Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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2
votes
1answer
140 views

Does index 2 subgroup imply bipartite Cayley graph?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and let $\Gamma=Cay(G, S)$ be the Cayley graph of $G$ with respect to some generating set $S$. If there exists $S$ such that $\Gamma$ is bipartite, then $G$ has ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Largest order of automorphism group on a rooted tree? [migrated]

MacArthur, Sanchez-Garcia, and Anderson have used the ratio of the order of $|Aut(G)|$ and $n!$ (i.e., order of $S_n$) as a normalized measure of the symmetries present in a graph. I am working on ...
9
votes
1answer
307 views

Finitely generated group with $\aleph_0<X_G<2^{\aleph_0}$ normal subgroups?

Let $X_G$ be the number of normal subgroups of a group $G$. Are there examples of finitely generated groups $G$ where it is consistent to have $\aleph_0<X_G<2^{\aleph_0}$ normal subgroups? Also ...
2
votes
0answers
211 views

Are the homogeneous single chain subfactors, Dedekind?

Background: See here and there. Recall that a subfactor is Dedekind if all its intermediate subfactors are normal. A subfactor $(N \subset M)$ is Homogeneous Single Chain (HSC) if its lattice ...
11
votes
1answer
456 views

Find finite groups $G\cong Aut(G)$

I become interested in this problem because $G\cong Aut(G)$ suggests a special symmetry in $G$. From $G/Z(G)\cong Inn(G)$ we know complete group is the anewer for the simplest case, though this class ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Automorphisms with an orbit “transversal” to a subgroup

Let $G$ be a finite group, $H$ be a subgroup of index $2$, $\phi\colon G\to G$ an automorphism. For $d\in \mathbb N$ let us say that $\phi$ is $d$-transversal to $H$ iff there is $h\in H$ such that ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Hamiltonian 2-groups

This is a group theory question. I am preparing a research paper. One result brought my attention. I am wondering if you know some paper or book listed this result. Let $G$ be a 2-group. Suppose ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

On the character degrees of a finite group with special structure

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $G$ has a normal subgroup $N$ of order $p(p^2+1)/2$, where $p>13$ is an odd prime and $p\ne 239$. Also $G/N\cong \text{PSL}(2,p)$. Can we say that there exists a ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Subgroups of Gromov's hyperbolic groups

It's known that subgroups of Gromov's hyperbolic groups are not necessarily hyperbolic. Is there any counter-example when the quotient is Abelian. More precisely, let $G$ be a Gromov's hyperbolic ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Brauer characters of finite simple group $E_8(5)$

I would like to find the irreducible characters of the group $E_8(5)$ (mod 2)? Can anyone help? (I am elementary in working with Brauer characters) Many thanks
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Odd subgroup of $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$

The group $\mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ acts on $(\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z})^n$ by right multiplication (the same kind of things can be done with left action). I denote by $H\subset ...
2
votes
0answers
206 views

Fundamental group of a Cayley graph [migrated]

Could someone please indicate the proof of the following fact (I believe strongly, but I am not sure, that this is true). Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank, $N<F$ a normal subgroup and ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Stabilizer of a nonsingular vector in a quadratic space (char (k)=2)

suppose that $k$ is a finite field of characteristic 2 and $(V,q)$ a quadratic space, i.e., $V$ is a $k$-vector space and $q:V\to k$ quadratic form. Suppose that $\dim(V)\geq 4$ and that $q$ is ...
12
votes
2answers
585 views

Infinitely many finitely generated groups having the same Cayley graph

Is there an unlabeled locally-finite graph which is a Cayley graph of an infinitely many non-isomorphic groups with respect to suitably chosen generating sets?
3
votes
1answer
219 views

A little bit of Intuition for Corepresentations from Representations

I asked this question over on Math.Stack --- where it has a bounty --- but I didn't really get a helpful response so I am asking the question here. One commenter suggests that I am confusing left- ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Dehn's Fundamental Problems

For what sort of groups are the Dehn's Fundamental Problems solvable,that is for what sort of groups are the word,conjugacy and isomorphism problems solvable.
23
votes
2answers
921 views

Fractal-like structures arising from the action of a group on $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Let $G := \langle a, b, c \rangle < {\rm Sym}(\mathbb{Z}^2)$ be the group generated by the permutation $$ a: \ (m,n) \ \mapsto \ (m-n,m) $$ of order $6$ and the involutions $$ b: \ (m,n) \ ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

