**0**

votes

**0**answers

31 views

### Free cocompact action of discrete group gives a covering map [migrated]

I'd like to find a short proof of the following seemingly basic fact encountered on the second page of Atiyah's paper "Elliptic operators, discrete groups, and von Neumann algebras." ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Minimal zero-dimensional Hausdorff spaces

A topological space $(X,\tau)$ is said to be zero-dimensional Hausdorff (zdH) if for $x\neq y\in X$ there is $C\subseteq X$ clopen (closed and open) such that $x\in C$, but $y\notin C$.
We say a zdH ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Link between the hairy ball theorem and the fundamental theorem of algebra

I read in the book "Concepts of modern mathematics" by Ian Stewart that it was possible to proof the fundamental theorem of algebra using the hairy ball theorem (complete reference to the page is in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Fixed point shape property

Question: Provide (or prove that it's not possible) a metric compact space which has the fixed point property but not the fixed point shape property.
Here is the definition of f.p.s.p.("map" means ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Surniversal spaces

Basic background
On one hand there is a complete result: $\,\ $for every non-negative integer $n$ there exists an $n$-dimensional compact metric space $M^n$ such that it contains a homeomorphic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

65 views

### Topology with no direct lower neighbor

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

154 views

### Applications of topology to discrete dynamical systems?

I'd like to know some of the applications of topology to discrete dynamics. By discrete dynamics I loosely mean studying maps between discrete sets.
I mean cases where adding a topology to the sets ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Fréchet L-Spaces

According to the paper The emergence of open sets, closed sets, and limit points
in analysis and topology famous mathematician Maurice Fréchet who introduced the concept of metric spaces has also ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

225 views

### Local “pathologies” in spaces arising naturally in algebraic topology

I have been thinking about methods for constructing continuous paths locally in a space. These paths have domain the unit interval and map into "small" neighborhoods of points in a space. Moreover ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

33 views

### Intuition for universal quotient maps

The universal quotient maps are precisely the descent morphisms in the category of topological spaces. In some papers of Janelidze, Tholen, Sobral, and Reiterman (see for instance Reiterman-Tholen), ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### “Discrete jumps” in the collection of all topologies on a set $X$

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

85 views

### Lower neighbors in the lattice of topologies

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y) = \{p\in P: x\leq p < y\}$, and $(x,y]$ is defined in an analogous manner. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

111 views

### Is every path connected space continuously path connected

Recall a topological space $X$ is path connected if for all $x,y \in X$ there is a continuous function $f\colon [0,1] \to X$ such that $f(0)=x$ and $f(1)=y$.
Say that $X$ is continuously path ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

107 views

### Smooth, irreducible surface with real part containing two projective planes

Let $X$ be a smooth and irreducible projective variety over $\mathbb{R}$ of dimension two. I am looking for an instance of such a variety where two distinct connected components of $X(\mathbb{R})$ are ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

83 views

### Measurability of integrals with respect to different measures

Let $Y$ be a locally compact Hausdorff topological space (further assumptions like metrizability, separability, etc., may be added if necessary) and let $\mathscr Y$ denote the Borel $\sigma$-algebra ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

284 views

### Do Peano curves provide a counterargument to Grothendieck's critique?

This question arose in the context of an earlier question on Grothendieck's critique of the traditional foundations of topology. Can the paper Group Invariant Peano Curves by Cannon and Thurston be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

61 views

### Separation-free topological completeness notion

Cannot really claim that I have immediate urgent motivation to study this question but it appeared to me long ago, I recalled it now by some reason and decided to ask it here.
There is a strong ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Is the set of Cauchy spaces a lattice? [closed]

Is the set of all Cauchy spaces (ordered by set-theoretic inclusion) on some (fixed) set:
a join-semilattice?
a meet-semilattice?
a complete lattice?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Cardinality of connected Hausdorff topologies

Let $X$ be an infinite set and let $C(X)$ denote the collection of connected Hausdorff topologies on $X$. Suppose $N\subseteq C(X)$ has the property that whenever $\tau\neq\sigma \in N$ then ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### New separation axiom?

