Deprecated; please use a more specific tag.

**3**

votes

**3**answers

567 views

### What fraction of a sphere's volume lies within a cone?

Let $B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a collection of $n$ (not necessarily independent) unit vectors which we will label $v_1,\ldots, v_n$ for convenience. The cone $K_B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ associated to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### Is list of distances defining points uniquely ?

There is N points on a plane. Is is feasible to reproduce there relative location
having only list of distances. Assuming that translation, rotation and mirror are allowed
in the result. The list ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### In Taxicab Geometry, what is the solution to d(P, A) = 2 d(P, B) for two points, A and B? [closed]

Taxicab and Euclidean geometry differ a great deal, due to the modified metric function:
dT(A, B) = |xa - xb| + |ya - yb|
(Note that this means when measuring distance, it is not the length of the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

730 views

### Altitudes of a triangle

The three altitudes of a triangle are concurrent -- this is true in all three constant curvature geometries (Euclidean, hyperbolic, spherical), but, as far as I know, the proofs are different in the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

976 views

### Are properties of geodesics on a cylinder unique to cylinders?

The geodesics on a cylinder (a cylinder infinite in both directions) are either
(1) simple (non-self-intersecting) closed geodesics, or
(2) simple infinitely long geodesics (infinite in both ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

181 views

### Number of neigbour Voronoi cells for a random set of points on S^k or cube [-1, 1]^k?

Consider $S^k \subset R^{k+1} $. Sample $N$ points by say uniform distribution. (Example k=120, N=2^24, i.e. N>>k ).
Consider Voronoi cell around each point.
How many neighbours would a cell have ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

488 views

### Midpoint lattice polygons

Midpoint polygons (a.k.a Kasner polygons) have been studied, and their behavior is well understood.
I am considering a variant, which I call midpoint lattice polygons.
Start with a sequence of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

549 views

### Is the ball reducible in some high dimension?

Let $K$ be a bounded symmetric ($-K=K$) open convex body in $\mathbb R^n$. The critical determinant $d(K)$ of $K$ is the least possible volume $|\operatorname{det}(a_1\dots a_n)|$
of the fundamental ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

597 views

### For what metrics are circles solutions of the isoperimetric problem?

A classical result is that solutions of the isoperimetric problem on the plane, the sphere, and the hyperbolic plane are circles. Are there any other Riemannian metrics on these spaces that share this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

279 views

### Simple development of simple curve on a cone

Let $\Lambda$ be a cone with apex $a$ and apex angle $\alpha$. Draw a simple (non-self-intersecting)
curve $C=(x,y)$ on $\Lambda$, and then develop it to a curve
$\overline{C}$ on a plane by rolling ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Graph implemened into the plane with segments as edges and we search for matching with no edges intersecting

There are some points in the plane and some of them are connected with segments between them. We look at this structure as a graph implemented into the plane where the points are the vertices and the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

158 views

### Segmented area between circles

The following is a geometry problem that I came across with in the course of a research project.
Consider a ray starting at some initial point $t$. Place point $s_1$ at distance $r$ from $t$ on the ...

**0**

votes

**5**answers

470 views

### Generate points of a (n-2)-sphere on a n-hyperplane [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Efficiently sampling points uniformly from the surface of an n-sphere
I'm trying to generate random points of a (n-2)-sphere on a n-hyperplane so basically the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### On distances between points on the plane

Take a set of 2n points on the plane and assume that no open set of diameter 1 contains more than n of these points. Question: con we pair up the points so that the distance between the points in a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### relation with jacobifields in a small neighbourhood

hi,
I have the following question: Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold with all sectional curvatures non-positive. Let $p \in M$ and consider the function $d(x)=dist_{g}(x,p)$ in a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### 4-polytope with vertices at the binary octahedral group

Hey everybody,
Does anybody know if there is a convex polytope in $R^4$ with vertices at the binary octahedral group (identitfying $H$ with $R^4$).
The binary tetrahedral group lies at the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

255 views

### Geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle

I'm looking for geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle in order to see it at work in a context I'm familiar with. Let me recall the principle itself:
Definition. Let $(X,d)$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Node-Weighted Euclidean Steiner Trees

I would like to know whether the following problem, including algorithms to solve it (exact or approximations) has been studied.
A finite set of positive-weighted points are given in the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes.
Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Prescribing areas of parallelograms (or 2x2 principal minors)

Let $(a_{ij})$ be a $n\times n$ symmetric matrix such that $a_{ij}\geq 0$ for all $i,j$ and $a_{ii}=0$ for all $i$. Under which conditions on the $a_{ij}$'s can one find $n$ vectors ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

567 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What nets fold to polyhedra?

