Deprecated; please use a more specific tag.

**8**

votes

**0**answers

247 views

### Optimal inspection path on a sphere

Suppose you would like to "inspect" every point of a unit-radius
sphere $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ by walking along a path $\gamma$
on $S$, but you can only see a distance $d$ from where you stand.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

94 views

### Boundary surfaces in a 3d Voronoi tessellation with obstacles

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n$ be a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $\mathcal{O}_1 ,\dots, \mathcal{O}_m$ denote a set of polyhedral obstacles. What is the name for the surfaces that describe the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Generalization of join of simplicial complexes

The join of two abstract simplicial complexes $K$ and $L$, denoted $K\star L$ is defined as a simplicial complex on the base set $V(K)\dot{\cup} V(L)$ whose simplices are disjoint union of simplices ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Optimal paintbrush geodesics

Let $S$ be a smooth, closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
and $\gamma$ a geodesic segment on $S$, i.e., a finite-length piece
of a geodesic.
Define $\gamma(w)$ as all the points of $S$ within
a distance ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

431 views

### What is known about the area of the symmetric Pythagorean tree?

What is known about the area of the symmetric Pythagorean tree? (Closed unit square as base, area of enclosed triangles not included.) The problem in calculating the area is that squares start to ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

235 views

### Constructing a special infinite-dimensional vector bundle

Let $M$ and $N$ be finite dimensional smooth manifolds and $p: E \rightarrow N$ a finite rank vector bundle. $M$ can be assumed to be compact if necessary but I would prefer to work without this ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

276 views

### A question on the Mahler conjecture

In its asymmetric version, the Mahler conjecture states that if $K \subset \mathbb{R^n}$ is a convex body containing the origin as an interior point and
$$
K^* := \{y \in \mathbb{R}^n : \langle y, x ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Random rings linked into one component?

Let $S$ be a sphere of unit radius.
Let $C_n$ be a collection of unit-radius circles/rings whose centers
are (uniformly distributed)
random points in $S$, and which are oriented (tilted) randomly ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

813 views

### What is the best *general triangle*?

During courses on geometry it is sometimes necessary to draw a triangle on the blackboard that can easily be recognized as a general triangle. It must not be rectangular and must not have two or more ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Finding Center of Union of Circles [closed]

Hello,
I have a set of N circles on a 2-D plane. These N circles all contain the same point (coordinates unknown) so there is a common union between all the circles. How could I go about finding ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### “Trapping” of discs after random sequential adsorption

Imagine I perform Random Sequential Adsorption (RSA) of discs of some radius $r$ on $[0, 1]^2$, eventually covering the surface to some density $Q \leq 0.543$ with $N$ total discs (where $\approx ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

734 views

### Can every $\mathbb{Z}^2$ disk be pinball-reached?

Let every point of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ be surrounded by a mirrored disk of radius $r < \frac{1}{2}$,
except leave the origin $(0,0)$ unoccupied by a disk.
Q. Is it the case that every disk can be ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

97 views

### Simulating random sequential adsorption in reverse

Please consider two processes:
Process 1 - I simulate random sequential adsorption of discs on the unit square in the continuum limit, randomly selecting real number coordinates and rejecting the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Random Sequential Adsorption of Discs on a Plane - What is the best known lowerbound for the number of circles (of some radius $r$) guaranteed to fit on $[0, 1]^2$?

Imagine I perform a random sequential adsorption (RSA) simulation for circles or discs of some radius $r \leq 1$ in $[0, 1]^2$ (I am open to changing this geometry to the unit circle). As a function ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Monotonicity of Loewner ellipsoid?

Given two $0$-symmetric convex bodies $K \subset L \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, is it true that the Loewner ellipsoid of $K$ is contained in the Loewner ellipsoid of $L$?
I have just finished a proving a ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Relation between the index of (the sum of) lattices in euclidean space, and their orthogonal complement.

