Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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1
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0answers
47 views

Subsets of the boundary of a surface group

Consider the surface group $\Gamma=\langle a,b,c,d\mid [a,b][c,d]=1\rangle$: it is a Gromov hyperbolic group; its Gromov boundary $\partial\Gamma$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$ (the unit circle). I would ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Bounding the union of conjugates of a maximal subgroup of the Symplectic group over a finite field

Let $g \geq 1$ be a positive integer, and let $p$ be a prime. Consider the symplectic group $G := \operatorname{Sp}_{2g}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ of symplectic matrices with entries in $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $M \...
1
vote
2answers
233 views

A question on linear groups

Asking this question I have made a mistake joining my main question with two simple ones, so it hasn't received enough attention, however there was a partial answer, which was not elaborated, and now ...
6
votes
0answers
208 views

On describing a sort of “well-behaved” subgroups of a free abelian group

I found this question when I tried to figure out what kind of subgroups of a free abelian group behave just as well as in the finitely generated case. Let $M$ be a free abelian group and $N$ a ...
-2
votes
0answers
103 views

Interplay between the Cayley graph of a finite group and its realizability over Q [on hold]

As the structure of any finitely generated, and thus any finite, group, can be described by the set of its Cayley graphs, have partial results on the realizability of such a group over $\mathbb{Q}$ ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Understanding groups that are not linear

I have a really hard time "feeling" what it means for a group to fail to be linear. Vaguely, I'd like to know how one should think about such groups. More precisely: What are some interesting ...
8
votes
1answer
858 views

A dual version of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups. This post is a dual version for the Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in which it's proved: Theorem: $\mathcal{L}(H\subset G)$ ...
1
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0answers
74 views

Geography of Kähler manifolds

What is the geography of Kähler manifolds with negative sectional curvature? More precisely, can any hyperbolic group be realized as the fundamental group of a Kähler manifold with negative sectional ...
1
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1answer
87 views

Reference for nonlinearity of covers of $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb R)$

It is known that no nontrivial connected cover of $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb R)$ admits a faithful finite dimensional linear representation (see, for example, page 143 in Fulton-Harris and Exercise ...
5
votes
8answers
786 views

classification of $p$-groups

I have two questions regarding to $p$-groups. A $p$-group $G$ is said to be extraspecial of $G'=Z(G)$ has order $p$. Hence extraspecial groups are examples of $p$-groups with cyclic center. Of ...
4
votes
5answers
501 views

Intersection of all normalizers

This is probably standard for group-theorists: Let $G$ be a finite group. Is it true that the intersection of all normalizers of subgroups equals the center? If so, where do I find a proof? What about ...
11
votes
2answers
260 views

Finite groups with lots of conjugacy classes, but only small abelian normal subgroups?

Denote the commuting probability (the probability that two randomly chosen elements commute) of a finite group $G$ by $\operatorname{cp}(G)$. By a result of Gustafson [2], $\operatorname{cp}(G)=\...
4
votes
2answers
682 views

Cyclic subgroups of finite abelian groups

I learned from MO Subgroups of a finite abelian group that the problem of enumerating subgroups (not up to isomorphism) of finite abelian groups is a difficult one. Are there simple formulas if one ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Can we use GAP to find index of subgroup of an infinite group? [on hold]

Can we use GAP to find index of subgroup of an infinite group? If yes, please tell how, I tried kgmag package of GAP but could not find. From various questions here, I guessed that in MAGMA, one can ...
13
votes
1answer
336 views

Cohomology of central extensions of groups

Let G be a central extension of a finite group H by $Z/2$. I need an explicit description of the differentials $d_2$ and $d_3$ in the Lyndon-Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence which converges to the ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Have semigroups with actions on themselves that have a dual to the compatibility axiom ever been studied?

For a semigroup $G$ with a left action on itself, the axiom for compatibility becomes: $$ \forall f,g,h\in G:hg(f)=h(g(f)) $$ Now suppose there is additional axiom, or constraint if you prefer, ...
2
votes
3answers
482 views

maximal subgroups of finite nilpotent groups

Is it possible to classify finite non-abelian nilpotent groups with at most four maximal subgroups? Is it possible to answer the question for finite non-abelian solvable groups?
10
votes
4answers
655 views

Automorphism Group of a p-group : Looking for a Reference

In the following post by DavidLHarden : See Here He quoted the following claim: "There is a theorem that says that if $p$ is a prime and $|G|=p^n $ , then $|AutG| $ divides $ \Pi_{k=0}^{n-1} (p^{n}-...
3
votes
1answer
246 views

