**33**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Does “compact iff projections are closed” require some form of choice?

There are many equivalent ways of defining the notion of compact space, but some require some kind of choice principle to prove their equivalence. For example, a classical result is that for $X$ to be ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Inverse limit in shape theory

Is the shape theory of Hausdorff compact spaces complete with respect to the inverse limit operation?--complete means that for every inverse system of Hausdorff compact spaces, and the shape morphisms ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Measurability and continuity for general topological spaces

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space. We call $S\subseteq X$ saturated if $S=\bigcap\{U\in\tau: U\supseteq S\}$. Let $\sigma(X,\tau)$ be the $\sigma$-algebra generated by $\tau\cup\{K\subseteq X: K ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### Which spaces admit bump functions? [migrated]

Let me first fix terminology. Let $X$ be a topological space and $A\subseteq B\subseteq X$ be subsets.
Let's say X admits a bump function relative to $A\subseteq B$ if there's a continuous function ...

**28**

votes

**0**answers

647 views

### Bidi: A new cardinal characteristic of the continuum?

This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal
characteristics of the continuum.
Identify an infinite set $a\subseteq\mathbb{N}$ with its increasing
enumeration. Thus, for each natural ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

404 views

### Is there a natural measurable structure on the $\sigma$-algebra of a measurable space?

Let $(X, \Sigma)$ denote a measurable space. Is there a non-trivial $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma^1$ of subsets of $\Sigma$ so that $(\Sigma, \Sigma^1)$ is also a measurable space?
Here is one natural ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

159 views

### Examples of TVS with no non-trivial open convex subsets

I give here the classical example of the space $E = L^p([0,1])$ which has no open convex subsets apart from $\emptyset$ and $E$. Consequently, there is no non-trivial continuous linear form on $E$.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

131 views

### Fixed point property for intersection of spaces which are homeomorphic to a disk

The following question is question 9.8 from Miller's paper ``Some interesting problems
'':
Question Suppose $D_n$ a subset of the plane is homeomorphic to a disk and for every
$n\in \omega, ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

296 views

### Images of $\{0,1\}^\kappa$

Is there a compact topological space $(X,\tau)$ such that for no cardinal $\kappa$ there is a surjective continuous map $e:\{0,1\}^\kappa \to X$?
(We assume that $\{0,1\}$ is endowed with the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Idempotent relations on the unit square with closed graphs

A colleague and I are interested in idempotent relations from $I=[0,1]$ to $I$ - relations such that $R\circ R(x)=R(x)$ for all $x\in I$. Specifically, the graphs of the relations we care about must ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

255 views

### The classifying space of an infinite totally ordered set is contractible

I asked this question on math.stackexchange, but no one answered.
Let $(X,\le)$ be a totally ordered set. Regarding it as a category, it has a classifying space $B(X,\le)=|N_\bullet(X,\le)|$. This ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### TVS with null topological dual space

In that post, I give an example of a TVS for which the topological dual is equal to $0$. But in the example, there is no open convex subset different from the empty set or the space itself.
Do you ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Digital topology, animal problem, 2-sphere and torus

I have the following question relating digital topology, surfaces, particularly $S^2$ and torus.
Can a body $B$ constructed with cubes (without cavities or tunnels) and with frontier homeomorphic to ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Question 7F From S. Willard, *General Topology* [closed]

Can someone help me with 7F from Willard? In part two :
$\mathbf{7}$F. Functions to and from the plane.
The facts presented here for the plane will be proved in more generality for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Relative characteristic classes

Let $M$ be a complex manifold of complex dimension $n$ with $\mathcal{N}_{1}$ and $\mathcal{N}_{12}$ be sheaves on $M$ such that $\mathcal{N}_{12} \subset \mathcal{N}_{1}$ (subsheaf) . Set ...

