**4**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### What is known about the chromatic number for minimum-distance graphs in higher dimensions?

For a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with minimum distance $a$, the minimum-distance graph connect two points iff they are at distance $a$. We can also view it as the tangency graph for a set of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

13 views

### Is there effective algorithm for finding “minimal discovery time” for large graphs?

Consider a large, probably sparse graph with Markovian random walkers on it. Define discovery time as time to first
reach a vertex by random walk
from uniform start. Are there effective ways to find ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

77 views

### Connections between loops (algebraic structure) and graphs

I would like to know whether there are known constructions which provide a bijection between loops (isomorphism classes) and (possibly directed) graphs. Any reference to a useful paper in this ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs.
A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

148 views

### Separating points in the plane II

Let A be a set of $2m$ points on the plane so that no open set of diameter $2$ has more than m of them. Define $A+A+...+A$ ($k$ times) to be the multiset of $k$-sums from $A$. That is, we consider all ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Actions of amenable groups on graphs with uncountably many ends

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group acting transitively on an amenable Schreier graph $S$. Is it possible for $S$ to have uncountably many ends? An amenable graph with uncountably many ends ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Is a rigid cycle a chordal graph?

There are two relevant questions:
(1) We know an edge set $C$ is a rigid cycle in $\mathcal{G}_2(n)$ if and only if $|E(C)|=2|V(C)|−2$ and $|F|≤2|V(F)|−3$ for every proper subset $F$ of $E(C)$. Thus, ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

76 views

### Form of the Shannon capacity for Heptagon?

Is the $0$-error capacity of $7$-cycle:
$(1)$ known to be of form $7^q$ for some $q\in \mathbb Q$?

**9**

votes

**1**answer

558 views

### Lovasz theta function and independence number of product of simple odd-cycles

Lovasz theta function $\vartheta(G)$ of a graph $G$ provides an upper bound for the independence number of a graph, $\alpha(G)$ and $\Theta(G) = \lim_{k\rightarrow \infty}\sqrt[k]{\alpha(G^{k})}$. ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

634 views

### A generalization of the triangle counting problem for simple weighted graphs

One nice identity is $$tr(A^3)/6$$ which counts the number of triangles of a graph represented with adjacency matrix $A.$ It also implies that triangle counting can be performed in subcubic time.
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Characterization of a family of interval graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph, where $V$ is a set of integral intervals from $[1,n]$ and $\left \{i,j \right \} \in E$ if $i \cap j \neq \emptyset $. Is the family of these graphs a proper subset of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

12 views

### How to restructure adjacency matrix $A$ from shortest distance matrix $B$ in Network topology inference

An undirected graph with $n$ nodes could be referred to as an adjacency matrix $A$. $A=[a_{ij}]_{n×n}$ with $a_{ij}=a_{ji}=1$ standing for there being an edge between node $i$ and node $j$, and no ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

4k views

### Number of trees with n nodes and m leaves

Even searching for " 'number of trees' leaves " didn't reveal what I am looking for: an approach for calculating the (approximate) number of trees with exactly n nodes and m leaves. Any hints from MO?
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

65 views

### Coloring of a normal map

can the following proposition be proved? If so please suggest a method. Can Kempe’s Argument be used for proof ?
Proposition: A normal map has a colouring of countries by 4 colours iff the edges of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Cospectrality and dimension of graphs

Firstly, I apologize if the question is long. I appreciate any helpful answers and ideas.
In the following all graphs are simple and connected.
Let $G$ be graph with vertex set ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Connected graph as connected space

Let $G$ be locally finite graph. By $|G|$, we mean the Freudenthal compactification of the 1-complex $G$, see chapter 8 of "Graph Theory" by Diestel. It is followed from Lemma 8.5.4 of Diestel's book:
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### Finding a sufficiently large complete bipartite subgraph using matrix counting

I'm trying to reconstruct the proof using matrix counting that there exists two subsets $A,B$ of $\{1,\cdots,N\}$ with $\#A=\#B$ such that for any $a\in A$ and $b\in B$, $a+b$ is prime, and $\#A=\#B$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Who first used/gave a coordinate representation of a graph?