I am trying to figure out something concerning the index of lattices.
The question came about after reading the paper of W.Fulton and B.Sturmfels, ("Intersection theorey on toric varieties"). To ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

239 views

### The probability distribution for vertex degree in a unit disc graph generated from random points on a plane

Imagine I cover an arbitrarily large plane with randomly placed points at some density $\rho$ s.t. the number of points in any randomly sampled area $A$ (of arbitrary shape and size) is $\approx ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

170 views

### What kinds of manifolds admit concave boundary?

We can find many examples of smooth Riemannian manifolds with boundaries whose boundaries are convex. But it seems to me I know no any example of smooth Riemannian manifold with concave boundary. So ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

273 views

### question regarding $S^2-D$ being equidecomposable with $S^2$ in Banach-Tarski paradox [closed]

In the Wikipedia proof of Banach-Tarski paradox (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banach-Tarski_paradox#Some_details.2C_fleshed_out), there is a stuff about $S^2-D$ being equidecomposable with $S^2$ as ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Reverse Gauss's Circle Problem

Gauss's Circle Problem [1] is to find the number of lattice points inside the boundary of a circle with a given radius and center at the origin. I'm interested in the "reversed" version of this ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Nontrivial lower bounds on Cheeger inequalities for Markov chains

For a reversible Markov chain $X_{t}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with transition kernel $K$ and stationary distribution $\pi$, it is well-known that the `spectral gap' (basically, the size of $K$ when ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### A question of compactness in the geometry of numbers

Given a star body $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with the origin as interior point, the critical determinant of $S$---usually denoted as $\Delta(S)$---is the infimum of the determinants of all lattices ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### How to define an “anisotropic vector” for a given object?

Dear experts,
I am looking for a way to define an "alignment vector" (or anisotropy or orientation vector?) for a given geometrical object. I am not sure how to put this into correct technical terms, ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Rational points on a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^d$

Call a point of $\mathbb{R}^d$ rational if all its
$d$ coordinates are rational numbers.
Q1.
Is the unit sphere $S :\; x_1^2 +\cdots+ x_d^2 = 1$
dense in rational points, i.e., does $S$ ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

457 views

### Solid angles of a tetrahedron

This is a problem I have had for a while. For a triangle, the side opposite the largest angle has the largest length (and similarly for smallest angle). For a tetrahedron, the question is whether the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Lorentzian isoparametric hypersurfaces of ads

A hypersurface of a pseudo-Riemannian manifold is said to be isoparametric if its shape operator has the same characteristic polynomial at all points. Xiao has classified Lorentzian isoparametric ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

48 views

### Sandwich a l-p ball between Simplexes

Let $U \subseteq \mathbf{R}^d$ be the unit ball with respect to the $l_p$-norm. I would like find the minimal $m=m(d)$ such that that there is a simplex $S$ with $S\subseteq U \subseteq mS$.
For the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### Largest subsets of quadrics consisting of “nonorthogonal” vectors

Assume we have an $A$-module $M$, and a quadratic form $q : M \to A$. Recall that it means that
1) $q (a m) = a^2 q (m)$ for all $a \in A$ and $m \in M$, and
2) $B_q (x, y) := q (x + y) - q (x) - q ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### About the parallel transport and choice of connection

Thought Experiment
Consider a 2-sphere, $S^2$, and let $p$ be a point at the equator.
Case 1
Let us parallel transport a vector, $V$ from $p$ using the recipe:
Move one unit of length East.
Move ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Are all null curves of a Lorentzian metric extrema?

Suppose $g$ is a Lorentzian metric on $\mathbb{R}^4$, then consider the variational problem of finding extrema of
$$F(\gamma) = \int_a^b \| \dot{\gamma}(s) \|_g ds$$
The so-called "null curves" are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

45 views

### Uniformly sampling the solution space for points where the free termini of two rays, anchored at 3-space points, can intersect

I have two rays, one of length $L_1$ and one of length $L_2$. I anchor these rays, each at one end, on the 3-space points $p_1$ and $p_2$. Assuming that the Euclidean distance between $p_1$ and ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Generalization of the equilateral triangle ?

I consider points in the two-dimensional plane.
An equilateral triangle is a set of three points in the plane which are equidistant.
Suppose now I have $n$ points $x_1,...,x_n$. What is the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

133 views

### Relationship between stabilizers of a general point and a boundary point

Let $V$ be an n-dimensional complex vector space, and $u\in S^nV$ be a polynomial, $G(u)$ be the stabilizer of $u$ in $GL(V)$. Let $[v]\in\overline{GL(V)\cdot[u]}\subset\mathbb{P}(S^nV)$, but $v\notin ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

248 views

### The right conformal map to make a certain picture

This is a follow-up to a question I asked a year ago, which was helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin:
Fitting a mesh to a density function
I am trying to come up with a way to make a picture of an ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Does there always exist a self dual polytope that contains a given polytope contained in its dual?