**65**

votes

**9**answers

18k views

### solving f(f(x))=g(x)

This question is of course inspired by the question How to solve f(f(x))=cosx
and Joel David Hamkins' answer, which somehow gives a formal trick for solving equations of the form $f(f(x))=g(x)$ on a ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

598 views

### What if homotopy were expanded to allow any connected space instead of [0,1]?

What would happen to homotopy theory if we used a more general definition of homotopy, based on general connected spaces rather than [0,1]?
Given continuous $f,g:X\to Y$, define $f$ and $g$ to be ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Loop space of manifold [closed]

Question A: The free loop space of a manifold is also a manifold?
Question B: The free loop space of an algebraic variety is also a algebraic variety ?
Are these questions asked or answered anywhere ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

283 views

### Smooth paths on affine varieties

I have the following question which is in some way related to an application of Randell Isotopy Theorem to complex hyperplane arrangements.
Let $h,k\geq1$ be integer numbers and let ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

97 views

### In the category of uniform spaces, is the completion of a quotient map also a quotient map?

I asked this question about 2 months ago on math.stackexchange, but so far I received neither comments nor answers.
Let $X$ and $Y$ be two Hausdorff uniform spaces. A surjective uniformly continuous ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Intersections of open balls in manifolds

This question is motivated by the post Uncountable intersections of open balls in a separable metric space.
The general problem is the following: given a connected Riemannian manifold $M$, what are ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### The dominating number $\mathfrak{d}$ and convergent sequences

All spaces considered below are compact Hausdorff.
If $K$ is a space, then $w(K)$ is its weight. For a Boolean algebra $\mathcal{A}$, $K_\mathcal{A}$ denotes its Stone space. I am interested in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Can the image of a disk have nontrivial Hausdorff measure for $1 < d < 2$?

I am reading a blog which talks about a $C^1$ diffeomorphism $f: \mathbb{D}\{ x^2 + y^2 < 1\} \to \mathbb{R}^2$ and estimates the Hausdorff dimension of its image $\mathcal{H}_\sqrt{2}^d ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Partition refinement of a clopen covering in $\Box (\omega+1)^\omega$

Consider $\omega+1$ with the interval topology, that is $U\subseteq (\omega+1)$ is open if and only if $U\subseteq\omega$ or $(\omega+1)\setminus U$ is finite.
We write $(\omega+1)^\omega$ for the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Uncountable intersections of open balls in a separable metric space

Let X be a separable metric space, possibly assumed to be complete, and $B_i, i \in J$ an infinite collection of open balls. Is it true that there always exists a countable subset K of J such that the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Connectedness of the complements of the connected subsets

EDIT: My original foolish version was instantly destroyed by Dylan Thurston; it consisted of questions 1 & 2 below. Thus now only new question 0 remains to be answered.
Let $\ X:=M^n\ $ be a ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Contractible and Delta-generated implies strong deformation retract to a point?

If a CW-complex is contractible, then it strongly deformation retracts onto the inclusion of a point.
However for general spaces it is well-known that just because a space is contractible, it does ...

**26**

votes

**4**answers

914 views

### Connectedness in the language of path-connectedness

Is there a topological space $(C,\tau_C)$ and two points $c_0\neq c_1\in C$ such that the following holds?
A space $(X,\tau)$ is connected if and only if for all $x,y\in X$ there is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Mean on compact metric spaces

Let $X$ be a compact metric space. A $k$ mean on $X$ is a continuous map $f:X^{k}\to X$ which is identity on the diagonal and is invariant under all $k$-permutations. For details, See the following ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

430 views

### Quotient Metric Space

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $R\subseteq X \times X$ an equivalence relation.
Is there a condition for which $X/R$ with the usual quotient topology is a metric space?
Thanks!

**2**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Zero-dimensional spaces and clopen separations

Let $X$ be a topological space. (All of the spaces I'm considering are $T_0$, but in general they are not $T_1$. To be even more concrete, one can even consider $X={\rm Spec}(R)$ to be the space of ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

966 views

### Generalizations of the Tietze extension theorem (and Lusin's theorem)

I am reasking a year-old math.stackexchange.com question asked by someone else.
(For my needs every space $X$ and $Y$ will be Polish---that is a completely separably metrizable space.)
The Tietze ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Are mappings f(a, x) and f(b, x)-c conjugate for some parameter values a, b, and c?

