# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### Holomorphic coordinates on a Kähler manifold

Let $(X,J,\omega)$ be a Kähler manifold. Let $\dim_{\mathbb{R}}(X)=2n$ and we also know that $X$ splits as $X=M\times \mathbb{R}$, where $\dim_{\mathbb{M}}=2n-1$. My question is now: does there exists ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

245 views

### Averaging lengths and distances

A natural way in which Finsler metrics appear in Riemannian geometry is as averages of Riemannian metrics (e.g., the average of the arc-length elements
$\sqrt{dx^2 + dy^2}$ and $\sqrt{2dx^2 + 3dy^2}$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Area on the unit sphere swept out by big circles corresponding to a curve

For a point on the unit sphere, we know the plane perpendicular to the line through the origin and the point cuts the sphere with a big circle. When the point moves along a sphere curve, the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

116 views

### Existence of Simple Closed Straightest Geodesics

There are at least three distinct simple closed quasigeodesics on convex polyhedra [Mat. Sb. (N.S.), 1949, 25(67) :2, 275–306 Quasi-geodesic lines on a convex surface Pogorelov].
Is the same true ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Zoll Flat Finsler tori and convex bodies on a starry night

The starry night. The "celestial sphere" is given by set of non-zero vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ modulo positive dilations (i.e., $v \equiv w$ if $v = \lambda w$ for some $ \lambda > 0$) and the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Optimal paintbrush geodesics

Let $S$ be a smooth, closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
and $\gamma$ a geodesic segment on $S$, i.e., a finite-length piece
of a geodesic.
Define $\gamma(w)$ as all the points of $S$ within
a distance ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Constructing a special infinite-dimensional vector bundle

Let $M$ and $N$ be finite dimensional smooth manifolds and $p: E \rightarrow N$ a finite rank vector bundle. $M$ can be assumed to be compact if necessary but I would prefer to work without this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

50 views

### Lorentzian isoparametric hypersurfaces of ads

A hypersurface of a pseudo-Riemannian manifold is said to be isoparametric if its shape operator has the same characteristic polynomial at all points. Xiao has classified Lorentzian isoparametric ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

193 views

### About the parallel transport and choice of connection

Thought Experiment
Consider a 2-sphere, $S^2$, and let $p$ be a point at the equator.
Case 1
Let us parallel transport a vector, $V$ from $p$ using the recipe:
Move one unit of length East.
Move ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Are all null curves of a Lorentzian metric extrema?

Suppose $g$ is a Lorentzian metric on $\mathbb{R}^4$, then consider the variational problem of finding extrema of
$$F(\gamma) = \int_a^b \| \dot{\gamma}(s) \|_g ds$$
The so-called "null curves" are ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

133 views

### Relationship between stabilizers of a general point and a boundary point

Let $V$ be an n-dimensional complex vector space, and $u\in S^nV$ be a polynomial, $G(u)$ be the stabilizer of $u$ in $GL(V)$. Let $[v]\in\overline{GL(V)\cdot[u]}\subset\mathbb{P}(S^nV)$, but $v\notin ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

388 views

### Relating curvature and torsion of a connection to those of a curve

I'm currently trying to relate two descriptions of the curvature and torsion of a connection and am running into some confusion.
I know that an affine connection $A$ on an $n$-dimensional manifold ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

501 views

### To what extent does trajectory determine gravity sources?

Suppose one has in-hand an accurate time-space trajectory in $\mathbb{R}^3$ of a (small) body,
say an asteroid or satellite—effectively a point.
To what extent does this trajectory determine the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

197 views

### Pencils of circles and Liouville's theorem

Is there any relation (maybe implicit) between the conformal geometry in the space of circles and spheres and the study of harmonic functions?
In the original question I was musing whether the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Symmetric matrices and Hilbert's fourth problem

From the analytic viewpoint, the Busemann-Pogorelov solution of Hilbert's fourth problem is summarized in the following result:
Theorem. All straight lines are extremals of the variational problem
$$
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Can a simple Riemannian metric on the disc be extended to a Zoll metric on the sphere?

