# Tagged Questions

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Can this graph polynomial be efficiently computed?

I am a physicist, so apologies in advance for any confusing notation or terminology; I'll happily clarify. To provide a minimal amount of context, the following graph polynomial came up in my research ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

60 views

### edge graph reconstruction conjecture : set vs multi set

Why is the edge reconstruction conjecture stated with the deck defined as the multi set of graphs formed by deleting one edge? Can someone give an example of two graphs such that the edge deleted ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

131 views

### What is the number of noncrossing acyclic digraphs?

A noncrossing graph on $n$ vertices is a graph drawn on $n$ points numbered from $1$ to $n$ in counter-clockwise order on a circle such that the edges lie entirely within the circle and do not cross ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Set system with prescribed intersection sizes

Questions: What is the asymptotic maximal size of a $4$-uniform (every set has 4 elements) set system $\mathcal{A}$ of subsets of $[n]$ such that, no two sets have size of their intersection $2$?
In ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Graphs where each edge belongs to the same number of 1-factors

Let $G$ be a simple connected graph that has at least one 1-factor. We'll define:
$G$ has property A iff it is edge-transitive.
$G$ has property B iff each edge belongs to the same number of ...

**12**

votes

**13**answers

17k views

### Good programs for drawing graphs ( directed weighted graphs )

Hi, does anyone know of a good program for drawing directed weighted graphs?
Thanks

**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

+50

### Computing the chromatic polynomial of graph modulo $x-3$

The chromatic polynomial of graph $P(G,x)$ is univariate
polynomial which counts the number of colorings of $G$
with $x$ colors for natural $x$.
Graph is not $k$ colorable iff $P(G,k)=0$.
The ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### special 1-factorization of regular bipartite graphs

Let $n= 2k+1, |X|=|Y|= n$ and $G= (X, Y, E)$ be a $(k+1)$-regular bipartite graph.
Let $M$ be a perfect matching of $G$ having the property that every cycle of size 4
$C_4$ intersects $M$ in at most ...

**27**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Can assignment solve stable marriage?

This is an excellent question asked by one of my students. I imagine the answer is "no", but it doesn't strike me as easy.
Recall the set up of the stable marriage problem. We have $n$ men and $n$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs.
A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

159 views

### 3-complexes not embeddable in 3-space

My question is about embeddability of 3-dimensional complexes in R^3. Do we have something like Kuratowski's theorem for complexes in 3-space which specifies a set of minors for non-embeddability?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

97 views

### Vertex transitive and edge transitive and line graph

How can we find the proof of the following statement:
An undirected graph is edge transitive if and only if its line graph is vertex transitive.

**22**

votes

**2**answers

463 views

### Removal of non-isomorphic edges results in the same graph

There exists a (simple unlabeled) graph on 6 nodes with a pair of non-isomorphic edges (i.e., there is no graph automorphism that sends one edge into the other) such that removal of either of them ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Determinants in Graph Theory

In graph theory, we work with adjacency matrices which define the connections between the vertices. These matrices have various properties in themselves. For example, their trace can be calculated (it ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

569 views

### A generalization of the triangle counting problem for simple weighted graphs

One nice identity is $$tr(A^3)/6$$ which counts the number of triangles of a graph represented with adjacency matrix $A.$ It also implies that triangle counting can be performed in subcubic time.
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

144 views

### How hard is a variant of graph automorphism problem?

I'm interested in a variant of graph automorphism problem (which is prime candidate for $NP$-Intermediate problem).
Restricted GA
Input: Given an undirected graph $G(E, V)$, and $\epsilon |V|/2$ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

458 views

### Is every knot unavoidable in the embeddings of some graph?

Is it the case that, for any given knot $K$,
there exists some graph $G$ whose every embedding into $\mathbb{R}^3$
(or into $\mathbb{S}^3$)
contains a cycle that realizes $K$?
I know the ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Distance between two networks

