Questions about the branch of abstract algebra that deals with groups.

**8**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Groups whose word problem can be solved in constant time

Given a finitely generated group $G$, define an encoding of $G$ to be a one-to-one function $\Phi:G\to \bigcup_n \{0,1\}^n$ that sends each group element to a unique finite word. For $a,b\in G$, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Relation between conjugacy class, quotient isomorphism class, and signature of Fuchsian groups

Let $\Gamma\le SL(2,\mathbb{Z})$ be a finite index subgroup, not necessarily "congruence".
Let $c_4,c_6$ be the number of conjugacy classes of elements of order 4 and 6 respectively, let $c_{-1}$ be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### Induced structure of topological group [on hold]

If we consider a closed Jordan curve $\mathcal{C}$, I know that it's homeomorphic to the circle $S^1$. Now I take an homeomorphism $\phi:S^1\longrightarrow\mathcal{C}$ and this homeomorphism induces a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Non-trivial homomorphisms to finite groups on fixed generating set

A group $G$ is residually finite if for each element $g\in G$ there exists a (surjective) homomorphism $f_g: G \rightarrow H_g$ such that $H_g$ is finite and $f_g(g)\ne 1$.
Consider the weaker ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Mapping a group to a finite group s.t. the image of each generator is nontrivial

Recall that a group $G$ is called residually finite if for any nontrivial element $g\in G$ there exists a finite group $H$ and a homomorphism $f$ from $G$ to $H$ such that $f(g)\neq1$.
My question is
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Size of automorphism group of random regular graph

If I pick a random regular graph on $n$-vertices and degree $d$ from uniform distribution what is the probability that its automorphism group is of size at least $m$?
--
I want to know what is the ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### Follow-up to Steinberg's problem (12) in his 1966 ICM talk?

Steinberg's lecture at the 1966 ICM in Moscow here surveyed his work on regular elements of semisimple algebraic groups, while also formulating a number of then-open questions as "problems" (with ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### How do I go about solving the following problem? [closed]

Given $(m_1,m_2, ...,m_r)\in Z^r_{\geq 0}$, and $a_1, a_2, · · · , a_r \in \mathbb{N}$ such that: $\sum_{i=1}^r a_im_i=qL$
where $L$ denotes the least common multiple of $a_1, a_2, · · · , a_r$ and $...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

196 views

### When can the Cayley graph of the symmetries of an object have those symmetries?

Let $P$ be an object in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with symmetry group $G$.
Let $C$ be the a Cayley graph of $G$.
When can $C$ be embedded in $\mathbb{R}^m$ so that the embedded graph
has the same symmetry ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### example of fuchsian groups acting on 2-sphere by G. Martin

Currently I am reading a paper "Infinite group actions on spheres" by Gaven Martin. I am a first year graduate students and I got lots of questions, so one of them is about the following example: (...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

95 views

### Finite groups are isomorphic [closed]

For two finite groups $G_1, G_2$ if for every integer $n\geq 0$, $|G_1^n| = |G_2^n|$, then is it true that $G_1\cong G_2$? By $G^k$ we mean set $\{g^k|g\in G\}$.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### A quotient group of a self-normalizing spherical subgroup

Let $G$ be simply connected, simple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $H\subset G$ be a self-normalizing spherical subgroup of $G$,
not necessarily connected or reductive.
Here "self-normalizing" ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

227 views

### The set of subgroups of $F_2$

This question came up in our algebraic topology class and our Professor didn't know the answer. I also couldn't find an answer so far.
What is the cardinality of the set of subgroups of $F_2$?
...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

417 views

### When can a finite subgroup of $GL(2n,\mathbb{R})$ be viewed as a subgroup of $GL(n,\mathbb{C})$?

A finite group acting on a complex vector space of dimension $n$ can be seen as acting on a real vector space of dimension $2n$ just by forgetting the complex structure of the space. My question is, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### When is the restriction map $res:H^2(G,U(1))\to H^2(Z_p\times Z_p,U(1))$ not the zero map?

