Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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votes

**0**answers

24 views

### Automorphism groups for free groups with action

Let $A$ be a (finitely generated) free group and $G$ be a (finitely generated) free $A$-group - that is, a group with an action of $A$, which is free in the category of groups with an $A$-action. ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

105 views

### What are the 2-generated subgroups of the special linear group $SL(2, q)$ over a finite field?

What is the subgroup structure of the subgroups $\langle a, b\rangle$ where $a, b \in SL(2, q)$?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Is every nonabelian finite simple group a quotient of a triangle group $(a,b,c)$ with $a,b,c$ coprime?

Here by triangle group $(a,b,c)$ I mean the group with presentation
$$\langle x,y \;|\; x^a = y^b = (xy)^c = 1\rangle$$
In other words, for every finite simple nonabelian group $G$, do there exist ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

390 views

### Is there a structure theorem or group law for finite groups generated by two elements?

Say that $a, b \in G$ are two elements of a finite group $G$. Is there a structure theorem for the structure of $\langle a,b\rangle$? Is there a way to derive group laws for the group operation in the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Space of polynomially growing harmonic functions on a Lie group

There is a recent theorem by Kleiner (based on previous work by Colding & Minicozzi), that reads:
If $G$ is a finitely generated group of polynomial growth, then for every $d$ the space of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### A question on permutations

Given integers $1$ through $n$, let $S$ be set of ordering of integers that respect even alternating or reverse alternating permutations (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternating_permutation) up to ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

951 views

### Degree of commutativity of finite groups and subgroups

Recently I started reading some articles about the
degree of commutativity of finite groups. I have some questions:
In "Subgroup commutativity degrees of finite groups" Tarnauceanu
proposes the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

327 views

### A problem with pointwise stabilizer subgroups of fixed-point subspaces II

Definitions: Let $W$ be a representation of a group $G$, $K$ a subgroup of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$.
Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{K}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall k \in K \}$.
Let ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Automorphisms of finite order in $Out(\widehat{F_2})$

Let $\widehat{F_2}$ be the pro-$\ell$ completion of the free group of rank 2, where $\ell$ is some prime.
Every outer automorphism of $F_2$ induces an outer automorphism of $\widehat{F_2}$, hence an ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

485 views

### Your favorite papers on geometric group theory

I would like to improve my culture on geometric group theory, so I am interested in short and accessible papers on subjects related to this field but which are not always available in the classical ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### Torsion in profinite groups

Is there a finitely generated profinite group $G$ with a closed subgroup of infinite index $K \leq G$ such that for every $g \in G$ there exists some $n \in \mathbb{N}$ for which $g^n \in K$ ?
Can ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

913 views

### Does the quaternion group Q_8 have a presentation of this form?

In The number of conjugacy classes and the order of the group, a key step in the proof of the congruence saying that $G$ being a $p$-group means that $|G| \equiv c(G) \mod{(p^{2}-1)(p-1)}$ is the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

524 views

### Finite groups with trivial Frattini subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite group with trivial Frattini subgroup (i.e. the intersection of all maximal subgroups of $G$ is trivial) such that $G$ has more than two maximal subgroups and at least one of its ...

**15**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Faithful representations and tensor powers

The following result was mentionned earlier in this thread, I searched a bit in the related threads and couldn't find a proof. I would really like to see a proof of it:
Let $G$ be a finite group and ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

128 views

### divisible 2nd cohomolgy group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$

Recall that a (nontrivial) abelian group $A$ is called divisible if the multiplication by $n$ is surjection $A\to A$ for all $n\in\mathbb{Z}_{>1}$.
My question is the following.
Is there a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

346 views

### What is the normal closure of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ inside $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$?

This weird problem popped up in my research:
Let $\ell$ be a prime. Is there a description of the smallest normal subgroup of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$ containing $GL_2(\mathbb{Z})$?
Is there a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Poincare inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is:
symmetric,
adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### Inducing representations from the stabilizer of a partition

For each positive integer $i$, let $A_i$ be a fixed representation of the symmetric group $S_i$. I won't tell you exactly what $A_i$ is, but let's say that I have a very explicit description of its ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

53 views

### Is the family of probabilities generated by a random walk on a finitely generated amenable group asymptotically invariant?

