# Tagged Questions

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**1**answer

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### General and translational Birkhoff lattices. Equational classes.

By lattice I'll mean Birkhoff lattice.
The two classical equational classes of lattices are modular lattices and distributive lattices. The old problem used to be:
Is there an ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

130 views

### Nontrivial lower bounds on Cheeger inequalities for Markov chains

For a reversible Markov chain $X_{t}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with transition kernel $K$ and stationary distribution $\pi$, it is well-known that the `spectral gap' (basically, the size of $K$ when ...

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vote

**1**answer

421 views

### Is this min not less than a min

Let $\mathbf{D}$ be the unit disk, is
$$\inf_{\begin{array}{c}
v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\in\mathbf{D},\\
v_{0}\in\mbox{convexhull}\left(v_{1},v_{2},v_{3},v_{4}\right)
\end{array}}\max_{0\le ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### What is the expected value for this

If there are $8$ random points in the plane whose horizontal coordinate
and vertical coordinate are uniformly distributed on the open interval
$\left(0,1\right)$, what is the expected largest size of ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### Families of triangulations of polygons in the plane

Let $P$ be a polygon in the plane. An "efficient" triangulation of $P$ is one that introduces no new vertices. We require that all introduced edges be straight and inside $P$. Every polygon in the ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Polyominoes with double contact

Here is a problem which arose from an earlier question. I'll change the terminology but not the question: A polyomino is a region with a connected interior made by joining one or more unit squares ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### What is the smallest number of subsets in such a subdivision?

Given any $30$ points in the plane, what is the smallest number of
subsets in a subdivision of the set of $30$ points into subsets such
that all the points in each subset are on the boundary of the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

214 views

### Is this bounded?

May be better to ask for help here. Let $v_{1}$, $v_{2}$, $\ldots$, $v_{m}$ be the vertices of a
convex polygon in the plane and $v_{m+1}$ be a vertex in the interior
of the convex polygon. Connect ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

121 views

### Planar eucliean bipartite matching with squared distances

This is probably a really stupid question, but suppose I have two sets of points in the plane $X$ and $Y$ each with cardinality $|X| = |Y| = n$. For any bipartite matching $M$ between $X$ and $Y$, ...

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**2**answers

466 views

### Three half circles on the plane may not meet nicely

Let $H$ denote the union of the northen hemisphere of the unit circle $S^{1}$ with the interval $[-1,1]$ on the $x$-axis. That is, $H=\{(x,\sqrt{1-x^{2}}):-1\le x\le 1\}\cup\{(x,0):-1\le x\le 1\}$
...

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**3**answers

487 views

### Cylinders dividing $\mathbb{R}^{3}$

Consider $n$ affine copies of a compact cylinder, say $S^{1}\times [-3,3]$ with top and botom, sitting inside $\mathbb{R}^{3}$.
For each $n$ we may ask ourselves how to arrange the $n$ cylinders so ...

**11**

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**1**answer

348 views

### Can all convex polytopes be realized with vertices on surface of convex body?

The following question was asked by me on Mathematics.SE. Unfortunately, no one answered it so I thought I might give it a try one level higher. Below the line you can find the slightly edited ...

**20**

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**1**answer

1k views

### A Weak Form of Borsuk's Conjecture

Problem: Let P be a d-dimensional polytope with n facets. Is it always true that P can be covered by n sets of smaller diameter?
Background and motivation
The Borsuk conjecture (disproved in ...

**2**

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**1**answer

115 views

### Graph implemened into the plane with segments as edges and we search for matching with no edges intersecting

There are some points in the plane and some of them are connected with segments between them. We look at this structure as a graph implemented into the plane where the points are the vertices and the ...

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**0**answers

63 views

### Node-Weighted Euclidean Steiner Trees

I would like to know whether the following problem, including algorithms to solve it (exact or approximations) has been studied.
A finite set of positive-weighted points are given in the ...

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**2**answers

786 views

### Placing points on a sphere so that no 3 lie close to the same plane

Motivation
I am working with arbitrary parallelopiped tilings given by projection from a higher dimensional space. The collection of tiles, and some properties of the higher dimensional space are ...

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**3**answers

708 views

### Point sets in Euclidean space with a small number of distinct distances

It is well known and not hard to prove that the regular simplex in n-dimensions is the only way to place n+1 points so that the distance between distinct pairs of points is always the same. My general ...

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**2**answers

912 views

### 3D Venn diagrams

Are there higher-dimensional versions of the concept of rotationally symmetric Venn diagrams, with closed curves replaced by closed surfaces or higher manifolds ?

**7**

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**3**answers

627 views

### Not quite regular polyhedra

Take a naive interpretation of regular polyhedra:
All vertices (including epsilon ball) congruent
All edges congruent
All faces congruent
We can now find interesting families by removing one ...

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vote

**0**answers

459 views

### Maximal disjoint Hyperplanes

Given a set of $n^{r}$ points $X_{r} = \{ x_{1}, \cdots, x_{n^{r}} \}$ occupying a codim $t^{r}$ subspace in $\mathbb{R}^{n^{r}}$. Let $M_{r}$ be the set of $t^{r}$-tuples of these points.. So ...

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**2**answers

1k views

### Subdivision of triangles into congruent triangles

Recently some old notes of mine have gotten me to thinking about the problem of subdividing a triangle into $N$ smaller triangles, all congruent to one another. A little thought shows the following ...

