Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

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1
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0answers
22 views

Do free profinite groups satisfy Howson's theorem?

Let $F$ be a free profinite group, and let $A,B \leq F$ be finitely generated closed subgroups. Must $A \cap B$ be finitely generated?
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0answers
30 views

Free profinite products

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $x \in F$. Must there be some $1 \neq y \in F$ such that $\langle x,y \rangle$ is isomorphic to the free profinite product of ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Proof of a Proposition regarding the reduction of N-torsion groups on elliptic curves

In Diamond-Shurman A first course in Modular forms p.334 Prop. 8.4.4. It is stated, For E elliptic curve over $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$ with good reduction at the prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}$ the reduction ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Is a finitely generated subgroup of a free profinite group virtually a retract?

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated closed subgroup. Must there be some open subgroup $H \leq U \leq F$, and a closed normal ...
15
votes
4answers
877 views

Categorical proof subgroups of free groups are free?

This is a crossport of this question from MSE. Is there a categorical proof that subgroups of free groups are free? How about the result that subgroups of free abelian groups are free abelian? ...
13
votes
2answers
355 views

Why is “The Higman Rope Trick” thus named?

I'm studiyng Higman's Embedding Theorem, and a fundamental part of the proof is the following lemma: If R is a benign normal subgroup of finitely generated group F, then F/R can be embedded in a ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Schur covering group for S4

It is well-known that the symmetric group S4 has two Schur covering groups, S4-tilde and S4-hat. There are explicit presentations for both groups, and we know that S4-hat is isomorphic to GL(2,3). ...
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0answers
66 views

When can the group of permutations generated by the translations of a group be identical with the group of all permutations on this group? [on hold]

Let G be a finite (multiplicative) group of order n and P be the group of order n! of all permutations on the set G. For every element a in G, let L(a) be the left translation of a in G be defined as ...
9
votes
0answers
99 views

What Is The Minimal Monomial of the Symmetric Group?

In the symmetric group $S_n$ what is the shortest sequence $c_1,\ldots,c_k\in S_n$ such that, for all $x\in S_n$ the following product of conjugates of $x$: $$x^{c_1}x^{c_2}\ldots x^{c_k}$$ equals the ...
0
votes
0answers
207 views

The amenable aspect of $F_{2}$ [on hold]

Edit: I think that this question is not so off topic so I do not know why it is voted to be on hold. Among other parts, it contains a question about group extension We fix an embedding of $F_{2}$, ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

the number of indecomposable modules of finite groups over finite fields of a fixed dimension

I am interested in determining the the number of indecomposable modules of finite groups over finite fields of a fixed dimension. Specifically, I have the following conjecture: Conjecture. Suppose we ...
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votes
0answers
52 views

What are “small” finite groups with “exponentially” large expansion? [closed]

Given an integer $k$ suppose one wants the group to be polynomial in size in $k$ but the expansion to be exponential in size in $k$. I am not sure I am asking a precise question. Kindly add in ...
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votes
0answers
71 views

IA automorphisms of group of order pq [closed]

Let $G$ be a group with order $pq$ then is it necessary that the order of corresponding group of IA automorphisms is also $pq$?
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements. What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

group homomorphisms from the real line to infinite torsion abelian groups [migrated]

Hello I have question in group theory that actually originated from a question in dynamical systems. Let G be the abelian group given by the real line with addition. Let H be an infinite torsion ...
11
votes
0answers
162 views

Elements of order 3 normalizing no non-identity 2-subgroups in Almost Simple Groups

This question is partly motivated by a situation which arises in modular representation theory. A finite group $G$ is said to be almost simple if $G$ has a unique minimal normal subgroup which is a ...
3
votes
0answers
92 views

Invariant Laurent polynomials under cyclic group action

Start with the cyclic group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/p$ of prime order $p$ and and an integer lattice $P:=\mathbb{Z}^p$. Let $G$ act on $P$ by cyclic permutation of coordinates. There is an induced action on ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Limits of conjugated subgroups

I've recently encountered the following problem. Given a group $G$, a subgroup $H$ and a sequence $g_n\in G$, let $$ \liminf_{j\to\infty}H^{g_j} :=\bigcup_{n\ge 1} \bigcap_{j\ge n} H^{g_j}.$$ Here $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

Equalizer in Free groups

Let $F_n$ be the free group generated by $x_1,\cdots,x_n$ and for each $1\leq i\leq n$, let a homomorphism $d_i:F_n\to F_{n-1}$ be defined as follows: $d_i(x_r)=x_r$, if $i>r$; $d_i(x_r)=1$, if ...
11
votes
1answer
326 views

Is there a faithful transitive locally finite action of the modular group?

