# Tagged Questions

Questions about the branch of combinatorics called graph theory (not to be used for questions concerning the graph of a function). This tag can be further specialized via using it in combination with more specialized tags such as extremal-graph-theory, spectral-graph-theory, algebraic-graph-theory, ...

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### chromatic polynomial of G - Join graph

Given a connected graph $G$ with $n$ vertices and given set of $\{m_1,m_2,...,m_n\}$ $n$ integers, we form a new graph $G^{\wedge}$ by considering the complete graph $K_{m_i}$ for each vertex i and '...
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### Subgraphs of $\mathbb{R}^2$ in the Hadwiger-Nelson problem

In the setting of the Hadwiger-Nelson problem, two points of $\mathbb{R}^2$ form an edge if and only if their distance is $1$. The resulting graph $G$ has chromatic number $\chi(G)\in \{4,5,6,7\}$ and ...
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### Counting bounded genus non-isomorphic graphs

What is the number of non-isomorphic $2n$ vertex balanced bipartite graphs of degree at most $d$ and genus $g$? I am most interested in $d\leq3$ and $g=0$.
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### exact definition of Fiedler vector

For a given N-vertex similarity graph $G=(V,A)$ the eigenvalues of the unrenormalized (graph) Laplacian may be denoted as $$0= \mu_0 \leq \mu_1 \leq ... \leq \mu_N$$ where the corresponding ...
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### Non-Cayley expander graphs

When I search about expander graphs in google I see a lot of articles about expander Cayley graphs. Now my questions are as follows: Are all expander regular graphs are Cayley, or there is a special ...
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### Graph Isomorphism for Triangle Free graph

Is there any specific computational complexity result of Graph Isomorphism for Triangle Free graphs? Anything close to the subject will help and of course, I have searched Google.
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### Covering a graph by trees with depth constraint

Given a graph $G$ and a depth constraint $h$, my question is: what is the complexity to find a tree cover of $G$, denoted as $T=\{T_1, T_2, ..., T_n\}$. For each $T_i$, its depth(height) is no larger ...
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### Largest number of perfect matchings in bounded genus graphs

What is the largest number of perfect matchings a genus $g$ bipartite graph on $n+m$ vertices have?
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### Similarity metric for labelled weighted graph/minimum spanning tree

I'm looking for a metric to measure similarity of minimum spanning trees of labelled weighted graphs. Each entity to compare has the same nodes (number of nodes and labels identical) but (unlabelled) ...
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### Influence of independent variables on boolean functions?

Suppose a simple connected graph $G$ where its vertices are assumed to be independent. An event with uncertainty corresponds to each vertex. My instructor guides me that even though the vertices (...
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### When is the graph of cliques isomorphic to the graph itself?

Given a graph $G$ and the set $C_k(G)$ of the $k$-cliques in $G$, one can build a clique graph $H$ whose vertices $c_i\in C_k(G)$ are connected if the vertex sets of $c_i$ and $c_j$ have an ...
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### Has there been a computer search for a 5-chromatic unit distance graph?

The existence of a 4-chromatic unit distance graph (e.g., the Moser spindle) establishes a lower bound of 4 for the chromatic number of the plane (see the Nelson-Hadwiger problem). Obviously, it ...
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### A modified bipartite assignment problem

Consider the following optimization problem. I have $n$ advisors and $dn$ students. I want to assign each student an advisor so that each advisor has exactly $d$ students. Each advisor/student pair ...
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### Number of rooted spanning forests

Let $G$ be a connected simple graph, and identify two vertices $s$ and $t$. Let $\tau(G)$ be the number of spanning trees of $G$, and let $f(G)$ be the number of spanning forests of $G$ with $2$ ...
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### If the two smallest eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix of a network are equal to zero, then does it mean that the network is not connected? [closed]

What does it mean if the two smallest eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix of a graph are equal to zero?
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### A simplified Art Gallery Problem in a matrix

Let's take a $m \times n$ matrix as an area with $m \times n$ blocks (likes a 2D-version of the world in Minecraft). We have to put some lamps in this matrix to illuminate the whole matrix. Here is ...
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### How to estimate the size of balanced biclique in random bipartite graph?

We have a random bipartite graph $G=(V,U,E)$ and $|V|=|U|=n$, in which any vertex pair $<v,u>$ ($v\in V$,$u\in U$) exists an edge with probability $p$. A balanced bipartite complete graph is a ...
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### Equivalence between bipartite undirected graph and arbitrary directed graph

Let the adjacency matrix of an undirected bipartite graph be $A = \begin{pmatrix} 0 & B \\ B^T & 0 \end{pmatrix}$ where B is called the biadjacency matrix. Now, by instead interpreting B as ...
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### Degrees and common neighbors

For any simple, finite, undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ and $v\in V$ let $N(v) = \{w\in V:\{v,w\}\in E\}$. Suppose $G, H$ are finite, simple, undirected graphs and there is a bijection between the vertex ...
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### Algorithms for finding graph isomorphisms

I was wondering if anybody knows where I can find some information about the current (practical) algorithms for finding graph isomorphisms. I've joined the bandwagon and wrote my own which I would ...
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### Let $S$ be the nonempty set of strongly regular graphs with given parameters. Must $S$ contain vertex transitive graph?

As the title says, let $S$ be the nonempty set of strongly regular graphs with given parameters. Must $S$ contain vertex transitive graph? I suspect the most likely counterexample would be $|S|=1$.
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### Question about number of faces for regular graphs

I came upon the following problem. Consider a regular 3-graph with faces of degree $2, 3, 4, 5$, 4-graph and faces of degree $2, 3$ and 5-graph with faces of degree $2, 3$. Are there any such graphs ...
I was reading the paper "Planar separators" by Alon, Seymour and Thomas (available on the first author's webpage). They consider a planar triangulation, that is, a maximally planar graph $G$ drawn in ...
### The minimum number of Hamiltonian paths in a strongly connected tournament of order $n$
For $n\ge3$ let $a(n)$ be the minimum number of Hamiltonian paths in a strong (i.e., strongly connected) tournament of order $n.$ Where is $a(n)$ discussed in the literature? Is the exact value ...