Continuum theory, point-set topology, spaces with algebraic structure, foundations, dimension theory, local and global properties.

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38
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4k views

Grothendieck's manuscript on topology

Edit: Infos on the current state by Lieven Le Bruyn: http://www.neverendingbooks.org/grothendiecks-gribouillis Edit: Just in case anyone still thinks that Grothendieck's unpublished manuscripts are (...
21
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0answers
459 views

Why are quasitopological spaces needed in sheaf theoretic approaches to the h-principle?

Recently I have been learning more about the h-principle and in particular the methods of "continuous sheaves". In many treatments of this I see people using "quasi-topological spaces" and I am trying ...
20
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662 views

The topologies for which a presheaf is a sheaf?

Given a set $S$, let $Top(S)$ denote the partially ordered set (poset) of topologies on $S$, ordered by fineness, so the discrete topology, $Disc(S)$, is maximal. Suppose that $Q$ is a presheaf on $...
20
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534 views

Are there “chain complexes” and “homology groups” taking values in pairs of topological spaces?

Throughout this question, notation of the form $(X,A)$ denotes a sufficiently nice pair of topological spaces. I think for most of what I'm saying here, it is enough to assume that the inclusion $A \...
20
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1k views

Subfields of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$ that have Baire property, without Choice

While sitting through my complex analysis class, beginning with a very low level introduction, the teacher mentioned the obvious subfield of $\mathbb{C}$ isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}$, and I then ...
18
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559 views

Is there a category of topological spaces such that open surjections admit local sections?

The class of open surjections $Q \to X$ is a Grothendieck pretopology on the category $Top$ of spaces, and includes the class of maps $\amalg U_\alpha \to X$ where $\{U_\alpha\}$ is an open cover of $...
17
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436 views

The cofinality of $(\mathbb{N}^\kappa,\le)$ for uncountable $\kappa$?

For a partially ordered set $P$, a set $A\subseteq P$ is cofinal if for each element of $P$ there is a larger element in $A$. The cofinality of $P$, ${\rm cof}(P)$, is the minimal cardinality of a ...
16
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554 views

Are amenable groups topologizable?

I've learned about the notion of topologizability from "On topologizable and non-topologizable groups" by Klyachko, Olshanskii and Osin (http://arxiv.org/abs/1210.7895) - a discrete group $G$ is ...
16
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741 views

Which complete Boolean algebras arise as the algebras of projections of commutative von Neumann algebras?

Projections in an arbitrary commutative von Neumann algebra form a complete Boolean algebra. Moreover, a morphism of commutative von Neumann algebras induces a continuous morphism of the corresponding ...
15
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218 views

Finite union of closed convex sets is triangulable?

I posted this question on Stackoverflow, but didn't get an answer. Let $A_1, \ldots, A_k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ be closed convex sets. Is the union $\bigcup_{i=1}^k A_i$ triangulable, that is, ...
15
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1k views

Covers of $Z^k$

This is a question related to covers of $Z^\infty$. Is it possible to cover $Z^k$, $k>1$, with the $l_1$-metric by a constant (not depending on $k$) number of collections of subsets $U^0,...,U^c$ ...
14
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371 views

What is the Cantor-Bendixson rank of the space of first order theories?

Let $L$ be the language $\{R\}$ containing a single binary relation symbol. Consider the space $S_0(L)$ of complete, first-order $L$-theories. This is a seperable, compact Hausdorff space; what is its ...
14
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328 views

pizza lemma (topology)

given six real-analytic arcs in the unit disk $D$, each of which connects the origin to a boundary point, and no two arcs meet anywhere except at the origin, and the arcs meet at equal (60 degree) ...
14
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651 views

Characterization of Fréchet-Urysohn spaces using sequential continuity at a point

A map $f \colon X \to Y$ is called sequentially continuous at the point $a$ if for every sequence $(x_n)$ such that $x_n\to a$, we also have $f(x_n)\to f(a)$. $$x_n\to a \qquad \Rightarrow \qquad f(...
13
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553 views

Connected and locally connected, but not path-connected

Allow me to use some non-standard terminology: A h-contractible space is a non-empty topological space $X$ such that, for any topological space $T$ and any pair of continuous maps $f_0, f_1 : T \to ...
12
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200 views

Is there a locally compact, $\omega_1$-compact, not $\sigma$-countably compact space of size $\aleph_1$?

There are old ZFC examples due to Eric van Douwen that satisfy all the properties in the title, except that they are of cardinality $2^{\aleph_0}$, so the answer to the title question is YES if the ...
12
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170 views

Do the Laver tables converge to the Sierpinski triangle with a line segment sticking out in the hyperspace topology?

