Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

**8**

votes

**0**answers

232 views

### Sets which are unions of translates of each other but aren't single translates

I'm a hobbyist mathematician so any question I ask here might be at risk of closure. I hope this one is good enough, but I'm not sure. This is a continuation of two questions I asked on ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

741 views

### What makes the amenability of Thompsons group $F$ such a tricky problem?

An open problem that seems to get a lot of attention every once in a while is the amenability of Thompsons group $F$.
The problem seems to generate both proofs and disproofs at a fairly high rate, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Checking if a multiplication table represents a group [duplicate]

Given an $n \times n$ multiplication table,
can one check if it represents a group in $o(n^3)$ time?
All properties can be checked by mindless try-all possibilities loops:
Whether there is an ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

141 views

### Speed and absence of non-constant bounded harmonic functions

For a (symmetric) random walks on countable groups generated by $\mu$, there is a "brute-force computation" argument of Avez (1974) that shows that if the entropy $h_\mu$ is trivial then there are no ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

253 views

### Can groups of twice-odd order have quaternionic representations?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\phi\colon G\to \mathrm{GL}_d(\mathbb C)$ be an irreducible representation, with character $\chi$. Recall that
$\phi$ is complex type if $\chi$ is not real-valued,
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### A lemma on verbal conjugacy classes in groups

I'm reading an article whose title is "On Groups With Finite Verbal Conjugacy Classes". Adapting their notations, the authors propose the following lemma.
Let $w$ be a concise word and $G$ a group ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### torsion free for the 2nd cohomology group?

Let $G$ denotes an infinite coutable discrete group with Kazhdan's property (T),
My question is:
is it known that the 2nd cohomology group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$ is torsion free?
Thanks in advance!
...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Vertex-primitive graphs with two vertices having almost the same neighbourhood

Hypothesis: Let $\Gamma$ be a vertex-primitive graph with two vertices $u$ and $v$ such that $$|N(u) \cap N(v)|=|N(v)|-1$$
Question: Is it true that $\Gamma$ must either be a complete graph or have ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

115 views

### Explicitly showing that a free group is LERF [closed]

Let $F$ be a free group on a finite set $X$, and let $M$ be a finitely generated subgroup.
Marshall Hall's theorem states that $M$ is closed in the profinite topology on $F$. That is, $M$ is the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### All $2$-designs arising from the action of the affine linear group on the field of prime order

Let $p$ be a prime and $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denote as usual the field of order $p$. Let $AL(p)$ be the affine linear group $\{x\mapsto ax+b \;|\; a\in \mathbb{Z}_p\setminus \{0\}, b\in\mathbb{Z}_p\}$. For a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### Hall subgroups of general linear group

Let $q=p^k$ for some prime $p$, and let $GL_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$ be the group of invertible matrices over the finite field of $q$ elements. If $\pi$ is the set of primes not equal to $p$, does ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

403 views

### Why is Klein's representation of $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_7)$ hard to obtain?

In his famous article [1] Klein constructs a representation of $G=PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_7)$ in $\mathbb{C}^3$ (of which the first invariant polynomial of three variables gives rise to the famous Klein's ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

457 views

### Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$
with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$.
One possible definition for the ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

387 views

### Lucido's three prime lemma

Let G be a finite solvable group. If p,q,r are distinct primes dividing |G|, then G contains an element of order the product of two of these three primes.
This is lucido's three prime lemma. I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### A Karrass-Solitar or Ivanov-Schupp for profinite groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free profinite group, $H \leq_c F$ finitely generated with $[F:H] = \infty$. Must there be some $\{1\} \neq N \lhd_c F$ such that $N \cap H = \{1\}$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### on lifting extensions

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected and $T$ a maximal torus over an algebraically field $k$.
We consider a extension $\tilde{T}$ of the maximal torus $T$ by a torus ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### New relator in hurwitz group

I have found that $([a,b]^2[a,b^2])^n$ is a good relator to use in my search for quotients of $G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^{10} \rangle$. For n<=5 $H := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Outer automorphisms of direct product of residually finite groups

