Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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13
votes
2answers
423 views

Is there a way of canonically labelling permutation groups?

When working with large numbers of graphs, a canonical labelling routine is essential as, after the initial cost of canonically labelling each graph, it permits isomorphism checks to be replaced with ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Analogues of the Monster for central charges different from 24

One way to define the Monster group is to consider a conformal field theory (CFT) corresponding to central charge $c=24$ and look at the automorphism group of its vertex operator algebra. For one of ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Does every group that satisfies the maximal permutizer condition then satisfy the permutizer condition?

The permutizer of a subgroup $H$ of $G$ is defined to be the subgroup generated by all cyclic subgroups of $G$ that permute with $H$, i.e. $\langle x \in G | \langle x \rangle H = H \langle x \rangle ...
10
votes
1answer
334 views

Class field towers

It is known (Golod and Shafarevich) that the class field tower of a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}$ may be infinite. But is it always finite for $K=\mathbb{Q}[\zeta]$ where $\zeta$ is a root of ...
-2
votes
0answers
122 views

Limit Group decomposition [on hold]

In the article Limit groups and groups acting freely on $\mathbb{R}^n$-trees by Vincent Guirardel, after the statement of Theorem 7.1 on page 1430, the author concludes: "Hence, a limit group can be ...
5
votes
2answers
72 views

“Relative cone types” for groups relative to some collection of subgroups

It is a well known fact that an infinite hyperbolic group contains an element of infinite order (see e.g. Bridson, Haefliger, Metric spaces of non-positive curvature, Prop. 2.22 on p. 458) I am ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Does Kaplansky's Zero Divisor Conjecture hold valid for (torsion-free) residually finite groups?

Kaplansky's Zero Divisor Conjecture states that the group algebra $KG$ has no zero divisor for any field $K$ and any torsion-free group $G$. Does Kaplansky's Zero Divisor Conjecture hold valid ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

When can the rank of a submodule be bigger than the rank of the module itself? [migrated]

It is well known that the dimension of a subspace is less than or equal to the dimension of the vector space it is contained in. The same is true e.g. for modules over a principal ring. I am looking ...
0
votes
0answers
53 views

Action of semidirect products of cyclic groups

Is there anything known about group actions of $C_{p}\rtimes C_{p}^{*}$ on the ring of real polynomials $\mathbb{R}[X_{1},\ldots,X_{n}]$, where $C_{p}$ denotes the cyclic group of order $p$ and $p$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Orbits of the maximal compact subgroup on the light cone for $p$-adic groups

It is known that if $Q$ is an indefinite non-degenerate quadratic form on $ \mathbb{R}^n$ with $n \ge 3$, then any maximal compact subgroup $K$ of the orthogonal group $SO(Q)$ acts transitively on the ...
-1
votes
0answers
39 views

Hopf formula for the direct product of groups [on hold]

Let $G$ be a finite group with free presentation $1 \rightarrow R \rightarrow F \rightarrow G \rightarrow 1$. Then, we have well known Hopf formula $H_2(G,\mathbb{Z})=(R \cap [F,F])/[F,R]$. Now, ...
3
votes
3answers
423 views

The free group of a group and the kernel of a canonical morphism

Let $G$ be a group and $F_G$ the free group on the set $G$. Then there exists a canonical surjective morphism ${\rm can}: F_G \to G \to 1$ constructed as follows: let $(e_x)_{x \in G}$ be a copy as a ...
-1
votes
0answers
30 views

Rank of finite solvable group [migrated]

I am very interested in the following question. Is there a finite solvable group G with the property that rank G - rank G_ab > n for n > 2? Here G_ab denotes the abelianization of G. For all the ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Matrix Elements of Real Representations

I asked this question over at Math.StackExchange and despite having had a bounty on it I did not receive an answer. Suppose that $G$ is a finite group and we have a unitary irreducible representation ...
4
votes
2answers
752 views

Efficient algorithms to determine the roots of: $p(x) = r^x $ in the finite field $GF(q)$, where $r$ a primitive root of the field

I need to make sure that no efficient (i.e., polynomial time) algorithm exists for the following problem: Exponentiating Polynomial Root Problem (EPRP) Let $p(x)$ be a polynomial with $\deg(p) \geq ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Uncountable cardinals and Prufer $p$-groups

Let $A$ be an elementary Abelian uncountable $p$-group. Is it known if there is an action of a Prufer $q$-group (here $q$ is a prime not necessarily distinct from $p$) $C_{q^{\infty}}$ onto $A$ such ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Pro-G_p*G_q topology, profinite topology