List of Conjugacy Classes of the General Linear group over $\mathbb{Z}/p^2\mathbb{Z}$

Does anybody know the answer to this or a good way to go about working this out? I have a list for $GL_2(Z/pZ)$ and I am trying to lift it to this; I have mostly been using fairly elementary algebraic ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Conditions for a semidirect product to be a complete group

Let A, B and H be groups with $\theta_{1}$ an injective homomorphism from H to Aut(A) while $\theta_{2}$ is an homomorphism from H to Aut(B). We know there is a subgroup of Aut(A $\times$ B) which ...
-5
votes
1answer
146 views

on the solvable groups of order $p^aq^b$ [closed]

We know that if $ p$ is a prime number then $ O^p (G) $ is the smallest normal subgroup of $ G $ such that $ G/O^p (G) $ is a $ p $-group. Now let $ G $ be a finite group of order $ p^aq^b $ where $ ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Group of homomorphisms with real coefficients and circle coefficients [closed]

Do you know some groups $G$ that have the same group of homomorphisms to $R$ and to $S^1$; i.e. $$Hom(G,R) = Hom(G,S^1)??$$ Is there any special property for $G$ in order to satisfy the last relation? ...
2
votes
0answers
190 views

The tallest possible lattice?

Let O be a complete discrete valuation ring and G a finite group. Recall that a finitely generated O-free OG-module $M$ such that the traces of the invertible endomorphisms of $M$ generate a strictly ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

Groups such that all finite-dim representations are finitely presented

Let $G$ be an infinite group. What sorts of finiteness properties can I put on $G$ to ensure the following holds for all $M$? Let $M$ be a finite-dimensional vector space over $\mathbb{Q}$ upon ...
15
votes
2answers
374 views

Is there a natural notion of completion of a Coxeter system?

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter system. Then any element of $W$ can be written as a finite products of elements of $S$. I want some notion of a "completion" of $W$, call it $\hat{W}$, whose elements are ...
9
votes
0answers
288 views

Does anybody know if the Fourier algebra of SL(3,Z) has an approximate identity?

(Note to those who like to tidy LaTeX, or ${\rm \LaTeX}$: I kindly request that you don't put any LaTeX in the title of this question, nor change the bolds below to blackboard ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Which hyperbolic tilings are Cayley graphs?

I realise the question is easy but after asking to a few people (and never getting a clear answer), I thought it could be instructive to ask it here: Given a regular tiling of the hyperbolic plane is ...
1
vote
0answers
138 views

Centralizers of elements in HNN extensions

Let $G$ be a (countable) group, $H<G$ be a proper subgroup and $\theta:H\to G$ be an injective group homomorphism such that $\theta(H)\neq G$. Consider the HNN extension $\Gamma=<G,t \mid ...
5
votes
1answer
335 views

Finite groups for which the element orders form an arithmetic progression

Which are the finite groups $G$ such that the element orders of $G$ form an arithmetic progression? Several remarks: $S_3$, $A_4$ and any $p$-group of exponent $p$ satisfy this property. If $G$ ...
6
votes
1answer
275 views

Using math software to show that the following groups are infinite?

I would like to show that the following finitely presented group in 3 generators $P, Q, R$ is infinite in certain cases: $$P^p, Q^q, R^r, (PQ)^2, (QR)^2, (PQR)^2, (QR^{r/2+1})^a (RQR^{r/2})^b$$ For ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Proving that a closed walk of some odd length k exists on a Cayley graph

I'm trying to prove the following: Let $G$ be a group with finite symmetric generating set $S$ and let $\Gamma(G,S)$ be the corresponding Cayley graph. Let $X_1, X_2,\cdots$ be a simple random walk ...
4
votes
0answers
255 views

More on Moonshine for the Thompson group and weakly holomorphic weight one half modular forms

This question is a follow-up to Monstrous Moonshine for Thompson group $Th$? and is based on various comments to that question, in particular S. Carnahan's mention of the connection to known ...
2
votes
1answer
318 views

A second isomorphism theorem for the inclusions of groups

The usual second isomorphism theorem for groups is: let $G$ be a group, $S$ and $N$ subgroups with $N$ normal, then $SN$ is a subgroup of $G$, $S\cap N$ is a normal subgroup of $S$ and $SN/N \simeq ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Siegel domains and cuspidal functions

Let $F$ be a number field and $\mathbb{A}$ the ring of adeles over $F$. We consider $P_{n}$ the mirabolic subroup of $GL_{n}$. Do we have a analog of Siegel subset for the quotient ...
7
votes
2answers
443 views

What is the name of this type of groups?

