Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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0
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0answers
47 views

an example for fundamental group of graph of groups [on hold]

suppose we have a graph $X$ with the vertex set $\left\lbrace v_1,v_2,v_3 \right\rbrace $ and the edge set $\left\lbrace e_1,e_2,e_3 \right\rbrace $ like a triangle. let $(\Gamma,X)$ be a graph of ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

HNN extension group with finitely generated base

Let $B$ be a group and let $A_1$ and $A_2$ subgroups of $B$ with $\phi :A_1\rightarrow A_2$ an isomorphism. Let $\left<t\right>$ be the infinite cyclic group, generated by a new element $t$. The ...
1
vote
0answers
144 views

One-dimension Algebraic groups

I am searching for a possible analogue of a result in algebraic groups in a non-commutative setting, so I am looking for different proofs of the following : Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field. ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

p-groups with unique normal minimal subgroup

Is p-groups with unique normal minimal subgroup have been Classification? Is there any article on the subject?
8
votes
1answer
122 views

Schur multiplier of $Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z}_2)$ for $g \geq 3$

This question is about the computation of $H_2(Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z}_2), \mathbb{Z})$, where $Sp(2g, \mathbb{Z}_2)$ is the group of symplectic $2g \times 2g$ matrices over $\mathbb{Z}_2$. With respect to ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

About $c(A)$ in $c(A)|A|\leq |A^{-1}A|$

Let $G$ be a finite group, $\emptyset\neq A\subseteq G$, $A^{-1}:=\{ a^{-1}:a\in A\}$, and put $$c(A):=\max\{t\in \mathbb{Z}: t|A|\leq |A^{-1}A|\}$$ It is clear that $1\leq c(A)\leq ...
2
votes
0answers
145 views

Groups with isomorphic quotients [on hold]

Assume we have a finitely presented group $G$ and a non-trivial normal subgroup N. How can one decide that $G/N$ is isomorphic to $G$ or not? $G$ is given as a presentation and $N$ as a set of words.
-4
votes
0answers
45 views

A set containing more than half elements of a group [on hold]

I wish to prove the exercise which states that for a set $A$ containing more than half elements of a group $G$, every element of $G$ is a product of two elements of $A$. My attempt: By Lagrange ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Computing abelianizations of some explict finite subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$

I have been attempting to find some abelianizations of some subgroups of $GL_2(\mathbb{Z}/p^n \mathbb{Z})$. I have been using brute force for the most part but I get very messy results. Here is an ...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

References about the matrix generators of the finite subgroups of the orthogonal group O(4)

"On Quaternions and Octonions" by Conway and Smith gives the classification of the finite subgroups of the orthogonal group O(4). I want to get the explicit matrix generators of the finite subgroups. ...
7
votes
1answer
137 views

Nonsolvable finite quotients of matrix groups

Suppose that $\Gamma$ is a finitely generated nonsolvable subgroup of $GL(n, R)$. Is it in the literature that $\Gamma$ has a nonsolvable finite quotient? I know how to prove it (the hardest ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Braids with an infinite number of strings

Has anyone developed a theory for braids with an infinite number of strings?
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Is there a nice choice-free argument to count the number of sublattices?

It's a well known fact that the number of index $n$ sublattices of a rank two lattice $\Lambda$ is given by $\sigma_1(n) = \sum_{d\mid n} d$. Here is a proof of this fact: Proof: choosing a basis of ...
-4
votes
1answer
117 views

Even-odd partitioned groups! [closed]

Let $G$ be a group with the property $G=G_e\dot{\cup} G_o$ with $G_oG_o\subseteq G_e\leq G$. ($\dot{\cup}$ denotes disjoint union, $\leq$ is subgroup notation, and $G_o^{-1}=\{x^{-1}: x\in G_o\}$) ...
6
votes
2answers
182 views

Uniqueness of the fusion ring for simple finite group

We know that the irreducible representations $R_i$ of a group $G$ can give rise to a fusion ring: $R_i\otimes R_j = \oplus_k N^{ij}_k R_k$. I wonder if the following statement is true or not: If $G$ ...
8
votes
1answer
174 views

Finite groups: equations with many solutions

Let $\omega$ be a word in the free group on generators $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n,g_1,g_2,\ldots,g_k$, where $n>0$ and $k\geq 0$. For any finite group $G$ and elements $g_1,g_2,\ldots g_k$ in $G$ we ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

finitely presented subgroup and free solvable group of class 3

Let $F(n)$ be free group of rank $n\geq 2$. Denote by $F_d(n)$ the d-th derived subgroup, that is $F_d(n)=[F_{d-1}(n),F_{d-1}(n)]$ where $F_0(n)=F(n)$. The free solvable group of rank $n$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
119 views

