**3**

votes

**1**answer

631 views

### Color identical pairs and the 4-color theorem

If one could prove that for every 4-chromatic planar graph $X$ every color identical pair in $X$ is separated by a cycle, would that be a proof of the 4-color theorem?
Explanation:
A pair of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Smallest distribution of points with genuinely different clusterings

An hierarchical clustering algorithm for (finite) sets of points in a given metric space is essentially determined by its linkage criterion, which defines the distance between arbitrary (finite) sets ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### The largest size of a boolean subgraph (a hypercube) of a given graph

Let $G(\mathbb{F}_2^n)$ denote the graph that represents the lattice of all subspaces of $\mathbb{F}_2^n$ (also called a Hasse diagram). I am interested in knowing if there exists a large hypercube ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

199 views

### Genus of Tutte-Coxeter Graph

What is the genus of the Tutte-Coxeter graph -- the incidence graph of the
GQ of order 2? Seems like it should be well known, since nearly every other
parameter for that graph is known, but I can ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### genus of a finite simple undirected graph

Let $G$ be a finite simple undirected graph. Suppose there exist subgraphs $G_1,G_2,\dots,G_n$ of $G$, such that $G_i$ and $G_j$, have no common edges and have at most two common vertices, for each ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

153 views

### Is the domination number of a combinatorial design determined by the design parameters?

Let $D$ be a $(v,k,\lambda)$-design. By the domination number of $D$ I mean the domination number $\gamma(L(D))$ of the bipartite incidence graph of $D$.
Is $\gamma(L(D))$ determined only by ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

95 views

### Is there a polynomial time approximation scheme for the feedback arc set problem for the class of tournaments?

A tournament is an orientation of a complete graph. A feedback arc set is a set of arcs in a digraph whose removal leave the digraph acyclic. The feedback arc set problem consists in finding a ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

577 views

### Paul Erdős: Determine or estimate the number of maximal triangle-free graphs on n vertices

Among the collections of the open problems of Paul Erdős on the website of
Professor Fan Chung, there is one called "number of triangle-free graphs".
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Nash Equilibrium in general graphical game

Any one has any ideas about how to compute the Nash Equilibrium in general graphical game? Especially, when the graph structure is not a tree.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### The proof of Belyi theorem by Lando and Zvonkin

I'm sorry for asking such a specific question, but i have trouble understanding one detail in the proof of Belyi's theorem in the book "Graphs on surfaces and their applications" by Lando and Zvonkin" ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Is the domination number NP for non-bipartite graphs?

Calculating the domination number is an NP-Hard problem. Does it remain NP-Hard if we restrict it to non-bipartite graphs?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

91 views

### Proofs about Forbidden Minors

I am working on a problem which involves proving that a particular graph is a forbidden minor of the class of graphs that i am working on.
Now i read kuratowskis theorem for planarity but i still ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Coloring vertices in a cubic lattice graph and counting edges between vertices of identical and vertices of distinct coloration

Take an $A \times B \times C$ cubic lattice graph $G$, and paint $k_1$ vertices with color $c_1$ & $k_2$ vertices with color $c_2$, where $(k_1 + k_2)$ is equal to the total vertex count. Let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Which hyperbolic tilings are Cayley graphs?

I realise the question is easy but after asking to a few people (and never getting a clear answer), I thought it could be instructive to ask it here:
Given a regular tiling of the hyperbolic plane is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Flow of an integer

I've stumbled across this family of flow networks, and posted the sequence of maximal flows to OEIS: A238729. I can't find any reference to it either. Has anyone seen it?
Here is the description:
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Connections between Riemann hypothesis for curves over finite fields and Ramanujan property for graphs

this question relates to the beautiful construction of expander graphs using Cayley graphs of $PGL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$, as exposited by Davidoff-Sarnak-Valette in their book, Elementary Number Theory, ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

637 views

### Is every graph the center of some other graph?

The center of a graph $G$ is the set of vertices that minimize the largest
distance to vertices in $G$, e.g., in the graph below, that radius is $4$:
Define the ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

