Continuum theory, point-set topology, spaces with algebraic structure, foundations, dimension theory, local and global properties.

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7
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1answer
102 views

Product of Limit $\sigma$-Algebras

Let $X$ and $Y$ be Polish (i.e. Borel subsets of separable completely metrizable) spaces. For a Polish space $Z$, let $\mathscr{S}(Z)$ denote the limit $\sigma$-algebra on $Z$, i.e. the smallest ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Reference request: Uniformly totally bounded classes of compact metric spaces are Gromov-Hausdorff precompact

The following Theorem can be found for instance here (Theorem 7.4.15): Theorem. (author ?) Any uniformly totally bounded class $\mathfrak X$ of compact metric spaces is pre-compact in the ...
12
votes
1answer
520 views

Duality between topology and bornology

I want to understand in what sense topology is dual to bornology at a most basic level. Therefore, I rephrased the definition of a bornology in the following way: Let $X$ be a set and let ...
38
votes
1answer
983 views

Does there exist a bijection of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with itself such that the forward map is connected but the inverse is not?

Let $(X,\tau), (Y,\sigma)$ be two topological spaces. We say that a map $f: \mathcal{P}(X)\to \mathcal{P}(Y)$ between their power sets is connected if for every $S\subset X$ connected, $f(S)\subset Y$ ...
30
votes
2answers
3k views

“Transitivity” of the Stone-Cech compactification

Let $\beta \mathbb{N}$ be the Stone-Cech compactification of the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$, and let $x, y \in \beta \mathbb{N} \setminus \mathbb{N}$ be two non-principal elements of this ...
4
votes
0answers
174 views

Unbounded towers and combinatorial cardinal characteristics of the continuum

Update: Perhaps the question is too difficult. I would appreciate, thus, even just comments or related observations. This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal characteristics of ...
7
votes
1answer
249 views

Abstract result on partitions of unity?

A motivation: The classical Stone-Weierstrass theorem says that polynomials are dense among continuous functions (say, on the unit interval), while the abstract Stone-Weierstrass theorem (and also the ...
2
votes
2answers
254 views

Is it true that all sphere bundles are some double of disk bundle?

Let's consider a smooth sphere bundle over a smooth manifold with structure group is equal to the diffeomorphism group of sphere. Then, can we say that this is a double of some disk bundle? Thank you ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Zero-dimensional $F$-space which is not strongly zero-dimensional

Does anyone know of an example of a (Tychonoff) $F$-space which is zero-dimensional but not strongly zero-dimensional? By an $F$-space we mean every cozeroset is $C^*$-embedded. By zero-dimensional ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Dual equivalence for multioperators

This is a reference request question. But let's start with a few definitions. Let $L$ and $M$ be two bounded lattices. A multioperator $p$ for $L$ and $M$ is an application $$p : L \to Ft(M)^{op}$$ ...
3
votes
2answers
451 views

SU(2) representations of alternating knot groups

Suppose that $K$ is an $\textit{alternating}$ knot in $S^3$, and let $R_0$ be the space of homomorphisms from $\pi_1(S^3 - K)\to SU(2)$ which send meridians to trace free matrices. Denote the subset ...
28
votes
1answer
690 views

What is the meaning of this analogy between lattices and topological spaces?

Let me add one more edit to help explain why this is a serious question. Theorem 5 below is a sort of lattice version of Urysohn's lemma, and it has essentially the same proof. Theorem 6, the famous ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

When is there an unbounded tower in $[\mathbb{N}]^\infty$?

(Edit: I'm splitting the question, leaving here only what is answered by Ashutosh, and moving the rest to another question.) This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal ...
4
votes
2answers
487 views

Some examples of clean topological spaces

I asked this question at MSE but I did not received any answer, so I repeat it here at MO: What is an example of a Hausdorff topological space $X$, not a singleton, such that the ring ...
6
votes
0answers
115 views

Is every Polish ring topology on $\mathbb{C}$ defined by an absolute value?