Iwasawa theory, $\mathbb{Z}_p^{2}$-extension, Greenberg module

Take $H\subset \bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ be a quartic imaginary number field such that $\operatorname{Gal}(H/\mathbb{Q})=\mathbb{Z}_2 \times \mathbb{Z}_2$. Denote by $F$ the quadratic real subfield of $H$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

$2$-cohomology group of semi-direct products

Let $G=N\rtimes T$ and let $A$ be a $G$-module with a trivial $G$-action. The action of $T$ on induce a natural action of $T$ on the second cohomology group of $N$. Denote by $H^2(N,A)^T$ the ...
17
votes
2answers
612 views

Solving equations in SO(3) : an open problem by Jan Mycielski

I am interested in a problem closely related to a problem stated by Jan Mycielski in his paper Can One Solve Equations in Group? (The American Mathematical Monthly, 1977, ...
16
votes
2answers
526 views

Technical issue in the approach to Lie groups taken in Brian C. Hall's book

I'm teaching Lie groups and Lie Algebras out of Brian C. Hall's book, which I've enjoyed using. I'm confused about a technical hitch though that I'm not sure how to avoid. The approach taken in this ...
12
votes
1answer
119 views

An inequality for the minimal number of generators of a finite group

Let $G$ be a finite group, $n(G)$ the minimal number of generators and $m(G)$ the minimal number of irreducible complex representations generating (with $\otimes$ and $\oplus$) the left regular ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

Describing Levi factors and unipotent radicals of parabolic subgroups in classical groups

I asked this question before at Math.SE (link) but got no answer. Let $G$ be an algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p \geq 0$. Then any parabolic subgroup $P$ ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Groups with Abelian Automorphism Group

In a paper, the authors Jonah-Konvisser say Until recently (~1975), there were no published examples of non-abelian groups with abelian automorphism groups. Heinken and Liebeck have methods for ...
2
votes
1answer
361 views

A group algebra isomorphism problem

What are the groups $G$ and fields $\Bbb K$ for which $\Bbb K[G]\cong\Bbb K^{|G|}$ holds? For example $\Bbb R[\Bbb F_2^n]\cong\Bbb R^{2^n}$ holds.
3
votes
0answers
136 views

Are all finitely generated subgroups of SL2 LERF? [closed]

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a finitely generated subgroup. Must $H$ be LERF? A group $H$ is said to be LERF (locally extended residually finite), or subgroup separable, if its ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Finite groups as intersection of algebraical groups [migrated]

Well known that any finite number of points can be seen as intersection of two algebraical curves. Is it true that any finite group $G$ can be seen as intersection of two (connected) one dimensional ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Groupoid isomorphism vs. group isomorphism

Assume that $\Gamma$ is a group with neutral element $e$. We associate to $\Gamma$ the following groupoid $G$: $G=\Gamma \times \Gamma,\;\;\;G^{(0)}=\Gamma \times \{0\},\;\;s(a,b)=(a,e),\;\;\; ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Expected shortest word length\depth in Braid groups from set of all braids with length L

Consider the set of all positive braids on n strands, with a fixed length L. $$B^+_{n,L}:=\{\beta\in B_n:\beta=\sigma_{i_1}\sigma_{i_2}\ldots\sigma_{i_L},1\leq i_k \leq n-1\}$$. Using the relations, ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

When can we establish an isomorphism between two not-finitely presented groups?

Assume that finitely generated groups $G$ and $H$, are not finitely presented. Fix a generating set $\mathfrak g:=\{g_1,\dotsc,g_n\}$ of $G$. Let $\mathfrak R:=\{R_1,R_2,\dots\}$ be the set of all ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Counting Frobenius groups with abelian Frobenius complement

In R. Brown, D. K. Harrison Abelian Frobenius kernels and modules over number rings. J. Pure Appl. Algebra 126 (1998), no. 1-3, 51–86, Remark 11.13 (A), the authors show that the number of isomorphism ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Must normalizing field outer automorphisms “divide” the dimension?

Imprecise question: To get a normalizing field outer automorphism of order $r$, must we multiply the dimension by $r$? Precise hypothesis: Let $p\geqslant 5$ be a prime, let $q$ be a power of $p$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

The parity of the full automorphism group order of finite non-abelian groups of prime exponent

Is there a finite non-abelian group $G$ of prime exponent such that the full automorphism group of $G$ is of odd order?
8
votes
2answers
305 views

Characters of permutation groups

Let $N$ be a fixed positive integer, and denote by $C(m)$ the number of permutations on an $N$-element set that have exactly $m$ cycles (counting $1$-cycles). Then it is in the literature that the ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

What is known about the algebraic variety defined by the group determinant?

