Questions about geometric properties of sets using measure theoretic techniques; rectifiability of sets and measures, currents, Plateau problem, isoperimetric inequality and related topics.

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2
votes
1answer
73 views

Almgren's mimeographed lectures notes on varifolds

I am trying to get some insights for the combinatorial argument of Pitts (in his PhD thesis 'Existence and regularity of minimal surfaces in Riemannian manifolds', Princeton University Press, 1981) to ...
3
votes
0answers
146 views

The projection of density $1$ point on a rectifiable set

I posted this question on MSE but I received no reply. So I repost this here for better luck. Thank you! Let $\Gamma\subset \mathbb R^N$ be $\mathcal H^{N-1}$-rectifiable. Then we know that $\mathcal ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

A $\mathcal{C}^1$ domain and Hausdorff dimension estimate

Let us consider an open connected domain $E\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ and fix a point $x_0\in\partial E$ on its boundary. Suppose now, that there exists $R>0$ such that the set $\partial E \cap ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

A $\mathcal{C}^1$ differentiable domain is $F_\sigma$?

Let us consider a domain $E\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ and fix a point $x_0\in\partial E$ on its boundary. Suppose now, that for every $R>0$ the set $\partial E \cap B_{R}(x_0)$ is $\mathcal{C}^1$, i.e. ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Calculating the length of curve using dyadic partition [closed]

Let $\gamma:[0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ be a continuous function. The length of $\gamma$ is usually defined as $$\sup_{0 = t_1 < t_2 < \cdots < t_n = 1} \sum_{i=1}^{n-1} ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Can we represent a $N-1$ rectifiable set locally as a graph, with some price?

This is a follow up discussion for this post. Let me copy part of the definition here. Let $S\subset \mathbb R^N$ be a $N-1$ rectifiable set with $\mathcal H^{N-1}(S)<\infty$. My (updated) ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Lower bounds from Fourier dimension?

According to Mattila, Geometry of sets and measures in Euclidean spaces, p. 168, the Fourier dimension $\text{dim}_F(A)$ of $A\subseteq \mathbb R^n$ is the unique number in $[0,n]$ such that for any ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

The partition of $N-1$ rectifiable set

The updated version can be found here. Let $S\subset \mathbb R^N$ be a $N-1$ rectifiable set with $\mathcal H^{N-1}(S)<\infty$. My question, for each $x_0\in S$, would it be possible to choose a ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Volume of intersection of a convex polytope with general affine space

This question generalizes (this question) on the same site. Let $\Delta^{n}$ denote the $n$-dimensional simplex in $n$ dimensions. That is, $\Delta^{n}$ is the convex closure of the origin and the ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Laplace method with “bad” zero set

It is well-known that if $\phi:\mathbb{R}^n \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a function with $\phi(0) = 0$, $\phi(x)>0$ if $x \neq 0$ and $D^2\phi(0) \geq 0$, then the integral $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Convergence in the proof of Crofton's Formula

Let $\mathcal{L}$ be the set of oriented lines in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $\mu$ be the Kinematic Measure on $\mathcal{L}$; up to scaling, $\mu$ comes from the unique (up to scaling) volume form on ...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

Measure of chords from a cantor set

The following problem is inspired by a problem in Pugh's Mathematical Analysis book. (Chapter 2 Problem 42). In the problem he asks one to consider the standard Cantor set on the unit interval, and ...
13
votes
0answers
95 views

A kaleidoscopic coloring of the plane

Is there a partition $\mathbb R^2=A\sqcup B$ of the Euclidean plane into two Lebesgue measurable sets such that for any disk $D$ of the unit radius we get $\lambda(A\cap D)=\lambda(B\cap ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

normal form of currents?

(this question did not get any answers on math.SE, so I am reposting it here) Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional manifold. Then the space of currents $\mathcal D^k(M)$ of degree $k$ on $M$ is the space ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Existence of a measurable map between metric spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be separable complete metric spaces (if necessary, they may be assumed to be compact). Let $R\subset X\times Y$ be a closed subset such that the projection of $R$ to $X$ is onto. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Reference request for a result regarding density of induced probability measure under a submersion

Let $\pi: M \to N$ be a smooth submersion from a bounded open subset of $\mathbb{R}^m$ onto $ N \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, $m \geq n$. Further, let $M$ be given a probability measure $\mu$. Then the map ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Riemannian Measures, Densities and Radon–Nikodym Theorem

If $M$ is a smooth manifold and $\mu$ is a $1$-density thereon then we may define a Borel measure (on Borel sets $A$) on $M$ as: \begin{equation} \nu(A) = \int_M I_A \mu. \end{equation} My question ...
6
votes
0answers
82 views

