Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

**13**

votes

**2**answers

649 views

### Torsion-freeness of two groups with 2 generators and 3 relators and Kaplansky Zero Divisor Conjecture

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be the groups with the following presentations:
$$G_1=\langle a,b \;|\; (ab)^2=a^{-1}ba^{-1}, (a^{-1}ba^{-1})^2=b^{-2}a, (ba^{-1})^2=a^{-2}b^2 \rangle,$$
$$G_2=\langle a,b \;|\; ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

133 views

### the braid groups on the sphere

The braid group $B_n(S^2)$ on the sphere possesses a finite element of order which generates a cyclic group $M$ in $B_n(S^2)$. My question is this:
What is the index of $H$ in $B_n (S^2)$?
Same ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Dicks–Dunwoody almost stability theorem

In the book 'Groups acting on graphs' (1989), Dicks and Dunwoody prove the following theorem (paraphrased):
Let $G$ be a group acting on a set $E$, let $E'$ be a subset of $E$ and let $V$ be the set ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

103 views

### Can the reversed lattice of a subgroups interval be represented?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. The interval $[H,G]$ is the lattice of overgroups of $H$.
It is an open problem to know if every finite lattice can be represented by such an interval ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Infinite finitely generated groups whose Frattini factors are Klein 4-group

Is there an infinite finitely generated group whose Frattini factor is isomorphic to Klein 4-group?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Maximal set of non commuting elements in a conjugacy class of $S_8$

Can someone calculate by computer or prove the subset of maximal order of pairwise non commuting elements in the set of conjugacy class containing $(123)(45)$ in $S_8$?
I mean a subset of conjugacy ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Can someone explain how Sims's algorithm works on a permutation group with a simple example? [closed]

Can someone explain how Sims's algorithm works on a permutation group with a simple example? The book "Permutation group algorithms" by Seress is a pretty hard read with a whole bunch of confusing ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### A presentation for $GL(2,\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$

In 'A presentation of $PGL(2,p)$ with three defining relations' by E.F.Robertson and P.D.Williams, we can find a presentation of $PGL(2,p)$:
$\langle a,b | a^2 = b^p = (a b^2 a b^r)^2 = (abab^r)^3 = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Uniform pro-p groups as a semi-direct product

Let $G$ a finitely generated uniform pro-$p$ group. Then $G/[G,G]$ is abelian and so it is of the form $\mathbb{Z}_p^r\times T$ for some integer $r$ and finite $p$-group $T$. Therefore, $[G,G]$ is ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

660 views

### Square of non-zero element in group algebra is always non-zero?

Consider a finite group $G$ and complex group algebra $\mathbb{C}(G)$, i.e. formal sums $$ \sum_{g \in G} a_gg, \ a_g \in \mathbb{C},$$ with algebra structure: $$ \sum_g ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Zero-sum sets in union-closed families

The Davenport constant $D(G)$ of a finite abelian group $G$ is the minimum integer $n$ such that whenever $a_1, \ldots, a_n \in G$ (not necessarily distinct), there is a non-empty $I \subseteq [n]$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### boundary of semihyperbolic groups

There are various definitions of boundary of a hyperbolic group. Which of those generalize to semi-hyperbolic groups (in the sense of Alonso and Bridson)?
The example I have in mind is a semisimple ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Class number of Burnside groups

Let $B(m,n)$ be the Burnside group on $m$ generators of exponent $n$. Suppose the class number - the number of conjugacy classes - of $B(m,n)$ is finite. Does it imply that $B(m,n)$ is finite?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

99 views

### Centralizer of a central involution in a simple group of Lie type

Let $G$ be a finite simple group of Lie type and $x$ be a central involution (that is, an involution which is contained in the center of a Sylow $2$-subgroup).
Is it true that, if $y$ is another ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### When the reduced $C^*$-algebra of $\Gamma$ admits character then $\Gamma$ is amenable [closed]

Suppose that $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ admits some character (homomorphism into $\mathbb{C}$)-here $\Gamma$ is discrete group and $C^*_r(\Gamma)$ is the closure of the image of the group ring $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

88 views

### to what extent is a reductive group hyperbolic?

The group $SL(2,F)$ where $F$ is a local nonArchemidian field is hyperbolic. Various generalizations of the notion of hyperbolicity have been studied in the literature (I've seen terms like ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

