Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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3
votes
0answers
48 views

Bounding the union of conjugates of a maximal subgroup of the Symplectic group over a finite field

Let $g \geq 1$ be a positive integer, and let $p$ be a prime. Consider the symplectic group $G := \operatorname{Sp}_{2g}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ of symplectic matrices with entries in $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $M \...
1
vote
2answers
204 views

A question on linear groups

Asking this question I have made a mistake joining my main question with two simple ones, so it hasn't received enough attention, however there was a partial answer, which was not elaborated, and now ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Geography of Kähler manifolds

What is the geography of Kähler manifolds with negative sectional curvature? More precisely, can any hyperbolic group be realized as the fundamental group of a Kähler manifold with negative sectional ...
-2
votes
0answers
102 views

Interplay between the Cayley graph of a finite group and its realizability over Q [on hold]

As the structure of any finitely generated, and thus any finite, group, can be described by the set of its Cayley graphs, have partial results on the realizability of such a group over $\mathbb{Q}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Reference for nonlinearity of covers of $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb R)$

It is known that no nontrivial connected cover of $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb R)$ admits a faithful finite dimensional linear representation (see, for example, page 143 in Fulton-Harris and Exercise ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Can we use GAP to find index of subgroup of an infinite group? [on hold]

Can we use GAP to find index of subgroup of an infinite group? If yes, please tell how, I tried kgmag package of GAP but could not find. From various questions here, I guessed that in MAGMA, one can ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Do the normal forms for braid groups really conceal information about better than randomly applying the braid relations?

In braid based cryptography, one typically wants to conceal the way a certain braid $b$ has been obtained. One therefore puts $b$ into some normal form. Since every braid has a unique normal form, the ...
0
votes
0answers
120 views

Ring structure on cohomology of groups

Assume that $G$ is a finite group and that $A$ is an arbitrary $G$-module. Then we know that can define the cohomology groups of $G$ with coefficients in $A$ in the usual way and we denote the latter ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Have semigroups with actions on themselves that have a dual to the compatibility axiom ever been studied?

For a semigroup $G$ with a left action on itself, the axiom for compatibility becomes: $$ \forall f,g,h\in G:hg(f)=h(g(f)) $$ Now suppose there is additional axiom, or constraint if you prefer, ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Exceptional isomorphisms between finite simple Chevalley groups

Steinberg's "Lectures on Chevalley Groups" https://math.depaul.edu/cdrupies/research/papers/chevalleygroups.pdf contain ``a complete list of isomorphisms" among the various finite simple Chevalley ...
6
votes
0answers
41 views

Coarse embeddability into Hilbert space of residually finite groups

By definition a finitely generated group G is coarsely embedded into Hilbert space if there is a function $F: G\to \ell_2$, such that $\|F(g_n)-F(h_n)\|\to\infty$ iff $d(g_n,h_n)\to\infty$, where $d$ ...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

Does every cocompact lattice admit a homomorphism (with infinite image) into a compact Lie group?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact arithmetic lattice in a semisimple algebraic group. Does it admit a homomorphism $\Gamma \to K$ with infinite image into a compact real Lie group $K$?
1
vote
3answers
169 views

Finite subgroups (not finite index, just finite) of the modular group

The modular group is commonly described as the group of linear fractional transforms $z \mapsto \displaystyle \frac{az+b}{cz+d}$ with $a,b,c,d$ integers and $ad-bc = 1$. Of course, a great deal is ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

Which is better for creating tables of group theory info, GAP or MAGMA?

Specifically, I want to compute the set of values of $|G:\text{ker}(\chi)|/\chi(1)$ for all the characters of a p-group, for a lot of p-groups. I don't know how to use either program, so before I ...
8
votes
1answer
236 views

Do you know this Burnside ring module?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\Omega(G)$ its Burnside ring. There is a certain $\Omega(G)$-module, let's call it $M(G)$, that appears in something that I am thinking about. As an abelian group $M(G)$ ...
6
votes
0answers
208 views

On describing a sort of “well-behaved” subgroups of a free abelian group

I found this question when I tried to figure out what kind of subgroups of a free abelian group behave just as well as in the finitely generated case. Let $M$ be a free abelian group and $N$ a ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Coboundary for the Cohomology of free groups

Let $G$ be a group. Let $\Bbbk$ be a field of char. $0$. We denote with $C^{n}(G, \Bbbk)$ the set of maps $f\: : \: G^{n}\to \Bbbk$ and with $\partial_{G}\: : \: C^{n-1}(G, \Bbbk)\to C^{n}(G, \Bbbk)$ ...
12
votes
1answer
132 views

The finiteness criterium $F$ under quasi-isometry

A group $G$ is defined to have $F$ if there exists a finite $K(G,1)$. This property is clearly not invariant under quasi-isometry as one can see from the trivial group and $\mathbb{Z}_2$. My question:...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Is $(G\rtimes H,H)$ a Gelfand pair iff $G$ is abelian?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $K \subset G$ a subgroup. Then $(G,K)$ is a Gelfand pair if the double coset Hecke algebra $\mathbb{C}(K \backslash G / K)$ is commutative. Let $H$ be a subgroup of $...
3
votes
2answers
135 views

Do the irreducible modules of this finite group preserve a tensor product structure?