Convexity of Isoperimetric Domains

I am interested in what is known about the convexity of isoperimetric domains in compact Cartan-Hadamard manifolds (Riemannian manifolds that are complete and simply-connected and have non-positive ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Multiplicity of a subcovering in spaces of given Hausdorff dimension

Let $X$ be a locally compact metric space of integer Hausdorff dimension $n$. Let $K\subset X$ be a compact subset. Let $\{B_i\}_i$ be a finite family of balls covering $K$. One may assume that all ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

$C^1$ Sard related question

Let $X$ be a $k+1$ rectifiable set with finite $k+1$ Hausdorff measure in $\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$ and set $Z=\{x\in X \mid e_{n+1}\perp T_xX \}$, where $T_xX$ is the approximate tangent and $e_{n+1}$ is ...
4
votes
0answers
207 views

Area defined with $\pm$ closedness

Denote $B_n\subset\Bbb R^n$ to be unit ball at origin. Denote $S\subset B_n$ to region of type $\mathsf I$ if it satisfies $$s\in S\iff\forall t\in S, s+t\in S\mbox{ or }s-t\in S$$ I am convinced ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Image of a Jordan compact set under a degenerate map

This is crossposted from MSE, I hope this is suitable here, since there is no reaction there. I need this lemma for teaching, and I would appreciate any help. Briefly: Is the image of a Jordan ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

Transcendental distance sets

Define a set $S \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ as a transcendental distance set if the distance between any pair of distinct points of $S$ is transcendental. For example, $S = \{ k \, \pi \;\mid\; k=1,2,\ldots ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

What can we say about the boundary of the level set of a Sobolev function?

I'm a beginner of the area of free boundary problem. Let me first give some background: $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is an open connected set, and locally $\partial \Omega$ is a Lipschitz graph. ...
0
votes
0answers
156 views

What does the following space look like?

Pick fixed $a=(a_1,a_2,\dots,a_d)\in\{\pm1\}^d$. Consider map $F_a:\underbrace{\Bbb R^n\times\dots\times \Bbb R^n}_d\rightarrow\Bbb R^n$ given by $F(x_1,\dots,x_d)=\sum_{i=1}^da_ix_i$. Denote ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

What dimension bound is known on the singular set of a linear combination of eigenfunctions of Laplacian?

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth, closed Riemannian manifold and suppose that $\phi_1,\dots,\phi_m$ are eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on $M$. Write $f = \phi_1 + \dots + \phi_m$. How big can the set ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

Measure-minimizing simplex with fixed inradius

Let $\Delta^n$ be an $n$-simplex in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $V$ be the volume and $r$ the inradius (radius of the inscribed sphere) of $\Delta^n$. There is a well-known result that $$ V \geq ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Distortion of the Hausdorff dimension of sums of Cantor sets under local scaling

The following question deals with possible distortion of the Hausdorff dimension of sums of Cantor sets as one "zooms in" on the sum around any given point. Let us assume that $C_1$ and $C_2$ are two ...
9
votes
2answers
209 views

Continuity of length and area

Let $C_n$ be a sequence of rectifiable simple closed curves in $\mathbb{R}^2$ that converge to a rectifiable simple closed curve $D$ in the Hausdorff topology. It is easy to construct examples where ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Convex hulls have longer boundaries

Let $C$ be a rectifiable simple closed curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and let $D$ be the boundary of the convex hull of the region bounded by $C$. What is the most efficient way to prove that $D$ is ...
2
votes
3answers
254 views

When Banach indicatrix is measurable?

Let $f:X\to Y$ is a measurable function. Banach indicatrix $$ N(y,f) = \#\{x\in X \mid f(x) = y\} $$ is the number of the pre-images of $y$ under $f$. If there are infinitely many pre-images then ...
12
votes
1answer
234 views

Best Hölder exponents of surjective maps from the unit square to the unit cube

The Peano's square-filling curve $p:I\to I^2$ turn's out to be Hölder continuous with exponent $1/2$ on the unit interval $I$ (a quick way to see it, is to note that $p$ is a fixed point of a ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

Singularities in minimal surfaces [closed]

There is a theorem by Jean Taylor that says that an almost minimal set in $\mathbb{R}^3$ can be locally parametrize by the only three possible minimal cones in $\mathbb{R}^3$, the plane, an $Y$ times ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Probability Content of a random ball in R^n

As a follow up to this question, concerning this paper: Given random variables $X_1,\ldots,X_N,X_q:\Omega\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^d$, where $X_1,\ldots,X_N$ are independent and identical distributed. ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Hausdorff measure of the graph

Is there any example of a real valued function on the real line whose domain has Lebesgue measure zero but the graph (in the plane) has positive one dimensional Hausdorff measure? Of course if such ...
5
votes
3answers
276 views

How can dimension depend on the point?