In his proof of the Shannon capacity of a graph, Lovasz utilizes a coordinate representation of the pentagon (namely an orthonormal representation). Who first utilized a coordinate representation for ...

**25**

votes

**2**answers

789 views

### Is this graph polynomial known? Can it be efficiently computed?

I am a physicist, so apologies in advance for any confusing notation or terminology; I'll happily clarify. To provide a minimal amount of context, the following graph polynomial came up in my research ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

59 views

### Hamiltonicity of random graphs with high girth

We say that $G\sim G_{n,f}$ (for $f=f(n)$) if $G$ is chosen uniformly at random from all graphs on $n$ vertices with girth $g(G)\ge f(n)$. Is there any threshold function $F(n)$ such that when $f\ll ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

79 views

### eigenvalue estimate of the adjacency matrix

The adjacency matrix of a nonempty (undirected) graph has a strictly positive largest eigenvalue $\lambda_\max$. A very easy upper estimate for it can be obtained directly by Gershgorin's theorem:
$$
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### How many Perfect Matchings in a regular bipartite Graph

Hi Guys,
We have a d-regular bipartite Graph $G = (X,Y,E)$ with $|X| = |Y| = n$ and $|E| = nd$. i want to know a Upper Bound of the number of Matching
Thankx

**2**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Minimum number of perfect matchings in a regular bipartite graph

Is there a lower bound on the number of perfect matchings in a $k$-regular bipartite graph?
One can use Hall's marriage theorem and induction on $k$ to derive the lower bound of $k$. I can't come up ...

**15**

votes

**14**answers

19k views

### Good programs for drawing graphs ( directed weighted graphs )

Hi, does anyone know of a good program for drawing directed weighted graphs?
Thanks

**1**

vote

**3**answers

92 views

### Is there a formula for the number of labeled forests with $k$ components on $n$ vertices?

Cayley's formula states that the number of labeled trees on $n$ vertices is $n^{n-2}$. My question is: Is there a generalization of this formula for forests?
Let $f_{n,k}$ denote the number of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Counting Problems where Labeled is Known but Unlabeled is Not

Cayley's formula states that the number of labeled trees on $n$ vertices is $n^{n-2}$. There are many nice proofs of this compact formula.
To contrast, counting unlabeled trees is considerably ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Directed Minimal Cuts in a DAG

I'm looking for information about minimal directed cuts (dicuts) in (connected) DAGs (directed acyclic graphs).
A dicut in a directed graph, is a cut $(P_1,P_2)$ in which all edges in $E(P_1,P_2)$ ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

40 views

### Coloring maximal independent sets with 1 color

Let $G$ be a graph and $M\subseteq V(G)$ be a maximal independent set. Is there a coloring $c:V(G)\to\chi(G)$ such that $c$ is constant on $M$?
(The answer is positive for graphs with infinite ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

30 views

### Difference between modularity and clustering in graphs

The definition of modularity given on wikipedia is as follows.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modularity_(networks)
Modularity is one measure of the structure of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

99 views

### lower bound for difference between max cut and min cut

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph on $n$ vertices with edge weights $w=(w_e)_{e\in E}$. Let $M^+$ and $M^-$ be the maximum and the minimum cut values, i.e.
...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

684 views

### Looking for cubic, bipartite graphs with girth at least six and no cycles of length 8.

Aside from the Desargues graph, are there nice (at least vertex-transitive), small (say, less than 60 vertices), cubic, bipartite graphs with girth at least 6 and no 8-cycles? (or, even better, no ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Bipartite Graphs arising from two k-partitions of a given Graph

Let $G$ be an $n$-chromatic connected graph. Let $(V_1, V_2, \cdots, V_n)$ and $(U_1, U_2, \cdots, U_n)$ be two partitions of $V(G)$ corresponding to proper n-colorings of $G$.
Consider the bipartite ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### N random walkers that hit node v in a graph

Consider a finite, undirected graph G, with uniform edge weights. Assume that there are n number of random walkers that will start at different nodes (lets say n=3, hence the random walkers will start ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

233 views

### Do there exist sparse graphs with large crossing number?

Does there exist a sequence of graphs $\{ G_n \}$ such that
$G_n$ has $n$ vertices,
the number of edges of $G_n$ is $O(n)$, and
the crossing number of $G_n$ is $\Omega(n)$?
In particular, do ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Expectation of ratio of functions of i.i.d. Bernoullis: a concentration question

