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2
votes
0answers
76 views

How large can you draw an island on a map?

A friend cartographer asked me this question: could you classify shapes of islands by how much space they occupy on a map (comparatively to how much space is occupied by water) if you draw them as ...
-5
votes
0answers
40 views

Geometry - Cyclic Quadrilateral [closed]

Three points A,B,C lie on the circumference of the circle, with center as O. If angle(ACB) = 115 deg. Need to find angle (BOC)? Please post your approach?
-5
votes
0answers
130 views

Submitting to a mathematics journal for money [closed]

So I've come up with some theorys about angles.As far as I can see they're not anywhere on the Internet, and I'd like to get my name out there for coming up with it. However, I'd quite like to make ...
-2
votes
0answers
121 views

Existence of a Pivot Point in Euclidean Geometry [closed]

In geometry there is a term called a pivot point. There exists a pivot point 'P' in the interior of a convex polyhedron in a euclidean space if and only if every single line through 'P' contains ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

ellipsoids have spherical section

I want to prove that "For any $(2k-1)$-dimensional ellipsoid $E$ ,there is a $k$-flat $L$ passing through the center of $E$ such that $ E \cap L$ is a Euclidean ball. I see a proof for it in the book ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

Holomorphic coordinates on a Kähler manifold

Let $(X,J,\omega)$ be a Kähler manifold. Let $\dim_{\mathbb{R}}(X)=2n$ and we also know that $X$ splits as $X=M\times \mathbb{R}$, where $\dim_{\mathbb{M}}=2n-1$. My question is now: does there exists ...
6
votes
1answer
423 views

What is the shape of the $n$-gon which gives the maximum of a function?

What is the shape of the $n$-gon $P_1P_2\cdots P_n$ which gives the maximum of $A_n$? The quantity $A_n$ is defined by $$ A_n = \frac{{\sum_{i\lt{j}\le{n}}{\lvert P_i ...
14
votes
2answers
383 views

Repeated random two-steps in $\mathbb{R}^3$: unbounded?

I created a random isometry $T$ of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by generating a random orthogonal matrix $M$, uniformly distributed among all such, and a random displacement $v$, whose coordinates are drawn from a ...
4
votes
0answers
251 views

Averaging lengths and distances

A natural way in which Finsler metrics appear in Riemannian geometry is as averages of Riemannian metrics (e.g., the average of the arc-length elements $\sqrt{dx^2 + dy^2}$ and $\sqrt{2dx^2 + 3dy^2}$ ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

cover and hide with squares

I am studying two numbers, related to squares, that can characterize a polygon P: MinCoverNumber = the minimum number of axis-aligned squares required to exactly cover P (the covering squares may ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

What is a good method to find random points on the n-sphere when n is large?

As part of a more complex algorithm, I need a fast method to find random points of the n-sphere, $S^n$, starting with a RNG (random number generator). A simple way to do this (in low dimensions at ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Reachability in dynamic random graphs

There has been some advice on how to ask questions. So I reask my question.I have a problem related to graph theory, random graphs or random geometric graphs in special that really confuses me. ...
14
votes
5answers
646 views

Historical use of figures in geometry

I was surprised to learn from John Stillwell's comment in answer to the question, "Can the unsolvability of quintics be seen in the geometry of the icosahedron?", that There is not a single ...
5
votes
1answer
153 views

Matching on sphere to create cycle with chords

Imagine a number of chords of a sphere $S$ which nearly, but not quite, pass through the center of $S$, in such a way that no pair of chords intersect:       I would like ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Area on the unit sphere swept out by big circles corresponding to a curve

For a point on the unit sphere, we know the plane perpendicular to the line through the origin and the point cuts the sphere with a big circle. When the point moves along a sphere curve, the ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Existence of Simple Closed Straightest Geodesics

There are at least three distinct simple closed quasigeodesics on convex polyhedra [Mat. Sb. (N.S.), 1949, 25(67) :2, 275–306 Quasi-geodesic lines on a convex surface Pogorelov]. Is the same true ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Construction of an integral point set given the set of distances ,its minimal description so as to get a measure of its complexity and its unique identifier.

