# Tagged Questions

Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

**4**

votes

**3**answers

352 views

### Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors.
First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

**96**

votes

**7**answers

6k views

### Does $\mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{Aut}(…\mathrm{Aut}(G)…))$ stabilize?

Purely for fun, I was playing around with iteratively applying $\DeclareMathOperator{\Aut}{Aut}\Aut$ to a group $G$; that is, studying groups of the form
$$ {\Aut}^n(G):= \Aut(\Aut(...\Aut(G)...)) $$
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

345 views

### Abelian subfactors, a relevant concept?

Through the questions below, this post asks whether the concept of abelian subfactor is relevant.
Remark : here abelian qualifies an inclusion of II$_1$ factors $(N \subset M)$, $N$ is not an abelian ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

118 views

### Products of maximal inclusions of finite groups with a non-obvious intermediate

Let $(H_1 \subset G_1)$ and $(H_2 \subset G_2)$ be core-free maximal inclusions of finite groups.
Their product, the inclusion $(H_1 \times H_2 \subset G_1 \times G_2)$, admits four obvious ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### Examples of finite groups with “good” bijection(s) between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations?

For symmetric group conjugacy classes and irreducible representation both are parametrized by Young diagramms, so there is a kind of "good" bijection between the two sets. For general finite groups ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Normal intermediate subgroup and normal core

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup.
The normal core of $H$ in $G$ is $core_G(H) := \bigcap_{g \in G}g^{-1}Hg$
Definition: $K$ is a normal intermediate subgroup of the inclusion $(H ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

175 views

### Relatively free algebras in a variety generated by a single algebra

Suppose $A$ is an algebra of signature $\mathcal{L}$ and $V=Var(A)$ is the variety generated by $A$. I want to know is it possible to classify relatively free elements of $V$? As a special case, for a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there.
Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal.
A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### A second isomorphism theorem for the inclusions of groups

The usual second isomorphism theorem for groups is: let $G$ be a group, $S$ and $N$ subgroups with $N$ normal, then $SN$ is a subgroup of $G$, $S\cap N$ is a normal subgroup of $S$ and $SN/N \simeq ...

**22**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### The finite subgroups of SU(n)

This question is inspired by the recent question "The finite subgroups of SL(2,C)". While reading the answers there I remembered reading once that identifying the finite subgroups of SU(3) is still an ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What is the current status of the Kaplansky zero-divisor conjecture for group rings?

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ a group. The so called zero-divisor conjecture for group rings asserts that the group ring $K[G]$ is a domain if and only if $G$ is a torsion-free group.
A couple of good ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### For which $n$ is there only one group of order $n$?

Let $f(n)$ denote the number of (isomorphism classes of) groups of order $n$. A couple easy facts:
If $n$ is not squarefree, then there are multiple abelian groups of order $n$.
If $n \geq 4$ is ...

**36**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### when is A isomorphic to A^3?

this is totally elementary, but I have no idea how to solve it: let $A$ be an abelian group such that $A$ is isomorphic to $A^3$. is then $A$ isomorphic to $A^2$? probably no, but how construct a ...

**15**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Fantastic properties of Z/2Z

Recently I gave a lecture to master's students about some nice properties of the group with two elements $\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$. Typically, I wanted to present simple, natural situations where the ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

797 views

### Orbit structures of conjugacy class set and irreducible representation set under automorphism group

let G be a [EDIT: FINITE] group. Suppose C is the set of conjugacy classes of G and R is the set of (equivalence classes of) irreducible representations of G over the complex numbers.
The ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

883 views

### A problem on a specific integer partition

Let $n$ be a positive integer, we consider partitions of the following form :
$$n = d^{2}_{1} + d^{2}_{2} + ... + d^{2}_{r}$$ such that :
$d_{i}\vert n$
$1=d_{1}<d_{2} \le d_{3} \le ... \le ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