A question on $p$-central $p$-groups

Let $p$ be a fixed prime. A group $G$ is termed $p$-central if every element of order $p$ in $G$ lies in the center. Having a finite $p$-group $G$ of rank $k$ (the least integer, such that every ...
0
votes
2answers
715 views

Maximal subgroups of a finite p-group

I want to prove the following: Let $G$ be a finite abelian $p$-group that is not cyclic. Let $L \ne {1}$ be a subgroup of $G$ and $U$ be a maximal subgroup of L then there exists a maximal subgroup $...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Exceptional isomorphisms between finite simple Chevalley groups

Steinberg's "Lectures on Chevalley Groups" https://math.depaul.edu/cdrupies/research/papers/chevalleygroups.pdf contain ``a complete list of isomorphisms" among the various finite simple Chevalley ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Do the normal forms for braid groups really conceal information about better than randomly applying the braid relations?

In braid based cryptography, one typically wants to conceal the way a certain braid $b$ has been obtained. One therefore puts $b$ into some normal form. Since every braid has a unique normal form, the ...
0
votes
0answers
120 views

Ring structure on cohomology of groups

Assume that $G$ is a finite group and that $A$ is an arbitrary $G$-module. Then we know that can define the cohomology groups of $G$ with coefficients in $A$ in the usual way and we denote the latter ...
9
votes
2answers
299 views

Groups without property (T) but all finite quotients are expanders

What is an example of a group $G$ which 1- is finitely generated by $S$, 2- does not have property (T), 3- admits infinitely many finite quotients which do not factor through an homomorphism $G \...
3
votes
4answers
683 views

Maximum value of the number of conjugacy classes of nonabelian p-groups with an abelian subgroup of index p

It is known that if $G$ is a nonabelian $p$-group of order $p^n$, with an abelian subgroup of index $p$, then the number $k(G)$ of conjugacy classes of $G$ can be as large as $p^{n-1} + p^{n-2} - p^{n-...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

Does every cocompact lattice admit a homomorphism (with infinite image) into a compact Lie group?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact arithmetic lattice in a semisimple algebraic group. Does it admit a homomorphism $\Gamma \to K$ with infinite image into a compact real Lie group $K$?
6
votes
3answers
477 views

Counting cyclic subgroups of order $p^{2}$: $p$ an odd prime vs. $p=2$

While playing with Frobenius' problem (about finite groups $G$ in which, for some positive integer $n \mid |G|$, there are exactly $n$ elements of order dividing $n$), I came up with the following ...
6
votes
0answers
41 views

Coarse embeddability into Hilbert space of residually finite groups

By definition a finitely generated group G is coarsely embedded into Hilbert space if there is a function $F: G\to \ell_2$, such that $\|F(g_n)-F(h_n)\|\to\infty$ iff $d(g_n,h_n)\to\infty$, where $d$ ...
1
vote
3answers
169 views

Finite subgroups (not finite index, just finite) of the modular group

The modular group is commonly described as the group of linear fractional transforms $z \mapsto \displaystyle \frac{az+b}{cz+d}$ with $a,b,c,d$ integers and $ad-bc = 1$. Of course, a great deal is ...
8
votes
1answer
751 views

Automorphism group of a finite group

I would like to ask if there exists an explicit description of $\mathrm{Aut}(G)$, the group of automorphisms of a finite group $G$, in particular, when $G$ is abelian. E.g., if $G = \mathbb{Z}/m\...
9
votes
1answer
616 views

An extension of the converse to Hall's theorem.

This is an extension of this MSE question, in which I asked whether there was a counterexample to the following statement, Conjecture. If a finite group $G$ contains a $\lbrace p,q \rbrace$-Hall ...
5
votes
2answers
810 views

A solvability theorem

There is a theorem which says: Let $G$ be a finite group. Suppose that every maximal subgroup of $G$ has index equal to a prime or the square of a prime. Then $G$ is solvable. Reading existing ...
8
votes
1answer
236 views

Do you know this Burnside ring module?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\Omega(G)$ its Burnside ring. There is a certain $\Omega(G)$-module, let's call it $M(G)$, that appears in something that I am thinking about. As an abelian group $M(G)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

Which is better for creating tables of group theory info, GAP or MAGMA?