Given a simple Riemannian metric $(D,g)$ on the two-disc---its geodesics have no conjugate point and the boundary of the disc is strictly convex---, is it possible to embed $(D,g)$ isometrically into ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

263 views

### Reversibility vs geodesic reversibility for Finsler metrics on the two-sphere

Problem. To give a concrete example of a geodesically reversible Finsler metric on the two-sphere that is not just the sum of a reversible Finsler metric and an exact $1$-form.
Some background may be ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

160 views

### Orbits of Product Lie Groups Action

Hi to all,
Let $G$ be a Lie group of linear isometries of $\mathbb{R}^n_{\nu}$ ($\mathbb{R}^n_{\nu}$ is the semi-Euclidean space) and $G_1$ ,$G_2$ two Lie subgroups of $G$. Let $G_1 \times G_2$ as ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### Smooth maps transverse to a foliation

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth manifolds and let $S$ be a submanifold of $N$ ($\dim S < \dim N$). Let $\mathfrak S$ be a foliation of $S$. We say that a map between $M$ and $N$ is transverse to ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

932 views

### There are two points on the Earth's surface that … ?

At every moment in time, there are two points on the Earth's surface that have the same $\lbrace x, y, z, ... \rbrace$...?
What is the strongest, most impressive statement one can make here? The ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

865 views

### About MF Atiyah and R Bott's 1983 paper

I am a theoretical physics major student working on string theory. I want to understand the work of MF Atiyah and R Bott, "The Yang-Mills equations over riemann surfaces" . What kinds of mathematical ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

337 views

### Herringbone partitions of regions and surfaces

Let $R \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be a region of the plane bounded
by a Jordan curve. The boundary $\partial R$ could be a polygon,
or a smooth curve—there are variations depending upon boundary ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

595 views

### Surfaces that can be rolled by a ball

Let $S$ be a smooth solid body in $\mathbb{R}^3$,
and $B$ a ball of radius $r$.
Say that $B$ is in contact with $S$ if
(1) they share a point $x$
that is on the surface of each,
$x \in \partial S$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### When is the hull of a space curve composed of developable patches?

Let $C$ be a smooth curve in $\mathbb{R}^3$ that lies entirely on its convex hull,
$\cal{H}(C)$.
Under what conditions on $C$ is $\cal{H}(C)$ the union of developable surface patches?
I believe ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Variations of the mean curvature

Good evening everyone,
I am facing a technical problem, maybe one of you can help.
Given a spacelike surface $S$ with mean curvature 0 in a lorentzian $3$-manifold with constant sectionnal curvature ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

524 views

### A strange question about closed geodesics on a closed manifold

I'm studying a particular kind of curve evolution on Riemannian manifolds. It would help me
to know the answer to the following kinda weird question:
Does there exist a closed Riemannian manifold $M$ ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

985 views

### Are properties of geodesics on a cylinder unique to cylinders?

The geodesics on a cylinder (a cylinder infinite in both directions) are either
(1) simple (non-self-intersecting) closed geodesics, or
(2) simple infinitely long geodesics (infinite in both ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

601 views

### For what metrics are circles solutions of the isoperimetric problem?

A classical result is that solutions of the isoperimetric problem on the plane, the sphere, and the hyperbolic plane are circles. Are there any other Riemannian metrics on these spaces that share this ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

283 views

### Simple development of simple curve on a cone

Let $\Lambda$ be a cone with apex $a$ and apex angle $\alpha$. Draw a simple (non-self-intersecting)
curve $C=(x,y)$ on $\Lambda$, and then develop it to a curve
$\overline{C}$ on a plane by rolling ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### relation with jacobifields in a small neighbourhood

hi,
I have the following question: Let $(M,g)$ be a complete Riemannian manifold with all sectional curvatures non-positive. Let $p \in M$ and consider the function $d(x)=dist_{g}(x,p)$ in a ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Why do I need densities in order to integrate on a non-orientable manifold?

Integration on an orientable differentiable n-manifold is defined using a partition of unity and a global nowhere vanishing n-form called volume form. If the manifold is not orientable, no such form ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Manifold with no Finsler structure?

Is there a good example for a smooth manifold to which one cannot give a Finsler structure in any meaningful way? Ideal the example should be of low dimension and not too bizarre.