Let $(\{1,...,2^{n}\},*_{n})$ denote the $n$-th Laver table. Let $$C_{n}=\{(\frac{x}{2^{n}},\frac{x*_{n}y}{2^{n}})|x,y\in\{1,2,3,...,2^{n}\}\}$$ for all $n\in\mathbb{N}$. Then since $C_{n}$ is a ...
12
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236 views

A meager subgroup of the real line, which cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero?

Is there a ZFC-example of a subgroup $H$ of the real line $\mathbb R$ such $H$ is meager, has zero Lebesgue measure, but cannot be covered by countably many closed subsets of measure zero in $\mathbb ...
12
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246 views

The dominating number $\mathfrak{d}$ and convergent sequences

All spaces considered below are compact Hausdorff. If $K$ is a space, then $w(K)$ is its weight. For a Boolean algebra $\mathcal{A}$, $K_\mathcal{A}$ denotes its Stone space. I am interested in ...
12
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1k views

Paracompact Hausdorff but not compactly generated?

I'm sorry to be asking a (possibly) elementary question, but I've run into a problem in point-set topology; I've just read that there exists paracompact Hausdoff spaces which are not compactly ...
11
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385 views

Continuous extension of Riemann maps and the Caratheodory-Torhorst Theorem

If $G\subsetneq\mathbb{C}$ is a simply-connected plane domain, then by the Riemann mapping theorem there is a conformal isomorphism $\newcommand{\D}{\mathbb{D}}\varphi:\D\to G$, where $\D$ is the unit ...
11
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238 views

Multiplicity of ball covering

Background. My questions are motivated by the following: A. Conway and Sloane in "On the covering multiplicity of lattices" (Discrete and Computational Geometry, 8 (1992) 109-130) considered the ...
11
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374 views

3 manifolds with diffeomorphic unit tangent bundles

What can one say about two closed oriented 3-manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$ such that $S^2 \times M_1$ is diffeomorphic to $S^2 \times M_2$?
11
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528 views

Is every $\sigma$-algebra of sets *abstractly* the Borel algebra of a topology on perhps some other set?

Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology? inspires the present question which asks for less. Question: Given a $\sigma$-algebra ${\cal A}$ on a set $X$, does there exist a topology ${\...
10
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144 views

Why must commuting maps (of an interval) without common fixed points have at least 11 fixed points for the composition?

I've been looking at the examples of commuting functions on a closed interval which have no common fixed points. These were discovered in 1967 by William M Boyce and J Philip Huneke. Earlier work by ...
10
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316 views

Topology of marked groups for different number of generators

A $k$-marked groups is a pair $(G,S)$ where $G$ is a group and $S$ is an ordered set of $k$ generators of $G$. Each such pair can be identified with a normal subgroup of the free group $F_k$ of rank $...
10
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212 views

Krull dimension and Morley rank

Definition : A Topological space $\mathcal{D}$ is called noetherian if it satisfies the descending chain condition for closed subsets. We define the dimension of $\mathcal{D}$ to be the supremum of ...
10
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317 views

Linearly Lindelöf spaces with Lindelöf degree of uncountable cofinality

A space is linearly Lindelöf iff every open cover $C$ has a subcover $S$ with $\operatorname{cf} (|S|)= \aleph_{0}$. Is there a linearly Lindelöf space $X$ with $\operatorname{cf} (L(X))> \aleph_{...
10
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275 views

When is the one-point compactification well-pointed?

This is a follow up to my previous question. Question: Is there a reasonably natural set of conditions which guarantee that the one-point compactification $X^+$ of a locally compact Hausdorff ...
10
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587 views

A basic question on Stone-Cech compactification of $\mathbb{Z}$

Can the identity isomorphism on the additive group $\mathbb{Z}$ be extended to a non-identity semigroup isomorphism on $\beta\mathbb{Z}$, and still preserves $\beta\mathbb{Z}\setminus\mathbb{Z}$? ...
10
votes
0answers
551 views

Name for a topological space where every closed set contains a closed point

A coauthor and I have stumbled upon a useful topological property -- namely, we are interested in the property that every nonempty closed set contains a closed point. However, neither of us are ...
10
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0answers
628 views

Characterization of Unusual Topologies of $\mathbb R$

Following some argument over a question on math.SE, I began to wonder: We all know that in the standard topology there are no continuous bijections from $[0,1]$ to $(0,1)$ (for example by arguments ...
9
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186 views

Embedding $\beta\mathbb{N}$ into a product of Cantor sets

Let us consider $\beta\mathbb{N}$, the Stone-Czech compactification of the natural numbers (where we do not take $0$ to be a natural number, so the only idempotent elements are nonprincipal ...
9
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141 views

Why would we a priori expect $V(I)$ to satisfy axioms to define the closed sets for a topology on $\text{Proj}(S)$?

