Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

**9**

votes

**0**answers

188 views

### Cohomology of central extensions of groups

Let G be a central extension of a finite group H by $Z/2$. I need an explicit description of the differentials $d_2$ and $d_3$ in the Lyndon-Hochschild-Serre spectral sequence which converges to the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### How to enumerate a discrete group of matrices by their Frobenius norm?

Suppose I have a discrete group $G<\mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{C})$,
and it is finitely generated by some known generators.
That is, $G=\langle g_1,\dots,g_n\rangle$.
The Frobenius norm of a matrix ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

189 views

### What are the finite subgroups of $\operatorname{Sp}_{2n}(\mathbb{Z})$?

I've read the following question:
Finite subgroups of ${\rm SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ (reference request)
and it made me wonder. It's easy to see that ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Braid group: Can a left-twist increase the number of right twists?

Disclaimer: This question was first posted on math.se without any answer.
This is something that naturally occurs in my research, but I am no expert on this - it feels like a natural question so I am ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### The relationship between $p$-solvable Group and solvable group [closed]

Can anyone please tell me The relationship between $p$-solvable Group
and solvable group.and find an example of a $p$-solvable group that is not solvable group or vice-versa.

**7**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### A “direct” proof that hyperbolic groups are not amenable

I am looking for a proof that a finitely generated hyperbolic groups is non-amenable [unless it is virtually cyclic] which is as "metric/combinatoric" as possible.
Here are the two proofs I am aware ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### A decomposition of $w_0$ which is similar to the reduced decomposition

Some basic definitions about reduced decomposition:
In the symmetric group $S_n$, let $s_i$ denote the adjacent transposition $(i,i+1),i\in \{1,2,\cdots,n-1\}.$ Since $S_n$ is generated by adjacent ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### A question on the commutativity degree of the monoid of subsets of a finite group

The commutativity degree $d(G)$ of a finite group $G$ is defined as the ratio
$$\frac{|\{(x,y)\in G^2 | xy=yx\}|}{|G|^2}.$$It is well known that $d(G)\leq5/8$ for any finite non-abelian group $G$. If ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

105 views

### Any analysis on phase of eigenvalue of unitary matrix?

I understand that there are invariant Haar measure for eigenvalues of unitary matrix. I further understand that absolute value of eigenvalues of unitary matrix is 1. But, I could not find any analysis ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### Is the absolute Galois group the same as the automorphism group? [closed]

Is the absolute Galois group $\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}}|\mathbf{Q})$ the same as the group $\mathrm{Aut}_{\mathbf{Q}}(\overline{\mathbf{Q}})$ the automorphism group in the category of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

436 views

### For a ring R, does $GL_n(R)$ embed into $GL_m(F)$ for some field F?

Suppose $R$ is a noncommutative ring. What is the sufficient and necessary condition for $GL_n(R)$ embedding into $GL_m(F)$ for some field $F$?
In particular, what if $R$ is the group ring ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Embedding a cancellative monoid into another in such a way that $|X-x|=|X|$, where $X$ is a fixed finite set and $x\in X$

Preliminaries.
Let $\mathbb A = (A, +)$ be a possibly non-commutative semigroup. For $X, Y \subseteq A$ we set
$$
X - Y := \{a \in A: a + y \in X\text{ for some }y \in Y\},
$$
which is just the usual ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### free subgroups of the fundamental group of nonorientable surfaces

Sorry for this possibly trivial or stupid question, but I'm very far from being an expert in Algebra.
Let G be the fundamental group of the nonorientable surface of even rank n=2k (n generators, 2n ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Embedding a cancellative monoid into another in such a way that a prescribed element becomes left-invertible

Let $\mathbb A = (A, +_A)$ be a cancellative, but possibly non-commutative, monoid with identity $0$, and fix an element $x \in A$. Does there always exist a cancellative monoid $\mathbb B = (B, +)$ ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Does the Fano plane “embed” in the complex projective plane?