323 views

### Asymptotics for the number of abelian groups of order at most $x.$

The number of abelian groups of order $n$ (call it $a(n)$ is a studied subject (see http://oeis.org/A000688), but I can't seem to find any asymptotic results. Obviously, there is no asymptotic for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### HNN extension group with finitely generated base

Let $B$ be a group and let $A_1$ and $A_2$ subgroups of $B$ with $\phi :A_1\rightarrow A_2$ an isomorphism. Let $\left<t\right>$ be the infinite cyclic group, generated by a new element $t$. The ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### One-dimension Algebraic groups

I am searching for a possible analogue of a result in algebraic groups in a non-commutative setting, so I am looking for different proofs of the following :
Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

125 views

### p-groups with unique normal minimal subgroup

Have $p$-groups with a unique normal minimal subgroup been classified? Is there any article on the subject?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Schur multiplier of $Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z}_2)$ for $g \geq 3$

This question is about the computation of $H_2(Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z}_2), \mathbb{Z})$, where $Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z}_2)$ is the group of symplectic $2g \times 2g$ matrices over $\mathbb{Z}_2$.
With respect to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

67 views

### About $c(A)$ in $c(A)|A|\leq |A^{-1}A|$

Let $G$ be a finite group, $\emptyset\neq A\subseteq G$, $A^{-1}:=\{ a^{-1}:a\in A\}$, and put $$c(A):=\max\{t\in \mathbb{Z}: t|A|\leq |A^{-1}A|\}$$
It is clear that $1\leq c(A)\leq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Groups with isomorphic quotients [closed]

Assume we have a finitely presented group $G$ and a non-trivial normal subgroup N. How can one decide that $G/N$ is isomorphic to $G$ or not? $G$ is given as a presentation and $N$ as a set of words.

**2**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Computing abelianizations of some explict finite subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$

I have been attempting to find some abelianizations of some subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$. I have been using brute force for the most part but I get very messy results. Here is an ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

99 views

### References about the matrix generators of the finite subgroups of the orthogonal group O(4)

"On Quaternions and Octonions" by Conway and Smith gives the classification of the finite subgroups of the orthogonal group O(4). I want to get the explicit matrix generators of the finite subgroups. ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Nonsolvable finite quotients of matrix groups

Suppose that $\Gamma$ is a finitely generated nonsolvable subgroup of $GL(n, R)$. Is it in the literature that $\Gamma$ has a nonsolvable finite quotient? I know how to prove it (the hardest ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

138 views

### Braids with an infinite number of strings

Has anyone developed a theory for braids with an infinite number of strings?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

147 views

### Is there a nice choice-free argument to count the number of sublattices?

It's a well known fact that the number of index $n$ sublattices of a rank two lattice $\Lambda$ is given by $\sigma_1(n) = \sum_{d\mid n} d$.
Here is a proof of this fact:
Proof: choosing a basis of ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Even-odd partitioned groups! [closed]

Let $G$ be a group with the property $G=G_e\dot{\cup} G_o$ with
$G_oG_o\subseteq G_e\leq G$.
($\dot{\cup}$ denotes disjoint union, $\leq$ is subgroup notation, and $G_o^{-1}=\{x^{-1}: x\in G_o\}$)
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Uniqueness of the fusion ring for simple finite group

We know that the irreducible representations $R_i$ of a group $G$ can give rise to a fusion ring: $R_i\otimes R_j = \oplus_k N^{ij}_k R_k$.
I wonder if the following statement is true or not:
If $G$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Finite groups: equations with many solutions

Let $\omega$ be a word in the free group on generators $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n,g_1,g_2,\ldots,g_k$, where $n>0$ and $k\geq 0$. For any finite group $G$ and elements $g_1,g_2,\ldots g_k$ in $G$ we ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### finitely presented subgroup and free solvable group of class 3

Let $F(n)$ be free group of rank $n\geq 2$. Denote by $F_d(n)$ the d-th derived subgroup, that is $F_d(n)=[F_{d-1}(n),F_{d-1}(n)]$ where $F_0(n)=F(n)$. The free solvable group of rank $n$ and ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Iwasawa theory, $\mathbb{Z}_p^{2}$-extension, Greenberg module

Take $H\subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ be a quartic imaginary number field such that $\operatorname{Gal}(H/\mathbb{Q})=\mathbb{Z}_2 \times \mathbb{Z}_2$. Denote by $F$ the quadratic real subfield of $H$ and ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