Consider $G$ to be a finite group with non-trivial Schur Multipler $H^2(G,U(1))$, where $G$ acts trivially on the circle group $U(1)$.
By Example of a Schur-nontrivial group with no abelian subgroup ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

95 views

### Finite generation of stabilizers in a $G$-set [closed]

Suppose that $G$ is a finitely generated group, $X$ is a $G$-set, and $x \in X$ is a point. Are there any sorts of conditions on $X$ and $G$ that would let me conclude that $\operatorname{Stab}(x)$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### Simple groups and irreducible characters of degree 3

I have posted this question on mathstack echange but did not get any answer. It mam trying my luck here.
The only simple finite groups admitting an irreducible character of degree 3 are $\mathfrak{A}...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### p-groups with maximal class subgroup

Suppose $G$ is a finite non-abelian p-group of nilpotent class $c$. Is there a subgroup $H$ of nilpotent class $c$ and size $p^{c+1}$?
If this is not true, is it possible to add some additional ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

113 views

### Malnormal subgroups in solvable groups

I have been reading through a book of Robinson where it is mentioned (informally!) that solvable groups have "many" subnormal subgroups (subgroups $H<G$ with $H=H_0 \lhd H_1 \lhd \ldots \lhd H_n = ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Finite-index iff positive density?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and $S$ a symmetric generating set. Define density (lower density, say) with respect to the sequence of balls $S^n$.
Is it true that a subgroup of $G$ has ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

56 views

### Group of Lie type as expanders: explicit estimates

In a paper Finite simple groups as expanders by M. Kassabov, A. Lubotzky and N. Nikolov there is a theorem, stating that there exists $\varepsilon>0$ and $k\in\mathbb{N}$, such that for every non-...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

130 views

### p-groups with special property on its centralizers

Thanks for any help or comment.
Suppose $G$ is a finite non-abelian p-group. Suppose $G$ has a proper non-abelian subgroup $M$ such that for every non-central element $x\in M$, $C_G(x)\subseteq M$. ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

435 views

### Example of reflective subcategory of (Groups) whose reflector doesn't preserve finite products

A subcategory $D$ of a category $C$ is called reflective, if the embedding $D \hookrightarrow C$ has a left adjoint $L:C \to D$. The left adjoint $L$ is called the reflector. If the category $C$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Analogues of Goursat's Lemma for Infinite Products of Topological Groups

Recall that Goursat's Lemma has the following useful consequence. Let $G_1, G_2$ be finite groups with no common simple non-abelian quotients, and suppose $\gcd(|G_1^{\operatorname{ab}}|, |G_2^{\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

154 views

### The number of fixed points of an automorphism of $\mathbb{Z}_m\times\mathbb{Z}_n$

Let $m$ and $n$ be two positive integers such that the groups $\mathbb{Z}_m$ and $\mathbb{Z}_n$ have no common direct factor. Then an automorphism $f$ of $\mathbb{Z}_m\times\mathbb{Z}_n$ is of type
$$\...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### Bounding the union of conjugates of a maximal subgroup of the Symplectic group over a finite field

Let $g \geq 1$ be a positive integer, and let $p$ be a prime. Consider the symplectic group $G := \operatorname{Sp}_{2g}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ of symplectic matrices with entries in $\mathbb{F}_p$. Let $M \...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

566 views

### A question on linear groups

Asking this question I have made a mistake joining my main question with two simple ones, so it hasn't received enough attention, however there was a partial answer, which was not elaborated, and now ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

81 views

### Geography of Kähler manifolds

What is the geography of Kähler manifolds with negative sectional curvature? More precisely, can any hyperbolic group be realized as the fundamental group of a Kähler manifold with negative sectional ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Reference for nonlinearity of covers of $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb R)$

It is known that no nontrivial connected cover of $\operatorname{SL}(2,\mathbb R)$ admits a faithful finite dimensional linear representation (see, for example, page 143 in Fulton-Harris and Exercise ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Subsets of the boundary of a surface group

Consider the surface group $\Gamma=\langle a,b,c,d\mid [a,b][c,d]=1\rangle$: it is a Gromov hyperbolic group; its Gromov boundary $\partial\Gamma$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$ (the unit circle).
I would ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Do the normal forms for braid groups really conceal information about better than randomly applying the braid relations?

In braid based cryptography, one typically wants to conceal the way a certain braid $b$ has been obtained. One therefore puts $b$ into some normal form. Since every braid has a unique normal form, the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

132 views

### Ring structure on cohomology of groups

Assume that $G$ is a finite group and that $A$ is an arbitrary $G$-module. Then we know that can define the cohomology groups of $G$ with coefficients in $A$ in the usual way and we denote the latter ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Have semigroups with actions on themselves that have a dual to the compatibility axiom ever been studied?

