**4**

votes

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117 views

### Application of finding shortest paths on Cayley graphs

For a fixed integer number $m$, Consider Cayley graph defined by all m-cycles in Symmetric group $Sym(n)$.
I know that for $m=2$,
there are some applications of finding shortest paths (or distance ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

44 views

### Digraph weak connectivity in $O(V)$ space and $O(V+E)$ time

A digraph is called weakly connected if its underlying undirected graph is connected.
You are given a digraph $G$ with $V$ vertices and $E$ edges as a read-only data structure consisting of lists of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Counting vertex-permutations of a finite tree which rip all edges

Given a finite tree $T$ with $n$ vertices labelled $1,\dots,n$, we say that a permutation $\sigma$ of $1,\dots,n$ rips all edges if $\{\sigma(i),\sigma(j)\}$
is never an edge for every edge $\{i,j\}$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Connection between connectivity and cohesion of a graph

Tutte [1] proved that, for every $3$-connected graph $G$ and vertices $u$ and $v$, there exists a nonseparating $uv$-path.
A graph $G$ is $t$-cohesive if $G$ is connected, has at least two vertices, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### What is known about the complexity of this covering problem?

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. A vertex set $X\subseteq V$ is called critical if $X\neq\emptyset$ and no vertex in $V\setminus X$ is adjacent to exactly one vertex in $X$. The problem is to find a vertex ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### $\kappa$-impediments (according to Shelah, Nash-Williams, Aharoni)

Let $\Gamma = (M, W, K)$ be a bipartite graph, that is $M, W$ are sets and $K\subseteq M\times W$. If there is an injective function $f:M\to W$ such that $f\subseteq K$ we say $f$ is an espousal and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Hypercube edge-coloring problem

Question: Is there a pairing (a fixed point free involution) of the vertices of the $n$-dimensional cube graph, and a $2$-coloring of its edges such that the number of color changes needed to get from ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

172 views

### Sets of spreads in graphs

Let $G$ be a graph. A $k$-spread is a set of cliques of order $k$ which partition the vertex set (so $k|n$, where $n$ is the number of vertices).
A partial $k$-resolution of $G$ is a set of pairwise ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

140 views

### minimal polynomial for a graph

I wonder if there is any result relating the degree $d$ of the minimal polynomial of a directed finite graph to any of its topological features - such as its diameter, or any other similar 'natural' ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Navigation in a graph

The problem
Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph. $k = O\left(\log(|V|)\right)$ distinct vertices are picked randomly from $V$. We call the set of chosen $k$ vertices $T$.
Assumptions about the graph: You may ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Actions of amenable groups on graphs with uncountably many ends

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group acting transitively on an amenable Schreier graph $S$. Is it possible for $S$ to have uncountably many ends? An amenable graph with uncountably many ends ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### What do we know about isospectral Cayley graphs?

Let $\Gamma_1=\Gamma_1(G_1,S_1)$ (respectively $\Gamma_2=\Gamma_2(G_2,S_2)$) be a Cayley graph for the group $G_1$ and the finite generating set $S_1$ (respectively $G_2$ and the finite generating set ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### What is the probability of interpolating the Tutte polynomial of a planar graph from the values at the two hyperbolas?

The Tutte polynomial
is a bivariate polynomial with positive integer coefficient which is a graph
invariant and can be defined recursively.
Evaluating it is $\#P$-complete even when restricted to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Independence Number of K4-free planar graphs

The independence ratio is defined as the size of the maximum independent set divided by $n$. By the 4-color theorem, every planar graph with $n$ vertices has independence ratio at least $1/4$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Does the concept of connective constant make sense for any tiling of the plane?

First let me define what is the "connective constant" of a two dimensional lattice.
Let $c_{n}$ denote the number of $n$ step self-avoiding walks starting from a fixed origin point in the lattice. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Genus of the graph $K_{m,2,2,2}$

What is the genus of this complete $4-$partite graph, $K_{m,2,2,2}$, where $m \in \mathbb{N}$?
Thanks in advance.

