Questions about the branch of combinatorics called graph theory (not to be used for questions concerning the graph of a function). This tag can be further specialized via using it in combination with more specialized tags such as extremal-graph-theory, spectral-graph-theory, algebraic-graph-theory, ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
50 views

Graphs from which two vertices can be exchanged

A graph is vertex transitive if $x \mapsto y$ by an automorphism. Let $P$ denote the stronger property that $x \mapsto y \mapsto x$ by an automorphism. Simple facts: $P \rightarrow$ unimodular. ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Partitioning graph for Graph Isomorphism

Motivation: I am studying graph isomorphism problem. I am trying to construct a partitioning method to reduce search cases required to get solution of graph isomorphism. Construction: $G$ is a $r$ ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Decomposition of a regular graph and connected subgraphs

I have asked almost same question earlier. I have been told that my question was poorly written, so I am trying to write it more clearly in this post. Also, this time I would be a little different in ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Crossing all boundaries on a map? [on hold]

In a variation on the traveling salesman problem, is there an algorithm (an approximate heuristic is fine) that finds a short, if not the shortest, path that crosses all boundaries between each pair ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Counting the k-factors of the complete graph on n vertices [on hold]

I was originally trying to solve the following problem: 10 people are in a room, and you give them a task. Their task is for each person to shake hands with exactly 3 other people in the room. How ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Even cycle constrained edge coloring

Is minimum colors needed to assign colors to edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every $2t$ simple cycle where $t\in\Big\{1,\dots,2\Big\lfloor\frac{n}2\Big\rfloor\Big\}$ contains atleast $t+1$ ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Does squaring a directed random graph more than double its out-degree?

As far as I know, it is an unsolved question whether or not this is true: If $G$ is a directed an oriented graph, $G^2$ always has some node whose outdegree is at least double that of its ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

A constrained minimum edge coloring

Is minimum number of colors needed to color edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every even simple cycle contains at least one color assigned to odd number of edges at most $\beta n$ where ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Minimal edge color on constraints

Is minimum colors needed to assign colors to edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every even simple cycle contains an odd number ($>1$) of colors much larger than $(\log n)^\beta$ or ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Efficiently counting all paths of length n in a graph with vertex visitation contraints [closed]

I have a graph G with two classes of vertices. The first class represents no resource limitation entities and can be visited an unlimited number of times in any path traversal. The second class of ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

“Nice” and “nasty” partitions in graphs

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a simple, undirected graph, that is $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq [V]^2 = \{\{v,w\}: v,w \in V \land v\neq w\}$. For $v\in V$ and $S\subseteq V$ we set $$N(v,S) = \{w\in S: \{v,w\} ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

One sided Satisfactory Partition problem

The Satisfaction Partition problem is to decide if a graph has a vertex partition (U,V) into non empty parts where each vertex has as many neighbours in its part as in the other part. This problem is ...
1
vote
0answers
218 views

Incidence geometry and matrices

Supposing I have a $0/1$ or $\pm1$ matrix $A$ of size $m\times n$, is there a minimum $d$ (that works for every $m\times n$ $A$) such that there exists $m$ lines $r_1,\dots,r_m$, $n$ lines ...
1
vote
1answer
336 views

Possibility of Disconnected Subgraphs of a $k$ Connected $r$ regular Graph under a given condition

Context: Given a adjacency matrix A of a $r$-regular graph $G$ (not complete graph $K_{r+1}$) . $G$ is $k$ connected. The matrix A can be divided into 4 sub-matrices based on adjacency of vertex $x ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Weak law for component count of Erdos-Renyi random graphs

Penrose and Yukich derive a weak law for functionals of binomial point processes, which implies a law of large numbers for the component count of random geometric graphs. Do similar results exist for ...
8
votes
2answers
224 views

Dividing the edges and diagonals of a polygon among disjoint sub-polygons

Let $P$ be a convex $n$-gon ($n$ is odd and $n \geq 5$). Determine the smallest $m$ such that all edges and diagonals of $P$ can be covered by the edges of $m$ convex sub-polygons of $P$ which ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

From Planar Graphs To Tangent Circles

I have a conjecture: "For each planar graph with vertices $V_1, V_2,\ldots, V_n$ there exist disjoint circles $w_1,w_2,\ldots,w_n$ in the plane, such that for every $i,j$, $w_i$ is tangent to $w_j$ ...
8
votes
2answers
654 views
+300