There is a unique up to isomorphism algebraically closed field of characteristic 0 and cardinality of the continuum. Let's call it $K$. We usually call it $\mathbb{C}$, but by this we impose a ...
30
votes
4answers
1k views

Connectedness in the language of path-connectedness

Is there a topological space $(C,\tau_C)$ and two points $c_0\neq c_1\in C$ such that the following holds? A space $(X,\tau)$ is connected if and only if for all $x,y\in X$ there is a ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Right split for homomorphism onto $S_\infty$

Let $G$ be a closed subgroup of $S_\infty$ and let $f:G\rightarrow S_\infty$ be a continuous surjective homomorphism. Under which conditions $f$ has a right split, i.e. there exists some ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

$\mathbb E$-descent maps in topological spaces in terms of different sites?

The paper Facets of Descent I by Janelidze and Tholen defines $\mathbb E$-descent maps as those for which $\Phi^p:\mathbb EB\longrightarrow \mathsf{Des}_\mathbb{E}(p)$ is an equivalence of categories. ...
10
votes
1answer
181 views

Open (resp., closed) balls homeomorphic to open (resp., closed) discs on the plane

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact (smooth) surface, with a geodesic metric $d$ (compatible with the topology of $\Sigma$). Let $x \in \Sigma$, and suppose you have the following: for every $r<1$, the open ...
19
votes
12answers
2k views

Classic applications of Baire category theorem

I've seen Baire category theorem used to prove existence of objects with certain properties. But it seems there is another class of interesting applications of Baire category theorem that I have yet ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

The role of absolute continuity in stochastic ordering defined over sets of probability distributions

This question is about a claim given in this paper (page 261, the remark), but without any proof. It simply says that if two sets of probability distributions, $\mathscr{P}_0$ and $\mathscr{P}_1$ ...
7
votes
1answer
203 views

What is the height (or depth) of $[\mathbb{N}]^\infty$?

(This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal characteristics of the continnum.) Let $[\mathbb{N}]^\infty$ be the family of infinite subsets of $\mathbb{N}$, partially ordered by ...
8
votes
2answers
425 views

Topological characterization of injective metric spaces

Let $\ (X\ d)\ \,(Y\ \delta)\ $ be arbitrary metric spaces. A function $\ f:X\rightarrow Y\ $ is called a metric map (with respect to the given metrics $\ d\ \delta$) $\ \Leftarrow:\Rightarrow\ ...
-4
votes
1answer
405 views

For every proximity, does there exist a uniformity which generates this proximity?

For every proximity, does there exist a uniformity which generates this proximity? This question may be generalized for different generalizations of proximities and uniformities. In fact I need it ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Relation between two different definitions for relative sequential compactness

Building upon this question in Math.SE, I think the following might be rather of interest for MO. In the literature on measure theory, probability and functional analysis the definition of a subset ...
1
vote
3answers
269 views

Topological properties for which bijectively related imply homeomorphism

In this post I give examples of topological spaces for which bijectively relations imply existence of an homeomorphism. Namely: Intervals of the real line. Compact spaces. I also give a ...
15
votes
3answers
989 views

Topological spaces whose continuous image is always closed

If $X$ a topological space one says that $X$ is universally closed if for every Hausdorff space $Y$ and every (continuous) map $f:X\rightarrow Y$, the image of $X$ is a closed subset of $Y$. It is ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Surniversal spaces

Basic background On one hand there is a complete result: $\,\ $for every non-negative integer $n$ there exists an $n$-dimensional compact metric space $M^n$ such that it contains a homeomorphic ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Snake-like continua and universal images

Among the Hausdorff compact spaces the closed interval is the simplest snake-like continuum. I'll present the definition after stating the problem. The snake-like continua $\ S\ $ are universal ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Free cocompact action of discrete group gives a covering map [migrated]

I'd like to find a short proof of the following seemingly basic fact encountered on the second page of Atiyah's paper "Elliptic operators, discrete groups, and von Neumann algebras." ...
7
votes
2answers
331 views

Link between the hairy ball theorem and the fundamental theorem of algebra

I read in the book "Concepts of modern mathematics" by Ian Stewart that it was possible to proof the fundamental theorem of algebra using the hairy ball theorem (complete reference to the page is in ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Minimal zero-dimensional Hausdorff spaces