I am interested in a particular group $G$, where $$ (A_4\times C_\ell) \lhd G \lhd S_4 \times D_\ell$$ Here, $C_\ell$ is cyclic, $D_\ell$ is dihedral of order $2\ell$, and the two inclusions both have ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Computing subgraph orbits

I have group $G$ acting on a 4-regular 120 node graph $\Gamma$. I want to compute equivalence classes of connected subgraphs of $\Gamma$, where by equivalent I mean in the same orbit. More ...
18
votes
1answer
577 views

Have finite doubly transitive groups been classified?

I am trying to determine whether the literature contains a complete proof of the classification of finite 2-transitive groups. This is a fundamental result with important applications in many areas ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Do irreducible characters form a closed set?

A character on a discrete group $\Gamma$ is a conjugation-invariant function $\tau$ which is of positive type, and is normalized so that $\tau(e) = 1$, where $e$ is the identity element of $\Gamma$. A ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

When does a normal subgroup H of a group G have a complement in G? [closed]

When does all normal subgroups of a group have complement? This question is different from question When does a subgroup H of a group G have a complement in G? Related to this question I ask is ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

CAT(0)-groups in dimension 2

Suppose I have a space $X$ which is connected, simply connected, CAT(0) of dimension 2 and a group $G$ which acts on $X$ freely, isometrically, properly discontinuously and cocompactly. What can be ...
6
votes
3answers
408 views

Solvable irreducible subgroups of the $\mathbf{GL}_n$ of $\mathbf{F}_p$ ($p$ prime)

I have a finite-dimensional vector space $E$ over the finite prime field $\mathbf{F}_p$ and a solvable subgroup $G\subset\mathbf{GL}(E)$ for which $E$ is an irreducible representation. Do the groups $...
6
votes
1answer
167 views

Real-valued character in Block with cyclic defect has at most two constituents modulo $p$

Let $G$ be a finite group and let $(K,R,k)$ be a $p$-modular system (large enough for $G$ etc.) and consider a block algebra $B \subseteq RG$ with cyclic defect group. My question is about the ...
6
votes
1answer
456 views

Non-vanishing of the Tate-Shafarevich kernel in group cohomology

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $M$ be a finite $G$-module (a finite abelian group with an action of $G$). We consider a special kind of $G$-modules; in particular, our $M$ is a finite dimensional ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

“Factorisation” in special linear groups over rings of integers

It is known that for any number field $F$ with infinitely many units (i.e. $F$ is not $\mathbb Q$ or an imaginary quadratic field) with ring of integers $O$ the special linear group $\mathrm{SL}_2(O)$ ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Subgroup ranks of the symmetric group

It's well known that every subgroup $G$ of $S_n$ has a generating set of size at most $n-1$ and that this generating set can be found algorithmically (by Jerrum's filter) I have heard many times a ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

Determining whether or not a subset of $S_n$ generates $S_n$

I have a certain family of subsets of $S_n$, and I'd like to know which subsets in this family generate $S_n$. What techniques exist for solving this type of problem? Are there any known results on ...
4
votes
0answers
57 views

Is there an interval of finite groups, at index n, with strictly more elements than the subgroup lattice of any group, of order n?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\mathcal{L}(G)$ its subgroup lattice. Let $s(n):= max\{|\mathcal{L}(G)| \text{ for } |G|=n \}$. There is an OEIS page for the sequence $s(n)$: A018216 1, 2, 2, 5, 2, ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Large almost abelian subgroups of permutation groups

Let $m<n$. Let $t_{m,n}$ be the largest cardinality of a subgroup $G\subseteq S_{n}$ such that if $A\subseteq\{1,...,n\}$ and $|A|=m$, then the subgroup $\{f\in G:f|_{A}=\text{Id}_{A}\}$ of $G$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Isomorphism with fixed number of Permutations [closed]

Suppose, I have a fixed number of permutations for each sub-graph to determine isomorphism of whole graph. Is it possible to determine efficiently ? For example, $G, H$ are isomorphic graphs. For ...
7
votes
1answer
239 views

Is it known whether every symmetric pair of finite groups of Lie type is a Gelfand pair?

