Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

**10**

votes

**3**answers

445 views

### Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$
with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$.
One possible definition for the ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

381 views

### Lucido's three prime lemma

Let G be a finite solvable group. If p,q,r are distinct primes dividing |G|, then G contains an element of order the product of two of these three primes.
This is lucido's three prime lemma. I ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

74 views

### A Karrass-Solitar or Ivanov-Schupp for profinite groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free profinite group, $H \leq_c F$ finitely generated with $[F:H] = \infty$. Must there be some $\{1\} \neq N \lhd_c F$ such that $N \cap H = \{1\}$?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### on lifting extensions

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected and $T$ a maximal torus over an algebraically field $k$.
We consider a extension $\tilde{T}$ of the maximal torus $T$ by a torus ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### New relator in hurwitz group

I have found that $([a,b]^2[a,b^2])^n$ is a good relator to use in my search for quotients of $G := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, b^3, (ab)^7, [a,b]^{10} \rangle$. For n<=5 $H := \langle a, b \ | \ a^2, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

94 views

### Outer automorphisms of direct product of residually finite groups

Let $A,B$ be finite generated residually finite groups such that $\mathop{Out}(A)$ and $\mathop{Out}(B)$ are residually finite.
Is $\mathop{Out}(A\times B)$ residually finite?
If not, what is the ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

338 views

### Normal Covering of a Finite Group

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $N_1, N_2, \cdots, N_k$ are proper normal subgroups of $G$. The set $\{ N_1, \cdots, N_k\}$ is called a normal cover for $G$, if $G = \cup_{i=1}^kN_i$. I need to the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### endoscopy and simply connectedness

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group with $G_{der}$ simply connected over a local field $F$.
Let $\hat{G}$ be its Langlands dual, $s$ a semisimple element in $\hat{G}$ and $\hat{H}=\hat{G}_{s}$.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Thin profinite groups - nonabelian analogues of p-adic integers

Let $p$ be a prime number, $S = C_p$ a cyclic group of order $p$, $G = \mathbb{Z}_p$ the profinite additive group of $p$-adic integers. It is well known that all the closed nontrivial subgroups of $G$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Which groups are LERF?

A finitely generated group $G$ is called LERF if every finitely generated $H \leq G$ is closed in the profinite topology on $G$ (equivalently, there is a family of finite index subgroups of $G$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Marshall Hall's theorem for surface groups [closed]

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$, that is we have a presentation: $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1,y_1 \dots, x_g,y_g \vert \prod_{i = 1}^g [x_i,y_i] = 1\rangle$$
Let $H \leq \Gamma_g$ ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### When is a group Fibonacci sequence contained in a single conjugacy class?

First a definition: a Fibonacci sequence in a group is a sequence in which the first two elements may be arbitrary, and from there on each element is a product (using the group operation) of the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

23 views

### Central automorphisms of groups act transitively on Krull-Schmidt decompositions

(Cross posted from math.SE)
I'm looking for a modern reference to the subject line, preferably one that doesn't use Ore's generalizations to modular lattices.
To clarify terminology...
Suppose we ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### a question about minimal non-abelian groups

Let $G$ be a minimal non-abelian group with cyclic Sylow $p$-subgroup $P$ and normal Sylow $q$-subgroup $Q$ , see [ Huppert, Endlich Gruppen I, Aufgaben III, 5.14].
My quesion is, if there is another ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

929 views

### Is a group uniquely determined by the sets $\{ab,ba\}$ for each pair of elements a and b?

This is a cross-posted question, originally active here on math.stackexchange.
For a given group $G=(S,\cdot)$ with underlying set $S$, consider the function
$$
F_G:S\times ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### What is God's number for the WrapSlide puzzle?

WrapSlide is a slide-puzzle (reminding of Rubik's Cube) consisting of a 6x6 grid of coloured tiles which are separated into four quadrants of 3x3 tiles. When it is unmixed all the tiles in a quadrant ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Which finite p-groups occur as commutators of finite p-groups?

Let $p$ be a prime number. For which finite $p$-groups $H$ there is a finite $p$-group $G$ such that $[G,G] \cong H$?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### How can I have a copy of this old paper by Frobenius?