Suppose you have networks A and B, each with a set of nodes and edges. You want to measure how similar the networks are to each-other. None of the nodes or edges are labelled. What are the metric(s) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Complexity of graph isomorphism in $(P_4 \cup K_1,\overline{3K_2})$-free graphs

Related to this question where isomorphism preserving
transformation maps triangle-free graphs to $(P_4 \cup K_1,\overline{3K_2})$-free graphs.
What is the complexity of graph isomorphism in $(P_4 ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Graph transformation related to graph isomorphism

Basically got graph transformation related to graph
isomorphism.
Define $G \to G'$. $V(G')=V(G) \cup E(G)=\{v_1\ldots v_n\} \cup \{e_1\ldots e_m\}$. Call $v_i$ vertices $v'$ and $e_i$ vertices $e'$.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Hamiltonian circuit

Let us consider a disk with one labelled point on the boundary and $n$ labelled points in the interior.
Let T be a triangulation of the whole disk with vertices on the labelled points such that T ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

383 views

### Existence of a sink in directed graphs with a certain structure

I'm not a mathematician (I'm an economist) but I hope that this problem is sufficiently non-trivial that someone here will find it interesting.
Motivation:
I'm trying to model how workers decide ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

63 views

### Finding node-disjoint routes with mutually exclusive nodes in graphs

I have the following problem. I would like to know if it reduces to some standard problem in Graph theory. Particularly, I would like to know whether it is NP-hard, if yes, how to prove its ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

292 views

### Turan's theorem for connected graphs?

Using a small modification to Turáns theorem we can find the minimum amount of edges a graph $G$ on $n$ vertices must have so it does not have an independent set of size $k$. Is there a similar result ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

449 views

### Surprising connection between linear algebra and graph theory

What is the intuition for linear algebra being such an effective tool to resolve questions regarding graphs?
For example, one can determine if a given graph is connected by computing its Laplacian ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### Splitting lemma for digraph and preserving local rooted-edge connectivity?

Let $G$ be a directed graph. $\lambda(x,y,G)$ is the maximum number of edge disjoint paths from $x$ to $y$ in $G$
The local $r$-rooted connectivity of $x$ in $G$ is $\lambda(r,x,G)$.
The global ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Minimum length path touching $n$ circles

Given $n$ non-overlapping circles of radius $1$ (i.e., the distance between the centers of any two circles is greater than $2$), how to find the minimum length path (the path can be of any form) that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### triangles in a graph with specified clique number

Turan's theorem tells us that if m is the number of edges in a graph with n vertices and clique number r, then 2m <= (r - 1)n^2/r.
If t denotes the number of triangles, is there a similar ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

322 views

### An upper bound for number of triangles in a graph

A small inquiry about something that has been troubling me for the whole afternoon without luck: is there any known result about say simple graphs $G(V,E)$ with some property $\mathcal{P}$ such that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Algorithm to construct metric space endomorphism with controlled square

Given a finite metric space $(M,d)$ with parameters $K \geq 1$ and $\epsilon > 0$, I'd like to algorithmically check for the existence of a non-identity map $\phi:M \to M$ which happens to be ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

386 views

### Relationship between triangle free graphs and their minimum degree

Let $T$ be a triangle-free graph on $n$ vertices with minimum degree $\delta$ (which can be $0$). How does one show that $n >2\delta -1$? It seems to be true for bipartite graphs, but I cannot see ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### Bipartite Graphs arising from two k-partitions of a given Graph

Let $G$ be an $n$-chromatic connected graph. Let $(V_1, V_2, \cdots, V_n)$ and $(U_1, U_2, \cdots, U_n)$ be two partitions of $V(G)$ corresponding to proper n-colorings of $G$.
Consider the bipartite ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### About the diameter of a graph after removing orientation

This question was posted a few days ago on the Mathematics StackExchange, but so far it has not been answered. Let $G$ be a strongly connected directed graph of diameter $D$, and suppose that we ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

46 views

### N random walkers that hit node v in a graph

Consider a finite, undirected graph G, with uniform edge weights. Assume that there are n number of random walkers that will start at different nodes (lets say n=3, hence the random walkers will start ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Coloring vertices in a cubic lattice graph and counting edges between vertices of identical and vertices of distinct coloration

