Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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6
votes
0answers
170 views

Groups $G$ with a subgroup $H$ of finite index isomorphic to $G$

I am looking for simple examples of finitely generated residually finite group $G$ with a subgroup of finite index $H<G$ isomorphic to $G$. There are virtually nilpotent groups with this property, ...
-2
votes
0answers
14 views

Finite index of automorphisms that fix normal subgroup [migrated]

does anyone have some thoughts on this: Let G be a group and K a normal subgroup in G of finite index. Then the set X of all automorphisms phi of G that fix K (meaning phi(K)=K, so not necessarily ...
3
votes
2answers
301 views

symmetric 2-cocycle / many projective representations

Let $G$ be a finite group, $k$ the field of complex numbers. Are there (cohomologically nontrivial) group 2-cocycles $\sigma\in Z^2(G,k^\times)$ such that for all $g,h\in G$: ...
5
votes
1answer
343 views

Simple Hurwitz Groups of order less than 10^7

I'm trying to calculate a table of all simple hurwitz groups of order less than 10^7. None of the tables I found went further than 10^6, so I decided to use the tables of all simple groups up to 10^7 ...
8
votes
1answer
156 views

Is the Cayley graph of Thompson's group isolated in the space of vertex-transitive graphs?

Consider Thompson's group (the one commonly referred to as $T$), which is finitely presentable. Consider the Cayley graph, but then forget the coloring and direction on edges. So now we just have an ...
5
votes
0answers
149 views

Derived subgroup of rational points versus rational points of derived subgroup

Let $\mathbf G$ be a connected algebraic group defined over a field $\mathbb F_p$. If $q=p^n$, then the groups $\mathbf G^\prime (\mathbb F_q)$ and $\mathbf G (\mathbb F_q)^\prime$ are not always ...
9
votes
1answer
184 views

Asymptotic dimension of $C'(1/6)$ small cancellation groups

Do there exist finitely presented $C'(1/6)$ small cancellation groups with arbitrarily high asymptotic dimension? To offer a little more motivation, Roe proves that all hyperbolic groups have finite ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

p-groups and 2-generated abelian images

Let $p$ be a prime number. Is there a finite nonabelian $p$-group $G$ such that any finite epimorphic $2$-generated image of $G$ is abelian?
2
votes
0answers
246 views

A dual version of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

This post is a dual version for the Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in which it's proved: Theorem: Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups such that the lattice ...
5
votes
0answers
175 views

Conjugation of the quotient of $SL(n,\mathbb{C})$ by a finite subgroup

EDITED Let $G={SL}_{n,{\mathbb{C}}}$, the special linear group over ${\mathbb{C}}$. Let $H\subset G$ be a finite subgroup. Set $X=G/H$ be the corresponding homogeneous space, it is a complex variety. ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Asymmetry of functions defined on the $n$-th roots of the unity

Let $\mathcal{A} = \{V : \mathbb{U}_n \rightarrow \mathbb{C}\}$ where $\mathbb{U}_n$ is the group of the complex $n$-th roots of the unity. This group naturally acts on $\mathcal{A}$: for any $a \in ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

An expectation of the product of random unitaries

I want to find the answer of $$\int dU \ U^m X \ U^{\dagger m}$$ Where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $U(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. $X$ is a given self-adjoint ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

About Central-by-finite subgroups

Let $G$ be a torsion group and $H \unlhd G$. Suppose that $H$ is a locally finite group and suppose that $H$ let be a FC-group. Let $x \in G$. Then is true that $[H,x]$ is a central-by-finite group? ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

Centralizers of elements in free group algebras

Let $A$ be a group algebra of a free group, and $x \in A$. What is the centralizer of $x$? Is there something like Bergman's theorem for free associative algebras?
5
votes
2answers
319 views

Expectation of trace of nth power of unitary matrices

I am trying to find the answer of $$\int dU \ |Tr(U^m)|^2$$ where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $\textit{U}(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. In the case $m=1$, the ...
6
votes
1answer
227 views

Do free profinite groups satisfy Howson's theorem?

