Deprecated; please use a more specific tag.

**0**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### 4-polytope with vertices at the binary octahedral group

Hey everybody,
Does anybody know if there is a convex polytope in $R^4$ with vertices at the binary octahedral group (identitfying $H$ with $R^4$).
The binary tetrahedral group lies at the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

265 views

### Geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle

I'm looking for geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle in order to see it at work in a context I'm familiar with. Let me recall the principle itself:
Definition. Let $(X,d)$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Node-Weighted Euclidean Steiner Trees

I would like to know whether the following problem, including algorithms to solve it (exact or approximations) has been studied.
A finite set of positive-weighted points are given in the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes.
Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Prescribing areas of parallelograms (or 2x2 principal minors)

Let $(a_{ij})$ be a $n\times n$ symmetric matrix such that $a_{ij}\geq 0$ for all $i,j$ and $a_{ii}=0$ for all $i$. Under which conditions on the $a_{ij}$'s can one find $n$ vectors ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

571 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What nets fold to polyhedra?

There is a classic (and open) problem asking whether every polyhedron can be unfolded to give a non-overlapping net. The converse problem has been studied asking which polygons can be folded in some ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

828 views

### How far is a set of vectors from being orthogonal?

Given some vectors, how many dimensions do you need to add (to their span) before you can find some mutually orthogonal vectors that project down to the original ones?
Or, more formally...
Suppose ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

420 views

### Recognising group actions on trees from the boundary

Let $G$ be a group acting on a locally finite tree $T$. Then the boundary $\partial T$ is a Cantor set on which $G$ acts by homeomorphisms (indeed by quasi-isometries under a suitable metric). ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

474 views

### Real vs complex surfaces

Hi! My background is in (complex) algebraic geometry. For the first time I'm considering varieties defined over $\mathbb{R}$ and I have some very basic questions about these.
In particular I'm trying ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

199 views

### Normal form(s) for the elements of hyperbolic triangle groups

I'm seeking a reference or a sketch for any sort of normal form that would enable rapid enumeration without redundancies of the elements of hyperbolic triangle groups and/or von Dyck groups.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Determine if you can build a polygon from segments [closed]

Is there a way to determine whether it is possible to build a polygon from given n segments?
Maybe triangle inequality generalized?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### Polyline Averaging

I'm trying to find a method that can take a collection of polylines, each described by a list of connected points on a plane, and find an "average" path through them. The input lines do not loop.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

288 views

### Maximum volume convex body coverable by a unit square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you are permitted to cut it into $k$ (connected)
pieces (where $k=1$ means just the square). Your task is to construct the largest volume
convex body ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### What is the difference between holonomy and monodromy?

And what is the simplest example in which one is trivial and the other is not?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### The gimbal lock shows up in my quaternions

I suspect this is a bit basic for mathoverflow, seeing I'm still just an undergraduate
I've been playing around with quaternions as means to eliminate the gimbal lock. From what I understand, one ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

914 views

### Covering a Cube with a Square

Suppose you are given a single unit square, and you would like to completely cover the surface
of a cube by cutting up the square and pasting it onto the cube's surface.
Q1. What is the largest ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

372 views

### Tangled Knot Function

I am seeking a function $f: \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}^3$
that has these properties:
(1) When iterated $n$ times starting from some $p$,
connecting the points in order
with segments and closing ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

291 views

### Questions on calculating volume using n-1 forms

Is there an n-1 form on $R^n$ which calculates the volume of n-manifolds? Similarly, is there such a 1 form on $S^2$, and $RP^2$? I thought this has something to do with the orientation, is that ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

483 views

### What is the largest possible thirteenth kissing sphere?

It is well-known that it is impossible to arrange 13 spheres of unit radius all tangent to another unit sphere without their interiors intersecting. This was apparently the subject of disagreement ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

376 views

### Tetrahedron angles sum to $\pi$: Bisector plane

I discovered empirically what to me is an amazing lemma
concerning face angles of a tetrahedron.
Let $\triangle abc$ be a triangle in the $xy$-plane, and $d$ the
apex of a tetrahedron with positive ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### minimum distance between two arbitrary circles in space

as per the title, i am working out the problem with maxima, but i am surprised by how complicated this rapidly turns out to unfold for such a "simple" question.
monstrous equations, maybe someone has ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

723 views

### Optimal Wireframe Sphere

Suppose you have a length $L$ of metal pipe at your disposal,
and you would like to build a wireframe unit-radius sphere,
by bending, cutting, and welding the pipe into a connected structure $F$.
Your ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Checking if one polytope is contained in another

Hi,
I have two sets of inequalities, say, $Ax \leq 0$ and $Bx \leq 0$. I would like to know if they both define the same polytope. Or, even, whether one is contained in the other.
At the moment I am ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

2k views

### Find the bounding box of a circle segment.

You have three points. A,B and C.
They define a circle segment that starts at A, goes through B and ends at C.
Find the smallest bounding box that encompases the circle segment.
Here is a picture:
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

553 views

### Maximum area of intersection between annulus and circle? [closed]

Given two concentric circles $[C_1,C_2 ]$ with radii $(R_1 < R_2) $ creating an annulus; where should a third circle ($C_3$, radius $R_3$) be located such that the area of intersection between ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

479 views

### Area ratio of a minimum bounding rectangle of a convex polygon

Take a convex polygon $P$ in the plane, and find its minimum area bounding rectangle, $R$. I'm interested in the ratio of the area of $R$ to the area of $P$. The ratio has a minimum of $1$ for ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

