Continuum theory, point-set topology, spaces with algebraic structure, foundations, dimension theory, local and global properties.

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4
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1answer
122 views

Segments on a family of parallel lines

Let $\{l_i:i\in I\}$ be a family of parallel lines on the plane $\mathbb{R}^2$. Suppose for each $i\in I$ there is a closed segment $s_i\subset l_i$. Moreover, for each triple $i_1,i_2,i_3$ there ...
6
votes
1answer
223 views

is this map a closed inclusion?

I apologize in advance if this question is too technical. I haven't found a reference in the literature yet, and it seems difficult enough that perhaps it has not been answered. Let $A$, $B$, and $C$ ...
0
votes
0answers
127 views

Snake-like continua and universal images

Among the Hausdorff compact spaces the closed interval is the simplest snake-like continuum. I'll present the definition after stating the problem. The snake-like continua $\ S\ $ are universal ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

Are there any known ``topological" invariants for branched coverings?

My question is the following: let $f:\Omega\to \mathbb{R}^n$ be a branched covering, namely $f$ is continuous, discrete (each fiber is a discrete subset of $\Omega$) and open (open sets get mapped ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

A Jordan Separation Theorem for Polyhedral Surfaces

Let me begin by defining what a polyhedral surface is. A path-connected subset $ P $ of $ \mathbb{R}^{3} $ is called a polyhedral surface iff it is the union of a finite collection $ \mathcal{C} $ of ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Convergent filters generated by (not necessarily countable) chains

Suppose $\langle X,\mathscr{O}\rangle$ is a topological space and let $\mathscr{O}_x$ be the family of all open neighbourhoods of $x\in X$. Let $\mathscr{F}$ be the filter generated from ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Connected complement manifold

I'm working on some problem in algebraic geometry. I need a reference to the following result: Let $h\in\mathbb{N}$ with $h\geq1$ and let $F\in\mathbb{C}\left[x_{1},\ldots,x_{h}\right]$ be a non ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Minimal $T_0$-spaces

As suggested by Joseph van Name in Is the associated order of a minimal $T_0$ space always total?, here's a natural question on $T_0$-spaces: If $(X,\tau)$ is $T_0$, is there a minimal $T_0$ topology ...
3
votes
4answers
245 views

Is there a compact connected Hausdorff space in which every non-empty $G_\delta$ set has non-empty interior?

Q1. Is there a compact connected Hausdorff space (with at least two points) in which every non-empty $G_\delta$ set has non-empty interior? (Without the requirement for connectedness, every finite ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

Shrinking $\mathcal{C}_c^{\infty}(M)$ to obtain a first countable space

This is a follow-up to this question. Let $M$ be manifold (Hausdorff, countable base, finite dimensional, if it simplifies anything embedded in $\mathbb{R}^n$). I'm interested in the topological ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Topological properties for which bijectively related imply homeomorphism

In this post I give examples of topological spaces for which bijectively relations imply existence of an homeomorphism. Namely: Intervals of the real line. Compact spaces. I also give a ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Does the countable $\sigma$-product of a separable Hilbert space have a first countable topology?

Let $\mathcal{l}^2$ be "the" separable real infinite dimensional hilbert space, e.g. the space of square-summable sequences of real numbers. Let $\Box^{\mathbb{N}}\mathcal{l}^2$ be the countable ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

On compactness in $C(X)$

Let $X$ be a Tychonoff space. It is well known, that for a family of scalar functions equicontinuity + pointwise boundedness imply relative compactness in $C(X)$ (with compact-open topology). It is ...
4
votes
1answer
305 views

Direct limit of compact topological spaces

Let $\{X_n\}_{n\in \mathbb{N}}$ be a direct system of compact topological spaces, meaning that we have morphisms $f_i\colon X_i \to X_{i+1}$ with the necessary compatibility conditions. Is there any ...
9
votes
4answers
434 views

Between Tietze's and Dugundji's Extension Theorems

The celebrated Tietze Extension Theorem asserts that any continuous real-valued function defined on a closed subset of a normal space, can be extended to a continuous function on the whole space. Seen ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Homotopy injection between the unit ball in the Euclidean n space and an n-dimensional metric AR

Let $D^n$ be the closed unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Given a compact, $n$-dimensional, AR(Absolute Retract) metric space $X$, must it happen that either $X$ embeds in $D^n$ or $D^n$ embeds in $X$? ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Is every set of small measure contained in an open set of small measure with null boundary?

