**2**

votes

**2**answers

108 views

### Removing subtrees

Let $T$ be a complete infinite rooted binary tree. Is it possible to remove (infinitely many) subtrees of $T$ and get a subgraph $G$ such that:
$G$ has no complete subtrees (the graph below any ...

**16**

votes

**11**answers

6k views

### What are the Applications of Hypergraphs

Hypergraphs are like simple graphs, except that instead of having edges that only connect 2 vertices, their edges are sets of any number of vertices. This happens to mean that all graphs are just a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Prime labelling of graphs

A prime labeling of a graph is an injective function $f: V(G) \to \{1, 2, ..., |V(G)|\}$
such that for every pair of adjacent vertices $u$ and $v$, $\text{gcd}(f(u), f(v)) = 1$ (labels of any two ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### special 1-factorization of regular bipartite graphs

Let $n= 2k+1, |X|=|Y|= n$ and $G= (X, Y, E)$ be a $(k+1)$-regular bipartite graph.
Let $M$ be a perfect matching of $G$ having the property that every cycle of size 4
$C_4$ intersects $M$ in at most ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

303 views

### Do there exist sparse graphs with large crossing number?

Does there exist a sequence of graphs $\{ G_n \}$ such that
$G_n$ has $n$ vertices,
the number of edges of $G_n$ is $O(n)$, and
the crossing number of $G_n$ is $\Omega(n)$?
In particular, do ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

589 views

### Reconstruction Conjecture holds for Directed Acyclic Graphs?

Wikipedia's article on the Reconstruction Conjecture mentions that the conjecture is false for digraphs, and refers to two papers by Stockmeyer. As far as I can see, none of the counter-examples in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

87 views

### How to construct a graph with arbitrarily large girth and large chromatic number? [on hold]

Erdos theorem says it is possible and it is not so easy. What is the general procedure to construct graphs like Grötzsch graph?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

11 views

### Looking to derive bound for modulus of harmonic eigenfunction on weighted graph

We have a homogeneous graph $G = (V,E)$ with a function $f:V\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. We define the following modulus:
$\displaystyle \omega(s) = \sup\{f(x)-f(y) \ | \ |x-y|=s \}$
and wish to lower ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs.
A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = λ1 ≥ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### Algorithm to minimally connect line segments in Euclidean plane

Suppose you have finitely many line segments in the Euclidean plane. How do you "connect them to form one chain of line segments of minimal length?"
More formally and generally, what I'm looking for ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Does the weak Hadwiger conjecture imply the Hadwiger conjecture?

For any cardinal $\kappa$, let $K_\kappa$ denote the complete graph on $\kappa$. We consider the following statements:
(H) If $G$ is a graph and $\chi(G) = \kappa$ then $K_\kappa$ is a minor of $G$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

36 views

### finding dominating cycles in $2K_2$-free graphs

A cycle $C$ in a connected graph $G$ is called dominating if its complement $V(G)-V(C)$ is an independent set. H.J. Veldman proved in 1983 (Disc. Math. v.43, 281-96) a general result that in ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

942 views

### Probability of Generating a Connected Graph

$N$ points are generated randomly within a unit square, with a uniform distribution.
What is the probability that the points form a connected graph, given that two points are connected if the distance ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Flow in graph. Proof [on hold]

Let $(S_1, \overline{S_1} ) , (S_2, \overline{S_2} )$ be minimum cuts in some network. Is it true that $(S_1 \cap S_2, \overline{S_1 \cap S_2)}$ is a minimum cut in this network?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

38 views

### Petersen 2-factor decomposition theorem for directed graphs

Petersen proved that every 2k-regular graph can be decomposed into k disjoint 2-factors. I would like to know that is it true that if G is a directed regular graph (d_out(v)=d_in(v)=k), then can G be ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Odd-cycle inequality [closed]

Consider the stable set problem. An odd hole is a cycle with an odd number if nodes and no edges between nonadjacent nodes of the cycle. Show that if H is the node set of an odd hole, the following ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

688 views

### A generalization of the triangle counting problem for simple weighted graphs

One nice identity is $$tr(A^3)/6$$ which counts the number of triangles of a graph represented with adjacency matrix $A.$ It also implies that triangle counting can be performed in subcubic time.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Endomorphisms and almost all graphs