Reposted from math.stackexchange here. The topological space $\text{Proj}(S)$ has the underlying set$$\text{Proj}(S) = \{\mathfrak{p} \text{ a homogeneous prime such that }S_+ \not\subseteq \mathfrak{...
9
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192 views

A compact T1 topological space has a proper dense subset to which it is homeomorphic. What can be said about the space?

Let $X$ be a compact T1 (so singleton subsets are closed) topological space. Suppose that there is a proper subset $D \subset X$ such that: $D$ is dense in $X$; $D$ is homeomorphic to $X$. Note ...
9
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87 views

A 2 dimensional Sharkovskii type Theorem

Does there exist a homeomorphism of $\mathbb{R}^2$ with a periodic point of period three and no fixed points? Note that according to a theorem from Brouwer such homeomorphism must be orientation ...
9
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0answers
162 views

The space of all compact metric spaces with Gromov-Hausdorff distance

Given two metric spaces $(X_1,d_1),(X_2,d_2)$ one can define $d_{GH}(X_1,X_2)$---the Gromov Hausdorff distance between them. It appears to be $0$ iff $X_1$ and $X_2$ are isometric. One can therefore ...
9
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190 views

Is it possible to prove in ZF that a non-trivial compact connected Hausdorff space is uncountable?

Let $X$ be a compact, connected Hausdorff space with at least two points. In $\mathrm{ZF}+\mathrm{AC}_\omega(\mathbb R)$, any countable compact Hausdorff space is metrizable, and from this it can be ...
9
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503 views

A proof of the gluing axiom of a TQFT

I posted the following question on math stackexchange but I have not received any answer. So I hope people here can help me. In the book Lectures on tensor categories and modular functors by Bakalov ...
9
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185 views

H-spaces without rational homology

Does there exist a simply connected, non-contractible manifold $M$, which is an $H$-space, and whose rational homology groups vanish in positive degrees? My space $M$ is in fact homotopy equivalent ...
9
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647 views

Does Urysohn's Lemma imply Dependent Choice?

It's widely known$^{1}$ that in the proof of Urysohn's Lemma (UL) one uses the Principle of Dependent Choice (DC). Inspired by the equivalence between DC and Baire's Category Theorem$^{2}$, I'd like ...
8
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179 views

What is the smallest density of a metrizable space without countable separation?

A Tychonoff space $X$ is defined to have countable separation if some (equivalently, any) compactification $bX$ of $X$ contains a countable family $\mathcal U$ of open sets such that for any points $x\...
8
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135 views

Are there always large discrete families of normal measures?

Let $\kappa$ be a measurable cardinal. We give the Stone space of all ultrafilters on $\kappa$ the usual topology, where each $x\subseteq\kappa$ determines a basic open $[x]=\{U;x\in U\}$. The ...
8
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137 views

Topology of family of complex varieties

It seems to be an oft-cited fact (which comes up, for instance, in describing vanishing/nearby cycles) that: For a proper flat map $f \colon X \rightarrow \Delta$, where $X$ is a complex ...
8
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142 views

Which nice subcategories of $\mathsf{Top}$ are locally cartesian closed?

For a class $\mathcal{J}$ of topological spaces, let $\mathsf{Top}_\mathcal{J}$ denote the category of $\mathcal{J}$-generated spaces, i.e. those spaces $X$ such that $U\subseteq X$ is open iff $f^{-1}...
8
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363 views

Standard model structures on $Top$

Call a model structure on $Top$ (the category of topological spaces) standard, if the weak equivalences are the weak homotopy equivalences. In this nLab page, two standard model structures on $Top$ ...
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349 views

Two questions about universally measurable sets

I have two questions about universally measurable sets: (1) Is there a universally measurable set of reals which does not have the Baire property? (2) Is there a universally measurable set of reals ...
8
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315 views

Is there in ZFC a topological space which is normal, ccc, countably compact, first countable and non-compact?

I am looking for a space as in the title and since many very similar spaces do exist in the literature, I wonder whether someone has a reference (different from the ones I cite below) or just some ...
8
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314 views

Is the product of a discretely Lindelöf space with [0,1] discretely Lindelöf ?

A space $X$ is discretely Lindelöf iff given any discrete subset $D$ of $X$, its closure in $X$ is Lindelöf. Such spaces were introduced by Arkhangel'skii about 15 years ago (if I am not mistaken) ...
8
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601 views

In ZF, when is a disjoint union of metrizable spaces metrizable?

It is easy to see that the disjoint union $\bigsqcup_i X_i$ of a collection of metric spaces is metrizable, simply by rescaling or chopping off the individual metrics to have diameter at most one, and ...