4
votes
1answer
175 views

Zoll Flat Finsler tori and convex bodies on a starry night

The starry night. The "celestial sphere" is given by set of non-zero vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ modulo positive dilations (i.e., $v \equiv w$ if $v = \lambda w$ for some $ \lambda > 0$) and the ...
9
votes
1answer
298 views

Needle probing for a convex body

Suppose there is an unknown closed convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K) = V$ inside the unit cube $[-\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}]^d$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. You are permitted to probe with a (one-dimensional) ...
8
votes
0answers
171 views

Does there always exist a self dual polytope that contains a given polytope contained in its dual?

Suppose a polytope $P$ is contained in its dual polytope $\tilde{P}$. Does there always exist a polytope $Q$ that contains $P$ and is self dual $Q=\tilde{Q}$? Is there any bound on the minimal number ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Extreme rays in the cone of (semi)metrics

How many extreme rays are there on the polytopal cone formed by all semimetrics on a set with $n$ elements? Some background. Given a set $X$ with $n$ elements, the set of all semimetrics $d:X \times ...
2
votes
2answers
302 views

Convex upper bound on a linear-fractional function

I have a function of the form $f(x,y) = \frac{x}{c+y}$ where $c$ is a positive constant, $c \ge x \ge 0$, and $y \ge 0$. I would like to find a convex upper-bound for this function. Is there a ...
8
votes
1answer
528 views

Approximating a convex function by a piecewise linear function

Suppose I have a Lipschitz-continuous convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$. I wish to approximate it on the unit ball by a piecewise-linear function $g:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow ...
4
votes
2answers
285 views

Realization spaces for regular convex polytopes

Q1. Are there convex polytopes combinatorially equivalent to each of the regular polytopes that are realized with integer vertex coordinates? ...
11
votes
1answer
345 views

Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

The following question was asked by me on Mathematics.SE. Unfortunately, no one answered it so I thought I might give it a try one level higher. Below the line you can find the slightly edited ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes. Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...
2
votes
0answers
218 views

Minimum solid angle and aspect ratio of an $n$-simplex

In computational geometry and other fields, it is of interest to have degeneracy measures for shapes of simplices, which quantitatively seperate the regular simplex from degenerate simplices. In two ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Vertex-transitive polytopes in any dimension with any number of vertices?

Given positive integers $d$ and $v$ with $v \geq d+1$, does there always exist a (convex) vertex-transitive $d$-polytope with $v$ vertices? It seems that the answer should be "obviously" true, but I ...
5
votes
2answers
509 views

Finding the convex combination of vertices which yields an inner point of a polytope

Given a convex polytope $P\in \mathbb{R}^n$, and a point $x\in P$, Caratheodory's theorem gives us that there exists a set of at most $n+1$ vertices of $P$, such that $x$ is a convex combination of ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

When is the conical hull of a finite set of vectors a subset of the space? (and tilings)

Consider a hypercube in n-dimensions, and take some projection down to an m-dimensional subspace. Now take all vertices and m-1 dimensional facets visible from some direction outside the projection. ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

An isoperimetric inequality for “order” polytopes

I am looking for an isoperimetric inequality for order-like polytopes. An order polytope $K\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is defined by a set of linear inequaities: $$ \forall i \; 0\leq x_i \leq 1 $$ and $ ...
7
votes
2answers
426 views

When does every point in the volume of a polytope lie along a chord between its edges?

Consider the 3-simplex, or tetrahedron, in 3-space. Regardless of the positions of the vertices, every point in the volume defined by the triangular faces of the polytope's skeleton graph can lie ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

About the surface area vs. volume of polytopes

Given a convex body $K\in\mathbb{R}^n$, represented by a set of linear inequalities (intersection of halfspaces), I am interested in understanding how much of its volume can be close to its perimeter ...
0
votes
0answers
323 views

Upper and Lower Bounds of the Total Surface Area of Convex Polytopes that Partition a Hypercube

Let $C$ be a hypercube in $\mathbb{R}^D$ with edge length of $L$. Let $\mathcal{P}_1,\ldots,\mathcal{P}_K$ be $K$ convex polytopes that partition $C$. Let $S_k$ be the surface area of the polytope ...
2
votes
2answers
463 views

Finding smallest ellipsoid that circumscribes over intersection of two ellipsoids that do not have common center

Does this already exist in literature? The closest Ive been able to find is circumscribe intersection of two ellipsoids with a common center by W. Kahan ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

Angle btween Coordinate Vector and Normal Vector of Facet in a Convex Polytope, Asking for a Counterexample

Definitions Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^{D}$ with $K$-facets $F_{1},\ldots,F_{K}$. I denote the normal vector of the $k^\mathrm{th}$ facet as ...
7
votes
3answers
620 views

Not quite regular polyhedra

Take a naive interpretation of regular polyhedra: All vertices (including epsilon ball) congruent All edges congruent All faces congruent We can now find interesting families by removing one ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

Recovering a polyhedron from its tumble-density profile

Imagine a white convex polyhedron $P$ tumbling randomly about its fixed center of gravity (c.g.) $c$ against a blue background. A long-exposure photo would show pure white in a neighborhood of $c$ ...
8
votes
1answer
580 views

Optimal 8-vertex isoperimetric polyhedron?