Let $\lambda( \cdot )$ denote Lebesgue measure on $[0,1]$. Let $(A_n)_{n=1}^\infty$ be a decreasing sequence of Borel subsets of $[0,1]$ such that $\bigcap_{n=1}^\infty A_n = \emptyset$. Given ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Is the associated order of a minimal $T_0$ space always total?

Let's call a space $(X,\tau)$ minimal $T_0$ if it is $T_0$ and for every topology $\sigma\subseteq \tau$ with $\sigma \neq \tau$ we have that $(X,\sigma)$ is not $T_0$ any more. We say $x\leq y$ in a ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Is there a maximal connected Hausdorff space?

We call a space $(X,\tau)$ maximal connected, if it is connected, and for any topology $\sigma \supseteq \tau$ with $\sigma\neq \tau$, the space $(X,\sigma)$ is not connected. Is there a maximal ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Maximal connected topologies

We call a space $(X,\tau)$ maximal connected, if it is connected, and for any topology $\sigma \supseteq \tau$ with $\sigma\neq \tau$, the space $(X,\sigma)$ is not connected. If $(X,\tau)$ is ...
6
votes
2answers
369 views

Relating different topologies on $C^{\infty}_c(M)$

This is somehow connected to this question. I can think of at least four topologies to put on $C_c(M)$: Topologize $C^{\infty}_c(M)\subseteq C^{\infty}(M)$ as a subspace with the weak Whitney ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

Weak topology on subsets of a normed space

I have few questions about the subsets of a normed space $X$ endowed with the weak topology. Let $E$ be such subset. When is the norm a continuous function on $E$? When is the metric induced by the ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Which compact topological spaces are homeomorphic to their ultrapower?

It is well known that for any compact metric space $(X, d)$, and any ultrafilter $\mu$ there is a map $i_\mu:\prod_\mu (X, d) \to (X_d)$ in the category of metric spaces and Lipschitz maps where ...
7
votes
2answers
542 views

Why not develop a Hamiltonian-based Morse theory?

I have begun to learn the basics of Morse theory and Floer homology. I understand that Floer homology is the natural theory for symplectic manifolds, but from my preliminary knowledge of Morse theory ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

On compactness in Sion's minimax theorem

Sions minimax theorem (wiki, paper) can be stated as follows: Let $X$ be a compact convex subset of a linear topological space and $Y$ a convex subset of a linear topological space. Let $f$ be a ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Bounded-open topology vs norm on $L\left(X,Y\right)$

In general topology there is two ways of introducing a topology on the space of (continuous) maps between, say, metric spaces: set-open topology and uniform topology (it is a uniformity of uniform ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Is $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ with the interval topology path-connected?

Is $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ with the interval topology path-connected? (You find the definition of $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ here.)
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Continuous image relation on topological spaces

Let $\kappa$ be a cardinal, and let $\text{Top}(\kappa)$ be the set of topological spaces $(X,\tau)$ such that $X\subseteq \kappa$. We pre-order $\text{Top}(\kappa)$ by for $X, Y \in ...
28
votes
4answers
948 views

Connectedness in the language of path-connectedness

Is there a topological space $(C,\tau_C)$ and two points $c_0\neq c_1\in C$ such that the following holds? A space $(X,\tau)$ is connected if and only if for all $x,y\in X$ there is a ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Is an open map with open relative diagonal necessarily a local homeomorphism?

Let $f : X \to Y$ be an open (and continuous) map of locales. Suppose the relative diagonal $\Delta_f : X \to X \times_Y X$ is an open embedding of locales. Does it follow that $f : X \to Y$ is a ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Is $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ with the interval topology a connected space?

Is $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ with the interval topology a connected space? (You find the definition of $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ here.) Remark: According to this, the interval topology of ...
12
votes
4answers
415 views

Obtain any 3-manifold from repeating surgeries on knots in $S^3$

In Witten's “QFT and Jones Polynomials” paper, page 383, it states that: "It is a not too deep result that every 3-manifold can be obtained from or reduced to $S^3$ (or any other desired 3-manifold) ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Infinite Hausdorff space that is not homeomorphic to any proper quotient

Let $S$ be a set and $\vartheta$ be an equivalence relation on $S$. We say that $\vartheta$ is proper if there are $x\neq y\in S$ with $(x,y)\in\vartheta$. Is there an infinite Hausdorff space ...
9
votes
0answers
119 views

Why must commuting maps (of an interval) without common fixed points have at least 11 fixed points for the composition?

