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1answer
326 views

Leray Spectral Sequence

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a smooth map between paracompact differential manifolds $X$ and $Y$. Let $U$ be an open and dense subset of $Y$. For any $y\in U$, let $f^{-1}(y)=F$ be a generic fiber that is a ...
13
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1answer
346 views

The sparsest planar net that captures every unit segment

Let $\cal C = \lbrace C_i \rbrace$ be a collection of rectifiable curves in the plane with the property that every unit-length segment meets at least one curve in at least one point. Call such a ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Subtract Rectangle from Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm that will subtract a rectangle from a simple, concave polygon and return a remainder of polygons. If the rectangle encloses the polygon, the remainder is null. In most ...
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2answers
1k views

About MF Atiyah and R Bott's 1983 paper

I am a theoretical physics major student working on string theory. I want to understand the work of MF Atiyah and R Bott, "The Yang-Mills equations over riemann surfaces" . What kinds of mathematical ...
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1answer
345 views

Properties of the minimum circumscribing circle for points sequentially placed within a circle of radius $r$ of previously placed points on a 2D plane

Imagine I perform the following procedure: [1] At time point $t_1$, I place a single point on a two-dimensional plane at the coordinate $(x, y) = (0, 0)$. [2] At time point $t_2$, I center a ...
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1answer
550 views

Maximizing the number of lattice points in a circle of radius $r$ placed on a lattice

I have a circle of radius $r$, and I wish to place this circle of a $Z^2$ integer lattice or an $A_2$ hexagonal lattice s.t. I maximize the number of lattice points within or along the contour of the ...
3
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2answers
1k views

An exact counting solution for the number of points within a circle of radius $r$ centered on a lattice point in a $A_2$ hexagonal lattice

In a previous question: (The Gauss circle problem on a hexagonal lattice) I asked for an analytic approximation for the number of lattice points in or along the contour of a circle centered on a ...
2
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2answers
345 views

Self-Intersection of closed curves

Supoose I have a closed curve $\gamma$ in the plane such that for any isometry $g$ of $\mathbb{E}^2,$ such that $g(\gamma)\neq \gamma,$ $\gamma$ intersects $g(\gamma)$ in at most two points. It ...
3
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1answer
574 views

How to efficiently compute the generalized cross product?

It's possible to extend the well known cross product between two vectors in $\mathbb{R}^3$ to $n-1$ vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\vec{v_1}, \vec{v_2}, \dots, \vec{v}_{n-1} \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and ...
4
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4answers
1k views

Proofs for doubly ruled surfaces

Hello, I am interested in proofs for why the only irreducible doubly ruled surfaces in ${\mathbb R}^3$ are the one sheeted hyperboloid and the hyperbolic paraboloid. While many books and papers state ...
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1answer
165 views

Overlaying two domino-like constructions such that all individual pairs of domino-like cells in the overlay have matching symbols

Imagine I have two $n$ x $m$ assemblies of $P = (n*m)$ unit square cells on the plane, $(c_{(a,1)}, ..., c_{(a,P)}) \in A$ and $(c_{(b,1)}, ..., c_{(b,P)}) \in B$, where every cell, $c_k$, in a ...
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0answers
153 views

Honeycomb-type properties of the Delaunay triangulation and Voronoi diagram

Suppose I'd like to distribute a set of points $P=\lbrace p_1 ,\dots, p_n \rbrace$ in the unit square $S=[0,1]\times[0,1]$ to minimize a weighted sum of two things: 1) The average distance between a ...
2
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2answers
519 views

Dilogarithm, tetrahedrons, and hyperbolic space

The Bloch-Wigner function $D(z)$, gives the volume of a ideal tetrahedron in hyperbolic space $\mathbb H3$, where z is the cross-ratio (z1,z2,z3,z4) parametrizing the tetrahedron in $\mathbb CP1$. ...
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2answers
286 views

Surface of a Ideal Tetrahedron in Hyperbolic Space H3

The hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^3$, has a boundary $\mathbb{CP}^1$. A ideal tetrahedron in $\mathbb{H}^3$, is a tetrahedron, where the four vertices are on the boundary $\mathbb{CP}^1$. The four ...
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1answer
576 views

H-representation versus V-representation

The $H$-representation of a convex polytope $S$, is just a set of linear inequalities corresponding to the intersection of halfspaces: $S = ( x | Ax\leq b )$. One could also represent a convex ...
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1answer
128 views

Planar eucliean bipartite matching with squared distances

This is probably a really stupid question, but suppose I have two sets of points in the plane $X$ and $Y$ each with cardinality $|X| = |Y| = n$. For any bipartite matching $M$ between $X$ and $Y$, ...
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3answers
349 views

