# Tagged Questions

**7**

votes

**1**answer

256 views

### Ultracoproducts and Cartesian products

Let $X$ be a metrizable compact topological space, let $\mathcal U$ be an ultrafilter, and denote by $X^{\mathcal U}$ the ultracopower of $X$ with respect to $\mathcal U$.
As a C$^*$-algebraist, I ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

262 views

### non-Borel set which intersects every compact in a Borel set

I remember hearing some time ago that there is a locally compact Hausdorff space $X$ and a non-Borel subset $E$ which intersects every compact set in a Borel set. (This would contradict Lemma 13.9 of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### A realcompact analogue of the Baire category theorem

Let $\frak{m}$ be the least measurable cardinal. A space $X$ is realcompact if it is homeomorphic to a closed subset of some product $\mathbb{R}^I$. Let $X$ be realcompact with $P_\frak{m}$ topology, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Is $\ell^\infty$ Polishable?

Consider $\ell^\infty$ as a subspace of the Polish space $\mathbb{R}^\omega$. It is easy to check that $\ell^\infty$ is not Polish in the subspace topology, as it is countable union of the compact ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Ultrafilters of weight $\aleph_2$ in Sacks model

It is well-known that in Sacks model there are P-points and even Ramsey ultrafilters, but what the usual (i.e. findable in the literature) proofs for these facts do is proving that ground model ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

309 views

### Topological proof of a result in Logic

I proved the result below using logic. My questions:
Can this theorem be proved by purely topological means?
Do you know any theorems that either can be used to prove the same result, or which give ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### Existence of infinite groups that are too reluctant to be topological

With ZFC, is there an infinite group $G$ such that there is no non-trivial non-discrete topology on $G$ with the functions $G\times G\to G,~~ (a,b) \mapsto ab$ and $G\to G,~~ a\mapsto a^{-1}$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### Suslin lines hereditarily Lindelof

I need to prove that every suslin line is hereditarily Lindelof. Any idea will be helpfull.

**6**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Order homomorphism functions on $\omega_1$

Let $\omega_1$ be the first uncountable ordinal,
same as the set of all countable ordinals.
Let $F$ be the set of all functions
$f$ from $\omega_1$ minus singleton $0$ into $\omega_1$ that
are (a) ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

457 views

### Is the notion of fixed point property for topological spaces an absolute notion?

Recall that a topological space $X$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any continuous function $f: X\to X$ has a fixed point.
Is the notion of FPP for topological spaces an absolute notion? More ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### Strong measure zero sets and selection principles

A set of reals $X$ is strong measure zero if for any sequence of positive real numbers $ ( \epsilon_n ) _{n \in \omega }$ there is a sequence of open intervals $ ( a_n ) _{n \in \omega }$ which ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

382 views

### Is there a suitably generalized Baire property for topological spaces of arbitrary cardinalities?

Is there some suitable generalization to the notion of Baire property for topological spaces of arbitrary cardinalities which satisfies the following condition:
The meager sets are sets which are ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

720 views

### An order type $\tau$ equal to its power $\tau^n, n>2$

(This is a re-post of my old unanswered question from Math.SE)
For purposes of this question, let's concern ourselves only with linear (but not necessarily well-founded) order types.
Recall that:
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Is there a maximal (or maximal Tychonoff) non normal space?

Is there a maximal (or maximal Tychonoff) non normal space? In "A Problem of Set-Teoretic Topology" the existence of a maximal Tychonoff space is asserted. Also there exists a perfectly normal maximal ...

**16**

votes

**2**answers

498 views

### Intersection of compact sets in the unit interval

Let $\mathscr K$ be an uncountable set such that every $K\in\mathscr K$ is a compact subset of $[0,1]$ with positive Lebesgue measure. Does it then follow that there exists an uncountable $\mathscr ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Is there a Tychonoff space $X$ of cardinality not of the form $2^\alpha$ such that $|C(X)| = |X|$

Let $X$ be the real line with the usual topology. Then clearly $|C(X)| = c = |X|$ and on the other hand $|X| = 2^{\aleph_0}$.
Now my question is as in the title: Is there a Tychonoff space $X$ of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### What is the shape of mathematical universe?