302 views

### Generalizing a square wheel to a body rolling on a surface

A square wheel rolling on a catenary road maintains the wheel center at a fixed
height, a well-known construction previously discussed on MO
(e.g.,
"Generalizing square wheels rolling on inverted ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

758 views

### Geodesic path on the unit sphere with the sup norm

Let $X$ be the unit sphere of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with the sup norm, i.e. $X=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^n: \|x\|_{\infty}=1\}$. Let the metric $d$ on $X$ be the geodesic metric induced by the sup norm, i.e for any ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

433 views

### Filling $\mathbb{R}^3$ with skew lines

I would like to know if it is possible to fill $\mathbb{R}^3$ with lines with the
following two properties:
(1) Every point $x \in \mathbb{R}^3$ is contained in precisely one line.
(2) Every ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

378 views

### Uniform convergence of convex functions - references

Inspired by the following question on stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/126142/uniform-convergence-of-convex-sequence-of-functions, I thought of asking whether anyone knows of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

361 views

### In the classical construction of conic sections, where does the axis of the cone intersect the plane?

Everybody knows that if I take the intersection of a right circular cone with a plane, I get a conic section. My question is, where does the symmetry axis of the cone intersect the plane? Does this ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

783 views

### Covering an arbitrary polygon with minimum number of squares

I have a problem whereby, given an arbitrary polyogn with any number of points, I need to cover the whole area by a number of fixed size squares. I can easily find a set of squares which covers the ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Why do I need densities in order to integrate on a non-orientable manifold?

Integration on an orientable differentiable n-manifold is defined using a partition of unity and a global nowhere vanishing n-form called volume form. If the manifold is not orientable, no such form ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Least cardinality of a set of points in the plane

What is the least possible cardinality $K$, of a set S of points in the plane, such that there exists a point P in the plane and an open ball B centered at P, such that for all points X in B, not all ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Manifold with no Finsler structure?

Is there a good example for a smooth manifold to which one cannot give a Finsler structure in any meaningful way? Ideal the example should be of low dimension and not too bizarre.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

636 views

### theorems equivalent to the parallel postulate

Is there a good survey article listing all the theorems of Euclidean geometry that are equivalent to the parallel postulate?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

201 views

### Finding the “top” or “bottom” vertex of a simplex

A vertex $v$ of a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a "top" vertex if there exists a point $p \neq v$ in the simplex with $v \ge p$ (i.e. $v_1 \ge p_1$, ... , $v_n \ge p_n$). Similarly, $v$ is a "bottom" ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Naive definition of surface area doesn't work?

A first stab at a definition of surface area might go like this:
Let S be a surface. Select finitely many points from S and make a bunch of triangles having these points as vertexes. Add up the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

464 views

### Number of Hyper-cube cuts

In how many ways a single hyperplane can cut a hypercube? Two "ways" are considered different, if the sets into which they divide vertices of the hypercube are different. So e.g. a line can cut ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

225 views

### Minimum solid angle and aspect ratio of an $n$-simplex

In computational geometry and other fields, it is of interest to have degeneracy measures for shapes of simplices, which quantitatively seperate the regular simplex from degenerate simplices.
In two ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

302 views

### Triangles with Congruent Corresponding Sides that Cannot fold into a Tetrahedron

I've been trying to find, without much success, 4 triangles whose corresponding sides are congruent that cannot be folded into a tetrahedron.
Anyone has any clue how to approach this problem?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### On Dehn's infinitesimal rigidity theorem

Dehn's theorem states that any simplicial strictly convex polyedron P in Euclidean 3-space is infinitesimally rigid (that is, any non-trivial first order deformation of P induces a variation of its ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

367 views

### Conformal structure does not see conical singularities

the conformal structure does not see the conical singularities of a polyhedral surface.
This is a quote from the Preface of Quantum Triangulations (eds.: Carfora, Marzuoli).
The sentiment is ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

279 views

### triangle equality in manifold

For a generilized triangle on a manifold, (distance can be regarded as geodesic length)it is well known that for Eucilidean Geometry，the following is true:
Consider a triangle $ABC$, $D$ is the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

257 views

### Smooth a matrix

I have a matrix in which each element contains the coordinates of a 3D surface. Sometimes, some points will be "out of line" meaning that they will not conform to the general shape. For example you ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Action of Isometries on a Line in the Plane

I'm trying to determine the stabilizer of a line in a plane when acted upon by the group of isometries of the plane. Please note that I'm using the notation found in the Wikipedia article on Euclidean ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Derivation of surfaces

In an Euclidean linear plane, the evolute of a given curve C with support function h(t) can be regarded as a kind of derivative C' of C. Indeed, C' has support function h'(Pi/2 -t).
Is there any ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

128 views

### The mean number of vertices in small connected components of random geometric graphs

I place $N$ points on a circular plane of radius $R$, and draw edges to connect points that are less than or equal to some distance $D$ to form a set of graphs or cliques $G_i$. As a function of $N$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

233 views

### A raceway problem

Let $f(x)=\sin x$, and $g(x)=\sin x + 1$. Consider a set
$S=\{(x,y)| f(x)\leq y \leq g(x), x\in [0,2\pi]\}$. This set $S$ can be considered as "Raceway"
My question is finding the shortest path in ...