The global-optimization tag has no wiki summary.

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### Why are optimization problems called “programming”?

Why are optimization problems often called programs?
linear programming
geometric programming
convex programming
Integer programming
...

**19**

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**5**answers

10k views

### Is all non-convex optimization heuristic?

Convex Optimization is a mathematically rigorous and well-studied field. In linear programming a whole host of tractable methods give your global optimums in lightning fast times. Quadratic ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

815 views

### Finding minimum (or maximum) element of a low rank matrix.

Let $A\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ and suppose that $A$ is of rank $m\leq n$. Moreover suppose we know $u_1,\ldots, u_m \in\mathbb{R}^{n\times 1}$ and $v_1,\ldots, v_m \in\mathbb{R}^{n\times 1}$ such ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### A circle packing conjecture

Consider $n$ circles with variable radii $r_1,\ldots, r_n$ that pack inside a fixed circle of unit radius. In other words, all $n$ variable-radius circles are contained in the unit radius circle and ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

861 views

### Greatest function satisfying some convexity requirements

Edit: Even though there is an accepted answer, the problem isn't solved. I only accepted the answer, because there was a bounty on the question so I had to accept an incomplete answer.
I was working ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Maximizing the Smallest Eigenvalue of a Diagonally Dominant Matrix

Assume that we have a full-rank diagonally dominant matrix $A$, all the diagonal elements of which are positive, all the non-diagonal elements are negative, and the sum of the absolute values of the ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### “Small” maps from sphere to sphere

Start with a continuous map $f:S^{n+k} \rightarrow S^n$ (round unit spheres). The graph of $f$ lives in $S^{n+k}\times S^n$ and suppose it has a surface area (as a subspace of co-dimension $n$). Now ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

243 views

### Software tools for medium-scale systems of polynomial equations

I am attempting to find all real solutions of a system of 12 polynomial equations in 12 unknowns. The equations each have total degree 6 and contain up to 1700 terms. I am only interested in real ...

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**4**answers

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### Robust black box function minimization with extremely expensive cost function

There is an enormous amount of information about the common applied math problem of minimizing a function.. software packages, hundreds of books, research, etc.
But I still have not found a good ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

507 views

### Gandhi's quote formalized [closed]

Hello,
I hope this question is appropriate for Mathoverflow. Gandhi said, "Be the change that you wish to see in the world". I don't understand anything in Game/optimization theory (I don't know ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

917 views

### Non-negative quadratic maximization

For a given symmetric and positive semidefinite $n \times n$ matrix $A$, we want to solve the problem $$\max_{||x|| = 1, \ x\geq 0} x^T A x.$$
Here, $x\geq 0$ indicates that $x$ must be component-wise ...

**5**

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**0**answers

378 views

### Maximizing the matrix norm

Hi all,
I wish to find a 3x3 rotation (orthogonal) matrix $\mathbf{R}$ such that it maximizes the following matrix norm:
$||\mathbf{A} \mathbf{D}_r \mathbf{D}_b ||_2$
where $\mathbf{A}$ is a known ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

487 views

### Getting started: combinatorial optimization for computer scientists

I have a background in computer science and I am starting to work on some problems those are basically combinatorial optimization problems.
I have good knowleges of graphs, *-flow algorithms and so ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Optimal knot placement for fitting piecewise-continuous linear functions to a nonlinear function

I encountered this problem in my research and it is turning out to be a surprisingly difficult one(for me, at least).
Suppose we have a univariate nonlinear function $f(x)$ where $x \in [L,U]$. Our ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Homogeneous system of polynomial equations

Hi all,
Previously I asked a question that currently has no satisfactory answer Least sum squares given constraints on subcomponents
It comes from an engineering problem. I was thinking to formulate ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

606 views

### Computational complexity of unconstrained convex optimisation

What is known about the relationship between unconstrained convex optimisation and computational complexity? For example, for which optimisation problems and which gradient descent algorithms is one ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

570 views

### Some questions about Invexity

Recently, I am looking into a non-convex optimization problem whose points satisfying KKT conditions can be obtained. Then the problem becomes how to decide whether the KKT conditions are sufficient ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

472 views

### Optimizing a quadratic restricted to the sphere

Let $A$ be $p\times p$ symmetric positive definite with distinct eigenvalues and $x_p\in \mathbb{R}^p$ and consider the problem
Minimize $x'Ax + b'x$
Subject to $x'x=1$
Most of the information I've ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Linear program to maximize the minimum absolute value of linear functions ?