How can I have a copy of this old paper and a translation of it?
Frobenius, G. (1902). Uber primitive Gruppen des Grades n und der Klasse n - 1. S. B. Akad. Berlin 1902, 455-459.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

38 views

### Anti-Invariant Polynomials of the Dihedral group

I'm interested in the one-dimensional irreducible representations of $D_{2n}$ acting on $\mathbb{R}[x,y]$. I have found that the trivial representations for an algebra freely generated by $x^2+y^2$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### What version of the wreath product embedding theorem is actually stated in the famous paper of Kaloujnine and Krasner?

This question is inspired by Terry Tao's blog post and the comments there. I have always cited M. Krasner and L. Kaloujnine, "Produit complet des groupes de permutations et le problème d'extension de ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Normal subgroup lattice of the group $U_{6n}$

I need to find the normal subgroup lattice of the group $U_{6n} = \langle a,b | a^{2n} = b^ 3= 1, a^{-1}ba = b^{-1}\rangle$. To the best of my knowledge this group was introduced at first by GORDON ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Center of one-point stabilizer in 2-transitive groups

In this MO question it was mentioned that the following fact seems to be true:
If $G$ is doubly transitive on $X$ and the one-point stabilizer $G_x$ has a
non-trivial center, then $G$ is of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### On a problem of Berkovich

What is the real history of the following problem proposed by Berkovich [Y. Berkovich, Z.Janko, Groups of prime power order. Volume 2, Expositions in Mathematics, 56, Walter de Gruyter, New York, ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

301 views

### Does a classification of simultaneous conjugacy classes in a product of symmetric groups exist?

Let the symmetric group $S_n$ on $n$ letters act on $S_n^d=S_n\times\cdots\times S_n$ by simultaneous conjugation, i.e. $\pi\in S_n$ acts on $(\sigma_1,\ldots,\sigma_d)\in S_n^d$ by ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

149 views

### Homomorphisms from irreducible spaces to reducible spaces

Let $P_{\lambda}$ be a Young symmetriser associated to the following tableau $(a_1 a_2 a_3 b_3 ; b_1 b_2)$ where the entries seperated by the ; belong to first and second COLUMNS of the tableau. Take ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Unipotent representations of SL(2,R) by quantization

I'm a PhD student in mathematical physics and I happen to need some elements of Kirillov's "orbit method" for producing representations of Lie groups. I'm familiar with symplectic geometry, geometric ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### discrete group cohomology vs continuous group cohomology for profinite groups

Let $G$ be a profinite group and $M$ be a finite $G$-module. I can compute the cohomology of $G$ with coefficients in $M$ either as a topological group or as a discrete group. There is an obvious map ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### Milnor-Wolf result on growth of solvable groups

The Milnor-Wolf theorem says that any solvable group has either polynomial or exponential growth. I wonder about the existence of alternative proofs of this fact. I have an impression that the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Boersma and Glasser formula

In http://iopscience.iop.org/0305-4470/38/8/005 (A differentiation formula for spherical Bessel functions) Boersma and Glasser proved the following interesting formula ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

124 views

### Can monomial representations induced from nonmonomial representations?

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$. Let $\rho$ be an irr representation of $G$ induced from an irr representation $\theta$ of $H$. It is well known that $\rho$ is monomial if $\theta$ is monomial. Is it ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

360 views

### Non-isomorphic groups such that there are epis from one to another [closed]

Are there (infinite) non-isomorphic groups $G, H$ such that there are surjective group homomorphisms $f: G\to H$ and $g: H\to G$?

**14**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Partitions of ${\rm Sym}(\mathbb{N})$ induced by convergent, but not absolutely convergent series

Let $(a_n) \subset \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence such that the series
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ converges, but does not converge absolutely.
Then there is a partition of the symmetric group ${\rm ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

163 views

### Two questions about axiomatic rank of groups

Let $G$ be a group and $V=Var(G)$ be the variety generated by $G$. Suppose the axiomatic rank of $V$ is $n$. Let $Id(V)$ be the set of all identities of $V$.
1- Can we say that every element of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Minimum word length for an unusual set of generators of the symmetric group

Problem. Let $n\geq 2$ and let $T$ be the set of all permutations in $S_n$ of the form
$$t_k:=\prod_{1\leq i\leq k/2}(i,k-i) \qquad \hbox{for $k=3,4,\ldots,n+1$}.$$
Find the least integer ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Subgroups of one-relator groups

I know that not every finitely-presented group may be embedded into a one-relator group, for example because of a theorem of Magnus stating that the word problem is solvable in one-relator groups. But ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### When is Aut(G) the symmetric group of an Aut(G)-invariant generating set?

