Continuum theory, point-set topology, spaces with algebraic structure, foundations, dimension theory, local and global properties.

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33
votes
5answers
3k views

Does “compact iff projections are closed” require some form of choice?

There are many equivalent ways of defining the notion of compact space, but some require some kind of choice principle to prove their equivalence. For example, a classical result is that for $X$ to be ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Inverse limit in shape theory

Is the shape theory of Hausdorff compact spaces complete with respect to the inverse limit operation?--complete means that for every inverse system of Hausdorff compact spaces, and the shape morphisms ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Measurability and continuity for general topological spaces

Let $(X,\tau)$ be a topological space. We call $S\subseteq X$ saturated if $S=\bigcap\{U\in\tau: U\supseteq S\}$. Let $\sigma(X,\tau)$ be the $\sigma$-algebra generated by $\tau\cup\{K\subseteq X: K ...
-1
votes
0answers
34 views

Which spaces admit bump functions? [migrated]

Let me first fix terminology. Let $X$ be a topological space and $A\subseteq B\subseteq X$ be subsets. Let's say X admits a bump function relative to $A\subseteq B$ if there's a continuous function ...
28
votes
0answers
647 views

Bidi: A new cardinal characteristic of the continuum?

This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal characteristics of the continuum. Identify an infinite set $a\subseteq\mathbb{N}$ with its increasing enumeration. Thus, for each natural ...
12
votes
2answers
404 views

Is there a natural measurable structure on the $\sigma$-algebra of a measurable space?

Let $(X, \Sigma)$ denote a measurable space. Is there a non-trivial $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma^1$ of subsets of $\Sigma$ so that $(\Sigma, \Sigma^1)$ is also a measurable space? Here is one natural ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Examples of TVS with no non-trivial open convex subsets

I give here the classical example of the space $E = L^p([0,1])$ which has no open convex subsets apart from $\emptyset$ and $E$. Consequently, there is no non-trivial continuous linear form on $E$. ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Fixed point property for intersection of spaces which are homeomorphic to a disk

The following question is question 9.8 from Miller's paper ``Some interesting problems '': Question Suppose $D_n$ a subset of the plane is homeomorphic to a disk and for every $n\in \omega, ...
8
votes
3answers
296 views

Images of $\{0,1\}^\kappa$

Is there a compact topological space $(X,\tau)$ such that for no cardinal $\kappa$ there is a surjective continuous map $e:\{0,1\}^\kappa \to X$? (We assume that $\{0,1\}$ is endowed with the ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Idempotent relations on the unit square with closed graphs

A colleague and I are interested in idempotent relations from $I=[0,1]$ to $I$ - relations such that $R\circ R(x)=R(x)$ for all $x\in I$. Specifically, the graphs of the relations we care about must ...
4
votes
2answers
255 views

The classifying space of an infinite totally ordered set is contractible

I asked this question on math.stackexchange, but no one answered. Let $(X,\le)$ be a totally ordered set. Regarding it as a category, it has a classifying space $B(X,\le)=|N_\bullet(X,\le)|$. This ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

TVS with null topological dual space

In that post, I give an example of a TVS for which the topological dual is equal to $0$. But in the example, there is no open convex subset different from the empty set or the space itself. Do you ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Digital topology, animal problem, 2-sphere and torus

I have the following question relating digital topology, surfaces, particularly $S^2$ and torus. Can a body $B$ constructed with cubes (without cavities or tunnels) and with frontier homeomorphic to ...
-3
votes
0answers
59 views

Question 7F From S. Willard, *General Topology* [closed]

Can someone help me with 7F from Willard? In part two : $\mathbf{7}$F. Functions to and from the plane. The facts presented here for the plane will be proved in more generality for ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Relative characteristic classes

Let $M$ be a complex manifold of complex dimension $n$ with $\mathcal{N}_{1}$ and $\mathcal{N}_{12}$ be sheaves on $M$ such that $\mathcal{N}_{12} \subset \mathcal{N}_{1}$ (subsheaf) . Set ...
65
votes
9answers
18k views

solving f(f(x))=g(x)

This question is of course inspired by the question How to solve f(f(x))=cosx and Joel David Hamkins' answer, which somehow gives a formal trick for solving equations of the form $f(f(x))=g(x)$ on a ...
12
votes
1answer
598 views

What if homotopy were expanded to allow any connected space instead of [0,1]?