Let $A,B$ be finite generated residually finite groups such that $\mathop{Out}(A)$ and $\mathop{Out}(B)$ are residually finite.
Is $\mathop{Out}(A\times B)$ residually finite?
If not, what is the ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

352 views

### Normal Covering of a Finite Group

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $N_1, N_2, \cdots, N_k$ are proper normal subgroups of $G$. The set $\{ N_1, \cdots, N_k\}$ is called a normal cover for $G$, if $G = \cup_{i=1}^kN_i$. I need to the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### endoscopy and simply connectedness

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected over a local field $F$.
Let $\hat{G}$ be its Langlands dual, $s$ a semisimple element in $\hat{G}$ and $\hat{H}=\hat{G}_{s}$.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Thin profinite groups - nonabelian analogues of p-adic integers

Let $p$ be a prime number, $S = C_p$ a cyclic group of order $p$, $G = \mathbb{Z}_p$ the profinite additive group of $p$-adic integers. It is well known that all the closed nontrivial subgroups of $G$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Which groups are LERF?

A finitely generated group $G$ is called LERF if every finitely generated $H \leq G$ is closed in the profinite topology on $G$ (equivalently, there is a family of finite index subgroups of $G$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Marshall Hall's theorem for surface groups [closed]

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$, that is we have a presentation: $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1,y_1 \dots, x_g,y_g \vert \prod_{i = 1}^g [x_i,y_i] = 1\rangle$$
Let $H \leq \Gamma_g$ ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### When is a group Fibonacci sequence contained in a single conjugacy class?

First a definition: a Fibonacci sequence in a group is a sequence in which the first two elements may be arbitrary, and from there on each element is a product (using the group operation) of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

23 views

### Central automorphisms of groups act transitively on Krull-Schmidt decompositions

(Cross posted from math.SE)
I'm looking for a modern reference to the subject line, preferably one that doesn't use Ore's generalizations to modular lattices.
To clarify terminology...
Suppose we ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### a question about minimal non-abelian groups

Let $G$ be a minimal non-abelian group with cyclic Sylow $p$-subgroup $P$ and normal Sylow $q$-subgroup $Q$ , see [ Huppert, Endlich Gruppen I, Aufgaben III, 5.14].
My quesion is, if there is another ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

949 views

### Is a group uniquely determined by the sets $\{ab,ba\}$ for each pair of elements a and b?

This is a cross-posted question, originally active here on math.stackexchange.
For a given group $G=(S,\cdot)$ with underlying set $S$, consider the function
$$
F_G:S\times ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### What is God's number for the WrapSlide puzzle?

WrapSlide is a slide-puzzle (reminding of Rubik's Cube) consisting of a 6x6 grid of coloured tiles which are separated into four quadrants of 3x3 tiles. When it is unmixed all the tiles in a quadrant ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Which finite p-groups occur as commutators of finite p-groups?

Let $p$ be a prime number. For which finite $p$-groups $H$ there is a finite $p$-group $G$ such that $[G,G] \cong H$?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How can I have a copy of this old paper by Frobenius?

How can I have a copy of this old paper and a translation of it?
Frobenius, G. (1902). Uber primitive Gruppen des Grades n und der Klasse n - 1. S. B. Akad. Berlin 1902, 455-459.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Anti-Invariant Polynomials of the Dihedral group

I'm interested in the one-dimensional irreducible representations of $D_{2n}$ acting on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$. I have found that the trivial representations for an algebra freely generated by $x^2+y^2$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### What version of the wreath product embedding theorem is actually stated in the famous paper of Kaloujnine and Krasner?

This question is inspired by Terry Tao's blog post and the comments there. I have always cited M. Krasner and L. Kaloujnine, "Produit complet des groupes de permutations et le problème d'extension de ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

249 views

### Normal subgroup lattice of the group $U_{6n}$

I need to find the normal subgroup lattice of the group $U_{6n} = \langle a,b | a^{2n} = b^ 3= 1, a^{-1}ba = b^{-1}\rangle$. To the best of my knowledge this group was introduced at first by GORDON ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Center of one-point stabilizer in 2-transitive groups

In this MO question it was mentioned that the following fact seems to be true:
If $G$ is doubly transitive on $X$ and the one-point stabilizer $G_x$ has a
non-trivial center, then $G$ is of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### On a problem of Berkovich