Consider the following $n \times n$ symmetric matrix of i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables, $X_{ij}$. For $i=1,...,n$ and $i<j\le n$. Let $X_{ij} \sim \text{Bernoulli}(p)$ when $i \ne j$ ($p$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

202 views

### Coloring vertices in a cubic lattice graph and counting edges between vertices of identical and vertices of distinct coloration

Take an $A \times B \times C$ cubic lattice graph $G$, and paint $k_1$ vertices with color $c_1$ & $k_2$ vertices with color $c_2$, where $(k_1 + k_2)$ is equal to the total vertex count. Let ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

110 views

### Number of edges in linklessly embeddable graphs

Consider graphs over $n$ nodes.
What is the maximum number of edges of a linklessly embeddable graph?
A more general question is the following. Given $\mu$ what is the maximum number of edges of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Reverse optimization of a minimum cost flow network

Given an undirected graph $(V,E)$, with $W$ as the weight of each edge, and a convex cost function $F(X)$, such as $|X|^k$ ($k>1$).
The cost to send $x$ unit of flow through edge $e_i$ is defined ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Independent domination number for grid graphs

Let $G_{n,m}$ be the $n \times m$ grid graph, i.e. $G= P_n \Box P_m$, and $T_{n,m}$ the $n\times m$ torus grid graph, i.e. $G= C_n \Box C_m$, where $P_n$ and $C_n$ indicate the path graph of length ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

69 views

### Regular graphs with strongly regular edge colorings

Given a positive integer $c>1$, for what parameters $(v,k,\lambda,\mu)$ does there exist a $c k$ regular graph on $v$ vertices that can be given an edge coloring with $c$ colors, such that the ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

459 views

### Reconstructing graphs with vertices of degree $k$ and $k-1$

The Graph Reconstruction Conjecture claims that any simple graph with 3 or more vertices is reconstructible from its "deck" of vertex-deleted subgraphs. (A nice introduction to this problem is at this ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

85 views

### Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist?
[..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ]
Given a graph are ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

260 views

### Algorithm to find the “optimal” path in a given graph

Assume that $G=(V,E)$ is an undirected connected graph and that $H: V \to \mathbb R$ is a function that assign at each vertex $v \in V$ its height $H(v)$. Think of the pair $(G,H)$ as an energy ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### What do we know about isospectral Cayley graphs?

Let $\Gamma_1=\Gamma_1(G_1,S_1)$ (respectively $\Gamma_2=\Gamma_2(G_2,S_2)$) be a Cayley graph for the group $G_1$ and the finite generating set $S_1$ (respectively $G_2$ and the finite generating set ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Efficient isomorphic subgraph matching with similarity scores

I'm a computer vision PhD student, and I'm looking for an efficient approximation to the following problem, which could end up helping in image to image matching. Failing that, pointers to relevant ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Induced subgraphs on a Laminar family of vertices with constant diameter

$X$ is a family of subsets of $V$. $X$ is called a Laminar family on $V$ if for all $A,B\in X$, either $A\cap B=\emptyset$, $A\subset B$ or $B\subset A$.
Let $X$ be a family of subsets of $V$. A ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Paper on unit disk graphs

I was wondering if anybody knows of a 'link' to the paper by Marathe 1995 et al on analysis of the greedy algorithm for finding a Max independent set in Unit Disk Graphs?

**2**

votes

**3**answers

509 views

### a colouring / matching problem

While trying to find a bijection which preserves various combinatorial statistics, I was led to the problem below. Very much to my surprise, a closely related question, Coloring summands of given ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

730 views

### What is a good algorithm to measure similarity between two dynamic graphs?

I am using graphs to represent structure present in a scene. The vertices represent the objects in the scene and the edges represent the relationship between two nodes(touching, overlapping, none). ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### “drift” of a random graph $G(n,p)$ with $p=\alpha\ln{n}/n$

Suppose $G\sim G(n,p)$ with $p=\alpha\ln{n}/n$ for some large constant $\alpha$. I wish to show a certain "drift" property of $G$, which can roughly be phrased as follows: if $u$ is "not that far" ...