For a semigroup $G$ with a left action on itself, the axiom for compatibility becomes:
$$
\forall f,g,h\in G:hg(f)=h(g(f))
$$
Now suppose there is additional axiom, or constraint if you prefer, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

212 views

### Exceptional isomorphisms between finite simple Chevalley groups

Steinberg's "Lectures on Chevalley Groups"
https://math.depaul.edu/cdrupies/research/papers/chevalleygroups.pdf
contain ``a complete list of isomorphisms" among the various finite simple Chevalley ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

49 views

### Coarse embeddability into Hilbert space of residually finite groups

By definition a finitely generated group G is coarsely embedded into Hilbert space if there is a function $F: G\to \ell_2$, such that $\|F(g_n)-F(h_n)\|\to\infty$ iff $d(g_n,h_n)\to\infty$, where $d$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Does every cocompact lattice admit a homomorphism (with infinite image) into a compact Lie group?

Let $\Gamma$ be a cocompact arithmetic lattice in a semisimple algebraic group. Does it admit a homomorphism $\Gamma \to K$ with infinite image into a compact real Lie group $K$?

**1**

vote

**3**answers

173 views

### Finite subgroups (not finite index, just finite) of the modular group

The modular group is commonly described as the group of linear fractional transforms $z \mapsto \displaystyle \frac{az+b}{cz+d}$ with $a,b,c,d$ integers and $ad-bc = 1$. Of course, a great deal is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Which is better for creating tables of group theory info, GAP or MAGMA?

Specifically, I want to compute the set of values of $|G:\text{ker}(\chi)|/\chi(1)$ for all the characters of a p-group, for a lot of p-groups. I don't know how to use either program, so before I ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Do you know this Burnside ring module?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\Omega(G)$ its Burnside ring. There is a certain $\Omega(G)$-module, let's call it $M(G)$, that appears in something that I am thinking about. As an abelian group $M(G)$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

215 views

### On describing a sort of “well-behaved” subgroups of a free abelian group

I found this question when I tried to figure out what kind of subgroups of a free abelian group behave just as well as in the finitely generated case.
Let $M$ be a free abelian group and $N$ a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Coboundary for the Cohomology of free groups

Let $G$ be a group. Let $\Bbbk$ be a field of char. $0$. We denote with $C^{n}(G, \Bbbk)$ the set of maps $f\: : \: G^{n}\to \Bbbk$ and with $\partial_{G}\: : \: C^{n-1}(G, \Bbbk)\to C^{n}(G, \Bbbk)$ ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### The finiteness criterium $F$ under quasi-isometry

A group $G$ is defined to have $F$ if there exists a finite $K(G,1)$.
This property is clearly not invariant under quasi-isometry as one can see from the trivial group and $\mathbb{Z}_2$.
My question:...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Is $(G\rtimes H,H)$ a Gelfand pair iff $G$ is abelian?

Let $G$ be a finite group and $K \subset G$ a subgroup. Then $(G,K)$ is a Gelfand pair if the double coset Hecke algebra $\mathbb{C}(K \backslash G / K)$ is commutative.
Let $H$ be a subgroup of $...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

143 views

### Do the irreducible modules of this finite group preserve a tensor product structure?

I am interested in a particular group $G$, where
$$ (A_4\times C_\ell) \lhd G \lhd S_4 \times D_\ell$$
Here, $C_\ell$ is cyclic, $D_\ell$ is dihedral of order $2\ell$, and the two inclusions both have ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

51 views

### Computing subgraph orbits

I have group $G$ acting on a 4-regular 120 node graph $\Gamma$. I want to compute equivalence classes of connected subgraphs of $\Gamma$, where by equivalent I mean in the same orbit. More ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

623 views

### Have finite doubly transitive groups been classified?

I am trying to determine whether the literature contains a complete proof of the classification of finite 2-transitive groups. This is a fundamental result with important applications in many areas ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Do irreducible characters form a closed set?

A character on a discrete group $\Gamma$ is a conjugation-invariant function $\tau$ which is of positive
type, and is normalized so that $\tau(e) = 1$, where $e$ is the identity element of $\Gamma$. A ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### When does a normal subgroup H of a group G have a complement in G? [closed]

When does all normal subgroups of a group have complement? This question is different from question When does a subgroup H of a group G have a complement in G?
Related to this question I ask is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### CAT(0)-groups in dimension 2

Suppose I have a space $X$ which is connected, simply connected, CAT(0) of dimension 2 and a group $G$ which acts on $X$ freely, isometrically, properly discontinuously and cocompactly. What can be ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

413 views

### Solvable irreducible subgroups of the $\mathbf{GL}_n$ of $\mathbf{F}_p$ ($p$ prime)

I have a finite-dimensional vector space $E$ over the finite prime field $\mathbf{F}_p$ and a solvable subgroup $G\subset\mathbf{GL}(E)$ for which $E$ is an irreducible representation. Do the groups $...