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-4
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0answers
36 views

GEOMETRY PROVE CHORDS CONGRUENT [on hold]

Attached is the picture of the proof. My teacher gave us some hints which were: draw radii, use triangles, and use addition property.
5
votes
1answer
200 views

How many convex shapes can be made with the pieces of the Stomachion?

Tangrams are a well-known dissection of the square into seven convex polygons. One fun mathematical question is: how many convex rearrangements of the seven pieces are there? Answer: there are 12 ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

What is the preimage of the Cassini oval under the stereographic projection?

A Cassini oval in the plane is defined as the locus of points $p$ such that the product of Euclidean distances to the two foci $f_1, f_2$ is equal to some constant. That is: $$d(p, f_1)\, d(p, f_2) = ...
64
votes
4answers
5k views

Is the sphere the only surface all of whose projections are circles? Or: Can we deduce a spherical Earth by observing that its shadows on the Moon are always circular?

Several ancient arguments suggest a curved Earth, such as the observation that ships disappear mast-last over the horizon, and Eratosthenes' surprisingly accurate calculation of the size of the Earth ...
5
votes
0answers
481 views

Dao's theorem on six circumcenters associated with a cyclic hexagon

This questions from Ngo Quang Duong's paper In 2013, O. T. Dao published without proof a theorem with title Another seven circles theorem in Cut the Knot, a free site for popular expositionsof many ...
4
votes
6answers
381 views

Characterizing Convex Configurations of Quadrupels of Coplanar Points via Linear (In-)equalities between Distance Sums or Differences

Given 4 points $A$, $B$, $C$ and $D$ in general position in the euclidean plane, is it possible to determine from the 6 distances $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, $AD$, $AC$ and, $BD$ alone, whether every point is a ...
4
votes
1answer
257 views

Sixteen points circle - A conjecture on Möbius plane

The conjecture refer the reader about the Bundle's theorem configuration. (This conjecture from a note) Consider the Bundle theorem configuration : Points $A_1, A_2, A_3, A_4$ lie on a circle, ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

When is the orbit space of a manifold still a manifold of the same dimension?

$\mathbf{Question}$. Let us assume that $M^n$ is a topological manifold of dimension n, with a group action $\Gamma$, which acts discontinuously and freely on $M^n$. Is the orbit space $M^n / \Gamma$ ...
1
vote
0answers
142 views

A chain of six circles associated with six points on a circle (in Mobius plane) [closed]

I found a conjecture: A chain of six circles associated with six points on a circle (in Mobius plane). This is a generalization of the last my previous question in Three chains of six circles. ...
-3
votes
0answers
21 views

Formula for vertices of a Polygon with only 1 vertex at the top and y-axis symmetric [migrated]

I'm trying to find the formula for the vertices of a polygon with n-sides such that there is always only 1 vertex at the top and the polygon is symmetric with respect to the y-axis... so generally ...
6
votes
2answers
446 views

English translation of Lambert's Theorie der Parallellinien?

Does anyone know if there is an available (published or unpublished) English translation of Johann Lambert's Theorie der Parallellinien? I was able to find it online in German by way of the ...
3
votes
0answers
165 views

A conjecture on six planes [closed]

When I read Cox's Theorem, and Clifford's Circle Theorem and Miquel six circles theorem, I found the conjecture as folowing. And I checked the conjecture by the Geogebra sofware, the conjecture is ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

Conjecture generalization of Feuerbach theorem and somes another theorems

My question: I am looking for a solution of a conjecture generalization of the Feuerbach theorem in the end of the topic. But I think, I should let you know why I found this conjecture. I thank to ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Relation of some Euclidean geometry theorems and more conjecture generalizations

In this topic I want to share relation of the Pythagorean theorem, the Stewart theorem and the British Flag theorem, the Apollonius' theorem and the Feuerbach-Luchterhand. Since that I posed two ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I find the average of two 2D curves?

I have a curve interpolation problem. I have two closed curves that are defined on an X,Y plane. How can I define a 3rd curve that is the average of those two? Programmatically, I have a list of ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Isometric embedding for manifolds with conical singularities?

