the number of labeled trees on $n$ vertices is $n^{n-2}$. My question is: Is there a generalization of this formula for forests? Let $f_{n,k}$ denote the number of ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Counting Problems where Labeled is Known but Unlabeled is Not

Cayley's formula states that the number of labeled trees on $n$ vertices is $n^{n-2}$. There are many nice proofs of this compact formula. To contrast, counting unlabeled trees is considerably ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Directed Minimal Cuts in a DAG

I'm looking for information about minimal directed cuts (dicuts) in (connected) DAGs (directed acyclic graphs). A dicut in a directed graph, is a cut $(P_1,P_2)$ in which all edges in $E(P_1,P_2)$ ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Coloring maximal independent sets with 1 color

Let $G$ be a graph and $M\subseteq V(G)$ be a maximal independent set. Is there a coloring $c:V(G)\to\chi(G)$ such that $c$ is constant on $M$? (The answer is positive for graphs with infinite ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Difference between modularity and clustering in graphs

The definition of modularity given on wikipedia is as follows. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modularity_(networks) Modularity is one measure of the structure of ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

lower bound for difference between max cut and min cut

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph on $n$ vertices with edge weights $w=(w_e)_{e\in E}$. Let $M^+$ and $M^-$ be the maximum and the minimum cut values, i.e. ...
6
votes
3answers
684 views

Looking for cubic, bipartite graphs with girth at least six and no cycles of length 8.

Aside from the Desargues graph, are there nice (at least vertex-transitive), small (say, less than 60 vertices), cubic, bipartite graphs with girth at least 6 and no 8-cycles? (or, even better, no ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

Bipartite Graphs arising from two k-partitions of a given Graph

Let $G$ be an $n$-chromatic connected graph. Let $(V_1, V_2, \cdots, V_n)$ and $(U_1, U_2, \cdots, U_n)$ be two partitions of $V(G)$ corresponding to proper n-colorings of $G$. Consider the bipartite ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

N random walkers that hit node v in a graph

Consider a finite, undirected graph G, with uniform edge weights. Assume that there are n number of random walkers that will start at different nodes (lets say n=3, hence the random walkers will start ...
5
votes
4answers
233 views

Do there exist sparse graphs with large crossing number?

Does there exist a sequence of graphs $\{ G_n \}$ such that $G_n$ has $n$ vertices, the number of edges of $G_n$ is $O(n)$, and the crossing number of $G_n$ is $\Omega(n)$? In particular, do ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Expectation of ratio of functions of i.i.d. Bernoullis: a concentration question

Consider the following $n \times n$ symmetric matrix of i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables, $X_{ij}$. For $i=1,...,n$ and $i<j\le n$. Let $X_{ij} \sim \text{Bernoulli}(p)$ when $i \ne j$ ($p$ ...
2
votes
1answer
202 views

Coloring vertices in a cubic lattice graph and counting edges between vertices of identical and vertices of distinct coloration

Take an $A \times B \times C$ cubic lattice graph $G$, and paint $k_1$ vertices with color $c_1$ & $k_2$ vertices with color $c_2$, where $(k_1 + k_2)$ is equal to the total vertex count. Let ...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

Number of edges in linklessly embeddable graphs

Consider graphs over $n$ nodes. What is the maximum number of edges of a linklessly embeddable graph? A more general question is the following. Given $\mu$ what is the maximum number of edges of ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Reverse optimization of a minimum cost flow network

Given an undirected graph $(V,E)$, with $W$ as the weight of each edge, and a convex cost function $F(X)$, such as $|X|^k$ ($k>1$). The cost to send $x$ unit of flow through edge $e_i$ is defined ...
5
votes
0answers
52 views

Independent domination number for grid graphs

Let $G_{n,m}$ be the $n \times m$ grid graph, i.e. $G= P_n \Box P_m$, and $T_{n,m}$ the $n\times m$ torus grid graph, i.e. $G= C_n \Box C_m$, where $P_n$ and $C_n$ indicate the path graph of length ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Regular graphs with strongly regular edge colorings

Given a positive integer $c>1$, for what parameters $(v,k,\lambda,\mu)$ does there exist a $c k$ regular graph on $v$ vertices that can be given an edge coloring with $c$ colors, such that the ...
7
votes
4answers
459 views

Reconstructing graphs with vertices of degree $k$ and $k-1$

The Graph Reconstruction Conjecture claims that any simple graph with 3 or more vertices is reconstructible from its "deck" of vertex-deleted subgraphs. (A nice introduction to this problem is at this ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist? [..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ] Given a graph are ...
2
votes
4answers
260 views

Algorithm to find the “optimal” path in a given graph

Assume that $G=(V,E)$ is an undirected connected graph and that $H: V \to \mathbb R$ is a function that assign at each vertex $v \in V$ its height $H(v)$. Think of the pair $(G,H)$ as an energy ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

What do we know about isospectral Cayley graphs?

Let $\Gamma_1=\Gamma_1(G_1,S_1)$ (respectively $\Gamma_2=\Gamma_2(G_2,S_2)$) be a Cayley graph for the group $G_1$ and the finite generating set $S_1$ (respectively $G_2$ and the finite generating set ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Efficient isomorphic subgraph matching with similarity scores

I'm a computer vision PhD student, and I'm looking for an efficient approximation to the following problem, which could end up helping in image to image matching. Failing that, pointers to relevant ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Induced subgraphs on a Laminar family of vertices with constant diameter

$X$ is a family of subsets of $V$. $X$ is called a Laminar family on $V$ if for all $A,B\in X$, either $A\cap B=\emptyset$, $A\subset B$ or $B\subset A$. Let $X$ be a family of subsets of $V$. A ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Paper on unit disk graphs

I was wondering if anybody knows of a 'link' to the paper by Marathe 1995 et al on analysis of the greedy algorithm for finding a Max independent set in Unit Disk Graphs?
2
votes
3answers
509 views

a colouring / matching problem

While trying to find a bijection which preserves various combinatorial statistics, I was led to the problem below. Very much to my surprise, a closely related question, Coloring summands of given ...
2
votes
1answer
730 views

What is a good algorithm to measure similarity between two dynamic graphs?

I am using graphs to represent structure present in a scene. The vertices represent the objects in the scene and the edges represent the relationship between two nodes(touching, overlapping, none). ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

“drift” of a random graph $G(n,p)$ with $p=\alpha\ln{n}/n$

Suppose $G\sim G(n,p)$ with $p=\alpha\ln{n}/n$ for some large constant $\alpha$. I wish to show a certain "drift" property of $G$, which can roughly be phrased as follows: if $u$ is "not that far" ...