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**11**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

The following question was asked by me on Mathematics.SE. Unfortunately, no one answered it so I thought I might give it a try one level higher. Below the line you can find the slightly edited ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### Product of random diagonals on the unit circle

Let $P_1, P_2, ..., P_n$ be points randomly placed on a unit circle from a uniform distribution. Consider the product $D$ of all pairwise distances:
$D=\displaystyle \prod_{1\leq i < j \leq n} ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

330 views

### Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere
$S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$,
with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

377 views

### In which geometries do triangles have a Euler-line ?

In Euclidean-geometry the centroid, orthocenter and circumcenter of a triangle lie on a line.
In which other geometries does this hold ?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

274 views

### The probability a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice takes more than $N$ steps before trapping itself

What is the probability that a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice is able to take more than $N$ steps, i.e. able to take more than $N$ steps before trapping itself ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

544 views

### Partitions of $\mathbb{R}^d$ by implicit polynomial equations

Given a polynomial
$p(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_d)$
in $d$ variables, with maximum degree $k$,
what is the maximum number of
components of $\mathbb{R}^d$ minus $p(\ldots)=0$?
In other words, into how many ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

542 views

### Finding an axis-aligned ellipsoid of minimal volume which contains a given ellipsoid

A friend asked me to post the following question. He's not an MO user and felt it would be better received if asked by someone who was already known to the community. This is not my area, but I'll do ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### Hilbert style axioms for Euclidean and/or hyperbolic geometry without reference to congruence?

Hilbert's axioms from Grundlagen der Geometrie involve notions of incidence, between-ness, segment congruence and angle congruence.
Consider the sub-theories of either Euclidean or hyperbolic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

204 views

### Polar duality and -1 [closed]

We define the polar dual of a polytope $P$ as the set
$$\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n: x \cdot a\geq -1 \text{ for all } a\in P\}$$
Why do we require $-1$ instead of $-2$ or any other constant?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

200 views

### Rigid-body matching algorithm and clustering algorithm with groups of lines in 3D

I've been struggling with this problem for weeks, and couldn't find an appropriate algorithm to solve it. Could you guys please give me some advices or suggestions in addressing this question. Or if ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

328 views

### Why is the physical space equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ [closed]

I am trying to understand what would be the logical reasons behind our assumption that our physical space is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ or 'physical straight line' is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}$.
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Get Largest Inscribed Rectangle of a Concave Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm to find a set of largest inscribed rectangles of a concave polygon where each rectangle must be collinear with one of the edges of the polygon.
In other words, I want to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### The distance between the centroid of $P$ points and the centroid of a subset of the points

Imagine I have an $(p_1, ..., p_N) \in P$ points, on a two-dimensional plane, patterned in a rectangular or hexagonal lattice arrangement in a circle of radius $R_c$, with a spacing between the points ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### The equilibrium position for the body of a spider-like spring system after randomly perturbing the anchor positions of its legs

Take $N$ springs, $(s_1, ..., s_N) \in S$ of length $(l_1, ..., l_N)$, and for each spring, label one end "A" and one end "B". Connect the "A" ends of the $N$ springs to a point-like particle on a ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Covering a Polygon with Rectangles

I am tyring to cover a simple concave polygon with a minimum rectangles. My rectangles can be any length, but they have maximum widths, and the polygon will never have an acute angle.
I thought about ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### Infinite knot composed of parallel helices

I am wondering if there is a developed theory of "infinite knots" that could capture
this object, and tell me something of its knot properties.
Imagine vertical helices in $\mathbb{R}^3$, each ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

254 views

### Empty lattice simplex or White's theorem

White has proved (White, G. K. Lattice tetrahedra -- Canad. J. Math. 16 1964 389–396.) the following theorem:
If $T$ is a closed tetrahedron and $\Lambda$ is a lattice which contains the vertices of ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

455 views

### Circle-arc number of a knot

I would like to build knots in $\mathbb{R}^3$ from arcs
of unit-radius (planar) circles, joined together at points where
the tangents match. Thus the knot will have
curvature $1$ at all but the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

470 views

### Euclidean triangulation of the plane with degree 7 at each vertex.

Hyperbolic plane has a beautiful triangulation by congruent hyperbolic triangles where all the vertices of the triangulation have degree 7, this is of course not possible in the euclidean plane, even ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

636 views

### A remark by Gromov on 4-manifolds

Gromov remarks in a a survey on manifolds (p.12) that "it is hard to imagine that there are infinitely many non-diffeomorphic, but mutually homeomorphic, quotients of the hyperbolic 4-space by ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull,
$\cal{H}(C)$.
Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches?
I believe ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### Variations of the mean curvature

Good evening everyone,
I am facing a technical problem, maybe one of you can help.
Given a spacelike surface $S$ with mean curvature 0 in a lorentzian $3$-manifold with constant sectionnal curvature ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

382 views

### How to partition a graph into N groups with M elements nearest?

Hi.
This problem probably already here but I could not find the right words to find it.
I have a list with 1700 points (geographic coordinates) and a need to separate into 17 groups with 100 ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

500 views

### Minimal blocking objects with shadows like a cube

This is a more geometric version of the previous question,
"Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets". I will first specialize to $\mathbb{R}^3$, $d=3$.
View an $n \times n \times n$ cube $C_3(n)$ as ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Are faces of a compact, convex body “opposed” iff their extreme points are pairwise “opposed”?