Suppose a polytope $P$ is contained in its dual polytope $\tilde{P}$. Does there always exist a polytope $Q$ that contains $P$ and is self dual $Q=\tilde{Q}$? Is there any bound on the minimal number ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

169 views

### Untangling entwined rigid chains in 3-space

I am interested in exploring the degree of "tangledness"
of two rigid chains in space.
A polygonal chain is a simple (non-self-intersecting) path
of segments in
$\mathbb{R}^3$, viewed as a rigid body. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

421 views

### Is this min not less than a min

Let $\mathbf{D}$ be the unit disk, is
$$\inf_{\begin{array}{c}
v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\in\mathbf{D},\\
v_{0}\in\mbox{convexhull}\left(v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\right)
\end{array}}\max_{0\le ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### What properties does generalized Delaunay triangulation have?

Suppose that instead of the usual circle, we pick some other convex set D and make the Delaunay triangulation of a finite planar point set with respect to this set, i.e. connect two points if there is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Are there a group of mappings from (n-1)-dim space to an (n-1)-sphere guaranteeing the orthogonality of images?

Hello, everyone.
As we know that in an $n$-dimensional Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^n$, there exists a continuous bijective mapping from a subset $V^{n-1}\subseteq\mathbb{R}^{n-1}$ to a unit ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

378 views

### Relating curvature and torsion of a connection to those of a curve

I'm currently trying to relate two descriptions of the curvature and torsion of a connection and am running into some confusion.
I know that an affine connection $A$ on an $n$-dimensional manifold ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

280 views

### Characterizing Convex Configurations of Quadrupels of Coplanar Points via Linear (In-)equalities between Distance Sums or Differences

Given 4 points $A$, $B$, $C$ and $D$ in general position in the euclidean plane, is it possible to determine from the 6 distances $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, $AD$, $AC$ and, $BD$ alone, whether every point is a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

422 views

### Optimal fitting of spheres in a cylinder.

how to find the minimum height and width of a cylinder containing n identical spheres?

**3**

votes

**3**answers

312 views

### On duality on finite projective planes

Hey Everyone!
In nearly all (if not all) projective geometry texts I have bumped into the following theorem:
"Principle of duality: If in a theorem in $\mathfrak{P}$ one switches the word point for ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

136 views

### Find minimum area ellipse enclosing a set of ellipses, all centered at the origin

Thanks to Will Jagy for answering my similar question re: two ellipses.
Find minimum area ellipse which encloses two ellipses
I had initially naively thought I could apply this solution to a set of ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

500 views

### To what extent does trajectory determine gravity sources?

Suppose one has in-hand an accurate time-space trajectory in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of a (small) body,
say an asteroid or satellite—effectively a point.
To what extent does this trajectory determine the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

195 views

### Pencils of circles and Liouville's theorem

Is there any relation (maybe implicit) between the conformal geometry in the space of circles and spheres and the study of harmonic functions?
In the original question I was musing whether the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

187 views

### Reference question: Poncelet theorem

A very famous theorem of Poncelet states that for an elliptic billiard all $n$-periodic trajectories are tangent to some ellipse. As far as I know, Poncelet proved this theorem while sitting in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

370 views

### Find minimum area ellipse which encloses two ellipses

I need an efficient algorithm to find the ellipse with the smallest possible area which encloses two given ellipses. The given ellipses are constrained to have coincident centers at the origin but can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

943 views

### Geometric interpretations of matrix inverses

$A$ is an invertible $n \times n$ matrix. Interpret each row of $A$ as a point in $\mathbb{R}^n$; then these $n$ points define a unique hyperplane in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that passes through each point ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### another diameter-perimeter-area inequality

Recently I learnt that $$
\inf\frac{diam(C)(per(C)-2diam(C))}{area(C)}=0$$ where the infimum is taken over all plane convex bodies $C$ (say, with non-zero area). In other words, there is no ...