$PSL(2,7)$ acts on the projective plane over $\mathbb{F}_2$ (the Fano plane) through its identification with $GL(3,2)$. It also acts on the projective plane over $\mathbb{C}$ through either of its ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

123 views

### Which conjectures are proved for sofic groups? [closed]

Which conjectures about groups are resolved in case of sofic groups?
I know two examples:
Kaplansky's direct finiteness conjecture (proved by Gabor Elek).
Some versions of Ornstein's isomorphism ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

559 views

### Identities of commutators

Let $G$ be a group and set $[x,y]:= x^{-1}y^{-1}xy$ as usual and consider it as a binary operation.
Question: Is there a description of the identities that the operation $[.,.]$ satisfies for all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Infinite Hirsch length [closed]

Can a residually finite group $G \in LFin \rtimes VPoly$ ($G$ is a semi-direct product of a locally finite group by a virtually polycyclic group) have an infinite Hirsch length?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Mixed up by definitions of mildly mixing

Here are two setup where the notion of "mildly mixing" comes up: for representations and for group acting by measure preserving transformations (see definitions below). Since a natural class of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### p-groups such that the center is contained in many cyclic subgroups

I'm looking for examples of $p$-groups $G$ with the following three properties:
the center of $G$ is $\mathbb{Z}/p$, and
$G^{\text{ab}} = (\mathbb{Z}/p)^n$ for some $n$, and
for every $g \in G$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Matrix representation of the Heisenberg quaternionic group

Equiped with the law $(a,b,c)\circ (a',b',c') = (a + a', b + b', c + c' + ab'),$ the matrix representation of the Heisenberg group $H^3= \mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ is given by
$$
\begin{pmatrix}
1 ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

701 views

### Simplicity of $A_n.$

I am teaching an introductory group theory course, and it has come to the inevitable proof that $A_n$ is simple for $n\geq 5.$ Now, there seem to be a number of proofs that I can find - one the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### On the structure of groups according to their conjugacy classes

A finite group $G$ satisfies property $P_n$ if for every prime integer $p$, $G$ has at most $(n-1)$ non-central conjugacy classes the order of the representative element of which is a multiple of $p$. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Cocycle condition for 2-groups

I know that if $\omega_d(g_1, \ldots, g_d)$ is an d-cocycle characterized by $H^d(G,U(1))$, it satisfies the co-cycle condition
$(d\omega_d)(g_1, \ldots, g_{d+1}) = g_1.\omega_d(g_2,\ldots,g_{d+1}) + ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

92 views

### Exponent of the quotient of the commutator of a free group

Let $F$ be a free group on two generators, let $F^p$ denote the normal subgroup of $F$ generated by the $p$-th power, $p$ a prime. Do we know anything about the exponent of $[F,F]/[F^p,F]$.
Edit: ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Mal'cev completions of finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent groups

There is some question from geometric group theory:
One wonders if the following conditions are equivalent for finitely generated torsion-free nilpotent groups $\Gamma$ and $\Lambda$:
$\Gamma$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Have locally principal crossed homomorphisms been studied?

Take a (multiplicative finite) group $H$ acting on the left (by automorphisms) on an (additive finite) abelian group $A$, and recall that the abelian (additive) group of crossed homomorphisms from $H$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Need a good name for an algorithmic problem in groups that generalizes the conjugacy problem

I am looking for a good name for the following problem:
Given elements $g_1,\dotsc,g_n$ in a (finitely generated) group $G$, determine if the product of their conjugacy classes $g_1^G\dotsb g_n^G$ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

64 views

### Character kernels in the lattice of subgroups of a finite abelian group

I am looking for any efforts that have been made to characterize the character kernels (equivalently, the subgroups yielding cyclic quotients) inside the lattice of subgroups of a finite abelian ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

173 views

### Semidirect product of semidirect products

For algebraic objects, say for groups $ N,K$ and algebra $A$, if we have the semidirect product of a semidirect product,
$(A \rtimes_{\gamma} N ) \rtimes_{\theta} K$, are there conditions that would ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### generalized word problem

If $H$ is a finitely generated subgroup of $G$ and if $H$ given by say a finite set
of words which generate it, then the generalized word problem for $H$ in $G$
is the problem of deciding for an ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### What does the unique mean on weakly almost periodic functions look like?