287 views

### How can I prove that a particular family of graphs is integral?

I'm working with an infinite family of graphs that seems to always have all integral eigenvalues, and I'd like to find some way to prove that (if it's true). Call the graphs $G_{n,k}$ and define them ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### Non-toroidality of a simple graph

Let $G$ be a simple undirected graph and $G_1$ and $G_2$ are two subgraphs of $G$, with $E(G_1) \cap E(G_2) =\emptyset$. Which of the following conditions would imply that $G$ is not toroidal:
a; ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### The spectral radius of a modified graph

Let $H$ be a graph and let $G=H \vee K_{1}$ be obtained by creating a new vertex and joining it to every vertex in $H$.
This situation has many different names: $G$ is called the cone or the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Calculating a generalized inverse (Moore–Penrose pseudoinverse)

I am considering a graph with $n$ edges with the following nicely structured adjacency matrix:
\begin{equation}
A_n=
\begin{pmatrix}
0 & 0 & 0 &\cdots & 0 & 0 & 1\\
0 & 0 ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### When is an induced subgraph of a Johnson graph hamilton-connected?

The Johnson graph $J(n,k)$ has vertices which are the $k$-subsets of $\{1, 2, \dots, n\}$ where two vertices are adjacent iff their intersection has size $k-1$. A graph is hamilton-connected if every ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

620 views

### Do Random Walks on the Hexagonal Lattice have a limit?

For every positive integer $n$, consider a regular hexagon $\mathrm{H}_n$ such that
the distance of each vertex from the center is $\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}$. That in turn
induces a tiling of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Does the concept of connective constant make sense for any tiling of the plane?

First let me define what is the "connective constant" of a two dimensional lattice.
Let $c_{n}$ denote the number of $n$ step self-avoiding walks starting from a fixed origin point in the lattice. ...

**1**

vote

**4**answers

271 views

### Graphs with dangling edges

In conventional Graph Theory the role of Nodes and Edges is skewed: nodes are perfectly ok being aloof, but poor edges are always drawn between existing nodes (that is, the two maps from EDGES to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

132 views

### Normal subgroups of automorphism group of infinite cubic tree

Let $T$ denote the unique (countably infinite) tree in which every vertex has degree $3$ and let $G=Aut(T)$ be the group of graph automorphisms of $T$.
I'm interested in the properties of this ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### What is/are the best bound/s on the sum of squares of degrees in a graph?

Let $G$ be a graph with degrees $d_{1},\ldots,d_{n}$. I am interested in upper bounds on
$$
\sum_{i=1}^{n}{d_{i}^{2}}.
$$
An example is de Caen's bound:
$$
\sum_{i=1}^{n}{d_{i}^{2}} \leq ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Natural constructions (not depending on parameters) [closed]

Consider graph clusterings as a prototypical example of (logical) constructions.
Let a clustering of a graph $(V,E)$ be any covering of $V$, i.e. a set $C$ with $\bigcup C = V$.
I am looking for a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

406 views

### Seeming contradiction about P vs NP between graphclasses.org and at least two papers about clique in even-hole-free graphs

I believe correctness about clique in even-hole-free graphs
of graphclasses.org
and the paper Vertex elimination orderings for hereditary graph classes, Pierre Aboulker, Pierre Charbit, Nicolas ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### Genus of the graph $K_{m,2,2,2}$

What is the genus of this complete $4-$partite graph, $K_{m,2,2,2}$, where $m \in \mathbb{N}$?
Thanks in advance.

**0**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Which graph topology has the greatest eigenvalue?

I am looking at comparing multiple graph topologies based on their spectra. From the set of all $N\times N$ adjacency matrices, is there any result which points to the adjacency matrix with the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

595 views

### Big binary tree as an induced subgraph

I believe this is true:
Suppose $G$ is a graph. If $G$ has a subdivision of a large binary tree, prove that $G$ has an
induced subgraph which is a subdivision of a large binary tree or the line ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

179 views

### Big Mono-Chromatic Subgraphs of Vertex 2-Colourings

I'm not a graph theorist, but the following quantity came up in my work and I'm curious if it has been studied. Given a connected finite graph $\Gamma = (V,E)$ define: $$ c(\Gamma) = \min_{f : V ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### almost equitable partitions and spectra

If a graph $G$ has an equitable partition, then its charachteristic polynomial (for the adjacency matrix) has a divisor that can be seen as the characteristic polynomial (for the adjacency matrix) of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### How many edges can you put in a graph such that every edge belongs to a minimal $k$-cycle?