I'd like to compute
$\max_{x,t} t$ such that $\forall i$, $t < a_i + |x - b_i|$.
where $a_i,\ldots, a_n$ and $b_1,\ldots,b_n$ are fixed and $x \in [0,1]$.
Can this be solved with a linear ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Uniqueness of fixed points for rational transformations

Background
Let $a,b,c,d$ be nonnegative constants and consider the map $T\colon [0,1]\times[0,1] \rightarrow [0,1]\times[0,1]$ defined by
$$
T(x,y) := \left( \frac{1}{1 + ax + by}, \frac{1}{1 + cx + ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

450 views

### Java library for SDP [closed]

People who frequently code semi definite programs, is there any java library for solving sdps? I have tried my luck but all I can find is C/C++ libraries or matlab toolboxes. I can write wrappers to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Optimization problem - maximizing number of satisfied linear inequalities subject to a quadratic constraint

I am wondering what is known about optimization problems of the following type.
Our control x is a unit vector in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We are given a finite number of linear inequalities
$$Azâ‰¥b,$$
and we ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

620 views

### maximization of a quadratic function with a quadratic constraint

I have the following quadratic maximization problem
$\max_{\mathbf X} \quad tr(\mathbf A\mathbf X\mathbf B\mathbf X^H)+tr(\mathbf C\mathbf X)+tr(\mathbf C^H\mathbf X^H)$
subject to the quadratic ...

**3**

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**0**answers

138 views

### Generalization of the equilateral triangle ?

I consider points in the two-dimensional plane.
An equilateral triangle is a set of three points in the plane which are equidistant.
Suppose now I have $n$ points $x_1,...,x_n$. What is the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

327 views

### Minimum weight bipartite graph clique covering

I was wondering if anyone here could give me any pointers as to how to solve the following problem.
Let $B=(L,R,E)$ be a bipartite graph, and $\forall u\in L\cup R$, let $c_u$ be a cost associated to ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

352 views

### Efficient algorithm for finding the minima of a piecewise linear function

Consider real numbers $a_i$ and $b_i$ for $i=1\dots n$ and define a function by
$f(x) = \max_i ( a_i + b_i x )$
We desire to find $\min_x f(x)$. Obviously this occurs at an intersection of two ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

519 views

### Efficient Algorithm For Projection Onto A Convex Set

Given $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $\tau$ a scalar, I would like to solve the following Euclidean projection problem:
$\underset{\mathbf{p}}{\mathrm{argmin}} \; \|\mathbf{p}-\mathbf{x}\|_2
\;\;
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Maximizing positive definite quadratic using the eigendecompoisition

Consider the problem:
$\textrm{max}\;\; x^T Q x$
subject to $||x||_\infty \leq 1$, where $Q$ is a positive definite matrix.
I believe this problem is NP-hard (although I have only found hardness ...

**2**

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**3**answers

648 views

### Maximizing the minimum of piecewise linear functions in high dimensional space

I'd like to compute
$\max_{x,t} t$ such that $\forall i$, $t < a_i + \|x - b_i\|_\infty$.
where $a_i,\ldots, a_n \in \mathbb R$ and $b_1,\ldots,b_n \in [0,1]^{21}$ are fixed, $x \in [0,1]^{21}$, ...

**2**

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**2**answers

118 views

### How to fit the parameters of differential equations with known data?

I have the following data from chemical kinetics research to fit the parameters of ordinary differential equations:
$$
\left[
\begin{array}{ccccccc}
\text{No.}& t & y_1(t)&y_2(t) & ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

126 views

### Finding the maximum of a multivariate polynomial of degree one

I need to find the global maximum of the function
\begin{align}
f\left(x\right) & = p_1 \max\left(\sum a_{1i} x_{1i}, \sum b_{1i} x_{1i}\right) - \sum c_{1i} x_{1i} \\
&+\ldots \\
&+ p_n ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Compactness of a semi algebraic set

Suppose I have a polynomial $p\in R[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ and I look at the set $S:=\{ x\in R^n : p(x)\geq 0\}$. Are there algebraic certificates on $p$ that will certify that $S$ is compact?

**2**

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**1**answer

231 views

### lipschitz constant of a multivariate function

I have a function $f:\mathbb{R}^{50} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and I need to compute the Lipschitz constant of $f$ to solve an optimization problem using a specific algorithm. Does any one have ...

**2**

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**1**answer

174 views

### A Function with Exactly $k$ Minima in a Bounded Space

Is it possible to have a function with the following properties?
(i) The function maps a bounded $n$-dimensional space $\mathcal{X}$ (say $\left[0,1\right]^n$) onto a bounded interval $\mathcal{Y}$ ...