There is a unique invariant mean $m$ on WAP functions on any discrete group (see definitions below, theorem of ?). However, the proofs I found are fairly non-explicit on how to obtain this invariant ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

304 views

### Is $[729,57]$ a Sylow $3$-subgroup of some well-known group?

Let $G$ be the group $[729,57]$, using GAP's notation. I have so far two descriptions of the group:
a presentation
an embedding (not surjective!) of the group into a Sylow $3$-subgroup of the unit ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

191 views

### Finite groups $G$ satisfying property $P_n$

A finite group $G$ satisfies property $P_n$ if for every prime integer $p$, $G$ has at most $(n−1)$ non-central conjugacy classes the order of the representative element of which is a multiple of $p$. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### 'Accidental' isomorphisms for $Spin^C(n)$

The complex spin groups $Spin^C(n)$ appear in the fibration
$Spin(n)\rightarrow Spin^C(n)\rightarrow\ S^1$
which must split since $BSpin(n)$ is 3-connected to give a homotopy equivalence
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Groups with special character degrees

Let $G$ be a finite group of order $p_1^{a_1}\times p_2^{a_2}\times\cdots \times p_n^{a_n}$. Is there any classification for simple groups such that for each $i$, $p_i^{a_i}$ is an irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

215 views

### Nilpotency of Lie Algebra from Structure Constants

Suppose we have a Lie algebra with structure constants
$$\mathrm{d}e^i=\sum_{j<k}a_{ijk}e^j\wedge e^k$$
for some coefficients $a_{ijk}$.
In this setting, how may be checked (perhaps ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Representations of p-groups where 1 is never an eigenvalue

Fix some $n \geq 1$ and some prime $p$. I'm looking for finite $p$-groups $G$ and finite-dimensional complex representations $V$ of $G$ with the following two properties:
The abelianization of $G$ ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

259 views

### Are finitely generated amenable groups positively finitely generated?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group.
Is there a positive integer $n$ such that $n$ random elements of $G$ generate it with positive probability?
Being more formal, note that $G^n$ is ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

446 views

### Which groups are Galois over some p-adic field?

Suppose I have some finite $p$-group $G$, or a little extension of it.
How do I know if there exists a prime $l$ and a finite extension $K$ of $\mathbb{Q}_l$ such that $G$ is the Galois group of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

184 views

### Symmetry Group of a Polynomial

Given a polynomial $P \in \mathbb{Z}[X_1,\ldots,X_n]$, is there a poly-time algorithm which computes the group of permutations of variables that leaves $P$ unchanged? (Clearly, the trivial ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### Hyperoctahedral group acting on a special permutation

Let $[n]=\{1,...,n\}$ and $[\hat n]=\{\hat 1,...,\hat n\}$. Realize the hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ as the centralizer of the permutation $(1\hat 1)\cdots (n \hat n)$. It has $2^n n!$ elements.
Let ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

530 views

### Positivity of the alternating sum of indices for boolean interval of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup such that the interval $[H,G]$ is a boolean lattice.
Let $L_1, \dots , L_n$ be the maximal subgroups of $G$ containing $H$.
Let the alternative sum ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### A sum over characters of $S_{2n}$ and zonal spherical functions of $(S_{2n},H_n)$

The hyperoctahedral group $H_n$ can be seen as the centralizer of the permutation $(12)(34)\cdots (2n-1\,2n)$ in $S_{2n}$. It has $2^nn!$ elements.
The quantities $$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Centralizer of a dense subgroup in a maximal subgroup of a reductive group

I am looking for a reference to the following statement
"Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group and $K$ a maximal compact subgroup of $G$. If $H$ is a dense subgroup in $K$, then the centralizer of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### When are groups subgroups of a same group?

I put this question on Stackexchange :
http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1659760/when-are-groups-subgroups-of-a-same-group
but it got no answer, so I post it here.
Let $\mathcal{G}$ be a ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

655 views

### Torsion-freeness of two groups with 2 generators and 3 relators and Kaplansky Zero Divisor Conjecture

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be the groups with the following presentations:
$$G_1=\langle a,b \;|\; (ab)^2=a^{-1}ba^{-1}, (a^{-1}ba^{-1})^2=b^{-2}a, (ba^{-1})^2=a^{-2}b^2 \rangle,$$
$$G_2=\langle a,b \;|\; ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

133 views

### the braid groups on the sphere

The braid group $B_n(S^2)$ on the sphere possesses a finite element of order which generates a cyclic group $M$ in $B_n(S^2)$. My question is this:
What is the index of $H$ in $B_n (S^2)$?
Same ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### Dicks–Dunwoody almost stability theorem

In the book 'Groups acting on graphs' (1989), Dicks and Dunwoody prove the following theorem (paraphrased):
Let $G$ be a group acting on a set $E$, let $E'$ be a subset of $E$ and let $V$ be the set ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### Can the reversed lattice of a subgroups interval be represented?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. The interval $[H,G]$ is the lattice of overgroups of $H$.
It is an open problem to know if every finite lattice can be represented by such an interval ...