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**1**answer

358 views

### The volume of the “unit ball” in $\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ with respect to the cut norm

This question is inspired by the question “ε-nets with respect to the cut norm” by the user Aaron, which had been reposted to cstheory.stackexchange.com.
The cut norm ||A||C of a matrix A=(aij)∈ℝm×n ...

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**0**answers

223 views

### Coloring toroidal polyhedra with convex faces?

Consider a toroidal polyhedron, which is a topological torus, in which all faces are planar, two faces meet in at most an edge, and adjacent faces are not coplanar. The Szilassi polyhedron has 7 ...

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**0**answers

867 views

### coloring ${\mathbb Z}^k$

This question is related to but seems to be simpler than this one, so perhaps somebody can solve it.
Question. Is there $k\ge 1$ and a coloring of vertices of the lattice ${\mathbb Z}^k$ in $k$ ...

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**2**answers

757 views

### The straightest possible path embeddable in a path of polygons

I'm studying a problem involving the sets of discrete curves that can be embedded in a non-trivial polygon, from a source to a target point, as shown below.
Initially my interest was limited to ...

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**2**answers

667 views

### Arrangements of points in the plane

Let $p_1,\ldots,p_n$ be a collection of distinct points in $\mathbb{R}^2$, no three of which lie on a line. For each $p_i$, let $\omega_i(p_1,\ldots,p_n)$ be the following ordered list (well-defined ...

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**2**answers

327 views

### Do singular values of a point set determine its shape?

Suppose I have $k$ points in $d$ dimensions. Let A be a $k\times d$ matrix with $i$th row giving the coordinates of $i$th point. Do singular values of this matrix have an interpretation as some kind ...

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**1**answer

387 views

### “minimal” embedding of bipartite graphs on a sphere

Here is an easy to pose problem I've encountered (but haven't been able to solve or disprove):
Let (V,E) be a bipartite graph with the following property –
the girth of the graph (i.e. the length of ...

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votes

**3**answers

317 views

### Can we uniquely define a graph to have the topology of a polytope via proper edge length selection?

I'll ask you to consider a situation wherein one has a series of edges for a graph, $(e_1, e_2, ..., e_N) \in E$, each with a specifiable length $(l_1, l_2, ..., l_N) \in L$, and the goal is to insure ...

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**2**answers

660 views

### Are Penrose tilings universal? Do aperiodic universal tilings exist?

Consider a tiling of the plane using tiles of at least two types (e.g, a Penrose tiling such as that shown at the bottom of this question, which tiles the plane with two types of tiles). List the tile ...

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**1**answer

974 views

### Burnside's Lemma and Geometry

I think one of the most interesting results in Elementary Group Theory is the so-called "Burnside's Lemma", counting the numbers of orbits of a (finite) group action.
I wonder if there is any ...

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**3**answers

2k views

### What upper bounds are known for the diameter of the minimum spanning tree of $n$ uniformly random points in $[0,1]^2$?

Let $P$ be a pointset consisting of $n$ uniformly random elements of $[0,1]^2$. It is known that the diameter (greatest number of edges in any shortest path between two points) of the Delaunay ...

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**1**answer

845 views

### Expected number of steps for a discrete random walk to visit every point on an N-dimensional rectangular lattice

Please imagine a discrete random walk on an N-dimensional rectangular lattice with dimensional lengths $(l_1, ..., l_N) \in L$ and total lattice points $P = \prod{l_i}$, for $i = 1, ..., N$. At each ...

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**1**answer

2k views

### Maximum number of mutually equidistant points in an n-dimensional Euclidean space is (n+1). Proof? [closed]

How to prove that the maximum number of mutually equidistant points in an n-dimensional Euclidean space is (n+1)?

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**1**answer

575 views

### Finding integer points on an N-d convex hull

Suppose we have a convex hull computed as the solution to a linear programming problem (via whatever method you want). Given this convex hull (and the inequalities that formed the convex hull) is ...

**2**

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**1**answer

190 views

### Are combinatorial configurations whose Levi graphs may be represented as covering graphs over voltage graphs realizable with pseudolines?

This question is related to this previous question. Many combinatorial configurations have Levi graphs which may be represented as derived graphs obtained from voltage graphs over a cyclic group; in a ...

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votes

**4**answers

985 views

### Coloring Points in the Plane

Suppose one wants to color the points in the plane so any two points at distance one apart are different colors. How many colors are needed?
I heard this problem when I was a kid. Back then the most ...

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votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Tetris in 3D with 5 units

Background: There are 7 "bricks" used in the game of Tetris. These are the 7 unique combinations of 4 unit squares in which every square shares at least one edge with another square. ("unique" in this ...

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votes

**3**answers

374 views

### Uniqueness of a polygon

Suppose I have two $n$-sided polygons A and B. Is there a non-trivial upper bound on the number of parameters (eg. area, perimeter, etc) of the two polygons, that need to be the same, for A and B to ...

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**3**answers

481 views

### How can we count lines in an n-x-n rectangular array?

Is there a formula for the number of lines that contain exactly two points through an n x n rectangular array of points?

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**3**answers

600 views

### A “round” lattice with low kissing number?

Historically, the lattices with high density were studied intensively, e.g. E_8 lattice or Leech Lattice. However, there are situations that lattices with low kissing number are required. ...

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953 views

### Is there a topological description of combinatorial Euler characteristic?

There are a collection of definitions of "combinatorial Euler characteristic", which is different from the "homotopy Euler characteristic". I will describe a few of them and give some references, and ...