I've been looking at the examples of commuting functions on a closed interval which have no common fixed points. These were discovered in 1967 by William M Boyce and J Philip Huneke. Earlier work by ...
38
votes
1answer
409 views

Continuous maps which send intervals of $\mathbb{R}$ to convex subsets of $\mathbb{R}^2$

Let $f : \mathbb{R} \longmapsto \mathbb{R}^2$ be a continuous map which sends any interval $I \subseteq \mathbb{R}$ to a convex subset $f(I)$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$. Is it true that there must be a line in ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Number of continuous characters on an infinite Hausdorff precompact abelian group with exponent $p$

Let $(G,\mathcal T)$ be an infinite Hausdorff precompact abelian topological group and let $G$ have exponent $p$ where $p$ is a prime number. Can it be proved that there are at least $p+1$ continuous ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Relatively compact sets in Ky Fan metric space

Let $(\Omega,P,\mathcal{F})$ be a probability space. $X$, $Y$ are two random variables. The Ky Fan metric defined as: $d_F(X,Y)=\inf\{\epsilon: P(|X-Y|> \epsilon)<\epsilon\}$ (or $d'_F(X,Y)=E ...
9
votes
3answers
308 views

Images of $\{0,1\}^\kappa$

Is there a compact topological space $(X,\tau)$ such that for no cardinal $\kappa$ there is a surjective continuous map $e:\{0,1\}^\kappa \to X$? (We assume that $\{0,1\}$ is endowed with the ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Critical topological spaces

This is a follow-up question to Existence of injective neighborhood selection function as separation axiom. Let $(X, \tau)$ be a topological space. If there is an injective map $f:X\to\tau$ such that ...
5
votes
3answers
134 views

Existence of injective neighborhood selection function as separation axiom

Let $(X, \tau)$ be a topological space. We say that $(X,\tau)$ is $T_{\text{inj}}$ if there is an injective map $f:X\to\tau$ such that $x\in f(x)$ for all $x\in X$. It is not hard to see that $T_1$ ...
6
votes
3answers
255 views

Borel cross section

It is known from metric space topology that a closed equivalence relation on a Polish space has either countably many or $\mathfrak{c}$ many equivalence classes. A short elementary proof is given in ...
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Can a continuous surjection from a Hilbert cube to a segment behave bad wrt Lebesgue measures?

Suppose $\hat{I}=[0,1]^\mathbb{N}$ is a Hilbert cube and $I=[0,1]$. Consider Lebesgue measures $m_1$ and $m_2$ on $\hat{I}$ and $I$ correspondingly. By Lebesgue measure on the Hilbert cube I mean the ...
21
votes
3answers
738 views

Possible categorical reformulation for the usual definition of compactness

Let $X$ be a compact topological space, $f_i:Y_i\to X$ a family of continuous maps such that the topology on $X$ is final for it (i.e., $U\subset X$ is open iff $f_i^{-1}(U)$ is open for each $i$, for ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Spaces for which separable is equivalent to second-countable

While it is well known for metric spaces, being separable is equivalent to be second-countable. In this post I give a counterexample for a non metric space. What are other topological properties that ...
15
votes
5answers
617 views

Abstract connectedness

Is there an abstract structure that characterizes connectedness, analogously to how topological spaces characterize continuity? Here's one way to make this question more precise: if $(X,T_X)$ is a ...
7
votes
2answers
243 views

Product of “prime” topological spaces

We call a topological space $(X,\tau)$ product-decomposable if there is an index set $I$ and subsets $X_i\subseteq X$ for $i\in I$ such that $|X_i| > 1$ and $X \cong \prod_{i\in I} X_i$ where each ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Countable chain condition in $\text{BP}(X)$

Let $\text{BP}(X)$ denote $\sigma$-algebra of subsets of $X$ with the Baire Property BP and $\text{MGR}(X)$ denote the $\sigma$-ideal of meager sets in $X$. Assume $X$ is second countable Baire ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Largeness, generic, random points

As presented in Oxtoby's book ( http://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-1-4615-9964-7 ), there are two notions of largeness for subspace $Y$ of a given space $X$: Topology: $X$ is a topological ...
1
vote
1answer
262 views

Weak topology on a pre-Hilbert Space

Since there was essentially no answers on my previous question, I will ask a partial case of it, which is very easy to state. Let $\left(X,\left<\cdot,\cdot\right>\right)$ be an inner product ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

Question about of comeager set

If $G\subseteq2^{\mathbb{N}}$ is comeager then exist is a partition $\mathbb{N}=A_0\cup A_1$, $A_0\cap A_1=\emptyset$, and sets $B_i \subseteq A_i$ for $i \in \{0,1\}$, such that for $A \subseteq ...