A question on representation of graphs

Take a complete graph $K_n$. You want to assign a vectors from $\Bbb F_2^d$ to every edge such that sum of vectors in every simple cycle does not sum to $0$ vector. The question is what is minimum $d$ ...
5
votes
1answer
141 views

Modification of matching

Suppose i have an $n \times n$ random bipartite graph and suppose that i repeat the following process $n$ times. At the start (stage 1) each edge is selected independently with probability $p(n)$, and ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Images of interval edge coloring

I found out the definition of interval edge colorings, concept put by Kamalian in various papers but could not find a graph depicting an example. Where can I find pictures of explicit examples of ...
8
votes
1answer
196 views

Smallest strongly regular graph whose automorphism group is not vertex transitive?

I'm looking for a small strongly regular graph whose automorphism group is not vertex-transitive. This answer to a different question shows that the Chang graphs on 28 vertices are such graphs. Is ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Cayley graphs with special subgraphs and some related problems

I asked some questions about finite Cayley graphs with special type of subgraphs which has been answered by Dear Prof. Godsil. It can be seen in the MO page with address: Cayley graphs and its ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Interpreting (Fiedler) spectral bisectioning

I would appreciate help on how to interpret the results of spectral bisectioning of a graph. Given a $G=(V,E)$ with size $N$ represented by $Q$ its Laplacian matrix where the eigenvalues are ordered ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Two graph structures on $\text{Hom}(G,H)$

By a graph I mean a pair $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq [V]^2 := \{\{a,b\}: a\neq b \in V\}$. A graph homomorphism between graphs $G, H$ is a map $f:V(G)\to V(H)$ such that $\{v, ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Resource Constrained Routing with Refueling

What are good algorithms (resp. models) for calculating optimal or near optimal routes while taking into account fuel consumption, options for refueling and, limited tank capacity? Especially modeling ...
12
votes
1answer
147 views

Reconstruction Conjecture: are almost all digraphs reconstructible?

The Reconstruction Conjecture for simple graphs remains unresolved. Most attempts I've seen at resolving the conjecture aim at proving it to be true (or partially true). I don't believe there is a ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Existence of certain graph gadget related to coloring odd hole free graph

Wondering about the existence of graph gadget related to coloring (or 3-coloring) odd hole free graphs. Let $G$ be simple $k$-chromatic connected graph with two vertices $u,v$. Is it possible $G$ to ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

“Canonical” graph structure on $\text{Hom}(G, H)$

By a graph I mean a pair $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq [V]^2 := \{\{a,b\}: a\neq b \in V\}$. A graph homomorphism between graphs $G, H$ is a map $f:V(G)\to V(H)$ such that $\{v, ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

Complexity of reordering a matrix which consists independent sub matrices

Introduction: Given a matrix A of a $k$ regular graph G. The matrix A can be divided into 4 sub matrices based on adjacency of vertex $x \in G$. $A_x$ is the symmetric matrix of the graph $(G-x)$, ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Maximum cardinality general factor of a graph

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a set of integers $B(v)$ associated to each vertex, a general factor of $G$ is a set of edges $F\subseteq E$ such that the degree of each vertex $v\in V$ in the graph $(V, ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Enumeration of simple graphs with given degree distribution/sequence [duplicate]

Is there any exact formula for asymptotic/exact enumeration of simple graphs with given degree sequence? I just found some results about it, but the formula is hold on for some conditions, for example ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

What are constructions for induced $C_5$-free graphs?

During a recent workshop, the question came up whether there are some constructions for graphs that are induced $C_5$-free, but they contain "everything else," so we don't want to forbid $C_5$'s, ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Small degree vertices in an epsilon-tough graph

We say that a graph is t-tough if by deleting a set if vertices $S$, the resulting graph will have at most $|S|/t$ connected components. We say that a graph is minimally t-tough if the deletion of an ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Prove or disprove a claim about covering a polytope by convex polytopes in a certain way

Here is the claim: Given a polytope $K$ in a unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^d$, there exists a universal constant $C(d)>0$ depending only on $d$ and a countable collection of convex polytopes ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

$P_3$-factors for 3-regular, 3-connected cubic graphs

Suppose that $G=(V,E)$ is a simple graph. We know if $G$ is 3-regular, 3-connected and $|V|=4k$ for some $k\in \mathbb{N}$, then $G$ has a $P_4$-factor. Question. Let $G=(V,E)$ be 3-regular, ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Complexity of edge coloring graphs of sufficiently large maximum degree

I am interested in the complexity of edge coloring graphs with $\Delta(G) > |V(G)|/3$. This is closely related to the Overfull conjecture (OC). Conjecture/Question: If a simple graph G with n ...
-1
votes
1answer
53 views

How to generate computational data in graph theory?