A pair of groups $(G,H)$ is called a symmetric pair if $H$ is the group of fixed points of an involutive automorphism of $G$, for example $(GL(2n,\mathbb{F}_q),Sp(2n,\mathbb{F_q}))$ is a symmetric ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Relation between the Frattini Property and Pronormal subgroups of Solvable groups

A subgroup $H$ of $G$ is said to satisfy the Frattini Property if for any subgroup $K$ and $L$ such that $H\leq K \unlhd L$ implies that $L \leq N_L(H)K$ A subgroup is $H$ is pronormal in $G$ if for ...
1
vote
2answers
230 views

A good upper-bound for the cardinal of an interval of finite groups

This post is a relative version of General bound for the number of subgroups of a finite group Let $[H,G]$ be a interval of finite groups with $|G:H| = n$. Question: What is a good upper-bound of $|[...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Generating set of Graph-Automorphism from Direct Product

Notation: $H$ is the adjacency matrix of graph $\mathcal{H}$ . $$H = \begin{bmatrix} H_{(3)} & R_{(3, 2)} & R_{(3,1)} \\ R_{(3,2)} & H_{(2)} & R_{(2,1)} \\ R_{(3,1)} & R_{(2,1)}...
30
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a nice explanation for this curious fact about cyclic subgroups?

Here's something that I noticed that quite surprised me. Let $G$ be a finite abelian group. Consider the following expression. $$ \nu(G) = \sum_{\substack{H \leq G \\ H \text{ is cyclic}}} |H| $$ It ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

Classification of finite subgroup of $PGSp_4(\mathbb{C})$

Is there a classification of the finite subgroups of $PGSp_4(\mathbb{C})$?
4
votes
2answers
228 views

Historical reference request on Nilpotent groups

From Wikipedia: "Abelian groups were named after Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel by Camille Jordan because Abel found that the commutativity of the group of a polynomial implies that the ...
7
votes
1answer
296 views

Groupoid cardinality and Egyptian fraction representations of 1

It is well-known that any rational number can be represented using a sum of distinct Egyptian fractions (that is, rational fractions of the form $1/n$ with $n\in\mathbb{N}$). This may be proven by ...
14
votes
1answer
352 views

Does the ring $R = \mathbb{Z}[X^{\pm1}]$ of Laurent polynomials over $\mathbb{Z}$ satisfy $SL_2(R) = E_2(R)$?

Let $R = \mathbb{Z}[X^{\pm1}]$ be the ring of Laurent polynomials on one indeterminate over $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $E_2(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_2(R)$ generated by the matrices that differ from the ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Is the class of commutative generalized Euclidean rings stable under quotient and localization?

Let $R$ be an associative ring with indentity and let $E_n(R)$ be the subgroup of $GL_n(R)$ generated by matrices obtained from the identity matrix by replacing an off-diagonal entry by some $r∈R$. ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

A non-surjective coboundary map induced by a central extension

Let $k$ be a number field and $$ 1\to A \to B \to C \to 1$$ be a central extension of finite groups over $\mathcal{O}_k$ (the ring of integers of $k$), with $B$ non-commutative. Consider the induced ...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

A metric on $Homeo([0,1])$

One can define a metric on the set $Homeo([0,1])$ by setting $dist(f,g) =$ measure of support of $f^{-1}g$, that is the measure of the set of points $x$ where $f(x)\ne g(x)$. Was this metric studied ...
12
votes
2answers
517 views

1-st cohomology of multiplicative group in a vector space

Let $\mathbb k$ be a field of characteristic $p$ and let $\mathbb k_n$ be a 1-dimensional representation of $\mathbb k^\times$, where the action is given by $t\circ v= t^n v$. Is it known what are the ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Realization of irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules and the representation theory of Lie algebra

Let $n$ be a positive integer. It is well-known that a method to realize irreducible $\mathfrak{S}_d$-modules is to construct the so-called Specht modules $S^{\mu}$ which are submodules in the so-...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Nonvanishing of the dual Euler totient on boolean intervals of finite groups

The rank $n$ boolean lattice $B_n$, is the subset lattice of $\{1,2, \dotsm n \}$. Let $[H,G]$ be a boolean interval of finite groups. Its Euler totient is defined by $$\varphi(H,G):=\sum_{K \in ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Does there exist a non-hyperelliptic Riemann surface with automorphism group $C_2\times A_4$?

Does there exist a non-hyperelliptic Riemann surface of genus 5 with automorphism group $C_2\times A_4$?