Motivation: In the 2+1 dimensional gravity theory, solutions of Einstein equation are locally with constant curvature except at the locus of sources. In this paper the authors investigate solutions ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

On the number of Archimedean solids

Does anyone know of any good resources for the proof of the number of Archimedean solids (also known as semiregular polyhedra)? I have seen a couple of algebraic discussions but no true proof. Also, ...
11
votes
0answers
445 views

Who conjectured that a transitive projective plane is Desarguesian?

The only known finite projective plane with a transitive automorphism group is the Desarguesian plane $PG(2,q)$ and it seems likely that there are no others, although this is not (quite) proved. ...
11
votes
5answers
892 views

Is there a complete classification of constant mean curvature surfaces?

I'm no expert in this field, but I am familiar with the classification of rotationally symmetric surfaces with constant mean curvature by Delaunay. I am aware that once we drop embeddedness and ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

The volume of a region arising from planar linkages

Let $x_0,\dots,x_n$ be a collection of variable points in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $c>0$ be a fixed constant. Is there any way I could compute an upper bound of the volume of the region in ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Which norms have rich isometry groups?

Let $n \ge 2$ be some positive integer. Given a norm $p : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$, one can inquire about the structure and properties of its isometry group, i.e. the group of all bijections ...
10
votes
1answer
227 views

Optimization of points on a plane

Suppose we have $n$ points on a plane. Let $D$ be the sum of the squares of all the pairwise distances between the points. Let $A$ be the area of the convex hull. What is the minimum possible value of ...
79
votes
5answers
3k views

Light rays bouncing in twisted tubes

Imagine a smooth curve $c$ sweeping out a unit-radius disk that is orthogonal to the curve at every point. Call the result a tube. I want to restrict the radius of curvature of $c$ to be at most 1. I ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Midpoint geodesic polygon / Birkhoff curve shortening

I would like to know under what conditions the process of creating a midpoint piecewise geodesic polygon converges on a surface $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$. $S$ may be assumed smooth, closed, and ...
9
votes
3answers
672 views

Illuminating piecewise-flat manifolds with geodesics

If one issues a geodesic in every direction from a point $p$ on a piecewise-flat 2-manifold, will it necessarily illuminate the entire surface? I know the answer is 'No,' but I would like to explore ...
11
votes
2answers
901 views

Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Equidistribution of Brillouin zones

Answering the question about Limiting shape for Brillouin zones Victor Kleptsyn proved that $N$th Brillouin zone is very close to a circle of radius $c\sqrt N$ (you can find all necessary definitions ...
12
votes
1answer
330 views

Limiting shape for Brillouin zones

Is it true that the limiting shape for Brillouin zones (for any lattice) is a circle? You can find the definition and the step by step construction of Brillouin zones here. This picture is taken from ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Existence of polytope

Does there exist a polytope in dimensional d consisting of $k>d+1$ faces satisfying that every d faces intersect? I tried 3 dimensional cases, and it seems negative. But is it all negative for any ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

good choice of extension of equivariant map

Let $K$ be a compact Lie group. Let $C_K$ denote the category whose objects are the compact lie groups containing $K$ and whose morphisms are inclusion of the groups. Let $Y$ be a $K-$space such that ...
9
votes
1answer
545 views

Ordered geometries from convex subsets of the plane

Motivation In the Klein disk model of the hyperbolic plane, the points are the interior of the disk, and the lines in $H^2$ correspond to lines intersecting the interior. Similarly, the Euclidean ...
-2
votes
2answers
120 views

Maximal-Orthogonal Convex Hull (or Maximal-Rectilinear Convex Hull) [closed]

Edit : Consider giving a reason for down vote. In my research, I have come across a this paper from the Computational Geometry field and I am not able to understand the concept of ...
6
votes
1answer
232 views

Lattice points on the boundary of an ellipse

How many points of the integer lattice ${\mathbb Z}^2$ can an axis-parallel ellipse of radius $r$ contain on its boundary? (that is, we consider ${\mathbb Z}^2$ as lying in ${\mathbb R}^2$). ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