Let $F$ be a free profinite group, and let $A,B \leq F$ be finitely generated closed subgroups. Must $A \cap B$ be finitely generated?
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Free profinite products

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $x \in F$. Must there be some $1 \neq y \in F$ such that $\langle x,y \rangle$ is isomorphic to the free profinite product of ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Proof of a Proposition regarding the reduction of N-torsion groups on elliptic curves

In Diamond-Shurman A first course in Modular forms p.334 Prop. 8.4.4. It is stated, For E elliptic curve over $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ with good reduction at the prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ the reduction ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Is a finitely generated subgroup of a free profinite group virtually a retract?

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated closed subgroup. Must there be some open subgroup $H \leq U \leq F$, and a closed normal ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

Categorical proof subgroups of free groups are free?

This is a crossport of this question from MSE. Is there a categorical proof that subgroups of free groups are free? How about the result that subgroups of free abelian groups are free abelian? ...
13
votes
2answers
420 views

Why is “The Higman Rope Trick” thus named?

I'm studiyng Higman's Embedding Theorem, and a fundamental part of the proof is the following lemma: If R is a benign normal subgroup of finitely generated group F, then F/R can be embedded in a ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Schur covering group for S4

It is well-known that the symmetric group S4 has two Schur covering groups, S4-tilde and S4-hat. There are explicit presentations for both groups, and we know that S4-hat is isomorphic to GL(2,3). ...
10
votes
0answers
129 views

What Is The Minimal Monomial of the Symmetric Group?

In the symmetric group $S_n$ what is the shortest sequence $c_1,\ldots,c_k\in S_n$ such that, for all $x\in S_n$ the following product of conjugates of $x$: $$x^{c_1}x^{c_2}\ldots x^{c_k}$$ equals the ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

the number of indecomposable modules of finite groups over finite fields of a fixed dimension

I am interested in determining the the number of indecomposable modules of finite groups over finite fields of a fixed dimension. Specifically, I have the following conjecture: Conjecture. Suppose we ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements. What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...
11
votes
0answers
174 views

Elements of order 3 normalizing no non-identity 2-subgroups in Almost Simple Groups

This question is partly motivated by a situation which arises in modular representation theory. A finite group $G$ is said to be almost simple if $G$ has a unique minimal normal subgroup which is a ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...
3
votes
2answers
184 views

Limits of conjugated subgroups

I've recently encountered the following problem. Given a group $G$, a subgroup $H$ and a sequence $g_n\in G$, let $$ \liminf_{j\to\infty}H^{g_j} :=\bigcup_{n\ge 1} \bigcap_{j\ge n} H^{g_j}.$$ Here $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Equalizer in Free groups

Let $F_n$ be the free group generated by $x_1,\cdots,x_n$ and for each $1\leq i\leq n$, let a homomorphism $d_i:F_n\to F_{n-1}$ be defined as follows: $d_i(x_r)=x_r$, if $i>r$; $d_i(x_r)=1$, if ...
11
votes
1answer
334 views

Is there a faithful transitive locally finite action of the modular group?

Is there a faithful transitive action of $G = \mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that orbits under each $g \in G$ are finite?
0
votes
0answers
63 views

When is edge colored circulant isomorphism polynomial?

Don't understand enough group theory, but two papers appear to give partial results about an open problem. Edge colored graph isomorphism is isomorphism which preserves the edge coloring (the ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
354 views

Why is this group called “The Holomorph of a group”

Many years ago I found in google the notation "Holomorph of group". It is the semi direct product of $G$ with $Aut(G)$. Why is the term "Holomorph" used here, while it is usually used for complex ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Are lattices in the special real linear group subgroup seperable?