Given a set of distances between every pair of points of an integral point set P of n points; say D = {${d_i}$} Q1. What is the least time complexity possible/known for recreating the ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

Symmetric convex curve

a) Assume that $\gamma$ is a symmetric convex curve w.r.t. two orthogonal lines (such a curve is the ellipse). Is the following statement true. There exists a $(l,L)$-bi-Lipschitz mapping of the unit ...
7
votes
0answers
268 views

Expanding disks lead to what packing of the plane?

Suppose one sprinkles points uniformly at random on the infinite Euclidean plane, with some density $\rho$ per unit area. View the points as disks of radius zero. Now the radii $r$ of all disks grows ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Covering the annulus of d-cube

Given a convex body $C\subset R^d$ and a positive real $\lambda$, any set of the form $\lambda C+x$ = {$~\lambda c+x|c\in C$} for some $x\in R^d$ is called homothetic copy of $C$. The number ...
16
votes
2answers
916 views

Can the unsolvability of quintics be seen in the geometry of the icosahedron?

Q1. Is it possible to somehow "see" the unsolvability of quintic polynomials in the $A_5$ symmetries of the icosahedron (or dodecahedron)? Perhaps this is too vague a question. Q2. Are there ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Helly's number from biconvex functions

Helly's Theorem states the following. Suppose $X_1,X_2,...,X_N$ are convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$, such that for any index-set $I$ with $|I| \leq h(d) := d+1$, we have $\bigcap_{i \in I} X_i \neq ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Covering the annulus of symmetric convex body

Consider a symmetric convex body $A$ in $R^d$. Now, we draw another object, $A'$, concentric and translated with respect to A and having radius slightly greater than twice to the radius of $A$. Now ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Riemann isometry vs Euclidean bi-Lipschitz mapping

Assume that $\gamma$ is a rectifiable Jordan curve in the complex plane of length $2\pi$. Then there exists a Riemann isometry $f$ between $\gamma$ and the unit circle $T$. My question is, does this ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Zoll Flat Finsler tori and convex bodies on a starry night

The starry night. The "celestial sphere" is given by set of non-zero vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ modulo positive dilations (i.e., $v \equiv w$ if $v = \lambda w$ for some $ \lambda > 0$) and the ...
7
votes
0answers
333 views

Rectangology and squareology

I thought that rectangles were simple, and squares even simpler. Until my research has led me to several questions about rectangles and squares, which I can't solve. I started by posting this ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Helly's Theorem for Biconvex Sets

Helly's Theorem states the following. Suppose that $X_1,X_2,...,X_N$ are convex sets in $\mathbb{R}^d$, such that for any index-set $I$ with $|I| \leq h(d) := d+1$, we have $\bigcap_{i \in I} X_i \neq ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

convex polyhedron in the unit cube

Let $P$ be a given finite set of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube. A finite set $Q$ of points within the $n$-dimensional unit cube covers $P$ if $conv(Q) \supseteq P$ where $conv(Q)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Blowing up spheres in a face centered cubic (fcc) packing geometry just enough to cover the volume of the lattice

Imagine I have an infinite lattice of spheres packed in a face centered cubic (fcc) lattice geometry which has the basis: $((-1, -1, 0), (1, -1, 0), (0, 1, -1))$. Here, provided that sphere-sphere ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Biggest ball included in an intersection of balls

I would like to prove that for any family of balls $\{B(c_i,r_i)\}_i \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ such that $\{c_1, \dots, c_n\} \subset \bigcap_i B(c_i,r_i) $ and $\forall i, r_i \geq 1$, there exists a ...
9
votes
1answer
305 views

Needle probing for a convex body

Suppose there is an unknown closed convex body $K$ of volume vol$(K) = V$ inside the unit cube $[-\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}]^d$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$. You are permitted to probe with a (one-dimensional) ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

A notion of a 'coarse', parametrized dimension of an object, where the parameter determines how finely we can distinguish (say) a very thin rod from a line

I apologize for the clumsy wording of the title-- what I'm looking for is a notion of an integer-valued dimension $d_{\epsilon}$, which we parametrize by a real positive number $\epsilon$, of, say, a ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Determining A valid Convex Hexagon given The length of Six sides

Suppose We are given the length of all six sides of a Convex Hexagon. How can we tell whether it's valid or Not ? that means can we tell whether it's area is positive or not ?
15
votes
2answers
325 views

Integer lattice points on a hypersphere

Is the following statement true? For every integer $n\ge2$ and every integer $k\ge0$ there exists a hypersphere in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (circle, sphere etc) containing exactly $k$ integer lattice ...
0
votes
1answer
227 views