Is the family of probabilities $\mu^n$ (convolution) generated by a random walk $\mu$ on a finitely generated amenable group $G$ asymptotically invariant ($\|g\mu^n-\mu\|_{L^1}\to 0$ for any $g\in ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Products of elliptic isometries

A well-known property on groups acting on trees is:
Theorem: Let $T$ be a tree and $g,h \in \mathrm{Isom}(T)$ two elliptic isometries. If $\mathrm{Fix}(g) \cap \mathrm{Fix}(h) = \emptyset$ then ...

**38**

votes

**1**answer

872 views

### Transitivity on $\mathbb{N}_0$ — a 42 problem

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$.
Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class
transposition $\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Homomorphism theorem is a special case of the factorization theorem? [closed]

This is a question in elementary group theory. So the homomorphism theorem is a special case of the factorization theorem, as it is the case when the homomorphism phi is surjective onto the codomain?
...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Maximal compact subgroup of SU(3,3) [closed]

What is the maximal compact subgroup of pseudo-unitary group SU(3,3)

**2**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### The first Betti number of a finite covering space of a closed 3-manifold

Let $\tilde{M}\to M$ be a finite covering of closed 3-manifolds.
Is it possible that $\beta_1(\tilde{M})-1> [\pi_1(M):\pi_1(\tilde{M})](\beta_1(M)-1)>0$?
Here, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Linear vs smooth actions of finite groups on spheres, euclidean spaces and closed disks

I would like to know examples (with references, if possible) of the following:
(1) a finite group $G$ acting effectively and smoothly on a sphere $S^n$ (any $n$) but admitting no effective linear ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

83 views

### Are there references for the properties of words formed in finite groups using L-systems? (In particular, the algae L-system.)

Let $G$ be a (finite) group, and $a, b \in G$ be any two elements. Consider the sequence defined by
\begin{eqnarray*}
s_0 &=& a, \\
s_1 &=& b, \text{and} \\
s_{n+2} &=& s_{n+1} ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Uniform sub-linearity of sub-additive functions on groups

Suppose $G$ is a finitely generated group and suppose $f: G \to \mathbb{R}$ is subadditive function, that is: $f(g_1\circ g_2) \leq f(g_1) + f(g_2)$. One example of such $f$ is the word length in some ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### A class 3 group of order 243

Let G be a group of order $243=3^5$. We denote by $(G_i)$ its lower central series and assume that $G$ has class $3$ and that $|G:G_2|=|G_3|=9$. We assume moreover that the cubing map factors as a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Cycles covering the edges of the graph corresponding to the Van Kampen diagram of a presentation of a group

Let the group $G$ have the presentation $\langle x_1, \dots, x_n \;|\; r_1, \dots, r_m \rangle$. Let $\Gamma$ be a labelled directed graph corresponding to Van Kampen diagram over the above ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### Proving that a subgroup is normal

This question is partly inspired by the recent question on measurability and the axiom of choice.
Suppose I come up with a way to define a subgroup of a group, in a way that involves "no arbitrary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

107 views

### Cayley graphs with special subgraphs and some related problems

I asked some questions about finite Cayley graphs with special type of subgraphs which has been answered by Dear Prof. Godsil. It can be seen in the MO page with address:
Cayley graphs and its ...

**48**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### Why can't a nonabelian group be 75% abelian?

This question asks for intuition, not a proof.
An earlier question,
Measures of non-abelian-ness
was thoroughly answered by Arturo Magidin.
A paper by Gustafson1
proves that, for a nonabelian group,
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Just-not-nilpotent-by-compact quotient of a locally compact group

It is known (and not complicated to prove) that for a finitely generated not virtually nilpotent group $G$, we can pass to a quotient $G/N$ of $G$, such that the quotient is just not virtually ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

