Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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3
votes
0answers
92 views

Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?
1
vote
1answer
109 views

generality of the lattice of normal subgroups

Let $(X,\le)$ a (finite) modular lattice. Is there a (finite) group $G$ such that the lattice of all normal subgroups of $G$ is isomorphic to $(X,\le)$?
5
votes
1answer
180 views

Is any finitely generated nilpotent pro-$p$ group necessarily the pro-$p$ completion of some finitely generated nilpotent group?

While thinking about this question, I was led to the following question: My question: Let $G$ be a topologically finitely generated pro-$p$ nilpotent group. Does there exist a finitely generated ...
2
votes
3answers
136 views

Modular group modulo $N$

Let $N\geq2$ be a positive integer. Is the canonical homomorphism $\pi$ from $SL_2(\mathbb{Z})$ to $SL_2(\mathbb{Z}/N\mathbb{Z})$ surjective? What if we ask the same question for $SL_n$?
5
votes
0answers
73 views

Explicit descriptions of self-replicating pro-$p$ groups

A group $G$ is called self-replicating, if there exists a finite index subgroup $H$, such that $H\cong G\times\dots\times G$. Maybe the most famous example of a self-replicating group is a subgroup ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Which finite groups can be characterized by their subgroup orders?

Given a finite group $G$, we denote by $\pi_s(G)$ the set of orders of its subgroups. Which finite groups $G$ can be characterized by the set $\pi_s(G)$, i.e. $\pi_s(H)=\pi_s(G)$ implies $H\cong G$? ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Groups in which lower central series and upper central series coincide

Let $G$ a finite two-generated $p$-group in which lower and upper central series coincide. Clearly we obtain that the upper central series become strongly central, we have also that at least half of ...
5
votes
1answer
198 views

A nilpotent quotient of free groups

Let $F$ denote the free group on $n$ generators $g_1,\ldots, g_n$. Consider its quotient $Q$ by the universal relation $[x,[x,y]]$ (a "Serre relation" familiar from Lie theory). This group is ...
4
votes
3answers
201 views

Results about the existence of solutions in groups

Let $G$ be a group. Consider an arbitrary equation given by $w(\vec{g})=e$, where $w: G^n \to G$ takes an $n$-tuple $(g_1,...,g_n)$ to some expression involving products of the $g_i$, their inverses ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Triangle groups [closed]

I am having a hard time finding references (apart from wikipedia) for the geometric interpretation of triangle groups $T_{a,b,c} = \langle x,y \mid |x|=a, |y|=b, |xy|=c \rangle$. How can these groups ...
4
votes
3answers
519 views

Action of a profinite group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, $p$ a prime number. Put $$ V = \prod_{i \in I} \mathbb{Z}_p$$ a (profinite) group equipped with the product topology (for convenience, $I$ may be ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Dropping rank of IA automorphisms

Is there a natural way to map a given IA automorphism $\alpha\in Aut(F(X_n))$ to $Aut(F(X_{n-1}))$? Think about braids. A pure braid on $n$ strands can be naturally mapped to a braid on $n-1$ strands ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Property of IA automorphisms of free groups

For $n \in\mathbb{N}$ define: $X_n=\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\}$, $F(X_n)$ the free group on $X_n$, $\varphi:F(X_n)\to F(X_{n-1})$ an epimorphism defined by $x_i\stackrel{\varphi}{\mapsto} x_i$ for $1\le ...
6
votes
2answers
259 views

Subgroups from which all class functions extend to class functions on the ambient group

Until someone suggests better terminology, let me call a subgroup H of a finite group G segregated if every class function on H can be extended to a class function on G. Equivalently, H should have ...
23
votes
1answer
609 views

Properties to have matrices that commute in $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$

Let $G$ be a finite subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}_n(\mathbb C)$, $A,B \in G$ whose eigenvalues are thus in the unit circle. Assume that the eigenvalues ​​of $A$ are included in a circle arc of ...
3
votes
2answers
234 views

Bound for the Frattini subgroup of a $p$-group

Assume that $G$ is a finite $p$-group, $p$ odd, with a non-trivial elementary abelian Frattini subgroup. Then both $\Phi(G)$ and $G/ \Phi(G)$ are vector spaces over $\mathbb{F}_p$. Is it possible to ...
11
votes
2answers
357 views

Subgroups of $SL_3(\mathbb{Z})$ that are finitely generated, Zariski-dense, infinite index, and torsion-free

My question stems from Misha's answer of a MathOverflow question. Misha supplied the following question in his answer: Open question: Does there exist a finitely generated Zariski-dense ...
4
votes
4answers
392 views

Variations to Cayley's Embedding Theorem for Groups

Early in a course in Algebra the result that every group can be embedded as a subgroup of a symmetric group is introduced. One can further work on it to embed it as a subgroup of a suitable (higher ...
4
votes
2answers
227 views

Can finitely generated subgroups of limit groups be detected in free group quotients?

