The graph-colorings tag has no wiki summary.

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### Even cycle constrained edge coloring

Is minimum colors needed to assign colors to edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every $2t$ simple cycle where $t\in\Big\{1,\dots,2\Big\lfloor\frac{n}2\Big\rfloor\Big\}$ contains atleast $t+1$ ...

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### A constrained minimum edge coloring

Is minimum number of colors needed to color edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every even simple cycle contains at least one color assigned to odd number of edges at most $\beta n$ where ...

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### Minimal edge color on constraints

Is minimum colors needed to assign colors to edges of complete graph $K_n$ so that every even simple cycle contains an odd number ($>1$) of colors much larger than $(\log n)^\beta$ or ...

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**1**answer

60 views

### Images of interval edge coloring

I found out the definition of interval edge colorings, concept put by Kamalian in various papers but could not find a graph depicting an example. Where can I find pictures of explicit examples of ...

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### Existence of certain graph gadget related to coloring odd hole free graph

Wondering about the existence of graph gadget related to coloring
(or 3-coloring) odd hole free graphs.
Let $G$ be simple $k$-chromatic connected graph with two
vertices $u,v$.
Is it possible $G$ to ...

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### Complexity of edge coloring graphs of sufficiently large maximum degree

I am interested in the complexity of edge coloring
graphs with $\Delta(G) > |V(G)|/3$.
This is closely related to the Overfull conjecture (OC).
Conjecture/Question: If a simple graph G with n ...

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### Stochastically coloring a graph in a local way

Suppose you are assigning values in $S$ (assume $|S|<\infty$) to nodes of a (directed) graph in a stochastic way. At the beginning, none of the node is assigned values. At the $i^{th}$ step, you ...

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### Is it true that any $3$-uniform hypergraph that is not $k$-colorable must have $\Omega(k^3)$ edges?

What is the best lower bound in terms of $k$ on the number of edges in a $3$-uniform hypergraph that is not $k$-colorable?
Thanks in advance.

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### Proper edge colorings with no bi-colored 5-paths

Consider you want to properly edge color a graph such that it has no bi-colored cycle. Denote by $\alpha'(G)$ the least number of colors required to color the edges of $G$ in such a way.
It is well ...

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### Cardinality of maximum independent set for a given degree distribution

Consider undirected graph $G(V,E)$. Assume that $f_n(k)$ be the probability mass function of degree of a vertex in $G$. Further, assume that $f_n(k)$ is an strictly decreasing function of $k$ with ...

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**1**answer

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### How does deletion-contraction affect chromatic number? Can it increase chromatic number? [closed]

Question: In graph theory, contracting an edge or deleting an edge are basic operations in many topics such as graph minors or Wagner's theorem on planar graphs. And I'm interested in how these ...

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### Algebraic proof of Five-Color Theorem using chromatic polynomials by Birkhoff and Lewis in 1946

I'm guessing everyone is familiar with Four Color Theorem which was proved by Appel and Haken using computers. A weaker version of this theorem is Five Color Theorem which states that a planar graph ...

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192 views

### Coloring a Ferrers diagram

I've shopped the problem below around a bit and it seems like it might be known, or not that hard to resolve, but so far I've come up empty-handed.
Say that a coloring of the dots of a Ferrers ...

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622 views

### 3-colorings of the unit distance graph of $\Bbb R^3$

Let $\Gamma$ be the unit distance graph of $\Bbb R^3$: points $(x,y)$ form an edge if $|x,y|=1$.
Let $(A,B,C,D)$ be a unit side rhombus in the plane, with a transcendental diagonal, e.g. $A = ...

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**1**answer

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### A variant of Nelson-Hadwiger Problem on the chromatic number of the plane

The famous Nelson-Hadwiger problem asks about the chromatic number of the graph $G$, with the vertex set $V(G)={\mathbb R}^2$ where $a_1=(x_1,y_1), a_2=(x_2,y_2) \in V(G) \ $ form an edge iff ...

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### How to choose a random proper coloring

I am studying proper colorings of complete bipartite graphs and I'd like to be able to pick a random proper coloring and the compute some things about it.
Recall that a proper coloring of a complete ...

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### Hypercube edge-coloring problem

Question: Is there a pairing (a fixed point free involution) of the vertices of the $n$-dimensional cube graph, and a $2$-coloring of its edges such that the number of color changes needed to get from ...