What is the real history of the following problem proposed by Berkovich [Y. Berkovich, Z.Janko, Groups of prime power order. Volume 2, Expositions in Mathematics, 56, Walter de Gruyter, New York, ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

303 views

### Does a classification of simultaneous conjugacy classes in a product of symmetric groups exist?

Let the symmetric group $S_n$ on $n$ letters act on $S_n^d=S_n\times\cdots\times S_n$ by simultaneous conjugation, i.e. $\pi\in S_n$ acts on $(\sigma_1,\ldots,\sigma_d)\in S_n^d$ by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

152 views

### Homomorphisms from irreducible spaces to reducible spaces

Let $P_{\lambda}$ be a Young symmetriser associated to the following tableau $(a_1 a_2 a_3 b_3 ; b_1 b_2)$ where the entries seperated by the ; belong to first and second COLUMNS of the tableau. Take ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

117 views

### Unipotent representations of SL(2,R) by quantization

I'm a PhD student in mathematical physics and I happen to need some elements of Kirillov's "orbit method" for producing representations of Lie groups. I'm familiar with symplectic geometry, geometric ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### discrete group cohomology vs continuous group cohomology for profinite groups

Let $G$ be a profinite group and $M$ be a finite $G$-module. I can compute the cohomology of $G$ with coefficients in $M$ either as a topological group or as a discrete group. There is an obvious map ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### Milnor-Wolf result on growth of solvable groups

The Milnor-Wolf theorem says that any solvable group has either polynomial or exponential growth. I wonder about the existence of alternative proofs of this fact. I have an impression that the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Boersma and Glasser formula

In http://iopscience.iop.org/0305-4470/38/8/005 (A differentiation formula for spherical Bessel functions) Boersma and Glasser proved the following interesting formula ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

126 views

### Can monomial representations induced from nonmonomial representations?

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. Let $\rho$ be an irr representation of $G$ induced from an irr representation $\theta$ of $H$. It is well known that $\rho$ is monomial if $\theta$ is monomial. Is it ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

360 views

### Non-isomorphic groups such that there are epis from one to another [closed]

Are there (infinite) non-isomorphic groups $G, H$ such that there are surjective group homomorphisms $f: G\to H$ and $g: H\to G$?

**14**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### Partitions of ${\rm Sym}(\mathbb{N})$ induced by convergent, but not absolutely convergent series

Let $(a_n) \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence such that the series
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges, but does not converge absolutely.
Then there is a partition of the symmetric group ${\rm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

165 views

### Two questions about axiomatic rank of groups

Let $G$ be a group and $V=Var(G)$ be the variety generated by $G$. Suppose the axiomatic rank of $V$ is $n$. Let $Id(V)$ be the set of all identities of $V$.
1- Can we say that every element of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Minimum word length for an unusual set of generators of the symmetric group

Problem. Let $n\geq 2$ and let $T$ be the set of all permutations in $S_n$ of the form
$$t_k:=\prod_{1\leq i\leq k/2}(i,k-i) \qquad \hbox{for $k=3,4,\ldots,n+1$}.$$
Find the least integer ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Subgroups of one-relator groups

I know that not every finitely-presented group may be embedded into a one-relator group, for example because of a theorem of Magnus stating that the word problem is solvable in one-relator groups. But ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### When is Aut(G) the symmetric group of an Aut(G)-invariant generating set?

Let $G$ be a group, $X$ a generating set of $G$. Suppose $X$ is $\operatorname{Aut}(G)$-invariant, i.e. $\sigma(X)\subseteq X$ for all $\sigma \in \operatorname{Aut}(G)$. When is the restriction ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### Reference request for generalization of groups with out identity element?

In other words what do we call a magma which is associative and has divisibility property but not existence of identity? Or a groupoid when it loses the identity property?
A reference on such ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

210 views

### Equivalence classes of (2,3)-pairs in PSL(2,q)

This may not be a research-level question, which is why I submitted it to math.stackexchange first, but so far the question there has barely been viewed, let alone answered. Apologies if submitting it ...