Herringbone partitions of regions and surfaces

Let $R \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be a region of the plane bounded by a Jordan curve. The boundary $\partial R$ could be a polygon, or a smooth curve—there are variations depending upon boundary ...
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1answer
687 views

Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...
8
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2answers
482 views

Three half circles on the plane may not meet nicely

Let $H$ denote the union of the northen hemisphere of the unit circle $S^{1}$ with the interval $[-1,1]$ on the $x$-axis. That is, $H=\{(x,\sqrt{1-x^{2}}):-1\le x\le 1\}\cup\{(x,0):-1\le x\le 1\}$ ...
1
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1answer
143 views

Covering a $d$-dimensional integer lattice by repeating a minimal set of deterministic moves

Imagine I place a turtle on some desired vertex, $v_i$, of a bounded $d$-dimensional integer lattice, $Z^d$, with dimensions $(l_1, ..., l_d)$. The turtle is able to travel from vertex to vertex ...
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0answers
146 views

How do Hodge classes for Calabi-Yau 4-folds compare with the classes for tori?

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau 4-fold, i.e., a connected 4-dimensional compact Kahler manifold with $K_{X} \cong \mathscr{O}_{X}$ and $h^{i} (X,O_{X} )= 0$ for $0 \lt i \lt 4$. Given a general ...
3
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1answer
269 views

Can an ellipsoid be moved freely inside another ellipsoid?

An origin centric ellipsoid is defined by any positive semi-definite $n$ by $n$ matrix $X$, by taking all vectors $v$ such that $v^tXv\leq1$. Call two origin centric ellipsoid equivalent if one can be ...
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4answers
619 views

Surfaces that can be rolled by a ball

Let $S$ be a smooth solid body in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and $B$ a ball of radius $r$. Say that $B$ is in contact with $S$ if (1) they share a point $x$ that is on the surface of each, $x \in \partial S$ ...
2
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2answers
103 views

Worst-case nearest-neighbor distances between regions

Suppose that $S_1,\dots,S_n$ is a collection of disjoint shapes in the plane, and let $\mathcal{X}$ denote the set of all $n$-tuples of points $\lbrace x_1,\dots,x_n\rbrace$ such that $x_i\in S_i$ for ...
6
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3answers
529 views

Cylinders dividing $\mathbb{R}^{3}$

Consider $n$ affine copies of a compact cylinder, say $S^{1}\times [-3,3]$ with top and botom, sitting inside $\mathbb{R}^{3}$. For each $n$ we may ask ourselves how to arrange the $n$ cylinders so ...
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0answers
133 views

Simultaneous Strong Law of Large Number classes?

Say that $C$ is a SSLLN class of subsets of some topological space $V$ provided that for every sequence of i.i.d.r.v.s $X_1,X_2,...$ with values in $V$, we almost surely have: For every $A$ in $C$, ...
4
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2answers
311 views

Realization spaces for regular convex polytopes

Q1. Are there convex polytopes combinatorially equivalent to each of the regular polytopes that are realized with integer vertex coordinates? ...
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1answer
371 views

Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

The following question was asked by me on Mathematics.SE. Unfortunately, no one answered it so I thought I might give it a try one level higher. Below the line you can find the slightly edited ...
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2answers
366 views

Product of random diagonals on the unit circle

Let $P_1, P_2, ..., P_n$ be points randomly placed on a unit circle from a uniform distribution. Consider the product $D$ of all pairwise distances: $D=\displaystyle \prod_{1\leq i < j \leq n} ...
11
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1answer
338 views

Detecting a hidden convex body with line probes

Imagine that, somewhere inside an origin-centered, unit-radius sphere $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$, sits a convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K)=\alpha (\frac{4}{3} \pi)$, with $\alpha < 1$ the fraction of ...
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1answer
293 views

The probability a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice takes more than $N$ steps before trapping itself

What is the probability that a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice is able to take more than $N$ steps, i.e. able to take more than $N$ steps before trapping itself ...
12
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4answers
553 views

Partitions of $\mathbb{R}^d$ by implicit polynomial equations

Given a polynomial $p(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_d)$ in $d$ variables, with maximum degree $k$, what is the maximum number of components of $\mathbb{R}^d$ minus $p(\ldots)=0$? In other words, into how many ...
5
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5answers
613 views

Finding an axis-aligned ellipsoid of minimal volume which contains a given ellipsoid

A friend asked me to post the following question. He's not an MO user and felt it would be better received if asked by someone who was already known to the community. This is not my area, but I'll do ...
8
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2answers
545 views

Hilbert style axioms for Euclidean and/or hyperbolic geometry without reference to congruence?