For a given number of nodes how many non-isomorphic graphs are available? Might be this is an open problem. For less number of vertices some computational statistics available. I want to get all ...
5
votes
2answers
237 views

Four Dimensional Rook Domination

Let $\gamma(G)$ denote the domination number of a graph, and $G\,\square\,H$ denote the cartesian product of two graphs. Then $K_8\,\square\, K_8$ is the rook graph, whose vertices are the squares of ...
3
votes
0answers
89 views

Application of finding shortest paths on Cayley graphs

For a fixed integer number $m$, Consider Cayley graph defined by all m-cycles in Symmetric group $Sym(n)$. I know that for $m=2$, there are some applications of finding shortest paths (or distance ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Is this infinite family of non-trivial snarks resulting from the first Celmins-Swart?

Non-trivial snark is cubic graph with chromatic index $4$, girth at least $5$ and doesn't to contain three edges whose deletion results in a disconnected graph, each of whose components is nontrivial. ...
11
votes
1answer
231 views

Travelling Salesman Problem: Can the nearest neighbor algorithm be $n$ times longer than the optimal solution?

This is inspired by a recent question. Given a positive integer $n\in\mathbb{N}$, is there a setting of finitely many points and a designated "starting point" $s$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$ such that the ...
6
votes
1answer
174 views

Length of nearest neighbor path in travel salesman problem

Given $n$ nodes uniformly distributed in $[0,1]^2$, consider the nearest neighbor algorithm to solve traveling salesman problem, i.e., each time I select the nearest neighbor not visited so far as the ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

What is the diameter of the Cayley graph of $S_n$ w.r.t the generator $\{(12),(23), . . . ,(n − 1 n) \}$? [duplicate]

Given a symmetric group $S_n $ and the generator set : $S = \{(12),(23), . . . ,(n − 1 n) \}$ is there any closed form expression for the diameter of the Cayley graph generated by this set of ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Generate all non-isomorphic partitions $\pi = \{ \{1, …, n-1\}, \{n\} \}$ for all graphs of order $n$

Let $G$ be any connected, undirected, and unweighted graph of order $n$. Let $\pi = \{ \{ 1, ..., n-1 \}, \{ n \} \}$ be partitioning of $G$ such that always $n-1$ vertices are in the first cluster ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

partition of a convex set into squares

Let $P$ denote the perimeter function. It's not hard to prove that for any rectangle $R$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, $R$ can be partitioned into a countable collection of squares $\{Q_k\}_{k=1}^{\infty}$ such ...
4
votes
0answers
37 views

Digraph weak connectivity in $O(V)$ space and $O(V+E)$ time

A digraph is called weakly connected if its underlying undirected graph is connected. You are given a digraph $G$ with $V$ vertices and $E$ edges as a read-only data structure consisting of lists of ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

How many triangles can a connected graph with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges have?

I am very interested in the maximum number of triangles could a connected graph with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges have. For example, if $m\leq n−1$, this number is $0$, if $m=n$, this number is $1$, if ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Sizes of maximum matchings in a finite, simple, undirected graph

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite, simple, undirected graph. We say that a matching $M\subseteq E$ is a maximum matching if for all $e\in (E\setminus M)$ the set $M\cup\{e\}$ is not a matching any more. ...
5
votes
0answers
168 views

Unique Nash equilibrium games

Multicast network design game is a special case of a general network design game (http://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/kleinber/focs04-game.pdf) in which there is a target vertex $t$ and $n$ rational ...
6
votes
2answers
389 views

Embedding of planar graphs

I've recently come across the following lemma. Lemma (Valiant): A planar graph $G$ with maximum degree $4$ can be embedded in the plane using $O(|V|)$ area in such a way that its vertices are at ...