Continuum theory, point-set topology, spaces with algebraic structure, foundations, dimension theory, local and global properties.

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0
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31 views

Free cocompact action of discrete group gives a covering map [migrated]

I'd like to find a short proof of the following seemingly basic fact encountered on the second page of Atiyah's paper "Elliptic operators, discrete groups, and von Neumann algebras." ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Minimal zero-dimensional Hausdorff spaces

A topological space $(X,\tau)$ is said to be zero-dimensional Hausdorff (zdH) if for $x\neq y\in X$ there is $C\subseteq X$ clopen (closed and open) such that $x\in C$, but $y\notin C$. We say a zdH ...
7
votes
2answers
295 views

Link between the hairy ball theorem and the fundamental theorem of algebra

I read in the book "Concepts of modern mathematics" by Ian Stewart that it was possible to proof the fundamental theorem of algebra using the hairy ball theorem (complete reference to the page is in ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Fixed point shape property

Question: Provide (or prove that it's not possible) a metric compact space which has the fixed point property but not the fixed point shape property. Here is the definition of f.p.s.p.("map" means ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Surniversal spaces

Basic background On one hand there is a complete result: $\,\ $for every non-negative integer $n$ there exists an $n$-dimensional compact metric space $M^n$ such that it contains a homeomorphic ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Topology with no direct lower neighbor

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...
1
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1answer
154 views

Applications of topology to discrete dynamical systems?

I'd like to know some of the applications of topology to discrete dynamics. By discrete dynamics I loosely mean studying maps between discrete sets. I mean cases where adding a topology to the sets ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Fréchet L-Spaces

According to the paper The emergence of open sets, closed sets, and limit points in analysis and topology famous mathematician Maurice Fréchet who introduced the concept of metric spaces has also ...
2
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1answer
225 views

Local “pathologies” in spaces arising naturally in algebraic topology

I have been thinking about methods for constructing continuous paths locally in a space. These paths have domain the unit interval and map into "small" neighborhoods of points in a space. Moreover ...
4
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0answers
33 views

Intuition for universal quotient maps

The universal quotient maps are precisely the descent morphisms in the category of topological spaces. In some papers of Janelidze, Tholen, Sobral, and Reiterman (see for instance Reiterman-Tholen), ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

“Discrete jumps” in the collection of all topologies on a set $X$

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y] = \{p\in P: x\leq p \leq y\}$. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies on $X$. The set $\text{Top}(X)$ is a complete ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Lower neighbors in the lattice of topologies

Given any poset $(P,\leq)$ and $x, y\in P$ we set $[x,y) = \{p\in P: x\leq p < y\}$, and $(x,y]$ is defined in an analogous manner. For any set $X$, let $\text{Top}(X)$ denote the set of topologies ...
1
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0answers
111 views

Is every path connected space continuously path connected

Recall a topological space $X$ is path connected if for all $x,y \in X$ there is a continuous function $f\colon [0,1] \to X$ such that $f(0)=x$ and $f(1)=y$. Say that $X$ is continuously path ...
1
vote
2answers
107 views

Smooth, irreducible surface with real part containing two projective planes

Let $X$ be a smooth and irreducible projective variety over $\mathbb{R}$ of dimension two. I am looking for an instance of such a variety where two distinct connected components of $X(\mathbb{R})$ are ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Measurability of integrals with respect to different measures

Let $Y$ be a locally compact Hausdorff topological space (further assumptions like metrizability, separability, etc., may be added if necessary) and let $\mathscr Y$ denote the Borel $\sigma$-algebra ...
2
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0answers
284 views

Do Peano curves provide a counterargument to Grothendieck's critique?

This question arose in the context of an earlier question on Grothendieck's critique of the traditional foundations of topology. Can the paper Group Invariant Peano Curves by Cannon and Thurston be ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Separation-free topological completeness notion

Cannot really claim that I have immediate urgent motivation to study this question but it appeared to me long ago, I recalled it now by some reason and decided to ask it here. There is a strong ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Is the set of Cauchy spaces a lattice? [closed]

Is the set of all Cauchy spaces (ordered by set-theoretic inclusion) on some (fixed) set: a join-semilattice? a meet-semilattice? a complete lattice?
5
votes
1answer
266 views

Cardinality of connected Hausdorff topologies

Let $X$ be an infinite set and let $C(X)$ denote the collection of connected Hausdorff topologies on $X$. Suppose $N\subseteq C(X)$ has the property that whenever $\tau\neq\sigma \in N$ then ...
7
votes
1answer
247 views

New separation axiom?