A conjecture for a curve cuts a curve - variant Cayley-Bacharach's theorem

I propose a conjecture variant of Cayley-Bacharach's theorem. I'm an electrical engineer, I am not a mathematician. I don't know how to prove this result. Could you give a solution or let me know ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Thomsen Blaschke condition

I am reading a paper (Paper 1: https://ideas.repec.org/p/cwl/cwldpp/76.html, that cites another paper ( Paper 2) for its proof. Paper 1, page 1, line 10 says : Consider the topological image G of a ...
30
votes
5answers
878 views

Can every $\mathbb{Z}^2$ disk be pinball-reached?

Let every point of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ be surrounded by a mirrored disk of radius $r < \frac{1}{2}$, except leave the origin $(0,0)$ unoccupied by a disk. Q. Is it the case that every disk can be ...
8
votes
3answers
830 views

Solid angles of a tetrahedron

This is a problem I have had for a while. For a triangle, the side opposite the largest angle has the largest length (and similarly for smallest angle). For a tetrahedron, the question is whether the ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Covering a Cube with a Square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you would like to completely cover the surface of a cube by cutting up the square and pasting it onto the cube's surface. Q1. What is the largest ...
7
votes
2answers
741 views

Which (semi)regular polyhedra are combinations of two others?

The convex combination of convex polytopes is a convex polytope. An example in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is that a regular octagon can be obtained as $\frac{1}{2} S + \frac{1}{2} S'$, where $S$ is a square and ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Original proof of Pappus' Hexagon Theorem

Does anyone know where I can find an english translation, preferrably online or in a book the library of a small liberal arts college would be likely to have, of the original proof of Pappus' hexagon ...
5
votes
1answer
313 views

Geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle

I'm looking for geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle in order to see it at work in a context I'm familiar with. Let me recall the principle itself: Definition. Let $(X,d)$ be a ...
14
votes
2answers
270 views

Random rings linked into one component?

Let $S$ be a sphere of unit radius. Let $C_n$ be a collection of unit-radius circles/rings whose centers are (uniformly distributed) random points in $S$, and which are oriented (tilted) randomly ...
3
votes
2answers
389 views

The probability distribution for vertex degree in a unit disc graph generated from random points on a plane

Imagine I cover an arbitrarily large plane with randomly placed points at some density $\rho$ s.t. the number of points in any randomly sampled area $A$ (of arbitrary shape and size) is $\approx ...
3
votes
1answer
427 views

How to partition a graph into N groups with M elements nearest?

Hi. This problem probably already here but I could not find the right words to find it. I have a list with 1700 points (geographic coordinates) and a need to separate into 17 groups with 100 ...
8
votes
2answers
660 views

Will a ball fired through a focus of an ellipse eventually tend to a horizontal line?

A couple of years ago I came across this phenomenon which appears to be true although I am having difficulty proving it. F and F' are foci of a billiard table in the shape of an ellipse. A ball is ...
3
votes
1answer
385 views

Holomorphic coordinates on a Kähler manifold

Let $(X,J,\omega)$ be a Kähler manifold. Let $\dim_{\mathbb{R}}(X)=2n$ and we also know that $X$ splits as $X=M\times \mathbb{R}$, where $\dim_{\mathbb{M}}=2n-1$. My question is now: does there exists ...
4
votes
0answers
287 views

Averaging lengths and distances

A natural way in which Finsler metrics appear in Riemannian geometry is as averages of Riemannian metrics (e.g., the average of the arc-length elements $\sqrt{dx^2 + dy^2}$ and $\sqrt{2dx^2 + 3dy^2}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

cover and hide with squares

I am studying two numbers, related to squares, that can characterize a polygon P: MinCoverNumber = the minimum number of axis-aligned squares required to exactly cover P (the covering squares may ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

Functions whose gradient-descent paths are geodesics

Let $f(x,y)$ define a surface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with a unique local minimum at $b \in S$. Suppose gradient descent from any start point $a \in S$ follows a geodesic on $S$ from $a$ to $b$. (Q1.) ...