5
votes
0answers
150 views

Distributivity of group topologies on $\Bbb Z$

Let $\mathcal L$ be the set of all group topologies on $\Bbb Z$. It is known that $(\mathcal L,\subseteq)$ is a modular complete lattice. Is $(\mathcal L,\subseteq)$ distributive?
7
votes
1answer
398 views

Group structure on an arbitrary completely regular topological space that makes $(x,y)\mapsto xy^{-1}$ continuous at $(1,1)$

Let $(G,\mathcal T)$ be a completely regular topological space. Is there a group structure on $G$ such that the function $$f:G\times G\to G$$ $$f(x,y)=xy^{-1}$$ is continuous at $(1,1)$?
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Are infinite groups “locally topologizable”?

Does every infinite group admit a Hausdorff topology such that the multiplication and inverse are continuous at $1$ but $1$ is not an isolated point? The question is inspired by and related to ...
8
votes
0answers
384 views

A group allowing exactly 7 group topologies

Is there a group $G$ allowing exactly 7 group topologies on $G$: $\mathcal T_{trivial}, \mathcal T_{discrete}, \mathcal T_1, \mathcal T_2,\mathcal T_3,\mathcal T_4, \mathcal T_5$ with $$\mathcal ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Separation of topological group elements by invariant neighbourhooods

Let $G$ be a topological group that is Hausdorff, that is, for every pair $(g,h)$ of distinct elements of $G$, there exist disjoint open sets $U_g$ and $U_h$ such that $g \in U_g$ and $h \in U_h$. ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

Is an extension of compact Hausdorff topological groups compact?

Let $1 \rightarrow A \xrightarrow{a} B \xrightarrow{c} C \rightarrow 1$ be a short exact sequence of topological groups (i.e., all maps are continuous, $A = \mathrm{Ker}(c)$, and $C = ...
2
votes
0answers
311 views

Topological proof of a result in Logic

I proved the result below using logic. My questions: Can this theorem be proved by purely topological means? Do you know any theorems that either can be used to prove the same result, or which give ...
6
votes
1answer
358 views

Existence of infinite groups that are too reluctant to be topological

With ZFC, is there an infinite group $G$ such that there is no non-trivial non-discrete topology on $G$ with the functions $G\times G\to G,~~ (a,b) \mapsto ab$ and $G\to G,~~ a\mapsto a^{-1}$ ...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

When does topological homogeneity imply algebraic homogeneity? Pseudo-arc and Hilbert cube

Knaster's pseudo-arc and Hilbert cube are topologically homogeneous continua. The easier question is: do these spaces admit a topological group structure? (I am sure that the answer is negative). Thus ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

Topological groups defined by completely disconnected subgroups

Can you define a group topology on a group by specifying which subgroups should be discrete with respect to that topology (where a subgroup $S$ of $G$ is discrete if each $s\in S$ has an open ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Connectedness properties of groups of homeomorphisms

Denote by $H(X)$ the group of homeomorphisms of a topological space $X$. Assume further that $X$ is either compact or locally compact and locally connected. In both cases $H(X)$ becomes a topological ...
15
votes
1answer
473 views

Is a left topological group which is a manifold a topological group?

Let $G$ be a left topological group, i.e. a topological space with group operation such that left multiplication $L_g : x \mapsto gx$ is continuous (but right multiplication and inversion are not ...
11
votes
2answers
383 views

subsets of groups which have to be closed no matter what

One example of a subset of a group $G$ which has to be closed in any topology on $G$ compatible with the group operations is a centraliser. Are there any other interesting examples?
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Tensor product of topological abelian groups with the reals

Given an abelian group A, the tensor product $A \otimes R$, where R are the reals, is naturally an R-vector space. Now suppose that A is a topological abelian group (if necessary, we can assume it ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

The finest countably generated free topological group so that $x^{m_{n}}_n\rightarrow 1$?

What is the finest free topological group $H$ with generators ${x_{1},x_{2},...}$ so that $x^{m_{n}}_n\rightarrow 1$ for all sequences $m_{1},m_{2},...$? Is $H \simeq K$, with $K$ the natural ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

topological group that is connected and locally connected but not path-connected

Is there a ($\mathrm{T}_0$) topological group that is connected and locally connected but is not path-connected? This is a cross-post from MSE, since my question there was posted over three weeks ...
12
votes
2answers
257 views

If G is a sequential topological group, must G x G be sequential?

