# Tagged Questions

**7**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### A conjecture about strongly regular graphs

Let $G \neq K_{v}$ be a $(v,k,\lambda,\mu)$ strongly regular graph. After perusing through Brouwer's tables of parameters I have formed the conjecture $$\lambda-\mu \leq \frac{k}{2}.$$
So far I have ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Full-rank factorization of the graph Laplacian

Is there a combinatorially meaningful full-rank factorization of the Laplacian matrix of a graph?
The usual factorization $L=BB^{T}$, where $B$ is an oriented incidence matrix, is full-rank if and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### Roots of matching polynomial of graph

At the end of this preprint, I make the following conjecture concerning the roots of the matching polynomial:
If a graph $G$ is connected and contains a cycle, then the spectral radius of $G$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Spectral lower bounds on the diameter of a graph

There is such a bound, due to Mohar and McKay, using the second-smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian $\lambda_{2}$:
$$Diam \geq \lceil \frac{4}{n\lambda_{2}} \rceil.$$
This bound is very elegant but ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### Eigenvalues of a graph and its one-edge-delation graph

Let $G$ be any graph with at least one edge and let $e$ be any edge of $G$. Let $G-e$ denote the subgraph of $G$ obtained by deletion of the edge $e$. Assume that $G$ has $n$ vertices.
Suppose ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Must distinct tree eigenvalues be relatively far apart?

How close to each other can two distinct eigenvalues of a tree be, as a function of the number $n$ of nodes ?
For example, the path $P_n$ exhibits a gap of order $\frac{2\pi^2}{n^2}$ asymptotically ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

62 views

### interpretation of generalized eigenvalue/vectors in spectral graph theory

Let us say I have a symmetric graph adjacency matrix A, a degree matrix D, a laplacian L (D-A). I have a generalized eigenvalue equation $Av=\lambda Lv$. Does the eigenvalue/vectors produced in this ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

281 views

### How can I prove that a particular family of graphs is integral?

I'm working with an infinite family of graphs that seems to always have all integral eigenvalues, and I'd like to find some way to prove that (if it's true). Call the graphs $G_{n,k}$ and define them ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

109 views

### The spectral radius of a modified graph

Let $H$ be a graph and let $G=H \vee K_{1}$ be obtained by creating a new vertex and joining it to every vertex in $H$.
This situation has many different names: $G$ is called the cone or the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Which graph topology has the greatest eigenvalue?

I am looking at comparing multiple graph topologies based on their spectra. From the set of all $N\times N$ adjacency matrices, is there any result which points to the adjacency matrix with the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

155 views

### Reflexive (hyperbolic) graphs

Is there an effective description of the graphs such that exactly one eigenvalue (of the conventional adjacency matrix) is $>2$ whereas all others are $\le2$?
By "effective" I mean something ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

329 views

### spectrum of an adjacency matrix

The adjacency matrix of a non-oriented connected graph is symmetric, hence its spectrum is real.
If the graph is bipartite, then the spectrum of its adjacency matrix is symmetric about 0. A few ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Graph of Grassmannian

Let p be an integer, and let G be the graph $(V=Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n),E)$
where: $Gr(k,\mathbb{F}_q ^n)$ is the set of all subspace of $\mathbb{F}_q$ of dimension k, and $E=\{ W_1,W_2 \in V | ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### Coherence between different ranking methods of a graph's vertices

Given a (connected) graph $G$ it is natural to want to rank its vertices, with the more "central" vertices ranked higher.
Two natural ways of doing it are:
By the degrees.
By the entries in a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### If two graphs have same Laplacian spectrums, are they the similar graphs?