Let $P$ be a compact, convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (infinite-dimensional generalisations welcome, but not necessary). Let's say that disjoint subsets $W_1$, $W_2$ $\subset P$ are opposed if there ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

248 views

### Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets

Let $C_d(n)$ be the lattice cube consisting of the $n^d$ points with
each of its $d$ coorindates in $\lbrace 1,2,\ldots,n \rbrace$.
Define a blocking set for a lattice cube to be a set of points
in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### coarser than triangulations “almost partitions” into simplices

The total space $T$ of an embedded into $\mathbb{R}^n$ pure $n$-dimensional simplicial complex (in other words, the union of finitely many $n$-dimensional compact convex polytopes) sometimes admits an ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

536 views

### A strange question about closed geodesics on a closed manifold

I'm studying a particular kind of curve evolution on Riemannian manifolds. It would help me
to know the answer to the following kinda weird question:
Does there exist a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### A Weak Form of Borsuk's Conjecture

Problem: Let P be a d-dimensional polytope with n facets. Is it always true that P can be covered by n sets of smaller diameter?
Background and motivation
The Borsuk conjecture (disproved in ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

589 views

### What fraction of a sphere's volume lies within a cone?

Let $B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a collection of $n$ (not necessarily independent) unit vectors which we will label $v_1,\ldots, v_n$ for convenience. The cone $K_B \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ associated to ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Is list of distances defining points uniquely ?

There is N points on a plane. Is is feasible to reproduce there relative location
having only list of distances. Assuming that translation, rotation and mirror are allowed
in the result. The list ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

823 views

### Altitudes of a triangle

The three altitudes of a triangle are concurrent -- this is true in all three constant curvature geometries (Euclidean, hyperbolic, spherical), but, as far as I know, the proofs are different in the ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Are properties of geodesics on a cylinder unique to cylinders?

The geodesics on a cylinder (a cylinder infinite in both directions) are either
(1) simple (non-self-intersecting) closed geodesics, or
(2) simple infinitely long geodesics (infinite in both ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Number of neigbour Voronoi cells for a random set of points on S^k or cube [-1, 1]^k?

Consider $S^k \subset R^{k+1} $. Sample $N$ points by say uniform distribution. (Example k=120, N=2^24, i.e. N>>k ).
Consider Voronoi cell around each point.
How many neighbours would a cell have ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

500 views

### Midpoint lattice polygons

Midpoint polygons (a.k.a Kasner polygons) have been studied, and their behavior is well understood.
I am considering a variant, which I call midpoint lattice polygons.
Start with a sequence of ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### Is the ball reducible in some high dimension?

Let $K$ be a bounded symmetric ($-K=K$) open convex body in $\mathbb R^n$. The critical determinant $d(K)$ of $K$ is the least possible volume $|\operatorname{det}(a_1\dots a_n)|$
of the fundamental ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

611 views

### For what metrics are circles solutions of the isoperimetric problem?

A classical result is that solutions of the isoperimetric problem on the plane, the sphere, and the hyperbolic plane are circles. Are there any other Riemannian metrics on these spaces that share this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

295 views

### Simple development of simple curve on a cone

Let $\Lambda$ be a cone with apex $a$ and apex angle $\alpha$. Draw a simple (non-self-intersecting)
curve $C=(x,y)$ on $\Lambda$, and then develop it to a curve
$\overline{C}$ on a plane by rolling ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Graph implemened into the plane with segments as edges and we search for matching with no edges intersecting

There are some points in the plane and some of them are connected with segments between them. We look at this structure as a graph implemented into the plane where the points are the vertices and the ...

**0**

votes

**5**answers

507 views

### Generate points of a (n-2)-sphere on a n-hyperplane [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Efficiently sampling points uniformly from the surface of an n-sphere
I'm trying to generate random points of a (n-2)-sphere on a n-hyperplane so basically the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

267 views

### On distances between points on the plane

Take a set of 2n points on the plane and assume that no open set of diameter 1 contains more than n of these points. Question: con we pair up the points so that the distance between the points in a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### relation with jacobifields in a small neighbourhood

hi,
I have the following question: Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold with all sectional curvatures non-positive. Let $p \in M$ and consider the function $d(x)=dist_{g}(x,p)$ in a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

103 views

### 4-polytope with vertices at the binary octahedral group

Hey everybody,
Does anybody know if there is a convex polytope in $R^4$ with vertices at the binary octahedral group (identitfying $H$ with $R^4$).
The binary tetrahedral group lies at the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle

I'm looking for geometric applications of Ekeland's variational principle in order to see it at work in a context I'm familiar with. Let me recall the principle itself:
Definition. Let $(X,d)$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Node-Weighted Euclidean Steiner Trees

I would like to know whether the following problem, including algorithms to solve it (exact or approximations) has been studied.
A finite set of positive-weighted points are given in the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes.
Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Prescribing areas of parallelograms (or 2x2 principal minors)

Let $(a_{ij})$ be a $n\times n$ symmetric matrix such that $a_{ij}\geq 0$ for all $i,j$ and $a_{ii}=0$ for all $i$. Under which conditions on the $a_{ij}$'s can one find $n$ vectors ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

571 views

### Pursuit-Evasion on a Manifold

I know pursuit-evasion has been studied in many contexts, including
on a manifold (e.g., Melikyan,
"Geometry of Pursuit-Evasion Games on Two-Dimensional Manifolds"),
but I have not seen this version:
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What nets fold to polyhedra?

There is a classic (and open) problem asking whether every polyhedron can be unfolded to give a non-overlapping net. The converse problem has been studied asking which polygons can be folded in some ...

**14**

votes

**5**answers

831 views

### How far is a set of vectors from being orthogonal?

Given some vectors, how many dimensions do you need to add (to their span) before you can find some mutually orthogonal vectors that project down to the original ones?
Or, more formally...
Suppose ...