Deprecated; please use a more specific tag.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
159 views

Overlaying two domino-like constructions such that all individual pairs of domino-like cells in the overlay have matching symbols

Imagine I have two $n$ x $m$ assemblies of $P = (n*m)$ unit square cells on the plane, $(c_{(a,1)}, ..., c_{(a,P)}) \in A$ and $(c_{(b,1)}, ..., c_{(b,P)}) \in B$, where every cell, $c_k$, in a ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

Honeycomb-type properties of the Delaunay triangulation and Voronoi diagram

Suppose I'd like to distribute a set of points $P=\lbrace p_1 ,\dots, p_n \rbrace$ in the unit square $S=[0,1]\times[0,1]$ to minimize a weighted sum of two things: 1) The average distance between a ...
2
votes
2answers
392 views

Dilogarithm, tetrahedrons, and hyperbolic space

The Bloch-Wigner function $D(z)$, gives the volume of a ideal tetrahedron in hyperbolic space $\mathbb H3$, where z is the cross-ratio (z1,z2,z3,z4) parametrizing the tetrahedron in $\mathbb CP1$. ...
2
votes
2answers
238 views

Surface of a Ideal Tetrahedron in Hyperbolic Space H3

The hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^3$, has a boundary $\mathbb{CP}^1$. A ideal tetrahedron in $\mathbb{H}^3$, is a tetrahedron, where the four vertices are on the boundary $\mathbb{CP}^1$. The four ...
1
vote
1answer
375 views

H-representation versus V-representation

The $H$-representation of a convex polytope $S$, is just a set of linear inequalities corresponding to the intersection of halfspaces: $S = ( x | Ax\leq b )$. One could also represent a convex ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Planar eucliean bipartite matching with squared distances

This is probably a really stupid question, but suppose I have two sets of points in the plane $X$ and $Y$ each with cardinality $|X| = |Y| = n$. For any bipartite matching $M$ between $X$ and $Y$, ...
6
votes
3answers
336 views

Herringbone partitions of regions and surfaces

Let $R \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be a region of the plane bounded by a Jordan curve. The boundary $\partial R$ could be a polygon, or a smooth curve—there are variations depending upon boundary ...
8
votes
1answer
539 views

Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...
8
votes
2answers
464 views

Three half circles on the plane may not meet nicely

Let $H$ denote the union of the northen hemisphere of the unit circle $S^{1}$ with the interval $[-1,1]$ on the $x$-axis. That is, $H=\{(x,\sqrt{1-x^{2}}):-1\le x\le 1\}\cup\{(x,0):-1\le x\le 1\}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Covering a $d$-dimensional integer lattice by repeating a minimal set of deterministic moves

Imagine I place a turtle on some desired vertex, $v_i$, of a bounded $d$-dimensional integer lattice, $Z^d$, with dimensions $(l_1, ..., l_d)$. The turtle is able to travel from vertex to vertex ...
0
votes
0answers
144 views

How do Hodge classes for Calabi-Yau 4-folds compare with the classes for tori?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau 4-fold, i.e., a connected 4-dimensional compact Kahler manifold with $K_{X} \cong \mathscr{O}_{X}$ and $h^{i} (X,O_{X} )= 0$ for $0 \lt i \lt 4$. Given a general ...
4
votes
5answers
606 views

Collisions between rooks taking random flights on an $N$ by $M$ chessboard

I randomly place $k$ rooks on an (arbitrarily sized) $N$ by $M$ chessboard. Until only one rook remains, for each of $P$ time intervals we move the pieces as follows: (1) We choose one of the $k$ ...
3
votes
1answer
263 views

Can an ellipsoid be moved freely inside another ellipsoid?

An origin centric ellipsoid is defined by any positive semi-definite $n$ by $n$ matrix $X$, by taking all vectors $v$ such that $v^tXv\leq1$. Call two origin centric ellipsoid equivalent if one can be ...
7
votes
4answers
595 views

Surfaces that can be rolled by a ball

Let $S$ be a smooth solid body in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and $B$ a ball of radius $r$. Say that $B$ is in contact with $S$ if (1) they share a point $x$ that is on the surface of each, $x \in \partial S$ ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

Worst-case nearest-neighbor distances between regions

Suppose that $S_1,\dots,S_n$ is a collection of disjoint shapes in the plane, and let $\mathcal{X}$ denote the set of all $n$-tuples of points $\lbrace x_1,\dots,x_n\rbrace$ such that $x_i\in S_i$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
112 views

What is the intrinsic geometry of a feasible set?