Is there a faithful transitive action of $G = \mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that orbits under each $g \in G$ are finite?
0
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0answers
62 views

When is edge colored circulant isomorphism polynomial?

Don't understand enough group theory, but two papers appear to give partial results about an open problem. Edge colored graph isomorphism is isomorphism which preserves the edge coloring (the ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
345 views

Why is this group called “The Holomorph of a group”

Many years ago I found in google the notation "Holomorph of group". It is the semi direct product of $G$ with $Aut(G)$. Why is the term "Holomorph" used here, while it is usually used for complex ...
1
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0answers
72 views

Are lattices in the special real linear group subgroup seperable?

Let $G \leq SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a lattice, let $H \leq G$ be a finitely generated subgroup of infinite index, and let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Must there be some $H \leq U \leq G$ such that $n \leq [G : ...
6
votes
0answers
130 views

An example of a simple infinite 2-group

I've asked this question before on Mathematics, and they suggested me to ask here (Link). Is there an example of a simple infinite $2$-group? Informations If a $2$-group is Artinian I know that ...
6
votes
3answers
852 views

A categorical method to, say, determine the cardinality of a group

I am trying to figure out how much one can figure out about an object using category theory. Ideally, any property that is well defined up to isomorphism should be computable using only category ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Embedding $G$ in a $Z(G)$ extension of $\operatorname{Aut}G$

This question follows up a question I asked on math.SE. This is a refinement and a reference request. For what groups $G$ does there exist a $Z(G)$-extension of $\operatorname{Aut}G$ (call it ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

F.g group with infinite ends not Q.I to a free group

Is there any easy example of a finitely generated group with a Cantor set of ends that is not quasi-isometric to a finitely generated free group? Thanks in advance.
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Special sets of involutions generating ${\rm S}_n$

For which positive integers $k$ and $r$ are there involutions $g_{n,i} \in {\rm S}_n$ $(n \in \mathbb{N}, \ i = 1, \dots, k)$ such that the following hold?: for any $n$, the $g_{n,i}$ $(i = 1, ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

twists of algebraic groups

If $k$ is some field - for convenience, of characteristic 0 -, $\bar{k}$ is an alg. closure of $k$, and $G$ is some $k$-algebraic group, one can define a twist of $G$ to be some $k$-algebraic group ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

About Abelian Radicable Groups Generated by Chernikov's subgroups

Let $G$ be a abelian and radicable group generated by subgroups abelian, radicable and Chernikov. Then $G$ is Chernikov? ie, if $G = \left<H| H \leq G \right>$ with $H$ abelian, radicable and ...
4
votes
0answers
241 views

Very frustrated reading a proof of the faithfulness of Artin's representation of braid groups

I am reading BRAID GROUPS, FREE GROUPS, AND THE LOOP SPACE OF THE 2-SPHERE by F.R. Cohen and J. Wu and here is an extract of the paper: (The proof is not finished yet but I am very confused by now.) ...
4
votes
1answer
218 views

A finite 2-group acts on an elementary abelian group of odd order

I would be grateful if you have an idea how to prove the following: Let a finite $2$-group $P$ act on an elementary abelian group of odd order $N$ such that the centralizer $C_P(N)=1$, and then form ...
8
votes
1answer
218 views

Condition for a certain subset being a subgroup

For any finite group $G$ and $n$ a divisor of $|G|$, consider the following subset of elements of "co-order" dividing $n$: $$G(n) = \{ g \in G \mid g^{|G|/n} = 1 \}$$ By a classical theorem of ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Orthosymplectic group, matrix representations

