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### Geometry of numbers argument: counting integers with some linear condition

I am interested in the proof of the following result: Suppose that $A > 1$, $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$, and for $0 < Z \leq 1$, let $U(Z)$ be the number of integer solutions $v$ of \begin{...
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### Rational $d$-simplices

Define a rational $d$-simplex as a simplex in $\mathbb{R}^d$ such that the measure of all its $k$-dimensional faces, $k \ge 1$, is rational. So a rational triangle has rational edge lengths and ...
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### Dual lattices up to a q scaling factor

In this paper : https://eprint.iacr.org/2011/501.pdf There is an equality page 10, in the second paragraph considered by the authors as "easy to check". If someone could explain to me why the set at ...
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### Proving Legendre's Sum of 3 Squares Theorem via Geometry of Numbers

Every positive integer can be written as the sum of 4 squares $n = a_1^2 + a_2^2 + a_3^2 + a_4^2$ however, if we only allow sum of 3 squares some numbers have to be left out: $n = a^2 + b^2 + c^2$ ...
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### space of reduced positive definite quadratic forms

What is the highest dimension for which the space of reduced positive definite quadratic forms (or the fundamental domain of $SL_n(\mathbb{R})/SL_n(\mathbb{Z})$) has been explicitly calculated? I know ...
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### Average rank of elliptic curves over function fields

De Jong showed in 2002 if the finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ has characteristic not equal to 3, then the limsup of the average of 3-Selmer rank is bounded above, where the average is taken over the ...
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### The number of different lattice triangles

Two convex lattice polygons are equivalent if there is a lattice-preserving affine transformation mapping one of them to the other. Equivalent polygons have the same area. Let $H(A)$ denote the number ...
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### Is the operator norm always attained on a $\{0,1\}$-vector?

Given an operator $f\colon R^m\to R^n$, can one always find a non-zero vector $x\in \{ 0,1 \}^m$ such that $\|f(x)\|/\|x\|\ge0.01\|f\|$? (Here I denote by $\|\cdot\|$ both the Euclidean norms in $R^m$ ...
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### Verifying my other example in the Geometry of Numbers and Quadratic Forms

In answer to Pete L. Clark's question Must a ring which admits a Euclidean quadratic form be Euclidean? on Euclidean quadratic forms, I also gave an example in six or fewer variables, repeated below. ...