Let $M$ be a metric space. For any subset $A\subset M$ let $\dim(A)$ denote its Hausdorff dimension. For $x\in M$, define the dimension of $M$ at $x$ by $\dim(x)=\lim_{r\to0}\dim(B(x,r))$; this limit ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

understanding the average height of a unit hyper-semisphere

According to my calculations, the average height of the unit hyper-hemisphere in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is given by the formula $$h_n:=\frac{S_{n-2}}{V_{n-2}} \int_{r=0}^1 r^{n-2} \sqrt{1-r^2} dr$$ where ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

How often can a single length occur as a boundary distance?

Given a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ ($n\geq2$), how often can a single real number $r>0$ appear as a distance of two points on $\partial\Omega$? We can make any assumptions about the ...
12
votes
2answers
595 views

What is the Hausdorff dimension of this fractal?

Let $\sum_{i=h}^\infty d_i/b^i $ be the base $b$ representation of $x \geq 0,$ where $b>1$ and the $d_i$ are uniquely determined by the greedy algorithm. For fixed $c>1,$ let $f(x)= ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Subsets of sets of positive Hausdorff dimension with controlled upper Minkowski dimension

Call a Borel set $A \subseteq [0,1]$ good if $$0 < \dim(A) \leq \overline{\dim_\text{M}}(A) < 2 \dim(A),$$ where $\dim(A)$ is the Hausdorff dimension of $A$ and $\overline{\dim_\text{M}}(A)$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

“Schwarz symmetrization” on annulus

If $\Omega=\{x\in \mathbb R^n| 0<r_0<|x|<r_1\}$ is an annulus on $\mathbb R^n$, I am looking for a symmetrization result on $\Omega$. To be precise, for any $u \in W_0^{1,2}(\Omega)$, can we ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Method of proving the regularity of the minimizer of geometric variational problems

Recall the proof of the $(\Lambda,r_0)$-perimeter minimizer. We say that $E$ is a $(\Lambda,r_0)$-perimeter minimizer in an open set A provided $sptD\chi_E=\partial E$ and there exist two constants ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Must the Lebesgue measure of a $\rho$ - neighbourhood of an $(n-2)$ - dimensional set be at least $c\rho^2$?

The Lebesgue measure of a $\rho$-neighbourhood of a point in $\mathbb{R}^2$ is of course equal to $c\rho^2$. Similar such considerations in higher dimensions lead me to the following question: Given ...
8
votes
3answers
225 views

Set with small internal radius, small perimeter and prescribed area

Given a regular set $E\subset \mathbb R^2$ define $$ R(E) = \sup\{r\colon \exists x,\ B(x,r)\subseteq E\} $$ to be the radius of the largest circle contained in $E$ and let $|\partial E|$ be the ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Does Newtonian capacity increase strictly when mass is spread?

We start with two disjoint compact sets A and B with positive capacities. Then, we translate B s.t. $B+rv$ is disjoint from A and B and ,more importantly, $dist(x,y)<dist(x,y+rv)$ for all $x\in A$ ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Calculate Hausdorff measure with Frostman measures

Fix a metrix space $(X,d)$ and consider the Hausdorff (outer) measures $\mathcal{H}^s$ on $X$. A Frostman measure on $X$ is a finite Borel measure $\mu$ such that there exists $C,t,r_0>0$ with ...
3
votes
1answer
273 views

The relation between Hausdorff dimension of an $n$-manifold and $n$

It is known that for a topological space with different metrics, the Hausdorff dimensions may not be equal in general. For the case of manifolds, suppose $M$ is a $n$-manifold with a ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

sets with positive reach with complementary set with positive reach

I am interested in bibliographical references about a special class of sets, those who have positive reach and which complementary has also positive reach. I recall that the reach $R\geq 0$ of a set ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Convergent algorithm for dividing a body into two regions of equal volume

Let $\Omega \subset R^3$ be a bounded open region. It is well known that there exists a smooth surface $\Gamma$ with minimum area and constant mean curvature which is orthogonal to $\partial \Omega$ ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Besicovitch's covering theorem for ellipsoids and shadows

The usual Besicovitch's covering theorem concerns closed balls in $\mathbb{R}^d$. It relies on a property called "directionally limited metric space": the principal ingredient is to say that there ...