There is a classic (and open) problem asking whether every polyhedron can be unfolded to give a non-overlapping net. The converse problem has been studied asking which polygons can be folded in some ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

818 views

### How far is a set of vectors from being orthogonal?

Given some vectors, how many dimensions do you need to add (to their span) before you can find some mutually orthogonal vectors that project down to the original ones?
Or, more formally...
Suppose ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

407 views

### Recognising group actions on trees from the boundary

Let $G$ be a group acting on a locally finite tree $T$. Then the boundary $\partial T$ is a Cantor set on which $G$ acts by homeomorphisms (indeed by quasi-isometries under a suitable metric). ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

467 views

### Real vs complex surfaces

Hi! My background is in (complex) algebraic geometry. For the first time I'm considering varieties defined over $\mathbb{R}$ and I have some very basic questions about these.
In particular I'm trying ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Normal form(s) for the elements of hyperbolic triangle groups

I'm seeking a reference or a sketch for any sort of normal form that would enable rapid enumeration without redundancies of the elements of hyperbolic triangle groups and/or von Dyck groups.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Determine if you can build a polygon from segments [closed]

Is there a way to determine whether it is possible to build a polygon from given n segments?
Maybe triangle inequality generalized?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Polyline Averaging

I'm trying to find a method that can take a collection of polylines, each described by a list of connected points on a plane, and find an "average" path through them. The input lines do not loop.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

281 views

### Maximum volume convex body coverable by a unit square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you are permitted to cut it into $k$ (connected)
pieces (where $k=1$ means just the square). Your task is to construct the largest volume
convex body ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What is the difference between holonomy and monodromy?

And what is the simplest example in which one is trivial and the other is not?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The gimbal lock shows up in my quaternions

I suspect this is a bit basic for mathoverflow, seeing I'm still just an undergraduate
I've been playing around with quaternions as means to eliminate the gimbal lock. From what I understand, one ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

892 views

### Covering a Cube with a Square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you would like to completely cover the surface
of a cube by cutting up the square and pasting it onto the cube's surface.
Q1. What is the largest ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

355 views

### Tangled Knot Function

I am seeking a function $f: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$
that has these properties:
(1) When iterated $n$ times starting from some $p$,
connecting the points in order
with segments and closing ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

290 views

### Questions on calculating volume using n-1 forms

Is there an n-1 form on $R^n$ which calculates the volume of n-manifolds? Similarly, is there such a 1 form on $S^2$, and $RP^2$? I thought this has something to do with the orientation, is that ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

468 views

### What is the largest possible thirteenth kissing sphere?

It is well-known that it is impossible to arrange 13 spheres of unit radius all tangent to another unit sphere without their interiors intersecting. This was apparently the subject of disagreement ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

361 views

### Tetrahedron angles sum to $\pi$: Bisector plane

I discovered empirically what to me is an amazing lemma
concerning face angles of a tetrahedron.
Let $\triangle abc$ be a triangle in the $xy$-plane, and $d$ the
apex of a tetrahedron with positive ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Space fill optimization

Are there pre-existing algorithms that will determine maximum number of possible polygons (rectangles only, or triangle only) that can "fill" a non regular area in 2D.

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### minimum distance between two arbitrary circles in space

as per the title, i am working out the problem with maxima, but i am surprised by how complicated this rapidly turns out to unfold for such a "simple" question.
monstrous equations, maybe someone has ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

664 views

### Optimal Wireframe Sphere

Suppose you have a length $L$ of metal pipe at your disposal,
and you would like to build a wireframe unit-radius sphere,
by bending, cutting, and welding the pipe into a connected structure $F$.
Your ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Checking if one polytope is contained in another

Hi,
I have two sets of inequalities, say, $Ax \leq 0$ and $Bx \leq 0$. I would like to know if they both define the same polytope. Or, even, whether one is contained in the other.
At the moment I am ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Find the bounding box of a circle segment.

You have three points. A,B and C.
They define a circle segment that starts at A, goes through B and ends at C.
Find the smallest bounding box that encompases the circle segment.
Here is a picture:
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

531 views

### Maximum area of intersection between annulus and circle? [closed]

Given two concentric circles $[C_1,C_2 ]$ with radii $(R_1 < R_2) $ creating an annulus; where should a third circle ($C_3$, radius $R_3$) be located such that the area of intersection between ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

456 views

### Area ratio of a minimum bounding rectangle of a convex polygon

Take a convex polygon $P$ in the plane, and find its minimum area bounding rectangle, $R$. I'm interested in the ratio of the area of $R$ to the area of $P$. The ratio has a minimum of $1$ for ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Generalizing a square wheel to a body rolling on a surface

A square wheel rolling on a catenary road maintains the wheel center at a fixed
height, a well-known construction previously discussed on MO
(e.g.,
"Generalizing square wheels rolling on inverted ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

734 views

### Geodesic path on the unit sphere with the sup norm

Let $X$ be the unit sphere of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with the sup norm, i.e. $X=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^n: \|x\|_{\infty}=1\}$. Let the metric $d$ on $X$ be the geodesic metric induced by the sup norm, i.e for any ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### Filling $\mathbb{R}^3$ with skew lines

I would like to know if it is possible to fill $\mathbb{R}^3$ with lines with the
following two properties:
(1) Every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^3$ is contained in precisely one line.
(2) Every ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

335 views

### Uniform convergence of convex functions - references

Inspired by the following question on stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/126142/uniform-convergence-of-convex-sequence-of-functions, I thought of asking whether anyone knows of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### In the classical construction of conic sections, where does the axis of the cone intersect the plane?

Everybody knows that if I take the intersection of a right circular cone with a plane, I get a conic section. My question is, where does the symmetry axis of the cone intersect the plane? Does this ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

696 views

### Covering an arbitrary polygon with minimum number of squares

I have a problem whereby, given an arbitrary polyogn with any number of points, I need to cover the whole area by a number of fixed size squares. I can easily find a set of squares which covers the ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Why do I need densities in order to integrate on a non-orientable manifold?

Integration on an orientable differentiable n-manifold is defined using a partition of unity and a global nowhere vanishing n-form called volume form. If the manifold is not orientable, no such form ...