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**1**answer

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### a question about Brooks' Theorem for $\Delta =4$

From Brooks' Theorem, we know that
if a graph $G$ satisfies that $\Delta (G)=4$ and there is no $5$-clique in $G$, then $\chi (G)\leq 4$.
And it is easy to find a counterexample to the following:
...

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### Relationship of clique, independence, and chromatic numbers

For any graph $G=(V,E)$ let $\bar{G}$ be the complement graph. Is $$\text{inf}\big\{\frac{\omega(G)+\omega(\bar{G})}{\chi(G)} : G \text{ is a finite graph}\big\}$$ known? If not, what lower bounds are ...

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### Graph of bounded continous functions with distance 1

Let $V = \{f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}: f \text{ is continuous}\}$ and consider the metric that is defined for $f,g\in V$ by $$d(f,g) = \max\{|f(t)-g(t)|: t\in [0,1]\}.$$
We set $E = \{\{f,g\}: f,g \in ...

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### Hadwiger's conjecture for coloring number instead of chromatic number

For any graph $G=(V,E)$, the coloring number $\text{Col}(G)$ is defined to be the smallest cardinal $\kappa$ such that there is a well-ordering $\leq$ on $V$ such that for every vertex $v\in V$ we ...

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### Hadwiger-Nelson problem in higher dimensions

Given a positive integer $n\in \mathbb{N}$ we define the Hadwiger-Nelson graph $\text{HN}_n$ by
$V(\text{HN}_n) = \mathbb{R}^n$;
$E(\text{HN}_n) = \{\{v_1, v_2\}: v_1, v_2 \in \mathbb{R}^n \text{ ...

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### A variant to the Hadwiger-Nelson problem

Consider the following graph $G=(V,E)$ where $V=\mathbb{R}^2$ and $E = \{\{x,y\}: x,y \in \mathbb{R}^2 \text{ and } |x-y|\in \mathbb{Q}\}$.
What is $\chi(G)$?
(This is a variant of the ...

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**1**answer

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### When the vertex covering number is smaller than the chromatic number

For any graph $G=(V,E)$ let $\tau(G)$ be the minimum cardinality of a vertex cover of $G$.
As noted here, we have $\tau(G) \geq \chi(G) - 1$ for all finite graphs $G$. I'm interested in graphs $G$ ...

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### What is the smallest 4-chromatic graph of girth 5?

It is known that the smallest 4-chromatic graph of girth 4 is the Grötzsch graph (11 vertices). What happens for girth 5?
The Brinkmann graph (21 vertices) has chromatic number 4, girth 5 and is ...

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### Prove or disprove this upper bound on chromatic number

Let $G$ be a simple connected finite graph and let $v \ge 4$ be the number of vertices, $E$ the number of edges, $\chi(G)$ the chromatic number , $\omega(G)$ the clique number and $\Delta$ the ...

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### Prime labelling of graphs

A prime labeling of a graph is an injective function $f: V(G) \to \{1, 2, ..., |V(G)|\}$
such that for every pair of adjacent vertices $u$ and $v$, $\text{gcd}(f(u), f(v)) = 1$ (labels of any two ...

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### How to construct a graph with arbitrarily large girth and large chromatic number? [closed]

Erdos theorem says it is possible and it is not so easy. What is the general procedure to construct graphs like Grötzsch graph?

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### Rate of convergence of graph-theoretic quantity to fractional graph-theoretic counterpart

Let $G^n$ denote the OR product of a graph with itself $n$ times, i.e. the graph which has an edge between distinct vertices $(v_1,v_2,\ldots,v_n)$ and $(u_1,u_2,\ldots,u_n)$ if there exists some $i$ ...

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### Generalizations of the Four-Color theorem

The four color theorem asserts that every planar graph can be properly colored by four colors.
The purpose of this question is to collect generalizations and strengthenings of the four color theorem ...

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### Does the weak Hadwiger conjecture imply the Hadwiger conjecture?

For any cardinal $\kappa$, let $K_\kappa$ denote the complete graph on $\kappa$. We consider the following statements:
(H) If $G$ is a graph and $\chi(G) = \kappa$ then $K_\kappa$ is a minor of $G$.
...

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### Coloring the edges of a torus graph

Question:Consider the $2k \times 2k$ grid graph on a torus. Is it true that for every $2$-coloring of the edges, there is an antipodal pair of vertices connected by a path that changes colors at most ...

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### What is known about the chromatic number for minimum-distance graphs in higher dimensions?