**4**

votes

**0**answers

288 views

### Unique Domino Tiling

Question: how does one enumerate all star-convex $2n$-vertex sublattices of the plane that have the unique domino-tiling property?
Definitions:
A subset S of the xy-plane is star-convex if there is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

530 views

### Does this graph property have a name?

I'm interested in a family of properties of connected simple graphs that comes up in percolation theory.
Let $G$ be a simple connected graph. Now consider the set of subgraphs of $G$ that I will call ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Upper bound on size of obstruction set for wye-delta-wye reducible graphs

A graph is $Y \Delta Y$-reducible if it can be reduced to an empty graph by the following operations:
$Y \leftrightarrow\Delta$ transforms;
Replacing multiple edges with single edges (parallel ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### What are the best bounds to date on the maximum girth of a cubic graph?

The girth of a graph is the length of its smallest cycle. Studying the maximum possible girth for a $k$-regular graph on $n$ vertices is a very well-studied problem.
In the 1988 paper "Ramanujan ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

527 views

### Questions about dessin d'enfants, trees and their Shabat polynomials

This will be a series of questions, a few of which have been troubling me for quite a while now. Before I jump right in, let me first introduce a few notions which I will assume.
(Note: All of these ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

178 views

### Rough structure of the double coset space/Graph bijections up to automorphisms

I am dealing with bijective maps $\pi:\Gamma_1\to \Gamma_2$ between two graphs with the same number of vertices $N=O(10)$.
The graphs have a significant automorphism group (these are disconnected ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Metrized categories

Motivation: Let $\Gamma = (V,E)$ be a directed graph. To each edge $e \in E$, choose a value $\kappa^e \in \mathbb R$, representing the cost of transporting one unit of "stuff" through the edge. Let ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Graph distance of close points within the minimum spanning tree

My question is the following: Given $N$ uniform IID points $X=(X_1,...,X_N)$ on the unit cube of $\mathbb{R}^d$, take $X_1$ and another point, say $X_{(1)}$, "close" to $X_1$ (i.e. connected to $X_1$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Graph drawing maximizing the volume of the convex hull

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a length function $\ell:E\to\mathbb{R}_+$.
An embedding of the graph into the $d$-dimensional Euclidean space is a map $f:V\to\mathbb{R}^d$ such that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### origin of the notion of “network” in graph theory

In current graph theory, a "network" is a precisely defined object: It is a directed graph associated with a function, the "capacity", which is defined on the edge set and has certain specific ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

570 views

### determinant of fibonacci-sum graphs

We have a simple graph with vertices $\{v_1, v_2, ... v_n\}$.
The adjacency matrix of this graph is $A= (a_{ij})$ so that
$a_{ij}=1$ if $i+j$ belongs to the Fibonacci sequence;
$a_{ij}=0$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

361 views

### Tensor product of quivers

As a special case of a general construction I have constructed "accidentally" a tensor product of quivers aka directed multigraphs (aka directed graphs for category theorists). Probably this is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### Shannon capacity of all graphs of order 6

In Shannon's paper, "The Zero Error Capacity of a Noisy Channel", he says that the Shannon capacity of all graphs of order 6 are determined, except for four exceptions. That is, for all but the four ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

424 views

### System of Equations Upper Bound

I asked a related question on math.stackexchange here but would now like to obtain a better bound. This question comes from a graph theory problem. I'll restate the new question here:
For ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

329 views

### Expected number of components with multiple cycles in a subgraph of a square lattice

Short version
Is there an understanding of the emergence and subsequent disappearance of components with zero, one, or more cycles in a random subgraph of a square or cubic lattice, as the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### Best lower bound for proof complexity of graph asymmetry

Graph automorphism problem ( GA) of determining whether a graph has a nontrivial automorphism is a good candidate for a problem in $NP$-intermediate. I'm looking for references that study the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Bounds on numbers of matchings of given sizes in bipartite graphs

I am interested in the following question:
For which sets ${m_1,\ldots m_k}$ of positive integers do there exist bipartite graphs having exactly $m_i$ matchings of size $i$ for each $1\leq i \leq k$, ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