I am trying to solve:
Given $n, k$, find maximum $m$ such that there exists a graph on $n$ nodes, $m$ edges such that every edge is part of a minimal $k$-cycle.
I only care about the asymptotic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Non-exchangeable unimodular graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ be an countably infinite, locally finite transitive graph. Say that $G$ is exchangeable if for every two vertices $v,w \in V$ there exists a graph homomorphism that maps $v$ to $w$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Genus of a simple graph

Let $G$ is a finite simple undirected graph. Suppose there exist subgraph $G_1,G_2,\dots,G_n$ of $G$, such that $G_i \cong K_5$ or $K_{3,3}$, $E(G_i)\cap E(G_j) = \emptyset$ and $|V(G_i)\cap V(G_j)| ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

269 views

### How hard is it to determine if a weighted graph can be isometrically embedded in R^3?

Consider a graph $G$ with nonnegative edge weights.
Question: In $\mathbb{R}^3$, how hard is it to assign coordinates to vertices such that the Euclidean length of each edge is equal to its weight?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### A particular method of removing edges from strong di-graphs

I have been mulling over a little puzzle I gave myself involving a particular type of iterative removal of edges from a digraph and I'm stuck -- thought I'd consult experts.
Start with an ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

31 views

### Harmonic Bergman spaces on graphs

Harmonic Bergman spaces on Euclidean domains are a set of harmonic functions on a domain that are from $L^{p}$ of that domain. I tried to find something on harmonic Bergman spaces on graphs because we ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### vertex transitive and Cayley graphs

(all the graphs alluded to below are finite).
Suppose I gave you a graph, and asked you whether it was vertex-transitive. How hard is that algorithmically?
The second question is: suppose I gave you ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Reference request: “unoriented composition” in generalized categories

I'm looking for a generalized notion of category (really of symmetric multicategory) which, roughly speaking, doesn't make a distinction between sources and targets. Each "morphism" in such a category ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### A combinatorial problem concerned with logic circuits

Consider a logic circuit with two-bit gates only. The length of each gate is the number of bit lines that the gate crosses. How hard is to compute the maximum length for a given circuit? Notice that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

373 views

### Genus of a graph

Let $G$ is a simple undirected graph. Suppose $G$ has two subgraphs $G_1$ and $G_2$, such that $E(G_1)\cap E(G_2) =\emptyset$ ($E(G_i)$, stand for the set of edges of $G_i$). Then is it true that ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

341 views

### A structure of the group of automorphisms of an infinite binary tree

My friend asked me to ask his question here. Where he can find (a paper or a book) containing a complete description (with the proof) of a structure of the group of automorphisms of an infinite binary ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Making a graph claw-free by adding as few edges as possible

Independent set is polynomial in claw-free graphs,
so I am wondering if this can approximate independent set.
By adding enough edges to $G$ and gets claw-free $G'$.
IS in $G'$ is IS in $G$, so this ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Reverse optimization of a minimum cost flow network

Given an undirected graph $(V,E)$, with $W$ as the weight of each edge, and a convex cost function $F(X)$, such as $|X|^k$ ($k>1$).
The cost to send $x$ unit of flow through edge $e_i$ is defined ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Is there an universal (dis)similarity measure between two structures?

I'm always wondering is there an universal (dis)similarity measure
between two structures (let's say between two undirected simple
graphs)? I mean, not "the measure with universal parameter that we
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

221 views

### Cubic graphs decompositions

There are many interesting computational problems related to connected cubic graph decomposition. For instance, decomposition of cubic graph into a perfect matching and a connected 2-factor ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### What is the number of connected subgraphs with $n$ vertices of a labelled connected simple graph with $n$ vertices?

Suppose $G$ is a connected simple labeled graph. Let $n$, $e$, and $k$ be its number of vertices, edges, and the upper bound of the degree of a vertex, respectively. How many connected sub-graphs ...