Suppose $A$ is a finite set and $\Sigma=A\cup A^{-1}$. Let $L\subseteq \Sigma^{\ast}$ be a regular language on the alphabet $\Sigma$. Is there a common name for the group $G$ presented as: $$G=\langle ...
13
votes
2answers
584 views

Groups which are only defined up to conjugation

I'm trying to understand what the right way is to think about "groups which are only well-defined up to conjugation." Since this is somewhat vague let me clarify it by pointing out the main examples ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Can Haar measure fail to be bi-invariant without conjugation shrinking a set?

(This is a slightly reformatted and clarified version of my question from math.SE, since I believe the answer there is wrong and its poster has not responded to my comment in over two weeks.) Let ...
3
votes
0answers
168 views

Groups whose finite index subgroups are isomorphic

I am looking for examples of the following situation: $G$ is an infinite group. Every two finite index proper subgroups of $G$ are isomorphic. The only examples that I have now are (1) ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

on the prime divisors of $(p^2+1)/2 $

The following question is equivalent to a problem in group theory. Let $ p > 13$ be a prime number distinct from 239. Let $ a=(p^2+1)/2 $. Is there any prime divisor $r$ of $a$ such that $r\mid ...
4
votes
1answer
245 views

Locally finite compact groups

I assume all tolpological groups here to be Hausdorff. A group is called locally finite if every finitely generated subgroup is finite. What can be said about a locally finite compact group? Must it ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Normal intermediate subgroup and normal core

Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. The normal core of $H$ in $G$ is $core_G(H) := \bigcap_{g \in G}g^{-1}Hg$ Definition: $K$ is a normal intermediate subgroup of the inclusion $(H ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Groups of operators between local unitaries and full unitaries

Consider the group $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ of "local unitary" operators acting on the complex space $\mathbb{C}^{d_1} \otimes \mathbb{C}^{d_2}$ (i.e., $U(d_1) \otimes U(d_2)$ is the group of unitary ...
7
votes
2answers
177 views

Modifying Dehn's algorithm to allow equal length replacements?

I'm an analyst trying to understand a certain class of finitely presented groups (one example is below) so it's quite likely this question is naive but I hope it is at least intelligible. Given a ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

Kaplansky's idempotent conjecture for Thompson's group F

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ be a torsion-free group. Kaplansky's idempotent conjecture states that the group ring $K[G]$ does not contain any non-trivial idempotent, i.e. if $x^2=x$ then $x=0$ or ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Is a weakly separable group always Lindelöf?

By "weakly separable" I mean the notion for uniform spaces used by David Wigner and Lawrence Brown: a uniform space is weakly separable if any uniform cover has a countable subcover. For a topological ...
3
votes
0answers
216 views

On the Groups of Order $(p^2+1)/2$

A few days ago I asked a question (Groups of order $p(p^2+1)/2$) about a finite group of order $p(p^2+1)/2$ and I got a lot of useful information about it. Thanks for the nice and very helpful ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Boundaries of relatively hyperbolic groups

When the interior of an n-manifold $M$ has a pinched negative curvature metric of finite volume, then its fundamental group $\Gamma=\pi_1M$ is relatively hyperbolic relative to the parabolic groups ...
5
votes
5answers
710 views

Groups of order $p(p^2+1)/2$

It seems that when $p>3$ is a prime, then each group of order $p(p^2+1)/2$ is abelian as I checked by Gap for small $p$. Is it true for each $p$? Thanks for your answers
15
votes
1answer
447 views

Is a left topological group which is a manifold a topological group?

Let $G$ be a left topological group, i.e. a topological space with group operation such that left multiplication $L_g : x \mapsto gx$ is continuous (but right multiplication and inversion are not ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Normal subgroups of automorphism group of infinite cubic tree

Let $T$ denote the unique (countably infinite) tree in which every vertex has degree $3$ and let $G=Aut(T)$ be the group of graph automorphisms of $T$. I'm interested in the properties of this ...
4
votes
4answers
553 views

Normalizer of SL_2(Z) in GL_2(R)

What is the normalizer of ${\mathrm{SL}}_2({\Bbb Z})$ in ${\mathrm{GL}}_2({\Bbb R})$? Namely ${\mathrm{N}}_{{\mathrm{GL}}_2({\Bbb R})}({\mathrm{SL}}_2({\Bbb Z}))$?