Shape? At the usual mathematical literature when we can discuss about the shape of a "space" that we have a kind of "topography" on it. For example a topology, metric, geometry, etc.
Note that for ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

191 views

### When is a filter generated by a (countable) chain?

In any partial order $(P,\leq)$ it is easy to see that every chain generates (i.e., by taking the upwards closure) a filter, and any filter built as a result of the Rasiowa-Sikorski lemma in forcing ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Idempotent ultrafilters and the Rudin-Keisler ordering

Short version: what can we say about the place of idempotent ultrafilters in the Rudin-Keisler ordering?
Longer version:
If $U$, $V$ are (nonprincipal) ultrafilters on $\omega$, then we write ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### Question about product topology

Suppose $S\subset\mathbb{R}$ is dense without interior point, and for every open interval $I,J\subset\mathbb{R}$, $I\cap S$ is homeomorphic to $J\cap S$.
Is $S\times S$ homeomorphic to $S$?
By Luzin ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

412 views

### How many subsets of $\mathbb{R}$ are order isomorphic to $\mathbb{Q}$?

How many subsets of $\mathbb{R}$ are order isomorphic to $\mathbb{Q}$?
How many subsets of the long line $\omega_1\times[0,1)$ are order isomorphic to $\mathbb{Q}$?
I can see that results in ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

399 views

### Restrictions of null/meager ideal

Let I denote the null (resp. meager) ideal on reals. Is it consistent that for any pair of non null (resp. meager) sets A and B, there is a null (resp. meager) preserving bijection between A and B? In ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### Showing a filter with a certain property on the power set of $\mathbb{Z}$ is a one point filter

Let $\mathcal{P}_0(X)$ the Power set of $X$ without the empty set and let $\dot{x}:=\{A\subseteq X: x \in A\}$ the one point filter generated by $x$. Furtermore let $$ \mathcal{A} := \{ f \in ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Well-founded families of sets and topological convergence

Background/Motivation
A space is scattered if every non-empty subset has an isolated point. A space is pseudoradial if every non-closed set contains a transfinite sequence (a well-ordered net) ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

425 views

### Periodic point-free maps and free ultrafilters.

Let $X$ be a set and $u$ be a free ultrafilter on $X$. We can consider a topology on $X$ by declaring every element of $u \cup \{\emptyset \}$ to be open.
El'kin's original motivation for looking at ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

373 views

### Is there a compact space with no countably generated dense subspace?

This is a reformulation of this MO question which recieved little or no attention due to the fact that the OP gave no motivation whatsoever. I found the question quite interesting and decided to give ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

776 views

### Axiom of Choice and continuous functions

Do you know if the following statement is an equivalent form of the axiom of choice or not?
If $X$ is a compact metric space, then every continuous function $f: X \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### A question on hereditary Lindelof number

Let $X$ be space. A space $X$ is called right-separated if it can be well-ordered in such a way that every initial segment is open in $X$. See the related link (left-separated).
How could we show ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Forcing over the poset of nonempty open subsets of a nice topological space

Is there anything sensible to be said concerning a notion of forcing given by the poset of nonempty open subsets of the sort of topological space that comes up in ($e.g.$ algebraic) topology? If so, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### Descriptive set theory on $\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$

The short version of my question is, What is a good source for learning about descriptive set theory on the space $\mathbb{R}^\mathbb{N}$, under the product topology coming from the discrete topology ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Algebras with countable chains only

Is there an example of an uncountable Boolean algebra $B$ in which every chain is countable and such that $\ell_\infty$ embeds into the Banach space $C(\mbox{Stone }B)$? The latter requirement is not ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

219 views

### Type I subspaces of the Stone Cech compactification of $\omega$

EDIT: I found a construction, see below. I decided not to delete the question in case someone is interested.
A space $X$ is of Type I if $X=\cup_{\alpha<\omega_1} X_\alpha$, where each $X_\alpha$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

226 views

### Well-ordering with a topological property

Assuming the axiom of choice, is there a well-ordering of the reals such that every initial segment is closed for the usual topology? If the continuum hypothesis helps, we can also assume it.
An ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

404 views

### special extremally disconnected spaces with only finite isolated points

We Know that a cardinal $\kappa$ is measurable if there is a set $X$ with cardinal $\kappa$ and a {0,1}-measure $\mu: P(X) \rightarrow ${$0,1$} so that for all $x \in X$, $\mu(x)=0$ and $\mu(X)=1$. ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