Let $G$ be a group, $X$ a generating set of $G$. Suppose $X$ is $\operatorname{Aut}(G)$-invariant, i.e. $\sigma(X)\subseteq X$ for all $\sigma \in \operatorname{Aut}(G)$. When is the restriction ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### Reference request for generalization of groups with out identity element?

In other words what do we call a magma which is associative and has divisibility property but not existence of identity? Or a groupoid when it loses the identity property?
A reference on such ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

208 views

### Equivalence classes of (2,3)-pairs in PSL(2,q)

This may not be a research-level question, which is why I submitted it to math.stackexchange first, but so far the question there has barely been viewed, let alone answered. Apologies if submitting it ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Detecting invertible elements in group rings by their images for finite quotients of the group

Let $G$ be a "nice" infinite group: at least finitely presented and residually finite, maybe also linear and right-orderable (or even bi-orderable, or residually free nilpotent).
Consider an element ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Number of double cosets of a Young subgroup

Let $\lambda\vdash n$ be a partition of $n$ with $k$ parts and $S_\lambda$ be a Young subgroup of $S_n$.
Further let $S_\lambda\backslash S_n/ S_\lambda$ be the set of double-cosets. Now I would like ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Not too classical group characters

When teaching group theory, one has too speak of characters, which are morphisms $\chi:G\rightarrow k^\times$ into the multiplicative group of a field $k$ (mind that I don't mean representation ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### What is the minimal girth of a two-generator cayley graph for Alt(n) in which the girth relator is not a proper power?

First, a definition: a girth relator for a Cayley graph is a word that you get by reading the edge labels along a shortest loop. The girth relator is not usually unique, though it is often unique up ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Is the centralizer $Z_G(A)=\{g\in G| a g= g a\}$ of a finite $A\subset G$ connected for a connected compact Lie group?

Let $G$ be a connected compact Lie group, consider the left/right action on itself.
For any finite $A\subset G$, consider the centralizer
$Z_G(A):=\{g\in G| a g= g a\}$.
Q: is $Z_G(A)$ a connected ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Bases of surface groups with length restrictions

This question asks for a generalization of Bases of surface groups following the notation and definitions given therein.
Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$, $B$ a surface basis of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### What do we know about isospectral Cayley graphs?

Let $\Gamma_1=\Gamma_1(G_1,S_1)$ (respectively $\Gamma_2=\Gamma_2(G_2,S_2)$) be a Cayley graph for the group $G_1$ and the finite generating set $S_1$ (respectively $G_2$ and the finite generating set ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

207 views

### A generalization of real characters on a group

Yesterday I understood that I can't live without this construction:
Let $G$ be a group, $A$ an associative algebra over $\mathbb R$ and $n\in{\mathbb N}$. We consider a sequence of maps ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Is inner product preserved only by the stabiliser in a finite reflection group?

Is the following statement true for finite reflection groups?
Let $G$ be a finite reflection group acting on $\mathbb{R}^n$, let $x, y\in \mathbb{R}^n$
and let $z$ be in the orbit of $y$. If ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

463 views

### Galois groups and prescribed ramification

What is known about finite groups $G$ for which there exists a Galois extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}$ ramified only at $2$ such that $\text{Gal}(K/\mathbb{Q}) \cong G$ ? More generally, which groups can ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Subdirectly irreducible groups

A group is subdirectly irreducible provided it has a least nontrivial normal subgroup. Subdirectly irreducible groups are also referred to as monolithic groups in the literature. Every simple group is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### On the realization of a compact surface as a leaf of an analytic foliation

Let $S$ be a compact orientable surface of genus $g \geq 2$. Is there any transversely real (or complex) analytic codimension one foliation $\mathcal{F}$ such that $\mathcal{F}$ has $S$ as a leaf with ...