426 views

### Smallest matrix covered by many random n by n matrices

We say that a matrix $M$ can be covered by a (smaller) matrix $N$ if every entry in $M$ is contained in some submatrix of $M$ that exactly equals to $N$, up to reordering the rows and columns of $N$. ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

375 views

### SWAT vs Rioters (cops vs robbers variant)

I thought of this while at the Combinatorial Potlatch at Seattle University, where Peter Winkler gave an excellent talk on Cops vs Drunken Robbers. I'll just open it up to the floor. The problem ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Applying the amplification trick + probabilistic method on connected graphs

First of all, I apologise if my question is not very specific. I am not really looking for a concrete answer but rather some hints and pointers what could be used/applied in this situation. A concrete ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

411 views

### Monotonic properties of harmonic functions on graphs

I have a question concerning monotonic properties of "generalized harmonic functions" on graphs. I am a physicist and I didn't take any separate courses in neither graph theory nor discrete harmonic ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

540 views

### edge disjoint covers of graphs by paths

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a graph where every "internal" vertex has degree 4, and every "external" vertex has degree $\le 3$. What can be said about this graph if it can be covered by a collection of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

415 views

### Generating random polygons from a given triangulation of points

Given a triangulation $T$ of a planar set point $S$, we would like to randomly generate a polygon (hamiltonian cycle) $P$.
However, it has been proved that Hamiltonian Circuit Problem on maximal ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Complex Laplacians in spectral decompostions of graphs

The Laplacian of a graph is a useful tool in many kinds of graph decomposition problems. Since inspection of the eigenvector corresponding to the second smallest eigenvalue (the Fiedler vector) yields ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

325 views

### Combinatorics of signed oriented graphs/skew-symmetric matrices

Consider a "complete" signed graph on $n$ vertices indexed by
$1,2,\dots,n$, that is, a graph in which any two distinct vertices $i$ and $j$ are connected by an oriented edge.
For each pair of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### Limit Distribution of Topological Form of Polyhedra with Large Number of Edges

Consider the set of all topologically inequivalent polyhedral graphs with $k$ edges, the number of which is given by Sloan sequence A002840 (1,0,1,2,2,4,12,22,58,158,448)).
Now define a topological ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

455 views

### Natural models of graphs?

Motivation
I want to capture the notion of natural models of finite graphs: How can natural predicates and natural relations on a given natural base class $D$ be defined? If this succeeds the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Is there a Havel-Hakimi for geometric graphs?

Suppose that we are given $n$ points in the plane, with a degree prescribed for each, and the question is whether we can place a geometric graph on them. Is there an efficient algorithm for this?
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Finiteness for 2-dimensional contractible complexes

While thinking about graph-complex and related operadic stuff, I found a quite interesting (at least for me) question. However, I'm a novice in the algebraic topology, so I'm unable to resolve it by ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Construction of algebraic curves using line bundles on graphs

In this paper http://arxiv.org/abs/0707.1309 Matthew Baker and Serguei Norine, construct a analogue of the Riemman Roch formula for Lineal Systems defined on graphs. In the paper ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### In a random graph which one is more probable, $k$-clique or $k$-core?

Recall that the $k$-core of a graph $G$ is the unique maximal subgraph of $G$ with minimum degree at least $k$.
In an Erdos-Renyi random graph, where the edge selection is independent with ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Group Travel Salesman Problem

For the following Group Traveling Salesman problem, I'd like to know if there exists some poly-time approximation algorithm with constant approximation factor.
Group TSP is defined as follows: Take a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

119 views

### Edit distance vs. canonical adjacency matrix distance

Let $G$ and $G'$ be two simple random graphs on the same set of nodes. Let $d_{edit}$ be the edit distance between $G$ and $G'$. Let $\mathbf{A}$ and $\mathbf{A'}$ be the adjacency matrices of the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Synonyms for “labeling” of a graph

In Preprint 1 we write numerical labels 0 or 1 at each vertex of a Dynkin diagram $D$. We call it a labeling of the graph (Dynkin diagram) $D$.
In Preprint 2 we consider an extended (affine) Dynkin ...