Take an $A \times B \times C$ cubic lattice graph $G$, and paint $k_1$ vertices with color $c_1$ & $k_2$ vertices with color $c_2$, where $(k_1 + k_2)$ is equal to the total vertex count. Let ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Reverse optimization of a minimum cost flow network

Given an undirected graph $(V,E)$, with $W$ as the weight of each edge, and a convex cost function $F(X)$, such as $|X|^k$ ($k>1$).
The cost to send $x$ unit of flow through edge $e_i$ is defined ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### What is the probability of interpolating the Tutte polynomial of a planar graph from the values at the two hyperbolas?

The Tutte polynomial
is a bivariate polynomial with positive integer coefficient which is a graph
invariant and can be defined recursively.
Evaluating it is $\#P$-complete even when restricted to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

165 views

### Strongly connected DAG from any connected undirected graph?

I have the following question. It seems likely to be true - can anyone provide a standard reference?
Given:
A connected, undirected graph.
Question 1:
Can we assume a single direction for each edge ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

194 views

### Mixing properties of random walks on graphs [migrated]

I have a question about this paper (not behind a pay wall) on the Cheeger inequality for graphs.
One of the main ideas of the paper is that random walks on graphs can be used to find sets with small ...

**0**

votes

**4**answers

108 views

### about the structure of components of tensor product if more than one bipartite graph is taken

I was reading about tensor product of graphs. We know that if we take tensor product of n graphs and want this product to be a connected graph then at most one graph should be bipartite. In the book ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Algorithms for computing the Resilience of Graphs

The definition of resilience with a graph $G$ w.r.t to a monotone property $\mathcal{P}$ is well known.
(Global resilience) Let $\mathcal{P}$ be an increasing monotone property. The global ...

**32**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Is it easy to produce hard-to-color graphs?

This question arises from my recent visit to my daughter's second-grade class, where I led some discussion and activities on graph coloring (see Math for seven-year-olds). In one such activity, each ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Node covering in a random graph

Given $N$ nodes randomly placed in a $D\times D$ area, i.e., the position of each node is randomly chosen. Assume that both $N$ and $D$ are sufficiantly large.
An agent can move in the area at ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

163 views

### Find multiple non-adjacent paths in a graph

Consider a non-directed graph. I want to find as many non-adjacent paths as possible from a source $s$ to a destination $t$. Two paths $P_1$ and $P_2$ are said to be non-adjacent to each other if none ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Reduction from permanent to $(0,1)$-permanent and implication of $P \ne NP$

Valiant
shows reduction from counting the solutions of CNF formula $F$,$\#SAT(F)$
to computing permanent where $ Perm(A)= 4^{t(F)}\cdot \#SAT(F)$
for certain efficiently computable $t(F)$ and matrix ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Equality-preserving embeddings of finite trees

For finite trees $T_{1}$ and $T_{2}$ labelled by elements of some infinite set $S$, (we may assume that $S=\mathbb{N}$ without loss of generality), we define an equality-preserving embedding $f$ to be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Product of geodesic distances

I'm working on trying to show this, but can't seem to get started. No guarantees that it is true, but other conditions on the adjacency matrix that make it true or a counter example are helpful. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Efficient isomorphic subgraph matching with similarity scores

I'm a computer vision PhD student, and I'm looking for an efficient approximation to the following problem, which could end up helping in image to image matching. Failing that, pointers to relevant ...

**21**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Spectral graph theory: Interpretability of eigenvalues and -vectors

I thought "Wow!" when I learned that the eigenvector of the adjacency matrix of a cycle graph $C_n$ corresponding to the second largest eigenvalue gives the coordinates of the vertices when equally ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

75 views

### different way of selecting a random graph

Consider having a 'base' graph $G=(V,E)$ and selecting each vertex with independent probability $p$ and having the induced subgraph of $G$ with all 'selected' points as your random graph. Has this ...