302 views

### How much $\beta \mathbb{N}$ is homogenous?

Let $p,q\in \beta \mathbb{N}\setminus \mathbb{N}$. Must always the spaces $\beta \mathbb{N}\setminus \{p\}$ and $\beta \mathbb{N}\setminus \{q\}$ be homeomorphic? If no, can we for each point $p\in ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

467 views

### Is every $\sigma$-algebra of sets *abstractly* the Borel algebra of a topology on perhps some other set?

Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology?
inspires the present question which asks for less.
Question: Given a $\sigma$-algebra ${\cal A}$ on a set $X$, does there exist a topology ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

305 views

### Closure properties of familes of $G_\delta$ sets.

Given a family of sets $G\subset P(X)$, can one characterize by "closure properties" alone whether or not $G$ arises as the family of all $G_\delta$ for some topology on $X$? some Polish space ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Arbitrary small positive lower semi continuous functions

This question is a generalization of the question posed in this page to lower semi continuous functions. so let me describe the Question in the following way.
Def: Let $(X,\tau)$ be a Tychonoff ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

695 views

### Characterization of Stone-Cech compactifications

Suppose I have an infinite discrete topological space $X$ of cardinality $\kappa$. Then I know some things about the Stone-Cech compactification, $\beta X$: it is Hausdorff and compact but not ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

498 views

### In ZF, when is a disjoint union of metrizable spaces metrizable?

It is easy to see that the disjoint union $\bigsqcup_i X_i$ of a collection of
metric spaces is metrizable, simply by rescaling or chopping off
the individual metrics to have diameter at most one, and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### On the compactness of a certain chain topology [closed]

Let $X$ be a non-empty set and $I$ a collection of some nested subsets of $X$ indexed by a linearly ordered set $(\Lambda,\le)$ such that $I$ always contains the void set $\emptyset$ and the whole set ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

531 views

### Does Urysohn's Lemma imply Dependent Choice?

It's widely known$^{1}$ that in the proof of Urysohn's Lemma (UL) one uses the Principle of Dependent Choice (DC). Inspired by the equivalence between DC and Baire's Category Theorem$^{2}$, I'd like ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

215 views

### Borel functions on $\omega_1$

Endow $\omega_1$ with order topology. It is easy to show that each continuous function $f\colon \omega_1\to \mathbb{R}$ is eventually constant. Is the same true for Borel functions?

**44**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology?

This question arises from the excellent question posed on math.SE
by Salvo Tringali, namely, Correspondence
between Borel algebras and topology.
Since the question was not answered there after some ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

365 views

### Continuous images of Cantor cubes

The original title of this question was "Is there only one (up to homeomorphism) zero-dimensional homogeneous dyadic space of weight $\mathfrak{c}$?". I changed it with the hope of getting a bit more ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Extending BAs to weakly countably distributive algebras.

Suppose $\mathscr{A}$ is a complete Boolean algebra (assume it is c.c.c. if you wish). Is there any, say, canonical embedding $\mathscr{A}\subseteq \mathscr{B}$ into a complete Boolean algebra which ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Does X have any diagonal properties?

Assume that $2^{\omega_1}=2^\omega=\mathfrak{c}$. Let $D$={ 0,1 }, and let $Y=D^\mathfrak{c}$. For $y\in Y\;$ let $\operatorname{supp}(y)$={$\xi<\mathfrak{c}:y(\xi)=1$}, the support of $y$, and let ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

350 views

### If a topological space X has $\aleph_1$-calibre, then it must be star countable?

If a topological space X has $\aleph_1$-calibre[definition], then it must be star countable?
What if the cardinality of the topological space X is additionally < = $2^{\aleph_0}$?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

360 views

### Is there a countable pseudocharacter Hausdorff space，such that…?

Let X be a Hausdorff space and Difine the Property A as following: if $\mathscr{U}$ is a collection of open sets of X that witnesses Hausdorff property of X (= $\forall x,y \in X$, there exist two ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

740 views

### the example of ccc but not separable

I am interested in the relation between the property of countable chain condition (ccc) and the property of separable. Could someone recommend some papers or books about this to me? thanks in advance.
...