615 views

### Looking for deterministic criteria to generate the symmetric group?

So let $S_N$ be the symmetric group of degree $N$. We think of it as a permutation group via its
natural action on the set $T=\{1,2,\ldots,N\}$.
Say that $H\leq S_N$ is a subgroup which acts ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

639 views

### Generating random finite groups

I would like a method to efficiently generate a random finite group of a given order $n$.
If there are $g(n)$ non-isomorphic groups of order $n$,
ideally each group would occur with probability ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### General form of a matrix $M$ commutes with the unitary representation $U^{\otimes m},~ \forall U\in U(n)$ [migrated]

My question is about the general form of a $n^m\times n^m$ positive definite matrix $M$ where
$$[M,U^{\otimes m}]=0,~ \forall U\in U(n)$$
or in other words, M commutes with all members of the the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Are there enough additive permutations?

I am hoping to learn enough about additive permutations to help with a number theory problem. These permutations also have connections to difference sets, orthomorphisms, transversals, and other ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

428 views

### Is a non-trivial finite perfect group of order 4n? [migrated]

A finite group $G$ is perfect if $G = G^{(1)} := \langle [G,G] \rangle$, or equivalently, if any $1$-dimensional complex representation is trivial.
Question: Is a non-trivial finite perfect group of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Which subgroup order of the symmetric group is the most frequent?

Question: What is the most frequent order of subgroups of $S_n$?
More precisely: Let $a_k$ be the number of subgroups of $S_n$ with order $k$. What is the maximum of $a_k$?
This question came up ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Categorizing finitely presented groups by complexity

Let $G$ be a finitely presented group tagged with a specific presentation $G \cong F\{X\} / \{h_1, \dots h_k\}$.
Preliminary: consider two presentations to have the same presentation class if they ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

693 views

### Translation length functions of non-simplicial trees

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. By a theorem of Culler and Morgan, the set of non-abelian (not necessarily simplicial) minimal $\mathbb{R}$-trees with isometric $G$-action injects into the ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Non-split extensions of $GL_n(F_q)$ by $F_q^n$ ?

A very naive question :
I just learned that there is a non-split extension of $GL_3(F_2)$ by $F_2^3$ (with standard action). It can be realized as the subgroup of the automorphism group $G_2$ of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

341 views

### Unsolvability of a Quintic and its link with “Simplicity” of $A_{5}$

This is a re-post from MSE (because I did not get the kind of answer I wanted even after offering a bounty).
At the outset I must mention that I don't have a fairly working knowledge of Galois Theory ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Spliting of short exact exact sequences of partially ordered groups

Consider a short exact sequence of partially ordered groups
$$0 \longrightarrow H \stackrel{\alpha}{\longrightarrow} G \stackrel{\beta} {\longrightarrow} G/H \longrightarrow 0 ,$$ where $H$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Sum of irreducible complex character degrees for alternating groups

What is sum of degrees of the irreducible complex characters of the alternating groups?
The background of this question is to calculate the diminsion of a maximal torus of the associated Lie algebra ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Antichains in subgroups up to group automorphism

A family of subgroups of a group G will denote a nonempty collection of subgroups closed under conjugation and further passing to subgroups.
In a Noetherian group (any ascending chain of subgroups ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### SO(3) transformation that produces a reflection [closed]

This came up doing some research in quantum information. Let us consider two orthogonal three-dimensional unit vectors $v$ and $w$
$v^T\cdot w=0$,
and the Householder transformation
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Decomposing a reducible representation of the unitary group

Consider the representation $L_U$ of the unitary group $U(n)$ on $L(\mathbb{C}^n)$ where $L_U$: $L(\mathbb{C}^n) \rightarrow L(\mathbb{C}^n)$ is a linear operator that $L_U M=U M U^{\dagger} $, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Algebras admitting quantifier elimination

I apologize if this question is meaningless or trivial:
What are examples of Algebras admitting quantifier elimination? Especially are there Groups admitting quantifier elimination?
I need to say ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

990 views

### Groups with all normal subgroups characteristic

Today in my research, I had to use fairly explicitly the rather tautological property of finite cyclic groups that every normal subgroup is characteristic, i.e. fixed by all automorphisms. This got me ...