What would happen to homotopy theory if we used a more general definition of homotopy, based on general connected spaces rather than [0,1]? Given continuous $f,g:X\to Y$, define $f$ and $g$ to be ...
-3
votes
1answer
165 views

Loop space of manifold [closed]

Question A: The free loop space of a manifold is also a manifold? Question B: The free loop space of an algebraic variety is also a algebraic variety ? Are these questions asked or answered anywhere ...
3
votes
2answers
283 views

Smooth paths on affine varieties

I have the following question which is in some way related to an application of Randell Isotopy Theorem to complex hyperplane arrangements. Let $h,k\geq1$ be integer numbers and let ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

In the category of uniform spaces, is the completion of a quotient map also a quotient map?

I asked this question about 2 months ago on math.stackexchange, but so far I received neither comments nor answers. Let $X$ and $Y$ be two Hausdorff uniform spaces. A surjective uniformly continuous ...
5
votes
0answers
184 views

Intersections of open balls in manifolds

This question is motivated by the post Uncountable intersections of open balls in a separable metric space. The general problem is the following: given a connected Riemannian manifold $M$, what are ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

The dominating number $\mathfrak{d}$ and convergent sequences

All spaces considered below are compact Hausdorff. If $K$ is a space, then $w(K)$ is its weight. For a Boolean algebra $\mathcal{A}$, $K_\mathcal{A}$ denotes its Stone space. I am interested in ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Can the image of a disk have nontrivial Hausdorff measure for $1 < d < 2$?

I am reading a blog which talks about a $C^1$ diffeomorphism $f: \mathbb{D}\{ x^2 + y^2 < 1\} \to \mathbb{R}^2$ and estimates the Hausdorff dimension of its image $\mathcal{H}_\sqrt{2}^d ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Partition refinement of a clopen covering in $\Box (\omega+1)^\omega$

Consider $\omega+1$ with the interval topology, that is $U\subseteq (\omega+1)$ is open if and only if $U\subseteq\omega$ or $(\omega+1)\setminus U$ is finite. We write $(\omega+1)^\omega$ for the ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Uncountable intersections of open balls in a separable metric space

Let X be a separable metric space, possibly assumed to be complete, and $B_i, i \in J$ an infinite collection of open balls. Is it true that there always exists a countable subset K of J such that the ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Connectedness of the complements of the connected subsets

EDIT: My original foolish version was instantly destroyed by Dylan Thurston; it consisted of questions 1 & 2 below. Thus now only new question 0 remains to be answered. Let $\ X:=M^n\ $ be a ...
8
votes
1answer
181 views

Contractible and Delta-generated implies strong deformation retract to a point?

If a CW-complex is contractible, then it strongly deformation retracts onto the inclusion of a point. However for general spaces it is well-known that just because a space is contractible, it does ...
26
votes
4answers
914 views

Connectedness in the language of path-connectedness

Is there a topological space $(C,\tau_C)$ and two points $c_0\neq c_1\in C$ such that the following holds? A space $(X,\tau)$ is connected if and only if for all $x,y\in X$ there is a ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Mean on compact metric spaces

Let $X$ be a compact metric space. A $k$ mean on $X$ is a continuous map $f:X^{k}\to X$ which is identity on the diagonal and is invariant under all $k$-permutations. For details, See the following ...
1
vote
1answer
430 views

Quotient Metric Space

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $R\subseteq X \times X$ an equivalence relation. Is there a condition for which $X/R$ with the usual quotient topology is a metric space? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Zero-dimensional spaces and clopen separations

Let $X$ be a topological space. (All of the spaces I'm considering are $T_0$, but in general they are not $T_1$. To be even more concrete, one can even consider $X={\rm Spec}(R)$ to be the space of ...
11
votes
2answers
966 views

Generalizations of the Tietze extension theorem (and Lusin's theorem)

I am reasking a year-old math.stackexchange.com question asked by someone else. (For my needs every space $X$ and $Y$ will be Polish---that is a completely separably metrizable space.) The Tietze ...
-4
votes
0answers
54 views

Are mappings f(a, x) and f(b, x)-c conjugate for some parameter values a, b, and c?