If graph A and graph B have exactly the same Laplacian spectrums, can I just say they are same graphs? (only with scaling edge weights and node index reordering) I don't know if there is any explicit ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Constructing a digraph from its spectrum

This is related to the following question from cs theory stack exchange:
http://cstheory.stackexchange.com/questions/3742/reverse-graph-spectra-problem
So it seems as if given a sequence of real ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

201 views

### On the existence of Graph Monomorphism

A graph monomorphism is an injective graph homomorphism. Determining existence of Graph monomorphism between graph pairs is computationally hard.
Assume we talk only about classes of undirected ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

218 views

### When does graph Laplacian have eigenvalue -1?

Consider an undirected graph $G$ with (symmetric) adjacency matrix $A \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ and degree sequence $d = (d_i)$ where $d_i = \sum_{j} A_{ij}$. Assume that every node has degree at ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

280 views

### normalized laplacian spectrum of trees

Is it known for which class of graphs the normalized laplacian has only simple eigenvalues (i.e., with multiplicity one)? In particular, are there trees (or perhaps a specific class of trees) whose ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Cospectrality and dimension of graphs

Firstly, I apologize if the question is long. I appreciate any helpful answers and ideas.
In the following all graphs are simple and connected.
Let $G$ be graph with vertex set ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

256 views

### What is the state of the art on triangle-free strongly regular graphs?

From what I've read I've gathered the following facts:
There are seven known such graphs.
Certain parameter sets are ruled out by the Krein conditions and the absolute bound.
Beyond that, little or ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### How to find or constrain “particularly good” (two-sided) spectral expanders?

I'm new to graph theory, but a response to a question I asked a while ago introduced me to the concept of expander graphs.
A k-regular graph (henceforth "graph") on n nodes has eigenvalues k = Î»1 â‰¥ ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

128 views

### Are trees spectrally determined?

Are trees (connected acyclic graphs) determinable up to isomorphism by their spectra or characteristic polynomials? If not, what other pieces of information may help determine the tree?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

224 views

### A problem on graph theory and complex numbers!

Let ${\mathcal G} = ({\mathcal V},{\mathcal E})$ be a simple connected undirected graph with $n$ vertices. Also let $z_1, \ldots, z_n \in {\mathbb C}$ be complex numbers such that
$$
||z_1||=\ldots = ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Spectral theory of graph Laplacian besides $\lambda_2$

Most of what I've seen about the spectral theory of the graph Laplacian concentrates on $\lambda_2$, the second-smallest eigenvalue. This eigenvalue contains information regarding the connectivity of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### Effect of removing a Hamiltonian cycle on the Laplacian spectrum

Notation: $\lambda_{\max}(G)$ is the largest eigenvalue of the Laplacian matrix of the graph $G$ (aka the Laplacian index of $G$).
Now suppose $G$ is a Hamiltonian graph with Hamiltonian cycle $C$.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### Recovering a partition from spectral properties of the graph Laplacian

Let $G$ be a weighted graph with vertices $V$. Let $W$ be its real-valued, non-negative, $|V|\times|V|$ adjacency/affinity matrix. Let $L = \mathrm{diag}(W\mathbf1)-W$ be the (unnormalized) graph ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### What is the largest possible operator norm of a sparse (0,1)-matrix?

Inspired by this question, I was wondering about the following problem:
Consider all $n\times n$ $(0,1)$-matrices with $k$ ones. Which of these matrices has the largest operator norm? And how does ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algorithm

I'm stuck trying to get upper bound on iterations count for power iteration algroithm for finding first eigenvalue of adjacency matrix $A$ given tolerance value. I've tried to figure something out ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

199 views

### Random walk on the hypercube

Consider the hypercube $Q_4$. I would like to know how to compute the number of steps of a random walk in this graph such that the probability to be at a vertex is a given number $x$. I think I just ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Variant of an Expander graph: Probability that S random points cast a shadow/projection of size at most S/2 on each face of a cube.

Consider an integer cube of size $\sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k} \times \sqrt{k}$, where $k$ is an asymptotically large perfect square number. Place k points in this cube at uniformly random locations, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Spectrum of composition of graphs( lexicographic product)

I was wondering how to relate the spectra of the composition of two graphs in term of the factors...someone can help me?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

493 views

### How many distinct eigenvalues does a random graph have?

It is well-known that a random graph a.e. has diameter 2. It is also well-known that the number of distinct eigenvalues of a graph is at least the diameter plus one.
But what is known about the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Global solution for spectral clustering

I used spectral clustering for directed graphs suggested by Dengyong Zhou paper to partition the graph.I selected the eigen vectors corresponding to k largest eigen values and then I use kmeans or FCM ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

237 views

### How to identify bridge nodes between nearly connected graph components in partitioned adjacency matrices?

I have adjacency matrices which have nearly connected components. That is partitions with a dense number of edges between nodes in the same group and few edges acting as bridges between these groups. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Find edge weights that fit given node weights

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a connected simple graph (unweighted, undirected, no selfloops) on $n$ nodes.
Let $\mathbf{d} := (d_1, d_2, ..., d_n) \in \mathbb{R}_{>0}^n$ be a vector of arbitrary given node ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

972 views

### Can the first non-zero eigenvalue of a Laplacian matrix with more than 1 zero valued eigenvalue be used to reorder an adjacency matrix?

