Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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2
votes
0answers
105 views

Subsets of a group as an algebraic structure

Let $F$ be a set and $.$ be a binary operation on $F$ and $.^{-1}:F\to F$ be a so-called inverse operation on $F$ such that $(F,.)$ is semigroup and for each $x,y\in F$, $$(x^{-1})^{-1}=x,~~~~~ ...
-2
votes
0answers
54 views

examples of polyclic groups [migrated]

From the notes Coarse differentiation and the geometry of polycyclic groups, I found a theorem $\Gamma$ is polycyclic iff $\Gamma$ is a lattice in a solvable unimodular lie group $G$ - Mostow ...
18
votes
3answers
598 views

Number of primitive $n$th roots with positive versus negative real parts

Does anyone know a reference to the following results, which I can prove, but I suspect may be known. Let $R(n)$ denote the number of primitive $n$th roots of unity with positive real part, and $L(n)$ ...
7
votes
0answers
194 views

Normal generators of finite index subgroups in a free group

Let $F=F(a,b)$ be the free group of rank $2$. Question 1: Given any positive integer $d$, can one always find elements $u_j,v_j,w_j \in F$, $j=1,\dots,d$, such that if $1 \le j <k \le d$ then the ...
14
votes
1answer
366 views

Permutation Groups Containing non-commuting $p$-cycles

I noticed that the following is true, and that there is a reasonably elementary proof of it (in particular, the classification of finite simple groups is not needed). Let $G$ be a finite permutation ...
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Is it a Frobenius complement?

Let $n$, $m\in \mathbb{N}$. Let $p$, $q$ be primes with $q^{n}|p-1$. Let $H$ the semidirect product of a cyclic group $A=C_{p^{\large{m}}}$ by a cyclic group $B=C_{q^{\large{n+1}}}$ which induces an ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Generators of Sylow subgroups

Is there a function $f : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ such that for each finite supersolvable group $G$, and a Sylow subgroup $S \leq G$ we have $d(S) \leq f(d(G))$? Here $d(H)$ denotes the ...
-1
votes
1answer
93 views

Relation of the order of elements in a metabelian group [closed]

Let $n$ be an integer, $n>1$, $n=p_1^{a_1}...p_t^{a_t}$. I define $f(n)=a_1+...+a_t$. Let be $G$ a finite group and I define $f(G)=max(f(|g|):g\in G)$. I have to prove that if $G$ is a ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Dehn functions of Thompson's group $F$

It's well know that the first order Dehn function of $F$ is quadratic. Is a similar result known for its second-order, or even higher-order, Dehn function? The second-order Dehn function of a group ...
23
votes
1answer
865 views

Enumeration of a finite group

Let $G=\{g_1,g_2,...,g_n\}$ be a group with $e=g_1$ and $n$ is odd, Set $$a_1=g_1$$ $$a_2=g_1g_2$$ $$a_3=g_1g_2g_3$$ $$a_n=g_1g_2...g_n$$ I am looking for example that all $a_i$ are different from ...
14
votes
0answers
646 views

Is there an infinite field of characteristic 2 whose multiplicative group is torsion free and (direct-sum) indecomposable?

Let $F$ be a infinite field of characteristic 2 whose multiplicative group $F^*$ is torsion free. I would like to conclude that $F^*$ is decomposable or find an example where $F^*$ is indecomposable. ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Number of non isomorphic groups in Cext(G,C_p)

I want to modify my question mathoverflow.net/questions/50922. Let $C_{p^e}$ be a cyclic group of order $p^e$, $p$ prime. Denote by $\text{Cext}(G,C_p)$ the group of all central extensions of $C_p$ by ...
6
votes
0answers
89 views

Two-relator products of cyclic groups

In "A proof of the Scott–Wiegold conjecture on free products of cyclic groups" Howie proved that every one-relator product of three cyclic groups is nontrivial. Is there a now proven theorem that says ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

How does associativity get twisted by elements of $H^3(G)$?

In Braided Monoidal Categories by Joyal and Street, §6 a monoidal category is $V =T(G,M,h)$ built using a recipe: objects are are elements of $G$ ✓ $V_0(x,y) = M$ if $( x=y)$ or else ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

Orbit-Stabilizer theorem for continuous groups

The orbit-stabilizer relationship (also known as the orbit-stabilizer theorem) is very clear for finite groups. Is there an equivalent relation for continuous groups? Also, is there a similar notion ...
9
votes
1answer
152 views

Fixed set of order p automorphism of Bruhat-Tits tree

I would like to know the structure of the fixed set of an order $p$ automorphism [Edit: induced by a matrix in $GL_2(K)$] on the Bruhat-Tits tree for a p-adic field $K$, specifically in the case where ...
11
votes
1answer
392 views

On the order of finite simple groups

About the order of finite simple groups there exists a very interesting result which stated as follows: Let $G$ be an non-solvable simple group of order $g$. If $p\mid g$, where $p>g^{1\over 3}$ ...
11
votes
0answers
218 views

Are there additive subgroups of reals of dimension 1 with no subgroups of dimension strictly between 0 and 1?