I am looking for the name and notation of the following separation axiom , temporarily denoted by $T_i$ (where $i=\sqrt{-1}$ is the imaginary unit):
Axiom $T_i$: For any point $x$ of a topological ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

107 views

### Can There be Rudin-Keisler Immediate Sucessors?

There are several well-studied orderings on the set $\omega^*$ of ultrafilters on the natural numbers. Three popular ones are $\le_i$ for $i = 1,2,3$. We define $\mathcal U \le_i \mathcal V$ to mean ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

60 views

### Partition of Real Number [closed]

Can the set of Real numbers be partioned into two parts such that both are uncountable,dense and have empty interior and any closed interval intersects both at uncountably many points?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

583 views

### Foundations of topology

I recently went to a talk of Oleg Viro where he expressed his dissatisfaction with current foundations of differential topology parallel to what has been discussed here.
Also some time ago I read ...

**34**

votes

**1**answer

714 views

### Does there exist a bijection of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with itself such that the forward map is connected but the inverse is not?

Let $(X,\tau), (Y,\sigma)$ be two topological spaces. We say that a map $f: \mathcal{P}(X)\to \mathcal{P}(Y)$ between their power sets is connected if for every $S\subset X$ connected, $f(S)\subset Y$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### LCH topologies on Groups that are not group topologies

Ellis's 1957 paper on Locally Compact Transformation groups proves the following:
A locally compact hausdorff topology on a group $(G, \cdot)$ for which left and right multiplication are ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Open (resp., closed) balls homeomorphic to open (resp., closed) discs on the plane

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact (smooth) surface, with a geodesic metric $d$ (compatible with the topology of $\Sigma$).
Let $x \in \Sigma$, and suppose you have the following: for every $r<1$,
the open ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

219 views

### Limits of rearranged sequences along ultrafilters

Suppose that a bounded sequence of real numbers $s_i$ ($i\in\omega$) has a limit $\alpha$ along some ultrafilter $\mu_1\in \beta{\Bbb N}\setminus{\Bbb N}$. Then given another ultrafilter $\mu_2\in ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Are infinite simplicial complexes all manifolds?

Are infinite dimensional simplicial complexes manifolds locally modeled on $\mathbb R^\infty=\operatorname{colim}\mathbb R^n$? If they are homotopy equivalent, are they homeomorphic?
Of course not. ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

48 views

### When is the orbit space of a manifold still a manifold of the same dimension?

$\mathbf{Question}$. Let us assume that $M^n$ is a topological manifold of dimension n, with a group action $\Gamma$, which acts discontinuously and freely on $M^n$. Is the orbit space $M^n / \Gamma$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Topologies with the same convex closed sets

Let $\tau_1$ and $\tau_2$ be locally convex Hausdorff topologies on vector space $X$ such that $(X,\tau_1)^\ast = (X,\tau_2)^\ast$. It is well known that $(X,\tau_1)$ and $(X,\tau_2)$ have the same ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

609 views

### $\mathfrak{ufo}$: An unidentified combinatorial cardinal characteristic of the continuum?

An ultrafilter ornament is a chain of free filters on $\mathbb{N}$ that are not ultrafilters, whose union is an ultrafilter.
Let $\mathfrak{ufo}$ be the minimal cardinality of
an ultrafilter ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

323 views

### What is the Cantor-Bendixson rank of the space of first order theories?

Let $L$ be the language $\{R\}$ containing a single binary relation symbol. Consider the space $S_0(L)$ of complete, first-order $L$-theories. This is a seperable, compact Hausdorff space; what is its ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

53 views

### Properties of convergence at points of continuity

Let $J$ denote the set of functions $f : [0, \infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ that are right-continuous and have left-hand limits (r.c.l.l.) and such that their points of discontinuity are jumps.
Then $J$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

83 views

### Two nilmanifolds of the same Lie group

By a nilmanifold I mean a quotient $M =\Gamma \backslash G$ of a connected, simply-connected nilpotent real Lie group $G$ by the left action of a maximal lattice , i.e. a discrete cocompact ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### The pseudo-metric and linear orders

Is there a necessary and sufficient condition for a linearly ordered topological space to be pseudo-metrizable? (by a pseudo-metric, I mean a map $X\times X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ in which all the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