In Henry Wilton's excellent paper "Hall's Theorem for limit groups" (Geom. Funct. Anal. 18, pp. 271–303, 2008 ) he proves the following result (see his paper or here and here for the relevant ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

$p$-groups with $\Omega_1(G)\leq\Phi(G)$ [closed]

Let $G$ be a finite $p$-group with $\Omega_1(G)\leq\Phi(G)$. What do we have information about this group?
1
vote
1answer
143 views

What are finite groups $H$ such that $H^n(H,\mathbb{Q/Z}) \cong H_n(G,\mathbb{Z})$?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $G^{\prime}$ be its commutator subgroup. Let $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{Q}$ denote the integers and rationals. $\mathbb{Z}$ and $\mathbb{Q/Z}$ treated as trivial ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

Normal Subgroup Growth

Let $F$ be a free group on $d$ generators. Denote by $F_{k}$ the $k$-th term in $F$'s derived series. Put $G = F/F_k$. What is the normal subgroup growth of $G$? Explicitly, for each natural number ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...
17
votes
1answer
974 views

How to prove that every polynomial in an infinite family is irreducible over Q?

Consider the bivariate polynomial $$p(X,Y) = X^5 - (2 Y + 1) X^3 - (Y^2 + 2) X^2 + Y (Y-1) X + Y^3.$$ For every integer $y \ge 4$, I conjecture that $p(X,y)$ is irreducible in $\mathbb{Q}[X]$. How can ...
11
votes
2answers
257 views

Algorithms in hyperbolic groups

I'm stuck in some algorithms in hyperbolic groups, which may be rather simple. Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group given by a finite presentation. It is known that the hyperbolicity constant $\delta$ can ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

H S class operator and its equality

$A \in S(K)$ iff $A$ is a subalgebra of some member of $K$ $A \in H(K)$ iff $A$ is a homomorphic image of some member of $K$ It is trivial to see the containment $SH \leq HS$. Taking a simple ...
4
votes
2answers
244 views

Simple groups and words

Let S be a finite simple nonabelian group, w a word in a finite number of variables which is not a power of another word. Must there be a substitution of elements of S in w such that the resulting ...
4
votes
2answers
244 views

Schreier's index formula

A finitely generated group G is said to satisfy Schreier's index formula if for every subgroup H of index k in G we have: d(H) - 1 = k(d(G) - 1). For example, a finitely generated free group satisfies ...
10
votes
0answers
222 views

$2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups of index $4$ with non-isomorphic quotients

Hypothesis: Let $P$ be a finite $2$-group with two isomorphic normal subgroups $M$ and $N$ such that $P/M\cong C_4$ (the cyclic group of order $4$) while $P/N\cong C_2^2$. By the lattice theorem, ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Relations between Arboreal Group Theory and Tree Group Actions?

By a tree group action, we mean an action of a group $G$ over the infinite regular binary tree $T_2$ such that for each $g \in G$, the mapping $x \rightarrow g.x$ is an automorphism of $T_2$; these ...
4
votes
0answers
135 views

The Alexander-Conway polynomial: from knots to braids?

The Alexander-Conway polynomial was the first knot invariant to be discovered, as far back as 1923 according to this link. Given that knots can be expressed in terms of quasi-toric braid closures, it ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Isometry group of an integer as of the corresponding $\Omega(n)$-parallelotope

Let $\prod_{i}p_{i}^{a_{i}}$ be the prime factorization of a positive integer $n$ and let's consider the $\Omega(n)$-parallelotope built with, for all $i\in I$, $a_{i}$ pairwise orthogonal vectors of ...
9
votes
0answers
218 views

Non split extension isomorphic (as a group) to a split extension

$\def\Z{\mathbb{Z}}$ Let $A$ be a finite abelian group and $G$ a finite group acting on $A$. Then the extension $0 \to A \to E \to G \to 1$ is splits if and only if the corresponding $2$-cocycle is ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Embedding a linearly ordered free monoid into a linearly ordered group