I will use $dimA$ to denote the Hausdorff dimension of a set $A \subseteq \mathbb{R}$. Being a null set means having Lebesgue measure zero. In the 1966 paper "Additive gruppen mit vorgegebener ...
1
vote
2answers
240 views

A semisimple group ring

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $p$ a prime number, and $G$ a finite group of order coprime to $p$. Let $R = \mathbb{Z} /p^n \mathbb{Z}$ be the ring of integers mod $p^n$. Must $R[G]$ be semisimple? As noted ...
4
votes
0answers
103 views

Does this class of groups contain finitely generated infinite periodic groups?

Let $r(m)$ denote the residue class $r+m\mathbb{Z}$, where $0 \leq r < m$. Given disjoint residue classes $r_1(m_1)$ and $r_2(m_2)$, let the class transposition $\tau_{r_1(m_1),r_2(m_2)}$ be the ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Direct limit of primitive integral matrices

I'm interested in computing the direct limit of an arbitrary $2\times 2$ primitive matrix over $\mathbf{Z}$. That is for a fixed primitive matrix $M$, the colimit ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

Index of congruence modular subgroup of level (1,d)

Let $D = \text{diag}(1,d)\in M_{2}(\mathbb{Z})$ be a $2\times 2$ matrix, where $d$ is an odd integer. We define the subgroup $\Gamma_D\subset M_{4}(\mathbb{Z})$ as: $$\Gamma_D := \left\lbrace R\in ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Actions and representations of profinite groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, and denote by $\mathbb{Z}_p$ the additive profinite group of p-adic integers. Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group of order coprime to $p$, and $V = ...
5
votes
2answers
360 views

How to estimate the Haar measure on $G_2$

I have a sequence of real numbers. I want to know whether this sequence looks like the traces in the standard representation of a random sequence of elements of $G_2$. (Here random is according to the ...
4
votes
2answers
314 views

Finite groups factorized into two simple alternating groups

My research is somehow related to the following question : Describe and classify all finite groups $G$ such that $G=HK$ with $H \cap K=1$, where $H \cong A_m$ and $K \cong A_n$ for some integers $m, ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Integral representations of groups of small order

I have a problem in which it would be helpful to know about the integral representations of some groups of small order (probably of fairly low degree). From what I've gathered so far, cyclic groups of ...
5
votes
1answer
382 views

A generalized Burnside's lemma

Let $G$ be a finite group acting on a set $X$, and let $S\subseteq G$ be a union of conjugacy classes. Then I believe I can prove: $$ \sum_{[x]\in X/G} \frac{|G_x \cap S|}{|G_x|} = \sum_{g\in S} ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Semidirect products of semigroups [closed]

Let $S,T$ be two semigroups. A function $f:S\to T$ is called multiplicative if for any $x,y\in S$ we have $f(xy)=f(x)f(y)$. If $T=S$ then $f:S\to S$ is called automorphism on $S$. A function ...
0
votes
0answers
117 views

classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by $$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto ...
7
votes
2answers
395 views

Elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$

For some research work, I need to know the classification of elements of finite order of $\mathrm{PGL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$, up to conjugation. Since I essentially need $n\le 4$, I think that I can show it ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

Number of generators of the commutator

Can one find a function $f : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ such that for every finite supersolvable group $G$ we have: $d(G') \leq f(d(G))$? Here $d(K)$ is the cardinality of a minimal set of ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

Kropholler's Conjecture and 3-manifolds

Suppose that $G$ is a group and that $H$ is a subgroup, both finitely generated, and assume that there is a non-trivial H-almost invariant set $X$ with $HXH=X$. Kropholler's Conjecture asserts that $ ...
10
votes
1answer
326 views

Categorical interpretation of disjoint cycle notation for tracing permutations

For a natural number $n\in\mathbb{N}$, let $\underline{n}$ denote the finite set $$\underline{n}:=\{1,2,\ldots,n\}.$$ A permutation $\sigma\in Aut(\underline{n})$ can be uniquely written (up to order) ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Countable residually finite abelian groups

Is there a countable abelian group for which its subgroups are exactly all of the countable "reduced" abelian groups? (Reduced means that its divisible subgroup is zero) Is the following group a ...
5
votes
0answers
162 views

Is translation by the free group (in two generators) on a certain completion of the group an amenable action?