578 views

### Number of conjugacy classes in GL(n,Z)

Like every other group also $\mbox{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ acts on the set of all its subgroups, by conjugation: if $\phi \in \mbox{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$, then $\phi$ acts by $H \mapsto \phi H \phi^{-1}$, ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

462 views

### Groups generated by 3 involutions

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition
$\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Extensions isomorphic as groups but not congruent or pseudo-congruent

I'm looking for an example of a finite abelian group A and a finite group G acting trivially on A such that there are two extensions $E_1$ and $E_2$ with base A and quotient G (i.e., they are both ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

364 views

### Number of isomorphism types of finite groups

Are there some good asymptotic estimations for the number $F(n)$ of non-isomorphic finite groups of size smaller than $n$?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Zero divisor conjecture and idempotent conjecture

Let $G$ be a torsion-free group and $C$ the ring of complex numbers. The zero divisor (idempotent, resp.) conjecture is that there is no nontrivial zerodivisor (idempotent, resp.) in $CG$.
The wiki ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-HÃ¶lder theorem for groups:
Theorem (Jordan-HÃ¶lder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Decomposing the conjugacy representation of Sym$(n)$ for small $n$

I am trying to compute the decomposition of the conjugacy representation of some small symmetric groups. Perhaps someone has undertaken a similar calculation.
My own calculations are quite slow, ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

356 views

### Structure of the adjoint representation of a (finite) group (Hopf algebra) ?

Every group acts on itself by conjugation $h \mapsto g h g^{-1}$. Respectively considering functions on a group we obtain a linear representation.
Question 1: what is known about this representation ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

330 views

### Chevalley Groups over an arbitrary ring.

My question is simply about the Chevalley groups over rings. In many books, including Carter's book on "Simple groups of Lie types", the groups are considered over fields. I have checked the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups.
I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone.
A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Automorphism groups of indefinite non-unimodular integer lattices

Does anyone know of any papers in which structural aspects of the orthogonal group of some indefinite non-unimodular integral lattice are calculated? The exact lattice isn't so important and they ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

289 views

### A basic question about rings

Perhaps this is a trivial question, but I have no idea how to justify it.
Call a pair of groups $(G_1, G_2)$ ring-compatible if $G_1$ is abelian and there exists a ring $R$ with addition and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### relatively free groups in $Var(S_3)$

Suppose $S_3$ is the symmetric group of order 6. Which elements of the variety $Var(S_3)$ are relatively free?
This question is related to my previous question
Relatively free algebras in a variety ...

**52**

votes

**3**answers

5k views

### Does every non-empty set admit a group structure (in ZF)?

It is easy to see that in ZFC, any non-empty set $S$ admits a group structure: for finite $S$ identify $S$ with a cyclic group, and for infinite $S$, the set of finite subsets of $S$ with the binary ...

**44**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Can we ascertain that there exist an epimorphism $G\rightarrow H?$

Let $G,H$ be finite groups. Suppose we have a epimorphism $G\times G\rightarrow H\times H$. Can we find an epimorphism $G\rightarrow H$?
A fellow graduate student asked me this question during TA ...

**37**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### 5/8 bound in group theory

The odds of two random elements of a group commuting is the number of conjugacy classes of the group
$$ \frac{ \{ (g,h): ghg^{-1}h^{-1} = 1 \} }{ |G|^2} = \frac{c(G)}{|G|}$$
If this number exceeds ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### The Higman group

The group of Higman:
$
\langle
\
a_0, a_1, a_2, a_3 \ | \
a_0 a_1 a_0^{-1}=a_1^2,
\ a_1 a_2 a_1^{-1}=a_2^2,
\ a_2 a_3 a_2^{-1}=a_3^2,
\ a_3 a_0 a_3^{-1}=a_0^2
\ \rangle .
$
Is it simple? What is ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Combinatorial Techniques for Counting Conjugacy Classes

The number of conjugacy classes in $S_n$ is given by the number of partitions of $n$. Do other families of finite groups have a highly combinatorial structure to their number of conjugacy classes? For ...