Let $G \leq SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a lattice, let $H \leq G$ be a finitely generated subgroup of infinite index, and let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Must there be some $H \leq U \leq G$ such that $n \leq [G : ...
6
votes
0answers
143 views

An example of a simple infinite 2-group

I've asked this question before on Mathematics, and they suggested me to ask here (Link). Is there an example of a simple infinite $2$-group? Informations If a $2$-group is Artinian I know that ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

A categorical method to, say, determine the cardinality of a group

I am trying to figure out how much one can figure out about an object using category theory. Ideally, any property that is well defined up to isomorphism should be computable using only category ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Embedding $G$ in a $Z(G)$ extension of $\operatorname{Aut}G$

This question follows up a question I asked on math.SE. This is a refinement and a reference request. For what groups $G$ does there exist a $Z(G)$-extension of $\operatorname{Aut}G$ (call it ...
2
votes
2answers
206 views

F.g group with infinite ends not Q.I to a free group

Is there any easy example of a finitely generated group with a Cantor set of ends that is not quasi-isometric to a finitely generated free group? Thanks in advance.
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Special sets of involutions generating ${\rm S}_n$

For which positive integers $k$ and $r$ are there involutions $g_{n,i} \in {\rm S}_n$ $(n \in \mathbb{N}, \ i = 1, \dots, k)$ such that the following hold?: for any $n$, the $g_{n,i}$ $(i = 1, ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

twists of algebraic groups

If $k$ is some field - for convenience, of characteristic 0 -, $\bar{k}$ is an alg. closure of $k$, and $G$ is some $k$-algebraic group, one can define a twist of $G$ to be some $k$-algebraic group ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

About Abelian Radicable Groups Generated by Chernikov's subgroups

Let $G$ be a abelian and radicable group generated by subgroups abelian, radicable and Chernikov. Then $G$ is Chernikov? ie, if $G = \left<H| H \leq G \right>$ with $H$ abelian, radicable and ...
4
votes
0answers
259 views

Very frustrated reading a proof of the faithfulness of Artin's representation of braid groups

I am reading BRAID GROUPS, FREE GROUPS, AND THE LOOP SPACE OF THE 2-SPHERE by F.R. Cohen and J. Wu and here is an extract of the paper: (The proof is not finished yet but I am very confused by now.) ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

A finite 2-group acts on an elementary abelian group of odd order

I would be grateful if you have an idea how to prove the following: Let a finite $2$-group $P$ act on an elementary abelian group of odd order $N$ such that the centralizer $C_P(N)=1$, and then form ...
8
votes
1answer
226 views

Condition for a certain subset being a subgroup

For any finite group $G$ and $n$ a divisor of $|G|$, consider the following subset of elements of "co-order" dividing $n$: $$G(n) = \{ g \in G \mid g^{|G|/n} = 1 \}$$ By a classical theorem of ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Orthosymplectic group, matrix representations

We have the orthosymplectic $osp(n,m|2k)$. The bosonic part is $so(n,m)\times sp(2k)$. The lie algebra generators are given in eg http://cds.cern.ch/record/524737/files/0110257.pdf$ where the group ...
29
votes
1answer
573 views

Two groups that are the automorphism groups of each other

Let $H,K$ be two non-isomorphic groups such that $H\cong Aut(K)$ and $K\cong Aut(H)$. Is there any example of such groups ? Note: I had asked the question there.
0
votes
0answers
58 views

adjoint quotient and points in DVRs

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over an algebraically closed field $k$, $T$ a maximal torus and $W$ its Weyl group. We have a Steinberg map $\chi:G\rightarrow \mathfrak{C}:=T/W$ if we have a ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Connected compact Lie groups with Lie algebra so(4n, R)

I am trying to write a complete list of connected compact simple Lie groups (or of connected complex simple Lie groups, both tasks are equivalent). I am missing just one case. Consider the Lie ...
-5
votes
1answer
143 views

Is this statement true? [closed]

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $p\mid |G|$ and $p^2\nmid |G|$, where $p\geq3$ is a prime number. Is it true that $G$ is a direct product of simple groups? why?
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Totally aperiodic sequence

Let $A$ be a finite set. Let $A^k$ be the set of words in the alphabet $A$ of length $k$ and $A^*$ be the set of infinite words. I was looking for an element $a = \lbrace a_n \rbrace_{n \in ...