More precisely, what assumptions on f must hold for the above maps to be conjugate? We know that functions $f$ and $g$ are topologically conjugate, if there exists a homeomorphism $h$ such that ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Interval topology and order convergence topology

Throughout this post, let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. The interval topology $\tau_i(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Union of connected sets

$\forall \beta \in I$, $A_{\beta }$ is connected, and $\left ( \bigcup_{\alpha < \beta }A_{\alpha } \right )\cap A_{\beta }\neq \varnothing$ . Is $\bigcup_{\alpha \in I}A_{\alpha } $connected? For ...
-1
votes
1answer
95 views

Continuity of function mapping $\mathcal{P}(\mathcal{P}(X))$ to $\mathcal{P}(X)$ [closed]

Given a topological space $Y$, let $\mathcal{P}(Y)$ be the set of all probability measures on $Y$, endowed with the weak* topology. Let $X$ be a topological space (for convenience, it might be Polish ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Priestley topologizability and connected components

This question is in the spirit of another older question. We say that a poset $(P,\leq)$ is Priestley-topologizable if there is a topology $\tau$ on $P$ such that $(P,\leq,\tau)$ is a Priestley ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Why should have Peter May worked with CGWH instead of CGH in “The Geometry of Iterated Loop Space”?

This is a follow-up to Dan Ramras' answer of this question. The following correction can be found in the errata to The Geometry of Iterated Loop space (Page 484 here). The weak Hausdorff rather ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Number of continuous characters on an infinite Hausdorff precompact abelian group with exponent $p$

Let $(G,\mathcal T)$ be an infinite Hausdorff precompact abelian topological group and let $G$ have exponent $p$ where $p$ is a prime number. Can it be proved that there are at least $p+1$ continuous ...
0
votes
1answer
402 views

What is the meaning of non-Hausdorff spaces in algebraic geometry [closed]

At the beginning I should warn everybody reading this post: I don't know much about algebraic geometry so specialists in this subject may see my question as ignorant. As far I understood one on the ...
1
vote
1answer
190 views

Weak topology on a pre-Hilbert Space

Since there was essentially no answers on my previous question, I will ask a partial case of it, which is very easy to state. Let $\left(X,\left<\cdot,\cdot\right>\right)$ be an inner product ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

A Jordan Separation Theorem for Polyhedral Surfaces

Let me begin by defining what a polyhedral surface is. A path-connected subset $ P $ of $ \mathbb{R}^{3} $ is called a polyhedral surface iff it is the union of a finite collection $ \mathcal{C} $ of ...
1
vote
1answer
276 views

Weaker form of irreducible surjections

An irreducible surjection is usually defined as a continuous closed surjective map $f:X\rightarrow Y$ such that if for some closed set $C\subset X$ one has $f(C)=Y$ then $C=X$. In my dissertation I ...
58
votes
7answers
8k views

Is the boundary $\partial S$ analogous to a derivative?

Without prethought, I mentioned in class once that the reason the symbol $\partial$ is used to represent the boundary operator in topology is that its behavior is akin to a derivative. But after ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

The subbase theorem for total boundedness

The uniform space analogue of Alexander's subbase lemma on compact subbase is (As we know, Alexander subbase lemma can be used to prove Tychonoff's theorem) : Let $(X,\mathcal{U})$ be a uniform ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

convergence of integral for each bounded function in probability

Let $\mu, \mu_1, \mu_2, \dots$ be random measures on a Polish space (separable completely metrizable topological space) $(S, {\mathcal S})$. Suppose I know that $$\int f d \mu_n \to \int f d\mu$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

Snake-like continua and universal images

Among the Hausdorff compact spaces the closed interval is the simplest snake-like continuum. I'll present the definition after stating the problem. The snake-like continua $\ S\ $ are universal ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

Extending hyperconnected spaces

A hyperconnected space is a topological space such that every two non-empty open sets have non-empty intersection. Let's call a space $(X,\cal{T})$ maximally hyperconnected if it is hyperconnected and ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Non-compact and maximal non-$T_2$ [migrated]

Is there a space $(X,\tau)$ that is not compact, not $T_2$, but for every topology $\tau'\supseteq \tau$ with $\tau'\neq\tau$ the space $(X,\tau')$ is $T_2$?
3
votes
2answers
105 views

Minimal Hausdorffness reversed

It turns out that not every Hausdorff topology is contained in a minimal Hausdorff topology. Let's put this question on its head: is every non-$T_2$ topology contained in a topology that is maximal ...