126 views

### $2$-cohomology group of semi-direct products

Let $G=N\rtimes T$ and let $A$ be a $G$-module with a trivial $G$-action.
The action of $T$ on induce a natural action of $T$ on the second cohomology group of $N$. Denote by $H^2(N,A)^T$ the ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

650 views

### Solving equations in SO(3) : an open problem by Jan Mycielski

I am interested in a problem closely related to a problem stated by Jan Mycielski in his paper Can One Solve Equations in Group? (The American Mathematical Monthly, 1977, ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

903 views

### Technical issue in the approach to Lie groups taken in a book

I'm teaching Lie groups and Lie Algebras out of Brian C. Hall's book (Lie Groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations: An Elementary Introduction, Springer), which I've enjoyed using. I'm confused about ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### An inequality for the minimal number of generators of a finite group

Let $G$ be a finite group, $n(G)$ the minimal number of generators and $m(G)$ the minimal number of irreducible complex representations generating (with $\otimes$ and $\oplus$) the left regular ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

198 views

### Describing Levi factors and unipotent radicals of parabolic subgroups in classical groups

I asked this question before at Math.SE (link) but got no answer.
Let $G$ be an algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p \geq 0$. Then any parabolic subgroup $P$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Groups with Abelian Automorphism Group

In a paper, the authors Jonah-Konvisser say
Until recently (~1975), there were no published examples of non-abelian groups with abelian automorphism groups. Heinken and Liebeck have methods for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### A group algebra isomorphism problem

What are the groups $G$ and fields $\Bbb K$ for which $\Bbb K[G]\cong\Bbb K^{|G|}$ holds?
For example $\Bbb R[\Bbb F_2^n]\cong\Bbb R^{2^n}$ holds.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

145 views

### Are all finitely generated subgroups of SL2 LERF? [closed]

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a finitely generated
subgroup. Must $H$ be LERF?
A group $H$ is said to be LERF (locally extended residually finite), or subgroup separable, if its ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

270 views

### Groupoid isomorphism vs. group isomorphism

Assume that $\Gamma$ is a group with neutral element $e$. We associate to $\Gamma$ the following groupoid $G$:
$G=\Gamma \times \Gamma,\;\;\;G^{(0)}=\Gamma \times \{0\},\;\;s(a,b)=(a,e),\;\;\; ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Expected shortest word length\depth in Braid groups from set of all braids with length L

Consider the set of all positive braids on n strands, with a fixed length L.
$$B^+_{n,L}:=\{\beta\in B_n:\beta=\sigma_{i_1}\sigma_{i_2}\ldots\sigma_{i_L},1\leq i_k \leq n-1\}$$.
Using the relations,
...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### When can we establish an isomorphism between two not-finitely presented groups?

Assume that finitely generated groups $G$ and $H$, are not finitely presented. Fix a generating set $\mathfrak g:=\{g_1,\dotsc,g_n\}$ of $G$. Let $\mathfrak R:=\{R_1,R_2,\dots\}$ be the set of all ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

142 views

### Counting Frobenius groups with abelian Frobenius complement

In R. Brown, D. K. Harrison Abelian Frobenius kernels and modules over number rings. J. Pure Appl. Algebra 126 (1998), no. 1-3, 51–86, Remark 11.13 (A), the authors show that the number of isomorphism ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Must normalizing field outer automorphisms “divide” the dimension?

Imprecise question: To get a normalizing field outer automorphism of
order $r$, must we multiply the dimension by $r$?
Precise hypothesis: Let $p\geqslant 5$ be a prime, let $q$ be a power of $p$ and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### The parity of the full automorphism group order of finite non-abelian groups of prime exponent

Is there a finite non-abelian group $G$ of prime exponent such that the full automorphism group of $G$ is of odd order?

**9**

votes

**2**answers

342 views

### Characters of permutation groups

Let $N$ be a fixed positive integer, and denote by $C(m)$ the number of
permutations on an $N$-element set that have exactly $m$ cycles (counting
$1$-cycles). Then it is in the literature that the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### What is known about the algebraic variety defined by the group determinant?

What is known about the algebraic variety $V_G$ defined by $det(X_G) = 1$ where $X_G$ is the group matrix $(x_{g_ig_j^-1})$ of a finite group $G$? It is known that two finite groups having the same ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Could the number of defining relators of a finitely presented group increase

Do there exist finitely generated groups $G$ and $H$ with following properies:
$G=\langle g_1,\dotsc,g_n\rangle$ is not finitely presented, Let $R:=\{r_1,r_2,\dots\}$ be the set of its defining ...