In constraint optimization problem, one is often confronted with the following problem: $min$ $f(x)$ , $x \in R^n$ given $g_i(x) = c_i$ where $i = 1,...m$ $h_j(x) < c_j$ where $j = 1,...p$ ...
6
votes
3answers
485 views

Cylinders dividing $\mathbb{R}^{3}$

Consider $n$ affine copies of a compact cylinder, say $S^{1}\times [-3,3]$ with top and botom, sitting inside $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. For each $n$ we may ask ourselves how to arrange the $n$ cylinders so ...
5
votes
0answers
102 views

Simultaneous Strong Law of Large Number classes?

Say that $C$ is a SSLLN class of subsets of some topological space $V$ provided that for every sequence of i.i.d.r.v.s $X_1,X_2,...$ with values in $V$, we almost surely have: For every $A$ in $C$, ...
4
votes
2answers
287 views

Realization spaces for regular convex polytopes

Q1. Are there convex polytopes combinatorially equivalent to each of the regular polytopes that are realized with integer vertex coordinates? ...
11
votes
1answer
347 views

Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

The following question was asked by me on Mathematics.SE. Unfortunately, no one answered it so I thought I might give it a try one level higher. Below the line you can find the slightly edited ...
4
votes
2answers
347 views

Product of random diagonals on the unit circle

Let $P_1, P_2, ..., P_n$ be points randomly placed on a unit circle from a uniform distribution. Consider the product $D$ of all pairwise distances: $D=\displaystyle \prod_{1\leq i < j \leq n} ...
11
votes
1answer
320 views

Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$, with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...
5
votes
2answers
356 views

In which geometries do triangles have a Euler-line ?

In Euclidean-geometry the centroid, orthocenter and circumcenter of a triangle lie on a line. In which other geometries does this hold ?
1
vote
1answer
260 views

The probability a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice takes more than $N$ steps before trapping itself

What is the probability that a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice is able to take more than $N$ steps, i.e. able to take more than $N$ steps before trapping itself ...
12
votes
4answers
534 views

Partitions of $\mathbb{R}^d$ by implicit polynomial equations

Given a polynomial $p(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_d)$ in $d$ variables, with maximum degree $k$, what is the maximum number of components of $\mathbb{R}^d$ minus $p(\ldots)=0$? In other words, into how many ...
5
votes
5answers
510 views

Finding an axis-aligned ellipsoid of minimal volume which contains a given ellipsoid

A friend asked me to post the following question. He's not an MO user and felt it would be better received if asked by someone who was already known to the community. This is not my area, but I'll do ...
5
votes
1answer
288 views

Can a birational morphism between smooth varieties be dominated by smooth blow ups sequences

Suppose $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be an birational morphism between smooth varieties and D is a snc divisor on $Y$. Can we find a smooth blow ups sequence on $Y$ which dominates $f$ such that the preimage of ...
8
votes
2answers
490 views

Hilbert style axioms for Euclidean and/or hyperbolic geometry without reference to congruence?

Hilbert's axioms from Grundlagen der Geometrie involve notions of incidence, between-ness, segment congruence and angle congruence. Consider the sub-theories of either Euclidean or hyperbolic ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Polar duality and -1 [closed]

We define the polar dual of a polytope $P$ as the set $$\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n: x \cdot a\geq -1 \text{ for all } a\in P\}$$ Why do we require $-1$ instead of $-2$ or any other constant?
5
votes
0answers
198 views

Rigid-body matching algorithm and clustering algorithm with groups of lines in 3D

I've been struggling with this problem for weeks, and couldn't find an appropriate algorithm to solve it. Could you guys please give me some advices or suggestions in addressing this question. Or if ...
0
votes
1answer
325 views

Why is the physical space equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ [closed]

I am trying to understand what would be the logical reasons behind our assumption that our physical space is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ or 'physical straight line' is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}$. ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Get Largest Inscribed Rectangle of a Concave Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm to find a set of largest inscribed rectangles of a concave polygon where each rectangle must be collinear with one of the edges of the polygon. In other words, I want to ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

The distance between the centroid of $P$ points and the centroid of a subset of the points