Let $W=G_p*G_q$, where $G_p$ and $G_q$ are pseudovarieties of all finite $p$-groups and all finite $q$-groups respectively, with $p$ and $q$ fixed prime numbers. The pro-$W$ topology on a group $G$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

amalgamation of locally finite groups

It is well known that in category of groups there are Push-outs so it is possible to realize amalgamation in some kind of most free way. My question is what about category of locally free groups? I ...
6
votes
1answer
184 views

Lyndon-Schützenberger for torsion-free hyperbolic groups

Given a torsion-free hyperbolic group $G$, does there exist a number $n(G)$ such that for any $x,y,z\in G$, $x^n y^n z^n =1$ implies that $x$, $y$, and $z$ commute pairwise? Some musings/questions... ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Generating finite groups using subgroups

For finite groups $L \leq K$ we define $d(L,K)$ to be the least $n \in \mathbb{N}$ for which there exist $a_1, \dots, a_n \in K$ such that $\langle L, a_1 \dots, a_n \rangle = K$. Is there some $m ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Why is the polynomial relating the invariants of a binary polyhedral group fixed by an overgroup?

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ and $N \triangleleft G$ a normal subgroup. Let $x, y, z$ be the fundamental invariants for the standard action of $N$ on $\mathbb{C}^2$, ...
14
votes
2answers
342 views

Explicit permutation representation of the Thompson sporadic simple group?

The Thompson group Th of order $90745943887872000$ is one of the sporadic simple groups occurring in the classification of finite simple groups. Its maximal subgroups are known (see ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Generators of the colored braid group (two colors), reference

I consider the group $B_{n,n}$, the braids, colored in two colors, say all odd strings are black and all even strings are white. It is easy to find a set of generators for $B_{n,n}$: $$ \begin{cases} ...
3
votes
0answers
246 views

Galois correspondence subgroups/subsystems

In this paper (1998) by M. Izumi, R. Longo, S. Popa, there is the following result (page 49) on compact groups: Lemma 3.16. Let $G$ be a compact group and $Rep(G)$ the category of finite ...
6
votes
1answer
201 views

For discrete groups, does the Haagerup property imply the AP of Haagerup-Kraus?

I don't expect to find an explicit counterexample to my question, because any example which was known to have the Haagerup property yet not have AP would have given an exact group without AP, and the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

projective representation of supergroup

In fact, I am not very clear about what I am asking, but I am looking for a concrete example of supergroup which has non-trivial projective representation(some supergroup similar to usual Lie group ...
4
votes
3answers
301 views

Must the powers of some element always grow linearly with respect to a word metric?

Suppose we have a group $G$ which is finitely generated , and let $|\cdot |$ denote some word metric on it. Must there be an element $a\in G$ such that $|a^n|\ge c\cdot n$ for some $c>0$? My ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Topological systems of imprimitivity

Let $G$ be a group acting by homeomorphisms on a topological space $X$. $G$ is topologically transitive if every open $G$-invariant subset of $X$ is empty or dense. Here is an attempt to define ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Is trace of regular representation in Lie group a delta function? [migrated]

My major is physics. I need to use some tools in group theory, but I am really confused by the trace in compact infinite groups. The following is my question: In discrete group theory, the ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Coherent subgroups of $F_2 \times F_2$

A group is coherent if its finitely generated subgroups are finitely presented. For instance, $F_2 \times F_2$ is a well-known example of incoherent group. My question is: Is a subgroup of $F_2 ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

The name of a group of order 24 [closed]

I encountered a group $G =\langle(1,3,2,4),(3,5,4,6)\rangle\subseteq S_6$ in my study, but I do not know its name. Let $f=(1,3,2,4)$ and $g=(3,5,4,6)$. We have $g^2=fg^2f$, and thus $\langle ...
7
votes
2answers
633 views

Translation length functions of non-simplicial trees

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. By a theorem of Culler and Morgan, the set of non-abelian (not necessarily simplicial) minimal $\mathbb{R}$-trees with isometric $G$-action injects into the ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Homology and Burnside ring

If $G$ is a finite groupe, we denote $\mathcal{S}(G)$ the category of finite $G$-sets and $\mbox{I}(G)$ the set of isomorphism classes of it's objects. The Burnside ring of $G$, denoted by ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