What is known about the algebraic variety $V_G$ defined by $det(X_G) = 1$ where $X_G$ is the group matrix $(x_{g_ig_j^-1})$ of a finite group $G$? It is known that two finite groups having the same ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Could the number of defining relators of a finitely presented group increase

Do there exist finitely generated groups $G$ and $H$ with following properies: $G=\langle g_1,\dotsc,g_n\rangle$ is not finitely presented, Let $R:=\{r_1,r_2,\dots\}$ be the set of its defining ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

long root elements fixed by an automorphism in simple lie type group

Thanks for any help or comments. Suppose $G=G(q)$ is a simple lie type group over field $F$ of characteristic $r$. So $G$ has some well known subgroup $X_a$ named Long root subgroup such that ...
7
votes
1answer
267 views

For a new operation on a finite group of odd order giving a loop structure, when does this also gives a group

For finite groups $G$ of odd order, as $x \mapsto x^2$ is bijection (but no automorphism in general) then, we can define for each $g \in G$ the element $x^{1/2}$ by requiring $(x^{1/2})^2 = x$. Then ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

On the unipotent conjugacy classes in $SU(3,q^2)$

Consider the special unitary group of degree 3 over a finite field $\mathbb{F}_{q^2}$, $q=p^n$ a prime power, and $U$ its Sylow $p$-subgroup (we way fix it to be the subgroup of upper triangular ...
6
votes
0answers
196 views

Is always the ratio (number of commuting pairs of elements in a ring or a Lie algebra)/(the size of the ring or the Lie algebra) integer?

(1) Is there a finite nilpotent ring $R$ such that the ratio $$c(R)=\frac{|\{(x,y)\in R\times R \; | \; xy=yx\}}{|R|}$$ is not integer? Edit 1: The nilpotent condition is put later. Edit/Answer: ...
5
votes
0answers
121 views

Generators of pure braid groups of arbitrary Coxeter groups

Let $W$ be an arbitrary Coxeter group, and let $A$ be the associated Artin-Tits braid group, with standard Coxeter generators $\sigma_i\in A$. Let $P$ be the "pure braid group", the kernel of the ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Is there a link between $H_2(G,\mathbb{Z})$, the Schur Multiplier of a group, and the “other” Schur multipliers of a group?

The name for the the following 2 mathematical objects: $$H_2(G,\mathbb{Z})$$ and $$\{K:G\times G\longrightarrow\mathbb{C}\ |\ \forall T\in B(l^2(G))\text{we have that}~S:G\times ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

When can a locally compact group be approximated by discrete subgroups?

This question is about partitioning a (locally) compact group into cells by using discrete subgroups. Let $G$ be a locally compact group. (I am really most interested in the case where $G$ is a ...
7
votes
1answer
173 views

homological 2 dimensional groups

In a Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici paper by Benno Eckman and Heinz Müller in 1980 (volume 50, pages 510-520) proved that poincaré Duality Groups of dimension 2 with positive first ...
2
votes
0answers
269 views

What kind of group invariants exist? [closed]

Let $G$ be a finite group.Then it is known, that: 1) The group determinant determines the group (up to isomorphism) 2) The 1, 2, 3 characters determine the group 3) The invariants $f_1,\cdots,f_m$ ...
7
votes
0answers
232 views

Generator of a $\bigoplus_{n=0}^\infty \mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$-action

Let $T$ be a measure-preserving action of a group $G$ on a Lebesgue space $X$. That means that $T$ associates an automorphism (i.e. an invertible measure-preserving transformation) $T^g$ of $X$ to ...
6
votes
1answer
445 views

Why is $(A^\perp)^\perp = A$?

On page 52 of this paper, Iwasawa considered the bilinear symmetric non-degenerate pairing $\Phi_n \times \Phi_n \rightarrow \mathbb{Q}_p/\mathbb{Z}_p$ defined by $$\langle \alpha, \beta \rangle_n := ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

Generalization of $(HK:H)=(K:H\cap K)$

I asked this question two days ago om Math SE but didn't receive an answer: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/1597321/generalization-of-hkh-kk-cap-h Suppose we are given subgroups $H,K$ of a ...
8
votes
3answers
304 views

Frobenius complement/kernel of an infinite group

Happy Peaceful New Year ! In this question, I recalled that if $H$ is a proper subgroup of a finite group $G$, such that $$({\bf A1})\qquad(g\not\in H)\Longrightarrow(g^{-1}Hg\cap H=(1)),$$ then ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Abelian extremely amenable group?

Is there a nontrivial commutative Hausdorff topological group that is extremely amenable? Recall that a topological group is called extremely amenable if any continuous action on a compact ...