**1**

vote

**1**answer

279 views

### triangle equality in manifold

For a generilized triangle on a manifold, (distance can be regarded as geodesic length)it is well known that for Eucilidean Geometry，the following is true:
Consider a triangle $ABC$, $D$ is the ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### space of geodesics

hallo,
i have the following problem: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold with metric $g$ and $\nabla$ be the Levi-Civita Connection. Denote by $G(M) =${$\gamma: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow M | ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Tangent lines to 2 circles, tangent planes to 3 spheres, and so on.

Although it is known the solution to the first two questions, somebody may have different nice answers, so I include them:
Given two circles in the plane, there is (at least) a line which is tangent ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

272 views

### degenerating surface II

In degenerating surface, Robert Bryant give us an example of a sequence of minimal immersions which converges (in $C^2$- topology) to $z\mapsto z^{2k+1}$ on the unit disc $\mathbb{D}$. My question is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Good Surface,Bad Surface-Surface classification

Maybe this question be very simple, but I don't know why it is hard for me. Thanks for any guide and help.
We say a surface $S$ (2-dimensional metric(compact) Riemannian surface) is good (denote by ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Probing a manifold with geodesics

Supposed you stand at a point $p \in M$ on a smooth 2-manifold $M$
embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
You do not know anything about $M$.
You shoot off a geodesic $\gamma$ in some direction $u$,
and learn ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Is there an ellipsoid with given outer normals?

Pick two points $(x,0)$ and $(0,y)$ (say $x>0$ and $y>0$). Pick a unit vector $u = (u_1,u_2)$, $v = (v_1, v_2)$, and attach one to each of the points. Provided $u$ and $v$ are "nice" ($v$ needs ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

269 views

### Constructing a hypersurface with given outer normals

Pick a point on each of the positive half-axes in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Put a (unit-norm?) vector at each of the n points.
(a) Is there a hypersurface in the orthant $\mathbb{R}^n_+$ going through these n ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Why is the half-torus rigid?

The half-torus surface that results from slicing a torus like a bagel,
depicted below (left), is isometrically rigid.
I know this from a remark of Alexandrov in
Mathematics: ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

614 views

### Relationship between the focal locus and the cut locus

I am seeking
clarification of
the relationship between the
focal locus
and the
cut locus
of a curve $C$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and
of a surface $S$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Essentially my question is,
Under ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

452 views

### Developable 3-manifolds in $\mathbb{R}^4$

Is there a classification of the equivalent of a "developable surface" in $\mathbb{R}^4$?
Analogous to: planes, cylinders, cones, and tangent developables in $\mathbb{R}^3$?
Edit: Here I am imagining ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

415 views

### Shortest paths on linked tori

I will make this question specific at first, and general later.
Suppose we have two linked tori, $T_1$ and $T_2$,
each of radii $(2,1)$, meaning that each torus is the result of sweeping
a circle of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

519 views

### $G$-structures of finite type.

A $G$-structure $\pi : B_G \rightarrow M$ is said to be of $finite$ $type$ if $\mathfrak{g}^{(k)} = 0$ for some $k \in \mathbb{N}$, where $\mathfrak{g}^{(k)}$ denotes the $k$th prolongation of the Lie ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Eigenvalues of Laplacian-Beltrami operator

I am interested in the first non zero eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami operator in a 2D compact manifold, and if there is a geometric characterization of its value.
I am interested in the case when ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Geometric interpretation of Cartan's structure equations

Given a linear connection on a Riemmanian manifold $M$ and $\phi^1,...,\phi^n$ a local frame for $T^*M$ we can define the connection 1-forms $\omega^j_i$. We define the curvature 2-forms by ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

334 views

### analogues of Cayley plane as homogenous spaces

The Cayley projective plane $\mathbb{OP}^2$ can be defined as a homogenous space $\mathrm{F_4/Spin(9)}$, where $\mathrm{F_4}$ is the compact exceptional simple Lie group. The other possible approach ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

711 views

### Is there a complete classification of constant mean curvature surfaces?

I'm no expert in this field, but I am familiar with the classification of rotationally symmetric surfaces with constant mean curvature by Delaunay. I am aware that once we drop embeddedness and ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

715 views

### orientations for zero-dimensional manifolds

I am teaching a course on manifolds, and soon I will have to prove the Stokes' theorem which, of course, involves defining oriented manifolds. There are many ways to define an oriented manifold. My ...