41 views

### A question about Raikov complete topological groups

I asked this yesterday on Math Stackexchange, but didn't get any comments. So I thought I might ask here too.
Let $G$ be a topological group and let $G^*$ be its Raikov completion, i.e its completion ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Stronger form of connectedness than path-connectedness

Given a topological space $C$ and points $c_0, c1\in C$ we say that a topological space $(X,\tau)$ is $(C,c_0,c_1)$-connected if and only if for all $x,y\in X$ there is $f:C\to X$ continuous with ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### References for higher descriptive set theory surveys

A student of Adi Jarden and mine attempts at generalizing results on selection principles from the Baire space $\omega^\omega$ to the higher Baire space $\kappa^\kappa$ ($\kappa$ uncountable), and ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

367 views

### When does the generalized Cantor space embed in a $\kappa$-compact space

The generalized Cantor space is the space $2^\kappa$, with basic open sets
$$
[\sigma] := \{f\in 2^\kappa : \sigma\subseteq f\},
$$
for $\sigma\in 2^{<\kappa}$.
A space is $\kappa$-compact if ...

**30**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Does $\mathbb C\mathbb P^\infty$ have a group structure?

Does $\mathbb C\mathbb P^\infty$ have a (commutative) group structure? More specifically, is it homeomorphic to $FS^2$, (the connected component of) the free commutative group on $S^2$?
$\mathbb ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

296 views

### Is the normal bundle of a torus trivial?

Question:
Let $T^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $ n > k$, be a smoothly embedded $k$-torus. Is its normal bundle trivial?
What about the normal bundle of $S^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $n > k$, the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Pseudocomplements in the lattice of topologies

Given a set $X\neq \emptyset$ it is well-known that the collection $\text{Top}(X)$ of all topologies on $X$ is a (complete) lattice with respect to $\subseteq$.
Let $0$ denote the smallest element of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Sheaf on a filtered topological space?

Is there any nice way of defining a sheaf of abelian groups on a filtered topological space?
Let $X$ equipped with filtration $X_0\subset X_1\subset X_2\subset ... \subset X_k=X$ be an object in the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Every convex sequentially closed set is closed

Let $X$ be a vector space. A vector (not necessarily Hausdorff) topology on $X$ will be called convex sequential if every convex sequentially closed subset of $X$ is closed.
Is there some description ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

80 views

### Tightening a loop

Consider two $d$-dimensional convex polytopes $c_1, c_2$ that share a $(d-1)$-dimensional face $f$. Let $M$ be a surface ($2$-manifold) that intersects each of $c_1$ and $c_2$ in a $2$-ball. Suppose ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Sequentiality of largest vector topology

I know that the largest vector topology on countable dimensional vector space is sequential (i.e. every sequentially closed set is closed). Does it keep for the arbitrary vector space?
In countable ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

258 views

### $T_2$ topologies that are “as disjoint as possible”

Let $X$ be an infinite set. Are there Hausdorff topologies $\tau_1, \tau_2$ on $X$ such that $\tau_1\cap\tau_2 = \{\emptyset\} \cup \{U\subseteq X: X\setminus U\text{ is finite}\}$?
(That is, the ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Reconstructibility of topological spaces

Let $(X,\tau), (Y,\sigma)$ be topological spaces with $|X|$ infinite and suppose $\varphi:X\to Y$ is a bijection such that for all $x\in X$ we have that $(X\setminus\{x\}) \cong ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

45 views

### On 1-iso maps and subsets of the unit circle

Let $S$ be the unit circle and for any $x,y \in S$ let $d(x,y)$ be the lenght of the smallest arc between $x$ and $y$. A bijective map $\phi : S\longrightarrow S$ is called 1-iso if the following ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

88 views

### Topology on $\omega\times\omega$ such that topologically connected equals graph-connected

For any set $X$ we define $[X]^2 =\big\{\{a,b\}: a, b \in X\text{ and }a\neq b\big\}$.
Let $$E = \big\{\{(a_1, a_2), (b_1, b_2)\}\in[\omega\times\omega]^2: |a_i-b_i| = 1\text{ for some } ...