Specifically, I want to compute the set of values of $|G:\text{ker}(\chi)|/\chi(1)$ for all the characters of a p-group, for a lot of p-groups. I don't know how to use either program, so before I ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

On the Groups of Order $(p^2+1)/2$

A few days ago I asked a question (Groups of order $p(p^2+1)/2$) about a finite group of order $p(p^2+1)/2$ and I got a lot of useful information about it. Thanks for the nice and very helpful answers....
4
votes
3answers
734 views

solvable groups

Let $G$ be a finite group which has a cyclic maximal subgroup. Is $G$ solvable?
30
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a nice explanation for this curious fact about cyclic subgroups?

Here's something that I noticed that quite surprised me. Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. Consider the following expression. $$ \nu(G) = \sum_{\substack{H \leq G \\ H \text{ is cyclic}}} |H| $$ It ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Is the class of commutative generalized Euclidean rings stable under quotient and localization?

Let $R$ be an associative ring with indentity and let $E_n(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_n(R)$ generated by matrices obtained from the identity matrix by replacing an off-diagonal entry by some $r∈R$. ...
28
votes
3answers
984 views

Richness of the subgroup structure of p-groups

Given a prime $p$ and $n \in \mathbb{N}$, let $f_p(n)$ be the smallest number such that there is a group of order $p^{f_p(n)}$ which all groups of order $p^n$ embed into. What is the asymptotic growth ...
3
votes
2answers
450 views

Centralizer of a subtorus in a reductive group is Levi?

Questions a bit similar to this one have already appeared I think on the forum but I couldn't find the answer to my question using those answers. I must say from the beginning that my knowledge of ...
7
votes
2answers
238 views

Transitive actions of $Aut(F_2)$ on surjections from $F_2\twoheadrightarrow G$

Here $F_2$ is the free group on two generators $x,y$. I'm interested in examples of finite groups $G$ such that $Aut(F_2)$ acts transitively on the set of surjections $F_2\rightarrow G$. (In ...
8
votes
2answers
265 views

Which finite p-groups occur as commutators of finite p-groups?

Let $p$ be a prime number. For which finite $p$-groups $H$ is there a finite $p$-group $G$ such that $[G,G] \cong H$?
20
votes
1answer
924 views

Number of 2-dimensional irreducible representations of a finite group ?

Question: What is the number of two-dimensional irreducible representations of a finite group ? How it can be expressed in groups-theoretic terms ? (Number of 1-dimensional irreps is |G/[G,G]| ). ...
5
votes
2answers
512 views

Finite groups with a character having very few nonzero values?

A number theorist I know (who studies Galois representations) raised a question recently: Which finite groups can have an irreducible character of degree at least 2 having only $n=2, 3$, or 4 ...
6
votes
1answer
456 views

Non-vanishing of the Tate-Shafarevich kernel in group cohomology

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $M$ be a finite $G$-module (a finite abelian group with an action of $G$). We consider a special kind of $G$-modules; in particular, our $M$ is a finite dimensional ...
4
votes
1answer
285 views

Do the automorphism groups of $F_2$ and $G$ act transitively on the surjections from $F_2$ to $G$?

Let $G$ be a finite nonabelian group. Let $F_2$ be the free group with generators $x,y$, then we know its outer automorphism group is isomorphic to $\text{GL}_2(\mathbb{Z}$). Let $\text{Aut}^+(F_2)$ ...
6
votes
3answers
408 views

Solvable irreducible subgroups of the $\mathbf{GL}_n$ of $\mathbf{F}_p$ ($p$ prime)

I have a finite-dimensional vector space $E$ over the finite prime field $\mathbf{F}_p$ and a solvable subgroup $G\subset\mathbf{GL}(E)$ for which $E$ is an irreducible representation. Do the groups $...
35
votes
4answers
2k views

How much of the ATLAS of finite groups is independently checked and/or computer verified?

In a recent talk Serre made some comments about proofs that rely on the classification of finite simple groups (CFSG) and on the ATLAS of Finite Groups. Namely, he said that a proof that relied on the ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Is $(G\rtimes H,H)$ a Gelfand pair iff $G$ is abelian?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $K \subset G$ a subgroup. Then $(G,K)$ is a Gelfand pair if the double coset Hecke algebra $\mathbb{C}(K \backslash G / K)$ is commutative. Let $H$ be a subgroup of $...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Must normalizing field outer automorphisms “divide” the dimension?

Imprecise question: To get a normalizing field outer automorphism of order $r$, must we multiply the dimension by $r$? Precise hypothesis: Let $p\geqslant 5$ be a prime, let $q$ be a power of $p$ and ...