More precisely, what assumptions on f must hold for the above maps to be conjugate?
We know that functions $f$ and $g$ are topologically conjugate, if there exists a homeomorphism $h$ such that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### Interval topology and order convergence topology

Throughout this post, let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. The interval topology $\tau_i(P)$ on $P$ is generated by
$$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$
where ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Union of connected sets

$\forall \beta \in I$, $A_{\beta }$ is connected, and $\left ( \bigcup_{\alpha < \beta }A_{\alpha } \right )\cap A_{\beta }\neq \varnothing$ . Is $\bigcup_{\alpha \in I}A_{\alpha } $connected?
For ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

95 views

### Continuity of function mapping $\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{P}(X))$ to $\mathcal{P}(X)$ [closed]

Given a topological space $Y$, let $\mathcal{P}(Y)$ be the set of all probability measures on $Y$, endowed with the weak* topology.
Let $X$ be a topological space (for convenience, it might be Polish ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Priestley topologizability and connected components

This question is in the spirit of another older question.
We say that a poset $(P,\leq)$ is Priestley-topologizable if there is a topology $\tau$ on $P$ such that $(P,\leq,\tau)$ is a Priestley ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Why should have Peter May worked with CGWH instead of CGH in “The Geometry of Iterated Loop Space”?

This is a follow-up to Dan Ramras' answer of this question.
The following correction can be found in the errata to The Geometry of Iterated Loop space (Page 484 here).
The weak Hausdorff rather ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

56 views

### Number of continuous characters on an infinite Hausdorff precompact abelian group with exponent $p$

Let $(G,\mathcal T)$ be an infinite Hausdorff precompact abelian topological group and let $G$ have exponent $p$ where $p$ is a prime number.
Can it be proved that there are at least $p+1$ continuous ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

402 views

### What is the meaning of non-Hausdorff spaces in algebraic geometry [closed]

At the beginning I should warn everybody reading this post: I don't know much about algebraic geometry so specialists in this subject may see my question as ignorant.
As far I understood one on the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

190 views

### Weak topology on a pre-Hilbert Space

Since there was essentially no answers on my previous question, I will ask a partial case of it, which is very easy to state.
Let $\left(X,\left<\cdot,\cdot\right>\right)$ be an inner product ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### A Jordan Separation Theorem for Polyhedral Surfaces

Let me begin by defining what a polyhedral surface is.
A path-connected subset $ P $ of $ \mathbb{R}^{3} $ is called a polyhedral surface iff it is the union of a finite collection $ \mathcal{C} $ of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

276 views

### Weaker form of irreducible surjections

An irreducible surjection is usually defined as a continuous closed surjective map $f:X\rightarrow Y$ such that if for some closed set $C\subset X$ one has $f(C)=Y$ then $C=X$. In my dissertation I ...

**58**

votes

**7**answers

8k views

### Is the boundary $\partial S$ analogous to a derivative?

Without prethought, I mentioned in class once that the reason the symbol $\partial$
is used to represent the boundary operator in topology is
that its behavior is akin to a derivative.
But after ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### The subbase theorem for total boundedness

The uniform space analogue of Alexander's subbase lemma on compact subbase is (As we know, Alexander subbase lemma can be used to prove Tychonoff's theorem) :
Let $(X,\mathcal{U})$ be a uniform ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### convergence of integral for each bounded function in probability

Let $\mu, \mu_1, \mu_2, \dots$ be random measures on
a Polish space (separable completely metrizable topological space) $(S, {\mathcal S})$.
Suppose I know that
$$\int f d \mu_n \to \int f d\mu$$
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Snake-like continua and universal images

Among the Hausdorff compact spaces the closed interval is the simplest snake-like continuum. I'll present the definition after stating the problem.
The snake-like continua $\ S\ $ are universal ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

161 views

### Extending hyperconnected spaces

A hyperconnected space is a topological space such that every two non-empty open sets have non-empty intersection. Let's call a space $(X,\cal{T})$ maximally hyperconnected if it is hyperconnected and ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Non-compact and maximal non-$T_2$ [migrated]

Is there a space $(X,\tau)$ that is not compact, not $T_2$, but for every topology $\tau'\supseteq \tau$ with $\tau'\neq\tau$ the space $(X,\tau')$ is $T_2$?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

105 views

### Minimal Hausdorffness reversed

It turns out that not every Hausdorff topology is contained in a minimal Hausdorff topology. Let's put this question on its head: is every non-$T_2$ topology contained in a topology that is maximal ...