Groups acting on complexes

Let $G$ be a finite group. We define a $G$-simplicial complex $\mathcal{A}(G)$ with set of vertices $G^*:=G-\{e\}$ and the simplices are the abelian subsets of $G^*$. The groupe $G$ act simplicially ...
2
votes
3answers
179 views

Rank of a special linear group over a finite field

What is the rank (minimal number of group generators) of $SL(n,\mathbb{F})$ in the situation when $SL(n,\mathbb{F})$ is not perfect (i.e. when $SL(n,\mathbb{F})$ is different from $SL(2,\mathbb{F}_2)$ ...
7
votes
1answer
268 views

Products of subgroups of a free group

Let $F$ be a free group, and let $A,B \leq F$ be two subgroups such that $AB$ contains a nontrivial normal subgroup of $F$. Must either $A$ or $B$ contain a nontrivial normal subgroup of $F$? What if ...
25
votes
1answer
747 views

Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle. Assume that the eigenvalues ​​of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...
-1
votes
1answer
94 views

direct product of a finite group with an infinite symmetric group [closed]

Cross-posted from MSE: http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1226622/15624. Let $G$ be any finite group, and $S_{\aleph_0}$ the group of all bijections $\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$. Is $G\times ...
3
votes
2answers
373 views

Upper bound of |Aut(G)| for a p-group

If G is a p-group which is finitely generated with order p^n then what is the upper bound of |Aut(G)|.
4
votes
2answers
151 views

Centralizers of reflections in special subgroups of Coxeter groups

Let us consider a (not necessarily finite) Coxeter group $W$ generated by a finite set of involutions $S=\{s_1,...,s_n\}$ subject (as usual) to the relations $(s_is_j)^{m_{i,j}}$ with ...
5
votes
3answers
295 views

Is it known whether there is a non-coherent group with a two- or three-relator presentation?

To the best of my knowledge, whether 1-relator groups are coherent is still an open question. The group $F_2 \times F_2$ (where $F_2$ is the free group of rank $2$) is well-known to be non-coherent ...
19
votes
1answer
326 views

products of conjugates in free groups

While trying to carry out some technical arguments in free groups, I have encountered the following problem, to which I don't know the answer. Let $F$ be a free group and let $g,a_1,\ldots,a_n \in ...
6
votes
3answers
809 views

An application of Maschke's theorem

I've been teaching some elementary representation theory to undergraduates, and want to provide applications of Maschke's theorem to complex group algebras to present in class. In particular, I'd like ...
42
votes
2answers
3k views

Collapsible group words

What is the length $f(n)$ of the shortest nontrivial group word $w_n$ in $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ that collapses to $1$ when we substitute $x_i=1$ for any $i$? For example, $f(2)=4$, with the commutator ...
3
votes
1answer
571 views

Special automorphisms of extraspecial groups

Let $G$ be an extraspecial group of order $p^{2r+1}$ (where $p$ is an odd prime), and let $V$ be a faithful representation of $G$. Consider the normal subgroup $H$ of $Aut(G)$ consisting of all ...
16
votes
0answers
228 views

Nonabelian topological fundamental group of a conjugate variety

Let $X$ be a pointed algebraic variety over the field of complex numbers $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\pi_1^{\rm top}(X)$ and $\pi_1^{\mathrm{\acute{e}t}}(X)$ denote the topological and the étale fundamental ...
1
vote
3answers
155 views

Is the poset of all precompact group topologies on an abelian group $G$, order-isomorphic to $\operatorname{Sub}(\hat{G})$?

In this page, in abstract, it is claimed that the poset of all Hausdorff precompact group topologies on an abelian group $G$, is order-isomorphic to the the subgroup lattice of $\hat{G}$, the ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Subgroups of $Sp_{2g}$ giving rise to Shimura data

Consider the Shimura datum $(GSp_{2g},\mathcal{H}_g)$. Let $G$ be a reductive $\mathbb{Q}$-subgroup of $Sp_{2g}$. I want to know under what condition there exists a point $x\in\mathcal{H}_g$ such that ...
3
votes
3answers
278 views

A problem with pointwise stabilizer subgroups of fixed-point subspaces II

Definitions: Let $W$ be a representation of a group $G$, $K$ a subgroup of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$. Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{K}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall k \in K \}$. Let ...
13
votes
5answers
518 views

Results about the order of a group forcing a particular property.

Given a group of order $n$ where $n$ is either a specific number, or a number of a particular form, e.g. square-free, when does $n$ completely determine a particular group property among all groups of ...