Imagine I have an $(p_1, ..., p_N) \in P$ points, on a two-dimensional plane, patterned in a rectangular or hexagonal lattice arrangement in a circle of radius $R_c$, with a spacing between the points ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

Mapping from $\text{PSL}(2,\mathbb{R})$ to transformations of the hyperboloid

Let $F$ map points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ to points on the unit disk, $\Delta$, in the $xz$-plane (identified with $\mathbb{C}$) by projecting through $\Delta$ along lines that intersect at $(0,-1,0)$. ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

The equilibrium position for the body of a spider-like spring system after randomly perturbing the anchor positions of its legs

Take $N$ springs, $(s_1, ..., s_N) \in S$ of length $(l_1, ..., l_N)$, and for each spring, label one end "A" and one end "B". Connect the "A" ends of the $N$ springs to a point-like particle on a ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Covering a Polygon with Rectangles

I am tyring to cover a simple concave polygon with a minimum rectangles. My rectangles can be any length, but they have maximum widths, and the polygon will never have an acute angle. I thought about ...
2
votes
2answers
331 views

Infinite knot composed of parallel helices

I am wondering if there is a developed theory of "infinite knots" that could capture this object, and tell me something of its knot properties. Imagine vertical helices in $\mathbb{R}^3$, each ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Empty lattice simplex or White's theorem

White has proved (White, G. K. Lattice tetrahedra -- Canad. J. Math. 16 1964 389–396.) the following theorem: If $T$ is a closed tetrahedron and $\Lambda$ is a lattice which contains the vertices of ...
9
votes
3answers
447 views

Circle-arc number of a knot

I would like to build knots in $\mathbb{R}^3$ from arcs of unit-radius (planar) circles, joined together at points where the tangents match. Thus the knot will have curvature $1$ at all but the ...
2
votes
2answers
463 views

Euclidean triangulation of the plane with degree 7 at each vertex.

Hyperbolic plane has a beautiful triangulation by congruent hyperbolic triangles where all the vertices of the triangulation have degree 7, this is of course not possible in the euclidean plane, even ...
7
votes
1answer
606 views

A remark by Gromov on 4-manifolds

Gromov remarks in a a survey on manifolds (p.12) that "it is hard to imagine that there are infinitely many non-diffeomorphic, but mutually homeomorphic, quotients of the hyperbolic 4-space by ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull, $\cal{H}(C)$. Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches? I believe ...
2
votes
0answers
156 views

Variations of the mean curvature

Good evening everyone, I am facing a technical problem, maybe one of you can help. Given a spacelike surface $S$ with mean curvature 0 in a lorentzian $3$-manifold with constant sectionnal curvature ...
3
votes
1answer
380 views

How to partition a graph into N groups with M elements nearest?

Hi. This problem probably already here but I could not find the right words to find it. I have a list with 1700 points (geographic coordinates) and a need to separate into 17 groups with 100 ...
9
votes
5answers
488 views

Minimal blocking objects with shadows like a cube

This is a more geometric version of the previous question, "Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets". I will first specialize to $\mathbb{R}^3$, $d=3$. View an $n \times n \times n$ cube $C_3(n)$ as ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

Are faces of a compact, convex body “opposed” iff their extreme points are pairwise “opposed”?

Let $P$ be a compact, convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (infinite-dimensional generalisations welcome, but not necessary). Let's say that disjoint subsets $W_1$, $W_2$ $\subset P$ are opposed if there ...
5
votes
2answers
242 views

Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets

Let $C_d(n)$ be the lattice cube consisting of the $n^d$ points with each of its $d$ coorindates in $\lbrace 1,2,\ldots,n \rbrace$. Define a blocking set for a lattice cube to be a set of points in ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

coarser than triangulations “almost partitions” into simplices

The total space $T$ of an embedded into $\mathbb{R}^n$ pure $n$-dimensional simplicial complex (in other words, the union of finitely many $n$-dimensional compact convex polytopes) sometimes admits an ...
9
votes
1answer
524 views

A strange question about closed geodesics on a closed manifold

I'm studying a particular kind of curve evolution on Riemannian manifolds. It would help me to know the answer to the following kinda weird question: Does there exist a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

A Weak Form of Borsuk's Conjecture

Problem: Let P be a d-dimensional polytope with n facets. Is it always true that P can be covered by n sets of smaller diameter? Background and motivation The Borsuk conjecture (disproved in ...