Relations between automorphisms of field of rational functions and Mobius Transfomation

Proposition: If $F$ is a field, let $F[x]$ be the ring of all polynomials whose coefficients are in $F$. The fraction field of $F[x]$, denoted $F(x)$, is defined to be the ratios $r(x) = f(x)/g(x)$ ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Diameters of the images of two balls under a function

Let $ \Omega $ be an open and bounded subset of $ \mathbb{R^n} $, and let $ f:\Omega \to \mathbb{R} $ be a continuous function. I'm looking for some (preferably, minimal) conditions on $ f $ under ...
8
votes
1answer
301 views

Question about tetrahedron decomposition

Are there tetrahedra which can be subdivided into three parts similar to the original? I believe this would require splitting one face into three parts. I know some types of tetrahedron for which this ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Is there an “accepted” jamming limit for hard spheres placed in the unit cube by random sequential adsorption?

I have a unit cube, and operating in the continuum limit (i.e. not on a lattice), I sequentially place spheres of some radius $r$ inside the cube until a filled volume "jamming limit" ...
5
votes
1answer
264 views

Reference request: affine transforms + circle inversion?

This problem cropped up in the context of scale-insensitive methods for generating random variables. Let $X=R^n \cup \{\infty\}$. Suppose we consider a set of transforms $\cal{T}$ from $X\rightarrow ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

A question on the theorem of Minkowski-Hlawka

The Minkowski-Hlawka theorem (as stated by Gruber in his lovely book Convex and Discrete Geometry) says that if $S$ is a Jordan measurable set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with volume < 1. Then there is a ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

General and translational Birkhoff lattices. Equational classes.

By  lattice  I'll mean  Birkhoff lattice. The two classical equational classes of lattices are modular lattices and distributive lattices. The old problem used to be: Is there an ...
1
vote
2answers
950 views

Trilateration problem

When trying to develop an algorithm for a program, I got with the following problem: Determine the approximate location of $O$, if you can take finite samples $P_n$ from known locations and always ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

Sums of uniformly random vectors from the $n$-dimensional unit ball

I'm interested in some instances of the following problem. Let $n \geq 2$, and suppose we draw $k \geq 2$ vectors $v_1, \dots, v_k$ uniformly at random from the $n$-dimensional ball of radius $1$, ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

How to find overlap between two convex hulls,along with the overlap area

I have two boundaries of two planar polygons , say,B1 and B2 of polygons P1 and P2(with m and n points in Boundaries B1 and B2). I want to find out if the Polygons overlap or not.If they overlap,then ...
4
votes
0answers
244 views

The probability distribution for the number of pairwise distances $\leq$ some threshold for points uniformly placed in a sphere

If I place place $N$ particles in a sphere of radius $R$, selecting positions across the sphere's volume with uniform probability, what is the exact probability distribution for the number of pairwise ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Inferring the properties of a visibility blocker tangential to a point-like light source

Imagine there's a point-like particle undergoing radioactive decay at some position $(0,0,0)$ in Euclidean $3$-space. We encapsulate this particle with a spherical detector for the decay products it ...
8
votes
0answers
265 views

Optimal inspection path on a sphere

Suppose you would like to "inspect" every point of a unit-radius sphere $S \subset \mathbb{R}^3$ by walking along a path $\gamma$ on $S$, but you can only see a distance $d$ from where you stand. ...
1
vote
0answers
95 views

Boundary surfaces in a 3d Voronoi tessellation with obstacles

Let $x_1,\dots,x_n$ be a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and let $\mathcal{O}_1 ,\dots, \mathcal{O}_m$ denote a set of polyhedral obstacles. What is the name for the surfaces that describe the ...
0
votes
1answer
284 views

Generalization of join of simplicial complexes

The join of two abstract simplicial complexes $K$ and $L$, denoted $K\star L$ is defined as a simplicial complex on the base set $V(K)\dot{\cup} V(L)$ whose simplices are disjoint union of simplices ...
0
votes
0answers
123 views

Optimal paintbrush geodesics

Let $S$ be a smooth, closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$, and $\gamma$ a geodesic segment on $S$, i.e., a finite-length piece of a geodesic. Define $\gamma(w)$ as all the points of $S$ within a distance ...