**44**

votes

**1**answer

842 views

### How feasible is it to prove Kazhdan's property (T) by a computer?

Recently, I have proved that Kazhdan's property (T) is theoretically provable
by computers (arXiv:1312.5431,
explained below), but I'm quite lame with computers and have
no idea what they actually ...

**18**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Measures of non-abelian-ness

Let $G$ be a finite non-abelian group of $n$ elements.
I would like a measure that intuitively captures the
extent to which $G$ is non-commutative.
One easy measure is a count of the non-commutative ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### A general formula for the number of conjugacy classes of $\mathbb{S}_n \times \mathbb{S}_n$ acted on by $ \mathbb{S}_n$

$\def\S{\mathbb{S}}$ Dear all,
So I have $\S_n$ acting on $\S_n \times \S_n$ via conjugacy. That is:
for $g \in \S_n, (x,y) \in \S_n \times \S_n$: $g(x,y) = (gxg^{-1},gyg^{-1}).$
Is there a general ...

**11**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### Cogroup Objects

Pretty much anyone who does algebra is familiar with group objects in categories, but what about cogroup objects? Most of what I've been able to find about them is that they "arise naturally in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

497 views

### A group action of the Heisenberg group with special symmetries

Suppose we look at the Heisenberg group $H_{d}$ as a matrix group of upper triangular matrices over the ring $\mathbb{Z}/d\mathbb{Z}$. You can even choose $d$ to be prime if you want. A natural ...

**26**

votes

**1**answer

826 views

### Where are the second- (and third-)generation proofs of the classification of finite simple groups up to?

According the the Wikipedia page, the second generation proof is up to at least nine volumes: six by Gorenstein, Lyons and Solomon dated 1994-2005, two covering the quasithin business by Aschbacher ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

631 views

### Definition of “finite group of Lie type”?

The list of finite simple groups of Lie type has been understood for half a century, modulo some differences in notation (and identifications between some of the very small groups coming from ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

850 views

### Non-split extensions of $GL_n(F_q)$ by $F_q^n$ ?

A very naive question :
I just learned that there is a non-split extension of $GL_3(F_2)$ by $F_2^3$ (with standard action). It can be realized as the subgroup of the automorphism group $G_2$ of ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

871 views

### Group which “resembles” the free product of a cyclic group of order two and a cyclic group of order three, but isn't.

Can someone give an explicit example of a group with two generators $a$, $b$, such that $a^2 = b^3 = 1$ and $a b$ has infinite order, but which is not isomorphic to the free product of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Applications of group theory to math. biology (pharmacology) ?

Are there applications of group theory (take it broadly: representation theory, Lie algs., q-groups, whatever ... ) to math. biology ?
I am in particular interested about applications to pharmacology ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

866 views

### Is $ord(xy)$ independent of $ord(x)$ and $ord(y)$ in a finite group?

Let $r,s,t>1$ be positive integers. Must there exist a finite group $G$ with elements $x$ and $y$ such that $ord(x)=r$, $ord(y)=s$, and $ord(xy)=t$?
The answer is probably "yes." Is there a nice ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### roots of permutations

Consider equation $x^2=x_0$ in symmetric group $S_n$, where $x_0\in S_n$ is fixed. Is it true that for each integer $n\geq 1$, the maximal number of solutions (square roots) has identity permutation? ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

692 views

### Can the unsolvability of quintics be seen in the geometry of the icosahedron?

Q1. Is it possible to somehow "see" the unsolvability of quintic polynomials
in the $A_5$ symmetries of the icosahedron (or dodecahedron)?
Perhaps this is too vague a question.
Q2. Are there ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Explicit cocycle for the central extension of the algebraic loop group G(C((t))).

Let G be a simple Lie group and let G(ℂ((t))) be its loop group.
The Lie algebra g[[t]][t-1] has a well known central extension
(see e.g.
Wikipedia) given by the cocycle
c(f,g) = Res0 < f ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question:
Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$.
Here, $GL_2(q)$ ...