Hilbert's axioms from Grundlagen der Geometrie involve notions of incidence, between-ness, segment congruence and angle congruence. Consider the sub-theories of either Euclidean or hyperbolic ...
5
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0answers
211 views

Rigid-body matching algorithm and clustering algorithm with groups of lines in 3D

I've been struggling with this problem for weeks, and couldn't find an appropriate algorithm to solve it. Could you guys please give me some advices or suggestions in addressing this question. Or if ...
0
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1answer
334 views

Why is the physical space equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ [closed]

I am trying to understand what would be the logical reasons behind our assumption that our physical space is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}^3$ or 'physical straight line' is equivalent to $\mathbb{R}$. ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Get Largest Inscribed Rectangle of a Concave Polygon

I'm looking for an algorithm to find a set of largest inscribed rectangles of a concave polygon where each rectangle must be collinear with one of the edges of the polygon. In other words, I want to ...
2
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1answer
180 views

The distance between the centroid of $P$ points and the centroid of a subset of the points

Imagine I have an $(p_1, ..., p_N) \in P$ points, on a two-dimensional plane, patterned in a rectangular or hexagonal lattice arrangement in a circle of radius $R_c$, with a spacing between the points ...
2
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1answer
277 views

The equilibrium position for the body of a spider-like spring system after randomly perturbing the anchor positions of its legs

Take $N$ springs, $(s_1, ..., s_N) \in S$ of length $(l_1, ..., l_N)$, and for each spring, label one end "A" and one end "B". Connect the "A" ends of the $N$ springs to a point-like particle on a ...
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2answers
3k views

Covering a Polygon with Rectangles

I am tyring to cover a simple concave polygon with a minimum rectangles. My rectangles can be any length, but they have maximum widths, and the polygon will never have an acute angle. I thought about ...
2
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2answers
350 views

Infinite knot composed of parallel helices

I am wondering if there is a developed theory of "infinite knots" that could capture this object, and tell me something of its knot properties. Imagine vertical helices in $\mathbb{R}^3$, each ...
3
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2answers
275 views

Empty lattice simplex or White's theorem

White has proved (White, G. K. Lattice tetrahedra -- Canad. J. Math. 16 1964 389–396.) the following theorem: If $T$ is a closed tetrahedron and $\Lambda$ is a lattice which contains the vertices of ...
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3answers
483 views

Circle-arc number of a knot

I would like to build knots in $\mathbb{R}^3$ from arcs of unit-radius (planar) circles, joined together at points where the tangents match. Thus the knot will have curvature $1$ at all but the ...
2
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2answers
508 views

Euclidean triangulation of the plane with degree 7 at each vertex.

Hyperbolic plane has a beautiful triangulation by congruent hyperbolic triangles where all the vertices of the triangulation have degree 7, this is of course not possible in the euclidean plane, even ...
7
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1answer
690 views

A remark by Gromov on 4-manifolds

Gromov remarks in a a survey on manifolds (p.12) that "it is hard to imagine that there are infinitely many non-diffeomorphic, but mutually homeomorphic, quotients of the hyperbolic 4-space by ...
2
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0answers
178 views

Variations of the mean curvature

Good evening everyone, I am facing a technical problem, maybe one of you can help. Given a spacelike surface $S$ with mean curvature 0 in a lorentzian $3$-manifold with constant sectionnal curvature ...
3
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1answer
400 views

How to partition a graph into N groups with M elements nearest?

Hi. This problem probably already here but I could not find the right words to find it. I have a list with 1700 points (geographic coordinates) and a need to separate into 17 groups with 100 ...
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5answers
520 views

Minimal blocking objects with shadows like a cube

This is a more geometric version of the previous question, "Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets". I will first specialize to $\mathbb{R}^3$, $d=3$. View an $n \times n \times n$ cube $C_3(n)$ as ...
3
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1answer
169 views

Are faces of a compact, convex body “opposed” iff their extreme points are pairwise “opposed”?

Let $P$ be a compact, convex subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ (infinite-dimensional generalisations welcome, but not necessary). Let's say that disjoint subsets $W_1$, $W_2$ $\subset P$ are opposed if there ...
5
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2answers
270 views

Lattice-cube minimal blocking sets

Let $C_d(n)$ be the lattice cube consisting of the $n^d$ points with each of its $d$ coorindates in $\lbrace 1,2,\ldots,n \rbrace$. Define a blocking set for a lattice cube to be a set of points in ...