Using standard definitions, the topological space $Y$ is sequential if for each nonclosed $A \subset Y$, there exists a convergent sequence $a_{1}$ , $a_{2}$,...$\rightarrow b$ so that $a_{n} \in A$ ...
17
votes
0answers
459 views

Can closed compacts in a topological group behave “paradoxically” with respect to unions, intersections, and one-sided translations?

Consider two closed compacts $A$ and $B$ in a topological group $\Gamma$. Let $A'$ be a left translation of $A$ and $B'$ a left translation of $B$: $A' = aA$, $B' = bB$. Suppose it is known that ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Suppose $(G,\mathcal T)$ is a paratopological group and $a,b\in G$ and every neighborhood of $a$ contains $b$. Can we say every neighborhood of $b$ contains $a$?

Suppose $(G,\mathcal T)$ is a paratopological group and $a,b\in G$ and every neighborhood of $a$ contains $b$. Can we say every neighborhood of $b$ contains $a$? clearly every closed neighborhood ...
7
votes
0answers
188 views

Which topological spaces are coset spaces of locally compact groups?

What is a topological characterization of the class of spaces that have the form $G/H$ for a locally compact, Hausdorff group $G$ and a closed subgroup $H$ ? Such a space $X=G/H$ necessarily ...
6
votes
2answers
322 views

The integers as a sequential but non-first countable topological group

Completely unaware of the Bohr topology, I recently asked whether or not there was a Hausdorff group topology on the integers $\mathbb{Z}$ which made the group fail to be first countable. For me, this ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Hausdorff group topologies on finitely generated groups

Suppose $G$ is a finitely generated Hausdorff topological group. Must $G$ be first countable (or perhaps a sequential space)? What if we restrict to the abelian case? I wonder if this is even true ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

Intersection of cocompact closed normal subgroups

Let $G$ be a locally compact Hausdorff topological group. Definition A closed normal subgroup $H \unlhd G$ is called cocompact if $G/H$ is compact with respect to the quotient topology. Note ...
11
votes
2answers
353 views

Start with a topological group, take the meet of the two uniformities, and take the topology. Is the result again a topological group? [xpost from math.SE]

And what else can be said, if so? (Original math.SE post) In more detail: Say $(G,\mathscr{T})$ is a topological group. It has a left uniformity $\mathscr{L}$ and a right uniformity $\mathscr{R}$. ...
6
votes
2answers
374 views

How big $|Aut(M)|$ can be, given $|\partial Aut(M)|$?

My apologies: There were a couple of typos in the original question. Hope I got them all. Let $\kappa$ be an uncountable cardinal of cofinality $\omega$ and $M$ a model of size $\kappa$. We equip ...
6
votes
3answers
583 views

Does every compact Hausdorff ring admit a decomposition into primitive idempotents?

Let $\mathbf{R} = (R,\mathcal{T},+,\cdot,0,1)$ be a compact Hausdorff topological unitary ring, and consider the set $I(\mathbf{R}) := \{ e \in R \mid e \cdot e = e \}$ (of idempotents in ...
6
votes
2answers
905 views

Two Definitions of “Character” of topological groups

When I first met the concept of "characters" of topological groups in Pontryagin's book "Topological groups", it was defined as follows: Let $G$ be a topological group. A character of $G$ is a ...
12
votes
1answer
901 views

(Closures of sets of) operations in topological groups.

Let $G$ be a topological group. For each $n \in \mathbb{Z}$, consider the continuous functions $f_{n} \colon G \to G : x \mapsto x^{n}$, and set $F := \{f_{n} \mid n \in \mathbb{Z}\}$. Is there a ...
0
votes
0answers
254 views

classifying continuous functions on the $ax+b$ subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb R)$

Let $G$ be 'ax+b' topological group i.e subgroup of $GL(2,\mathbb R)$ containing $2\times 2 $ matrices of type $\{\left(\begin{matrix} a&b\\\0&1\end{matrix}\right): a\neq 0\; a,b\in \mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Does the weak approximation theorem hold for general topological fields?

The weak approximation theorem states that given a field $F$ and nontrivial inequivalent absolute values $|\cdot|_1,\ldots,|\cdot|_n,$ and letting $F_i$ denote $F$ with the topology from $|\cdot|_i$, ...
6
votes
4answers
965 views

Finite dimensional vector spaces over a complete but not-necessarily-valued field

I'm essentially reopening this old question of Ricky Demer which was never fully answered. Essentially the original question: Suppose we have a topological field $F$ which is complete, Hausdorff, and ...
3
votes
2answers
258 views

When does a LCA group not contain a (closed) infinite cyclic subgroup?