Is it known what fraction (almost all?) of graphs have a trivial endomorphism monoid? I can't seem to find any reference to the question. Maybe it's related to the question: what fraction of graphs ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

51 views

### Length of Paths in Graph [closed]

There is a very large directed graph with n number of vertices, in order of millions. We are given a number p much smaller than n, and two vertices v1 and v2. What is the efficient way of finding a ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Coloring the edges of a torus graph

Question:Consider the $2k \times 2k$ grid graph on a torus. Is it true that for every $2$-coloring of the edges, there is an antipodal pair of vertices connected by a path that changes colors at most ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Is there an elliptic Harnack equality for directed graphs?

The elliptic Harnack inequality for undirected graphs was proven by Delmotte in the paper "Inegalite de Harnack elliptique sur les graphes" (French, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Determining the number of hamiltonian paths of $K_n-C_n$

I would like to know information regarding the function $h(n)$ where $h(n)$ is the number of hamiltonian cycles the graph $K_n$ has after removing the edges that make up a hamiltonian cycle of $K_n$. ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Edge density of triangle-free graphs

Let $G$ be a finite, simple, loopless graph with $|V(G)|=n$. We define its edge density as $$ed(G) := \frac{|E(G)|}{n \choose 2}.$$
Moreover we set $$d_n := \text{max}\big\{ed(G): G \text{ is a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### Universal graph homomorphisms

By a graph I mean a pair $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) := \{\{a,b\}: a\neq b \in V\}$. A graph homomorphism between graphs $G, H$ is a map $f:V(G)\to V(H)$ such ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

34 views

### Rate of convergence of graph-theoretic quantity to fractional graph-theoretic counterpart

Let $G^n$ denote the OR product of a graph with itself $n$ times, i.e. the graph which has an edge between distinct vertices $(v_1,v_2,\ldots,v_n)$ and $(u_1,u_2,\ldots,u_n)$ if there exists some $i$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Max flow with minimal requirements algo problem

While applying the algorithm to solve the max flow of the network with minimal requirements on edges, I have encountered a problem.
The algorithm states:
For graph G
create an edge from target to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Cospectrality and dimension of graphs

Firstly, I apologize if the question is long. I appreciate any helpful answers and ideas.
In the following all graphs are simple and connected.
Let $G$ be graph with vertex set ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Cauchy-Schwarz proof of Sidorenko for 3-edge path (Blakley-Roy inequality)

Is there a "Cauchy-Schwarz proof" of the following inequality?
Theorem. Given $f \colon [0,1]^2 \to [0,1]$, one has
$$
\int_{[0,1]^4} f(x,y)f(z,y)f(z,w) \, dxdydzdw \geq \left(\int_{[0,1]^2} f(x,y) ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Lens spaces and generalized Petersen graphs

Recently I came across this mathoverflow question, in which the number of homeomorphism classes of 3-dimensional lens spaces $L(p, q)$ is computed as a function of $p$. Using the OEIS, I found a ...

**28**

votes

**8**answers

2k views

### Generalizations of the Four-Color theorem

The four color theorem asserts that every planar graph can be properly colored by four colors.
The purpose of this question is to collect generalizations and strengthenings of the four color theorem ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

136 views

### Proving a random bipartite graph contains a perfect matching

I have the following problem
consider a random bipartite with vertex classes $A$ and $B$ of size $|A|=|B|=\mathrm{log}^{2}(n)$ graph in which every possible edge is chosen independently with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Do perfect matching(s) have signatures in the graph eigenvalues?