Let $\mathbb{F}_2 = \langle a,b\rangle$ be the free group in two generators $a,b$ and let $\alpha \in \text{End}(\mathbb{F}_2)$ be given by $\alpha(a) = a^2, \alpha(b)= b^2$. Note that the index ...
0
votes
0answers
125 views

Trivial extensions by torsion-free groups

Let $A$ be an abelian group. Recall that $A$ is ($\bullet$) a Whitehead group if $\text{Ext}(A,\mathbb Z)=0$, ($\bullet$) a free abelian group if $\text{Ext}(A,D)=0$ for every abelian group $D$. ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Generators of the symplectic subgroup $\Gamma^g(1,2)$

Let $\mathbb{A}^{m\times n}$ denote the set of all $m \times n$ matrices with entries in the set $\mathbb{A}$. For a matrix $M$ we let ${^tM}$ denote its transpose, and $M^{-1}$ its inverse, if it is ...
19
votes
0answers
646 views

Non-linear expanders?

Recall that a family of graphs (indexed by an infinite set, such as the primes, say) is called an expander family if there is a $\delta>0$ such that, on every graph in the family, the discrete ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Modules “projective in a subcategory”

In my research I have come up with the following notion which I would like to learn more about. It may be very naive. Let $R$ be a ring, $M$ an $R$-module and $S$ a class or $R$-modules closed under ...
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Elementary abelian $p$-subgroups of maximal rank in finite groups of Lie type

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, and let $G$ be a reductive group defined over $\mathbb{F}_p$. For any $d\in\mathbb{Z}^+$, let $C_d(G)$ be the set of conjugacy ...
5
votes
0answers
83 views

Tensor product of dual groups

Let $G,H$ be compact abelian groups, $G^*,H^*$ be their Pontryagin duals, $G^*\otimes H^*$ the tensor product of $G^*,H^*$ and $K=(G^*\otimes H^*)^*$. Does the group $K$ have a special name? What is ...
4
votes
2answers
196 views

Maximal order of finite subgroups of $GL(n,Z)$

I am interested in the finite subgroups of $GL(n,Z)$ of maximal order. Except for the dimensions $n = 2,4,6,7,8,9,10$ they are -- up to conjugacy in $GL(n,Q)$ -- in each dimension the group of signed ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

the lower bounded of metrics on a group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group, S is a set of generators. If $\forall s\in S, n\in \mathbb{Z}$, $\exists C>0$ such that $|s^n|_S\ge C|n|$, does it imply $\forall$ infinite order element ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Amenability of the Koopman representation

Let $G$ be a locally compact group which acts non-singularly on a standard probability space $(X,\mu)$. Consider the Koopman representation $\pi_X:G\rightarrow U(L^2(X,\mu))$ defined by ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Is there any criterion for whether the group G is isomorphic to the automorphism group of another group?

I was reading This question on MO and suddenly faced another question. Is there any necessary and sufficient condition for $G$ such that there exist a group $G'$ that $G \cong Aut(G')$ ? What can we ...
8
votes
2answers
423 views

When is the conjugation character almost multiplicity free?

Let me give some motivation, which also explains how I arrived at the question. We may let the finite group $G$ act on itself by conjugation, and this makes the group ring into a $\mathbb{Z}G$-module ...
7
votes
0answers
170 views

A strong sum-product “for translates” in finite fields

In the course of some recent research, I've sketched out a proof of the following result. My basis question is: is the result interesting? Proposition There exists an absolute constant $c$ such ...
7
votes
0answers
143 views

Geometric characterization of property (T) and the Haagerup property

Are there geometric characterizations of property (T) and the Haagerup property, i.e., such that can be stated in terms of a Cayley graph, in analogy to the Folner set characterization of amenability? ...
28
votes
1answer
539 views

Does a finite simple group of order divisible by $60$ have $A_{5}$ as a subgroup?

The title says it all really. I know that in some "small" simple groups such as ${\rm PSL}(2,p)$ it is known that if the order is divisible by $60,$ then $A_{5}$ does occur as a subgroup ( this is ...
1
vote
0answers
154 views

A question on the poset of classes of isomorphic subgroups of finite groups

Given a finite group $G$, we consider the set $${\rm Iso}(G)=\{[H]\mid H\leq G\},$$where $[H]=\{K\leq G\mid K\cong H\}, \forall H\leq G$. Then ${\rm Iso}(G)$ can be partially ordered by defining ...