I am looking for the name and notation of the following separation axiom , temporarily denoted by $T_i$ (where $i=\sqrt{-1}$ is the imaginary unit): Axiom $T_i$: For any point $x$ of a topological ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Can There be Rudin-Keisler Immediate Sucessors?

There are several well-studied orderings on the set $\omega^*$ of ultrafilters on the natural numbers. Three popular ones are $\le_i$ for $i = 1,2,3$. We define $\mathcal U \le_i \mathcal V$ to mean ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Partition of Real Number [closed]

Can the set of Real numbers be partioned into two parts such that both are uncountable,dense and have empty interior and any closed interval intersects both at uncountably many points?
10
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1answer
583 views

Foundations of topology

I recently went to a talk of Oleg Viro where he expressed his dissatisfaction with current foundations of differential topology parallel to what has been discussed here. Also some time ago I read ...
34
votes
1answer
714 views

Does there exist a bijection of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with itself such that the forward map is connected but the inverse is not?

Let $(X,\tau), (Y,\sigma)$ be two topological spaces. We say that a map $f: \mathcal{P}(X)\to \mathcal{P}(Y)$ between their power sets is connected if for every $S\subset X$ connected, $f(S)\subset Y$ ...
4
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0answers
118 views

LCH topologies on Groups that are not group topologies

Ellis's 1957 paper on Locally Compact Transformation groups proves the following: A locally compact hausdorff topology on a group $(G, \cdot)$ for which left and right multiplication are ...
10
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1answer
149 views

Open (resp., closed) balls homeomorphic to open (resp., closed) discs on the plane

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact (smooth) surface, with a geodesic metric $d$ (compatible with the topology of $\Sigma$). Let $x \in \Sigma$, and suppose you have the following: for every $r<1$, the open ...
9
votes
2answers
219 views

Limits of rearranged sequences along ultrafilters

Suppose that a bounded sequence of real numbers $s_i$ ($i\in\omega$) has a limit $\alpha$ along some ultrafilter $\mu_1\in \beta{\Bbb N}\setminus{\Bbb N}$. Then given another ultrafilter $\mu_2\in ...
7
votes
0answers
102 views

Are infinite simplicial complexes all manifolds?

Are infinite dimensional simplicial complexes manifolds locally modeled on $\mathbb R^\infty=\operatorname{colim}\mathbb R^n$? If they are homotopy equivalent, are they homeomorphic? Of course not. ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

When is the orbit space of a manifold still a manifold of the same dimension?

$\mathbf{Question}$. Let us assume that $M^n$ is a topological manifold of dimension n, with a group action $\Gamma$, which acts discontinuously and freely on $M^n$. Is the orbit space $M^n / \Gamma$ ...
0
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0answers
58 views

Topologies with the same convex closed sets

Let $\tau_1$ and $\tau_2$ be locally convex Hausdorff topologies on vector space $X$ such that $(X,\tau_1)^\ast = (X,\tau_2)^\ast$. It is well known that $(X,\tau_1)$ and $(X,\tau_2)$ have the same ...
15
votes
2answers
609 views

$\mathfrak{ufo}$: An unidentified combinatorial cardinal characteristic of the continuum?

An ultrafilter ornament is a chain of free filters on $\mathbb{N}$ that are not ultrafilters, whose union is an ultrafilter. Let $\mathfrak{ufo}$ be the minimal cardinality of an ultrafilter ...
14
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0answers
323 views

What is the Cantor-Bendixson rank of the space of first order theories?

Let $L$ be the language $\{R\}$ containing a single binary relation symbol. Consider the space $S_0(L)$ of complete, first-order $L$-theories. This is a seperable, compact Hausdorff space; what is its ...
1
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0answers
53 views

Properties of convergence at points of continuity

Let $J$ denote the set of functions $f : [0, \infty) \to \mathbb{R}$ that are right-continuous and have left-hand limits (r.c.l.l.) and such that their points of discontinuity are jumps. Then $J$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Two nilmanifolds of the same Lie group

By a nilmanifold I mean a quotient $M =\Gamma \backslash G$ of a connected, simply-connected nilpotent real Lie group $G$ by the left action of a maximal lattice 􀀀, i.e. a discrete cocompact ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