A topological space $(X,\tau)$ is said to be zero-dimensional Hausdorff (zdH) if for $x\neq y\in X$ there is $C\subseteq X$ clopen (closed and open) such that $x\in C$, but $y\notin C$. We say a zdH ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Topology with no direct lower neighbor

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...
9
votes
2answers
341 views

A question about the dispersion points of connected metric spaces

Let $C$ be an infinite, separable and connected metric space. If $C$ becomes totally disconnected when one of its points $p\in C$ is removed, does every closed ball of $C$ with positive radius and ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Fixed point shape property

Question: Provide (or prove that it's not possible) a metric compact space which has the fixed point property but not the fixed point shape property. Here is the definition of f.p.s.p.("map" means ...
4
votes
0answers
36 views

Intuition for universal quotient maps

The universal quotient maps are precisely the descent morphisms in the category of topological spaces. In some papers of Janelidze, Tholen, Sobral, and Reiterman (see for instance Reiterman-Tholen), ...
8
votes
1answer
169 views

Embedding abelian cancellative Hausdorff topological semigroups into abelian Hausdorff topological groups

An abelian cancellative semigroup embeds (via a semigroup monomorphism) into an abelian group. What about an abelian cancellative Hausdorff topological semigroup that does not embed (via a ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Extension of continuous and smooth functions

Let us consider any subset $U \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$. By definition, a function $f: U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$ is smooth if, for every $x \in U$, there exist an open neighbourhood $\Omega_{x}$ of ...
4
votes
3answers
155 views

End points of continua

Whyburn (1942) defined an end point $x$ of a continuum $X$ to be any point having arbitrarily small neighborhoods each of whose boundaries contains a single point. Thus, he defines an end point ...
21
votes
1answer
305 views

Is the normal bundle of a torus trivial?

Question: Let $T^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $ n > k$, be a smoothly embedded $k$-torus. Is its normal bundle trivial? What about the normal bundle of $S^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $n > k$, the ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

complement of a totally disconnected closed set in the plane

While preparing a course in complex analysis, I stumbled over a remark in Dudziak's book on removable sets, namely that any totally disconnected $K \subset\subset {\mathbb C}$ must have a connected ...
1
vote
1answer
172 views

Applications of topology to discrete dynamical systems?

I'd like to know some of the applications of topology to discrete dynamics. By discrete dynamics I loosely mean studying maps between discrete sets. I mean cases where adding a topology to the sets ...
3
votes
1answer
180 views

Fréchet L-Spaces

According to the paper The emergence of open sets, closed sets, and limit points in analysis and topology famous mathematician Maurice Fréchet who introduced the concept of metric spaces has also ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

Local “pathologies” in spaces arising naturally in algebraic topology

I have been thinking about methods for constructing continuous paths locally in a space. These paths have domain the unit interval and map into "small" neighborhoods of points in a space. Moreover ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Lower neighbors in the lattice of topologies

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y) = \{p\in P: x\leq p < y\}$, and $(x,y]$ is defined in an analogous manner. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies ...
14
votes
0answers
358 views

What is the Cantor-Bendixson rank of the space of first order theories?

Let $L$ be the language $\{R\}$ containing a single binary relation symbol. Consider the space $S_0(L)$ of complete, first-order $L$-theories. This is a seperable, compact Hausdorff space; what is its ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

“Discrete jumps” in the collection of all topologies on a set $X$

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Smooth, irreducible surface with real part containing two projective planes

Let $X$ be a smooth and irreducible projective variety over $\mathbb{R}$ of dimension two. I am looking for an instance of such a variety where two distinct connected components of $X(\mathbb{R})$ are ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Is every path connected space continuously path connected

Recall a topological space $X$ is path connected if for all $x,y \in X$ there is a continuous function $f\colon [0,1] \to X$ such that $f(0)=x$ and $f(1)=y$. Say that $X$ is continuously path ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Intersections of families of open sets ordered by well-inside relation in Euclidean space

Let $\langle\mathbf{R}^n,\mathscr{O}\rangle$ be the $n$-dimensional Euclidean space. Define $\mathbf{Q}\subseteq\mathcal{P}(\mathscr{O})$ to consist of all sets $\mathsf{Q}$ which simultanously ...