I have a graph with multiple connected components, and its adjacency matrix. I form the Laplacian matrix (wiki Laplacian matrix), and from the 1K nodes there around ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

139 views

### The cliques of cospectral graphs

There are some facts that can be found by the spectrum of adjacency matrix of graph.For example, the number of edges and vertices, is bipartite or not, is complete multipartite or not and so on. Can ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

273 views

### Confused about orbits

I am trying to apply the main theorem of this paper to a certain kind of graph and keep getting confused. The theorem uses $rank(Aut\Gamma)$ which is defined as "the number of $Aut \Gamma$ orbits on ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

135 views

### The smallest eigenvalue from an equitable partitions

Suppose that $G$ is a connected graph with equitable partition $\pi$. Then the eigenvalues of the divisor multigraph $G / \pi$ are all eigenvalues of $G$. (Perhaps excluding some pathological cases) ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

352 views

### “Nice” eigenvectors for (square of) adjacency matrix of a bipartite graph?

Let $G$ be a bipartite graph, and let $A$ be its adjacency matrix.
I was wondering in this case whether $A^2$ will have nice eigenvectors that reflect combinatorial structure of the graph. I'd be ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

350 views

### Extreme Laplacian eigenvalues

For each undirected (and unweighted) graph $G$ we define the Laplacian matrix by $L(G) = D(G)-A(G)$, where $A(G)$ should denote the adjacency matrix and $D(G)$ the diagonal matrix, where $D(G)_{ii}$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### When can the Cheeger constant be well-approximated by ``Hamming balls''?

Given a graph G, the Cheeger constant is defined by
$$
\DeclareMathOperator{\Vol}{Vol}
h_G := \min_{S \subseteq V, \Vol S \leq (\Vol G)/2} \frac{|\partial S|}{\Vol S}.
$$
Here, $\Vol S$ is the sum of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

139 views

### a variation on the theory of equitable partitions for graphs

Assume you have a graph with an equitable partition with respect to cells $V_1,\ldots,V_n$. Accordingly, you can take the cellwise average value of a function on the node set - in other words, the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### Number of trees with the same matching number

Let $\sigma(n,m)$ be the number of trees with $n$ vertices $\{ v_1, \dots, v_n \}$ such that the matching number (the size of a maximum matching) is $m$.
I have been trying to compute the value of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Repeated Second Eigenvalue of the Adjacency Matrix of a Graph

This question is motivated by a talk I went to earlier today.
Suppose we have a $d$-regular graph $G$ with $n$ vertices, with adjacency matrix $A$.
Let $$\lambda_1\geq \lambda_2 \geq\dots \geq ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

123 views

### In what probability does cospectra of Cayley graph imply isomorphism of the corresponding group

In what probability does cospectra of adjacent matrix of Cayley graph imply isomorphism of the corresponding group?
Further more,In what probability does cospectra of adjacent matrix imply isomorphism ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

556 views

### equitable partitions

It is well known that if $\pi$ is an equitable partition of a graph, then the spectrum of the corresponding partition matrix is a subset of the spectrum of the graph's matrix (where the matrix can be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Graphs which are “distance-regular” with respect to a vertex (but not distance-regular)

A distance-regular graph (DRG) is, in essence, a graph $\Gamma$ of diameter $d$ for which there are integers $c_i, a_i, b_i, (0 \le i \le d)$ such that for all vertices $x$ of $\Gamma$ and for all ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

508 views

### Positive semidefinite decomposition, Laplacian eigenvalues, and the oriented incidence matrix

Suppose $A\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ is Hermitian and positive semidefinite with some decomposition $A=BB^*$, where $B=(b_{ij})\in\mathbb{C}^{n\times m}$ (not necessarily the Cholesky decomposition). ...