We have the orthosymplectic $osp(n,m|2k)$. The bosonic part is $so(n,m)\times sp(2k)$. The lie algebra generators are given in eg http://cds.cern.ch/record/524737/files/0110257.pdf$ where the group ...
28
votes
1answer
551 views

Two groups that are the automorphism groups of each other

Let $H,K$ be two non-isomorphic groups such that $H\cong Aut(K)$ and $K\cong Aut(H)$. Is there any example of such groups ? Note: I had asked the question there.
0
votes
0answers
56 views

adjoint quotient and points in DVRs

Let $G$ be a connected reductive group over an algebraically closed field $k$, $T$ a maximal torus and $W$ its Weyl group. We have a Steinberg map $\chi:G\rightarrow \mathfrak{C}:=T/W$ if we have a ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

Connected compact Lie groups with Lie algebra so(4n, R)

I am trying to write a complete list of connected compact simple Lie groups (or of connected complex simple Lie groups, both tasks are equivalent). I am missing just one case. Consider the Lie ...
-5
votes
1answer
136 views

Is this statement true? [closed]

Let $G$ be a finite group such that $p\mid |G|$ and $p^2\nmid |G|$, where $p\geq3$ is a prime number. Is it true that $G$ is a direct product of simple groups? why?
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Totally aperiodic sequence

Let $A$ be a finite set. Let $A^k$ be the set of words in the alphabet $A$ of length $k$ and $A^*$ be the set of infinite words. I was looking for an element $a = \lbrace a_n \rbrace_{n \in ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

Schreier's formula and supersolvable groups

A finitely generated profinite group $G$ is said to satisfy Schreier's formula if for every open subgroup $L \leq_o G$ we have $d(L) = (d(G)-1)[G:L] + 1$. Here $d$ stands for the smallest cardinality ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Can a profinite completion be free pro-p?

Is there a prime number $p$ and a finitely generated residually finite group whose profinite completion is a free pro-$p$ group on a nonempty finite set? Thanks to YCor we see that we cannot take the ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

$nse$ for which simple group was determined?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\omega(G)$ be the set of element orders of $G$. Let $k\in\omega(G)$ and $m_k$ be the number of elements of order $k$ in $G$. Set $nse(G):= \{m_k : k \in\omega(G)\}$. ...
11
votes
3answers
858 views

Non-abelian Grothendieck group

By general nonsense the forgetful functor from groups to monoids has a left adjoint. It maps a monoid $(X,\cdot,1)$ to the free group on $\{\underline{x} : x \in X\}$ modulo the relations ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

What does the ring $K[S]$ know about a group generated by $S$?

Given a discrete group $\Gamma$ generated by $S$ let $K[S]$ denote the subring of the group-ring $K[\Gamma]$ generated by $S$ (over a commutative ring $K$). The ring $K[S]$ is thus a quotient of the ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Can the full and reduced group $C^*$-algebras be “noncanonically” isomorphic?

Is there a locally compact group $G$ such that the canonical map from $C^{*}(G)$ to $C^{*}_{red} G$ is not isomorphism, hence $G$ is not amenable but these two $C^{*}$ algebras are isomorphic ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Are there quasiconvex normal subgroups?

Let $G$ by a hyperbolic group, and let $H \lhd G$ be a normal quasiconvex subgroup. Is it possible that $|H| = [G : H] = \infty$ ?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Conjugates and infinite index subgroups of free groups

Here I am asking for an analogue of Generating infinite index subgroups of a free group Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free group, let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated subgroup of ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Exotic actions of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group acting faithfully on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that: The action is highly transitive - it is $k$-transitive for each $k \in \mathbb{N}$. For every quasiconvex subgroup $H \leq ...
7
votes
0answers
133 views

Is there an infinite increasing sequence of naturals for which Landau's function can be efficiently computed?

Landau's function $g(n)$ is the largest order of an element of the symmetric group $S_n$. Equivalently, $g(n)$ is the largest least common multiple (lcm) of any partition of $n$. In general $g(n)$ is ...