If the edges of a bipartite graph are such that they can be seen as a disjoint union of perfect matchings then will this somehow reflect in the eigenvalues of the Laplacian?
It would be helpful to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### “Homomorphism fingerprint” for graphs

Let $G, H$ be simple, undirected graphs without loops. We say that $G, H$ have the same homomorphism fingerprint if $|\text{Hom}(X, G)| = |\text{Hom}(X, H)|$ for all graphs $X$. (By graph ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Minor ordering for finite graphs

Let $\mathcal{G}_{<\omega}$ be the set of graphs $G = (V,E)$ such that $V = \{0,\ldots,n\}$ for some $n \geq 0$ and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) = \{\{a,b\} : a,b \in V \textrm{ and } a\neq b\}$. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Computation on Random Bipartite graphs

I'm looking at a random bipartite graph $K_{\omega(n)}*K_{\omega(n)}$ where $\mathrm{log}(n)\leq \omega(n) \leq n^{1/2}$, in which each of the $\omega(n)^{2}$ edges is placed randomly with probability ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

57 views

### Matchings in random bipartite graphs

I was wondering if anyone could point me in the direction of a text or paper which would help deal with the following problem
Suppose i am given a $K_{\mathrm{log}(n)} \times K_{\mathrm{log}(n)}$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

112 views

### Graphs whose degree vectors coincide for all powers of their adjacency matrices

Let symmetric $A,B \in \{0, 1\}^{n \times n}$ denote the adjacency matrices of two simple graphs. Further let $\mathbf{1}$ denote the all-one-vector.
Now assume that $A^k \mathbf{1} = B^k \mathbf{1}$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### Bipartite Graphs arising from two k-partitions of a given Graph

Let $G$ be an $n$-chromatic connected graph. Let $(V_1, V_2, \cdots, V_n)$ and $(U_1, U_2, \cdots, U_n)$ be two partitions of $V(G)$ corresponding to proper n-colorings of $G$.
Consider the bipartite ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Partitioning graph in clusters

Let $H = (V, E)$ be a graph. If $v \in V$ and $r \in \mathbb{N}$, denote $S_H(v, r)$ the sphere radius $r$ with center in $v$:
$S_H(v, r) = \{u \in V $: $dist_H(u, v) \leq r\}$.
Algorithm for ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### What is the standard name of an edge-graph

Given a graph $G=(E,V)$, I construct a graph $G'$ where the vertices of $G'$ are given by the edges of $G$ and say that two edges of $G$ are neighbors in $G'$ if they have a common vertex.
Is there a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Cores of infinite graphs

Let $\kappa$ be a cardinal and let $\textrm{Grph}(\kappa)$ be the set of graphs $G = (V,E)$ such that $V \subseteq \kappa$ and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) := \{\{a,b\} \subseteq V: a\neq b\}$.
We ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

252 views

### Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph,
One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Reverse optimization of a minimum cost flow network

Given an undirected graph $(V,E)$, with $W$ as the weight of each edge, and a convex cost function $F(X)$, such as $|X|^k$ ($k>1$).
The cost to send $x$ unit of flow through edge $e_i$ is defined ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### What can be said about graphs if there are homomorphisms in both directions?

Let $G,H$ be simple undirected graphs without loops such that there are graph homomorphisms $f_1:G\to H$ and $f_2: H\to G$.
An easy argument shows that we have $\chi(G) = \chi(H)$, even for graphs ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Solving assignment problem using Hungarian method vs min cost max flow problem

The traditional solution for the assignment problem is the Hungarian method - it's complexity is O(V^4) or O(V^3) if using Edmonds method.
However, it can also be reduced to a min cost max flow ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

68 views

### NP hard problems on geometric graphs

I have posted this question before but i don't feel i expressed my confusion clearly enough. So i would like to try and explain again. This is a proof of the minimum vertex cover for unit disk graphs ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Applications of line graphs

I am trying to collect a few examples of applications of line graphs in sciences other than mathematics. To be more precise: I am thinking of models where there is a clear conceptual added value in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Total number of spanning trees of a set of graphs

Given an undirected graph G with $n$ nodes, we can compute its number of spanning trees in polynomial time using Kirchhoff's matrix-tree theorem. Now consider a more complicated setting, in which each ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

276 views

### Finite graphs that realize all types over $n$-element sets

Call a graph $G$ $n$-saturated if for every set $A$ of size $n$ of vertices and all $B\subseteq A$ there is a vertex $v\not\in A$ that forms an edge with all $w\in B$ and
does not form an edge with ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Cops and drunken robbers

Consider a game of cops and robbers on a finite graph. The robber, for reasons left to the imagination, moves entirely randomly: at each step, he moves to a randomly chosen neighbour of his current ...