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**2**answers

912 views

### Dual Norm For Sum of 2-Norms

What is the dual of a norm that is the sum of two-norms? Specifically, say we have the following norm for $\mathbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $\mathbf{A}_i \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$
$\|\mathbf{x}\| = ...

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**2**answers

336 views

### Functional Minimization: When is this heuristic rigorous?

I'm trying to solve a functional minimization problem of the following form:
$$\arg\min_{f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow [0,1]} h(f)$$
where $h$ is some expression in terms of several integrals over $f$.
I ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Can subgradient infer convexity?

It is known that
If $f:Uâ†’ R$ is a real-valued convex function defined on a convex open set in the Euclidean space $R^n$, a vector v in that space is called a subgradient at a point $x_0$ in $U$ if for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### A Recursive Maximization Problem

Let $A\ge B>0$ be real constants. I say that a function $f:[0,1]\rightarrow[0,1]$ satisfies the $(A,B)$-condition if for all $p\in [0,1]$, the expression
$$q(A-Bp-Bf(q))$$
is maximized (not ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

301 views

### Maximizing supermodular functions

I have a real supermodular objective function which I want to maximize with constraint. The constraint is on the size, like |A|=k .
I am wondering if anyone can give me more information about a ...

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**1**answer

67 views

### Computing a point of refraction

Oddball question: say I want to travel from $(a, b)$ where $b > 0$ to $(c, d)$ where $d < 0$ using the shortest path, where I can travel at velocity $v_1$ in the upper half-plane and at velocity ...

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**1**answer

303 views

### Proving that a specific function is quasiconvex

Hello all,
Assume we have a sequence of quasiconcave functions (in $X$) denoted by $f_{i,j}(X)$ for $i,j = 1,\ldots,n$. Denote by $F(X)$ the $n\times n$ matrix whose $(i,j)$ entry is the function ...

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**2**answers

932 views

### Best algorithm/software for solving a planar transportation problem ?

I am looking for software (open-source or otherwise) or an implementable algorithm for solving a continuous transportation problem. The input consists of a pointset in a planar rectangle, and we need ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

622 views

### Official name and complexity of k-way balanced set partitioning? What is the best heuristic?

As a lot of people know, graph partitioning is NP-Complete. In graph partitioning, you try to create k balanced (within some pre-specified epsilon) disjoint subsets of (possibly weighted) vertices ...

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**0**answers

168 views

### Could SVD be used to optimize the partial inner-products?

Suppose a set $N$ of $n$ distinct points in $m-$dimensional space is given in $X\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times m}$. Also, suppose a subset $L\subset N$, $|L|=l<m<n$, with
$m-$dimensional coordinates in ...

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**0**answers

155 views

### modification of singlestart in global optimization

When minimizing a nonconvex function $f : \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ that may have multiple minima, there are some very simple strategies to improve the odds of finding the global minimum point. ...

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**1**answer

134 views

### Nonlinearly constrained optimization (quadratic)

Hi all -- what would be good methods (and/or software packages) to try for solving a problem minimizing a quadratic function $f(x) = \sum_{i=1}^N{(x_i - y_i)^2}$, where some constraints are non-linear ...

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vote

**2**answers

181 views

### what method can I employ to solve this optimization problem which involves \min?

The optimization problem is:
maximize $$\min(\sum\limits_{i=1}^N \log\left(a_{1,i}+\frac{b_{1,i}}{c_{1,i}+d_{1,i}x_i}\right),\sum\limits_{i=1}^N ...

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vote

**1**answer

37 views

### Convergence rate of stochastic gradient decent with projections

Given a strong (not only strict) convex function $f: \mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$. On such problems, stochastic gradient decent (SGD) has a convergence rate of $O(1/T)$, where $T$ is the number of ...

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vote

**1**answer

128 views

### Maximum Dispersion of a Connected Geometric Graph

Let $\left\{\mathbf{p}_1,\dots, \mathbf{p}_k\right\}$ be a set of points in $n$-dimensional Euclidean space, and let the second moment of these points be defined as:
$
U=\sum \limits_{i=1}^{k} ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

128 views

### What kind is this optimization problem

I come across a problem like
$\max {\frac{1+v}{1-u}}$
$s.t.~$ $ux^2+vy^2-xy\ge0$ $\forall x,y\in\mathbb{R}$
I do not know much of optimization.
What I have done is that $ux^2+vy^2\ge ...