If $G$ is an LCA (locally compact abelian) group, is there any 'nice' sufficient (or preferably necessary and sufficient) criteria for when $G$ does not contain a closed (and hence discrete in the ...
5
votes
0answers
163 views

Shrinking Group Actions

This is a repost from stackexchange. I didn't get an answer, so I figured I'd ask it here. Suppose $H\subset G$ is a subgroup of a topological group $G$, and $Y\subset X$ is a subspace of a ...
1
vote
0answers
168 views

Finite topological dimension x local compactness

Of course, the two notions are independent one from the other, but often one of them implies the other under some additional hypotheses. For instance: A topological vector space is finite dimensional ...
5
votes
3answers
658 views

On closed totally disconnected subgroups of connected real Lie groups

So the following statement seems to be obvious but I don't see how to prove it: Q: How does one prove that a closed totally disconnected subgroup of a connected real Lie group is discrete? Note that ...
13
votes
4answers
1k views

Compact open topology on $\mathrm{Homeo}(X)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be topological spaces. Define the compact open topology on the set $\mathrm{M}(X,Y)$ of contiunous maps from $X$ to $Y$ via the subbase $[K,O]$ of all maps $f:X\rightarrow Y$ s.t. ...
10
votes
4answers
883 views

When do isometric actions exist?

Let $X$ be a metrizable topological space and $G$ be a locally compact group. Given a continuous (left) action of $G$ on $X$, is there a metric on $X$, compatible with the topology, for which the ...
3
votes
1answer
343 views

Topological Groups and Families of Pseudometrics

The topology on a topological group is generated by a family of pseudometrics. The only proof I know passes through uniform spaces (by which I mean the entourage definition): A topological group has ...
2
votes
2answers
969 views

Irreducible unitary representations of locally compact groups

Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $\mu$ be a left Haar measure. We know that $\mu$ is unique up to a scalar in $\mathbf{R}_{>0}$. I don't know so much about unitary representations of ...
12
votes
1answer
682 views

Is every compact topological ring a profinite ring?

There are a lot of compact (Hausdorff) groups, whereas every compact field is finite. What about rings? Is there a classification theorem for compact rings? If you take a cofiltered limit of finite ...
1
vote
2answers
685 views

When is the group of homeomorphisms of a compact space locally compact?

When is the group of homeomorphisms of a compact space locally compact? I am interested in finding out when the group of homeomorphisms of a compact topological space $X$ (with appropriate ...
6
votes
0answers
397 views

Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...
4
votes
0answers
182 views

When does a closed inclusion induce a closed inclusion on free topological groups?

Suppose $A$ is a closed subspace of a Tychonoff space $X$. Does the inclusion $i:A\hookrightarrow X$ induce a closed embedding of topological groups on the free (Markov -the unbased version) ...
2
votes
3answers
788 views

Sequential topological vector spaces

Since I'm dealing with the distinction between sequential continuous and continuous maps at the moment I came to ask myself once again what can be said about spaces where these two notions agree ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

Example of a quasitopological group with discontinuous power map

A quasitopological group is a group $G$ with topology such that multiplication $G\times G\rightarrow G$ is continuous in each variable (i.e. all translations are continuous) and inversion ...
24
votes
4answers
3k views

Fundamental group as topological group

Background Let $(X,x)$ be a pointed topological space. Then the fundamental group $\pi_1(X,x)$ becomes a topological space: Endow the set of maps $S^1 \to X$ with the compact-open topology, endow the ...
6
votes
1answer
299 views

Homomorphisms of Topological Groups which are Automatically Fiber Bundles?

Suppose I have a surjective homomorphism of topological groups $f:E \to G$. Let K be the kernel of f. The topological group K acts on E in an obvious way. When is this a fiber bundle over G? (It will ...
9
votes
2answers
524 views

Is there a non-trivial topological group structure of $\mathbb{Z}$?

More specificaly, is there a haussdorf non-discrete topology on $\mathbb{Z}$ that makes it a topological group with the usual addition operation?
7
votes
2answers
398 views

Potential connected non-Lie subgroup

This painful question is inspired by the question "non-Lie subgroups" . Let R denote the real numbers. Let f be an discontinuous additive map from R --> R. Is it possible that the graph of f, inside ...