I know from Marcel Berger's Geometry Revealed: A Jacob's Ladder to Modern Higher Geometry (p.531) that it is not yet established which polyhedron in $\mathbb{R}^3$ on 8 vertices achieves the optimal ...
7
votes
2answers
644 views

Regular polygon shadows of convex polyhedra

Fix a finite subset $S$ of the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$, each element $\ge 3$. Is there a convex polyhedron $P$ that has among its shadows regular $n$-gons for each $n \in S$? Does such a ...
14
votes
1answer
571 views

Totally rational polytopes

Define a convex polytope in $\mathbb{R}^d$ as totally rational (my terminology) if its vertex coordinates are rational, its edge lengths are rational, its two-dimensional face areas are rational, ...
12
votes
3answers
623 views

Is there a midsphere theorem for 4-polytopes?

The (remarkable) midsphere theorem says that each combinatorial type of convex polyhedron may be realized by one all of whose edges are tangent to a sphere (and the realization is unique if the center ...
4
votes
1answer
388 views

Embed the intersection of an n-dimensional unit $L_1$ sphere and a hyperplane into an (n-1)-dimensional unit $L_1$ sphere.

In $\mathbb{R}^n$, given an unit $L_1$ sphere $\mathcal{B}_n: |x_1|+|x_2|+\ldots+|x_n|\leq 1$ and a hyperplane $\mathcal{P}: a_1x_1+a_2x_2+\ldots+a_nx_n=0$. Does there always exist a rotation such ...
7
votes
1answer
353 views

The volume of the “unit ball” in $\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ with respect to the cut norm

This question is inspired by the question “ε-nets with respect to the cut norm” by the user Aaron, which had been reposted to cstheory.stackexchange.com. The cut norm ||A||C of a matrix A=(aij)∈ℝm×n ...
8
votes
2answers
326 views

Do singular values of a point set determine its shape?

Suppose I have $k$ points in $d$ dimensions. Let A be a $k\times d$ matrix with $i$th row giving the coordinates of $i$th point. Do singular values of this matrix have an interpretation as some kind ...
2
votes
3answers
316 views

Can we uniquely define a graph to have the topology of a polytope via proper edge length selection?

I'll ask you to consider a situation wherein one has a series of edges for a graph, $(e_1, e_2, ..., e_N) \in E$, each with a specifiable length $(l_1, l_2, ..., l_N) \in L$, and the goal is to insure ...
43
votes
8answers
5k views

Fair but irregular polyhedral dice

I am interested in determining a collection of geometric conditions that will guarantee that a convex polyhedron of $n$ faces is a fair die in the sense that, upon random rolling, it has an equal ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

On the number of Archimedean solids

Does anyone know of any good resources for the proof of the number of Archimedean solids (also known as semiregular polyhedra)? I have seen a couple of algebraic discussions but no true proof. Also, ...
11
votes
2answers
798 views

Are the Platonic solids shadows of 4-polytopes?

Say that a 3D shadow of a 4-polytope is a parallel projection to 3-space, not necessarily orthogonal to that 3-space (that would make it an orthogonal projection). I am wondering if each of the five ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How many non-equivalent sections of a regular 7-simplex?

Suppose we have a regular 7-simplex in $\mathbb{R}^8$ defined by vertices <1,0,0,...,0>, <0,1,0,..,0>,...,<0,...,0,1>. A section is a 3-dimensional linear subspace of $\mathbb{R}^8$ that ...
5
votes
1answer
632 views

Which (semi)regular polyhedra are combinations of two others?

The convex combination of convex polytopes is a convex polytope. An example in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is that a regular octagon can be obtained as $\frac{1}{2} S + \frac{1}{2} S'$, where $S$ is a square and ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Connections between a polytope's symmetry group and the existence of periodic orbits

Given an $n$-dimensional convex polytope $P$, one may set into motion a point-mass, starting on one of the facets of $P$, which travels along a straight trajectory inside $P$ except on collision with ...
11
votes
5answers
722 views

A characterization of convexity

While doing some research on polytopes I came to the following question. Maybe it's already somewhere but anyway I'll post it here. Let $X\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ be such that, for every plane $P$, ...
5
votes
6answers
868 views

Database of polyhedra

As part of many hobbies (origami, sculpting, construction toys) I often find myself building polyhedra from regular polygons. I am intimately familiar with all of the Archimedean and Platonic solids, ...
1
vote
1answer
374 views

Is the direction of the longest line of a polytope unique?

The question pertains to a polytope that is generated by the intersection of an affine subspace with a hypercube in $p$ dimensions. The affine subspace is given by: $X \mbox{ u} = y$ where $u$ ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

Convex n-polytope general position vectors to general position vectors of tetrahedron.

I asked this question in a comment to this question, but got no response. I thought that perhaps it needed more exposure, so I made it a question in itself. Define a set of general position vectors ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Break Polyhedron into Tetrahedron

Given a polyhedron consists of a list of vertices (v), a list of edges (e), and a list of surfaces connecting those edges (...
7
votes
2answers
571 views

What is known about polyhedra nets that allow overlapping?

It is an open problem that the net of any convex polyhedron can be unfolded onto a flat plane with no overlapping. Is anything known if we allow x faces to overlap? For example, is it known if any ...
3
votes
3answers
265 views

Are there infinite sets of stellations of polyhedra?

Lists of stellations of polyhedrons are given particular rules like in the book The Fifty Nine Icosahedra which follows "Miller's Rules". There seems to be no "correct" ruleset to use, so more ...