A linearly ordered (shortly, l.o.) monoid is a triple $\mathbb M = (M, \cdot, \le)$ for which $(M, \cdot)$ is a (multiplicatively written) monoid and $\le$ is a total order on $M$ such that $xy < ...
7
votes
4answers
525 views

Conjugation Quandles and… “Quandle-Groups”? From quandles to Groups

This question is already asked MathSE A quandle $(Q,*,/ )$ is a idempotent right-distributive and right invertible structure. 1) $a*a=a$ 2) $(a*b)*c=(a*c)*(b*c)$ 3) $(a*b) ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

automorphism of finitly generated group

Let G be a finitely generated group , then can we say that the group of automorphisms of G is also finitely generated .If yes what is the relation between the number of generators.If not under what ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Two $p$-groups whose automorphism groups have isomorphic Sylow $p$-subgroups

Fix a prime $p$, and let $M$ be the unique nonabelian group of order $p^3$ and exponent $p$. Let us denote by $E_n$ the elementary abelian group of rank $n$. Is it true that $\operatorname{Aut}(M ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

On generating Euler Square of index q, q-1 (where q is any prime power)

Can somebody help me in generating Euler Square of index q, q-1 (where q is any prime power). Also, kidly tell me if there is any code availeble for generating the stated Euler Square. The details of ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Control of $p$-extensions by subgroups of index coprime to $p$

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $M$ be a $G$-module that is a finite abelian $p$-group. Suppose we have extensions $1 \rightarrow M \rightarrow E_1 \rightarrow G \rightarrow 1$ and $1 ...
1
vote
2answers
217 views

Lattices in general totally disconnected locally compact groups

Besides automorphism groups of trees and buildings, I was wondering if the lattices in general totally disconnected locally compact groups have been studied in the literature? I appreciate if you ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

Reduction of different RG lattices to kG modules

Every book on modular representation theory of finite groups introduces p-modular systems and describes how to reduce an ordinary representation $U$ to obtain one in characteristic p (call it ...
0
votes
0answers
102 views

Orbits of stabilizer of two points in a 2-transitive permutation group

I was doing something which needs to know sizes of all orbits of the stabilizer of two points in a 2-transitive permutation group. Since all 2-transitive permutation groups are known ans so are their ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

Group extensions isomorphic as groups

Let $G$ be a group and $A$ a $G$-module. It well know that there is a group isomorphism between the second cohomologoy group $H^2(G,A)$ and the abelian group $OpExt(G,A)$ of classes of extension ...
0
votes
0answers
145 views

Induced graphs of cayley graph

I have a Cayley graph $Cay(G,S)$, its group presentation $G=< S | R >$ and it is a metric graph by assigning a length equal to 1 to each edge. I also have an induced subgraph of that Cayley ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

An equivariant Hahn Embedding Theorem?

The Hahn Embedding Theorem asserts that for any (linearly) ordered abelian group $\Lambda$, there exists a linearly ordered indexing set $\Omega$ such that $\Lambda$ admits an order-preserving group ...
5
votes
1answer
253 views

In which fixed-point free representations is the sum of every 3 elements invertible?

A representation $\rho:G\to GL_k(\mathbb{F})$ is called fixed-point free if for every $1\neq g\in G$ and every $0\neq v\in \mathbb{F}^k$, $\rho(g)v\neq v$. Stated differently, it is a representation ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

Primitive, non-2-transitive groups with very large orbitals?

Let $G$ be a transitive permutation group on a set $X$ with $n$ elements. Assume that $G$ is primitive, i.e., $G$ preserves no non-trivial partition of $X$. Assume as well that $G$ is not ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

On the Complement of a subgroup

This question was asked in http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/729648. Since I did not get any answer I am asking it here. In an answer in Mathoverflow I see an answer but I could not ...
15
votes
1answer
387 views

Finite groups $G$ so that $G$ has exactly two subgroups of a given order

Is there a finite group $G$ and a divisor $d$ of $|G|$ so that $G$ contains exactly two subgroups of order $d$? The motivation for this question is an old qual problem (see ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Criterion for a subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$ to be Fuchsian

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated subgroup of $PSL_2(\mathbb R)$. I'm looking for effective criteria (idealy necessary and sufficient but just necessary would be a good start) ensuring that ...