The pseudo-metric and linear orders

Is there a necessary and sufficient condition for a linearly ordered topological space to be pseudo-metrizable? (by a pseudo-metric, I mean a map $X\times X\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ in which all the ...
0
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0answers
41 views

A question about Raikov complete topological groups

I asked this yesterday on Math Stackexchange, but didn't get any comments. So I thought I might ask here too. Let $G$ be a topological group and let $G^*$ be its Raikov completion, i.e its completion ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Stronger form of connectedness than path-connectedness

Given a topological space $C$ and points $c_0, c1\in C$ we say that a topological space $(X,\tau)$ is $(C,c_0,c_1)$-connected if and only if for all $x,y\in X$ there is $f:C\to X$ continuous with ...
5
votes
1answer
236 views

References for higher descriptive set theory surveys

A student of Adi Jarden and mine attempts at generalizing results on selection principles from the Baire space $\omega^\omega$ to the higher Baire space $\kappa^\kappa$ ($\kappa$ uncountable), and ...
6
votes
3answers
367 views

When does the generalized Cantor space embed in a $\kappa$-compact space

The generalized Cantor space is the space $2^\kappa$, with basic open sets $$ [\sigma] := \{f\in 2^\kappa : \sigma\subseteq f\}, $$ for $\sigma\in 2^{<\kappa}$. A space is $\kappa$-compact if ...
30
votes
5answers
2k views

Does $\mathbb C\mathbb P^\infty$ have a group structure?

Does $\mathbb C\mathbb P^\infty$ have a (commutative) group structure? More specifically, is it homeomorphic to $FS^2$, (the connected component of) the free commutative group on $S^2$? $\mathbb ...
21
votes
1answer
296 views

Is the normal bundle of a torus trivial?

Question: Let $T^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $ n > k$, be a smoothly embedded $k$-torus. Is its normal bundle trivial? What about the normal bundle of $S^k \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$, $n > k$, the ...
2
votes
1answer
151 views

Pseudocomplements in the lattice of topologies

Given a set $X\neq \emptyset$ it is well-known that the collection $\text{Top}(X)$ of all topologies on $X$ is a (complete) lattice with respect to $\subseteq$. Let $0$ denote the smallest element of ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Sheaf on a filtered topological space?

Is there any nice way of defining a sheaf of abelian groups on a filtered topological space? Let $X$ equipped with filtration $X_0\subset X_1\subset X_2\subset ... \subset X_k=X$ be an object in the ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Every convex sequentially closed set is closed

Let $X$ be a vector space. A vector (not necessarily Hausdorff) topology on $X$ will be called convex sequential if every convex sequentially closed subset of $X$ is closed. Is there some description ...
1
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0answers
80 views

Tightening a loop

Consider two $d$-dimensional convex polytopes $c_1, c_2$ that share a $(d-1)$-dimensional face $f$. Let $M$ be a surface ($2$-manifold) that intersects each of $c_1$ and $c_2$ in a $2$-ball. Suppose ...
4
votes
1answer
181 views

Sequentiality of largest vector topology

I know that the largest vector topology on countable dimensional vector space is sequential (i.e. every sequentially closed set is closed). Does it keep for the arbitrary vector space? In countable ...
12
votes
3answers
258 views

$T_2$ topologies that are “as disjoint as possible”

Let $X$ be an infinite set. Are there Hausdorff topologies $\tau_1, \tau_2$ on $X$ such that $\tau_1\cap\tau_2 = \{\emptyset\} \cup \{U\subseteq X: X\setminus U\text{ is finite}\}$? (That is, the ...
7
votes
2answers
211 views

Reconstructibility of topological spaces

Let $(X,\tau), (Y,\sigma)$ be topological spaces with $|X|$ infinite and suppose $\varphi:X\to Y$ is a bijection such that for all $x\in X$ we have that $(X\setminus\{x\}) \cong ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

On 1-iso maps and subsets of the unit circle

Let $S$ be the unit circle and for any $x,y \in S$ let $d(x,y)$ be the lenght of the smallest arc between $x$ and $y$. A bijective map $\phi : S\longrightarrow S$ is called 1-iso if the following ...
0
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1answer
88 views

Topology on $\omega\times\omega$ such that topologically connected equals graph-connected

For any set $X$ we define $[X]^2 =\big\{\{a,b\}: a, b \in X\text{ and }a\neq b\big\}$. Let $$E = \big\{\{(a_1, a_2), (b_1, b_2)\}\in[\omega\times\omega]^2: |a_i-b_i| = 1\text{ for some } ...