For a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^d$ with minimum distance $a$, the minimum-distance graph connect two points iff they are at distance $a$. We can also view it as the tangency graph for a set of ...

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### Coloring of a normal map

can the following proposition be proved? If so please suggest a method. Can Kempe’s Argument be used for proof ?
Proposition: A normal map has a colouring of countries by 4 colours iff the edges of ...

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### Coloring of the plane

I would like to know the minimum number k such that the plane R^2 can be coloured with k colors such that no colour contain all the possible distances. In other words, a colouring such that each color ...

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### Coloring maximal independent sets with 1 color

Let $G$ be a graph and $M\subseteq V(G)$ be a maximal independent set. Is there a coloring $c:V(G)\to\chi(G)$ such that $c$ is constant on $M$?
(The answer is positive for graphs with infinite ...

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### Regular graphs with strongly regular edge colorings

Given a positive integer $c>1$, for what parameters $(v,k,\lambda,\mu)$ does there exist a $c k$ regular graph on $v$ vertices that can be given an edge coloring with $c$ colors, such that the ...

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### Coloring algorithm maximising color difference between neighbors

Consider a graph and a set of ordered colors ${\cal C} = \{1,2,\cdots,C\}$. I want to color each node $i$ with a color $c_i\in{\cal C}$ so as to maximize the minimum color difference between two ...

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### Coin graph is 4-colorable

How can we prove that a coin graph is 4-colorable???Also, can we find any example of an non-3-colorable coin graph.

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### On the maximum number of $t$-subset of $\{1,\ldots, n\}$ having pairwise singleton or empty intersections

Let $n$, $t \in \mathbb N$ two natural numbers such that $0<t<n$, and let $A$ be a set of $n$ elements.
We call a quasi-partition or q-p of $A$ a subset $W \subset \mathcal P(A)$ such that we ...

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### Coloring graph such that the coloring classes are not maximal independent sets

Let $G$ be a (finite or infinite) simple graph. We let $\mathrm{Ind}(G)$ be the collection of independent sets. For any cardinal $\kappa$ and coloring map $\chi: G\to \kappa$ we have ...

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### Kempe chain color swaps in a partially colored map

Crossposted from math.stackexchange.com:
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/904932/kempe-chain-color-swaps-in-a-partially-colored-map
Question: In this partially Tait's colored map, using ...

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### Matching number and chromatic number

If $G$ is a (finite) graph, denote with $\mu(G)$ the size of any maximum matching in $G$ (this number is also called the "matching number" of $G$).
For odd integers $n$ we have $n=\chi(K_n) = ...

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### asymptotic notation with graph colouring

This is my first ever post so I hope this is an appropriate question.
Basically I am looking at the paper here: http://homepages.math.uic.edu/~mubayi/papers/biclique.pdf
Namely theorem 5.
Now, feel ...

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### Computing the chromatic polynomial of graph modulo $x-3$

The chromatic polynomial of graph $P(G,x)$ is univariate
polynomial which counts the number of colorings of $G$
with $x$ colors for natural $x$.
Graph is not $k$ colorable iff $P(G,k)=0$.
The ...

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### Conjecture: for perfect graphs the fractional chromatic index rounded up equals the chromatic index

Let $\chi'_f(G)$ be the fractional chromatic index.
Based on limited experiments (up to 8 vertices and few larger graphs),
I suspect:
Conjecture For perfect graphs $\lceil \chi'_f(G) \rceil = ...

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### Postnikov's approach to perfect matchings of graphs

Over a decade ago Alexander Postnikov developed his own way of looking at perfect matchings of bipartite plane graphs. As I recall, he starts with a 2-coloring of the square grid and creates a new ...

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### The Universal Labeling of graph

The universal labeling of a graph $G$ is a labeling of the edge set in $G$ such that in every orientation $\ell$ of $G$ for every two adjacent vertices $v$ and $u$, the sum of incoming edges of $v$ ...

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### Is it easy to produce hard-to-color graphs?

This question arises from my recent visit to my daughter's second-grade class, where I led some discussion and activities on graph coloring (see Math for seven-year-olds). In one such activity, each ...

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### Bounds on chromatic number of $k$-planar graphs

A $1$-planar graph can be drawn in the
plane so that each arc is crossed at most once by another arc.
A $k$-planar graph can be drawn so that each arc is crossed at most $k$ times.
Planar graphs are ...