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17
votes
4answers
2k views

When are GIT quotients projective?

Some background on GIT Suppose G is a reductive group acting on a scheme X. We often want to understand the quotient X/G. For example, X might be some parameter space (like the space of possible ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the degree:rank ratio of a vector bundle called its “slope”?

Whenever one studies moduli spaces of vector bundles on curves, one of the first things to be introduced is the "slope" of a vector bundle, i.e., its degree:rank ratio. Is there a nice (preferably ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

When is fiber dimension upper semi-continuous?

Suppose f:*X*→Y is a morphism of schemes. We can define a function on the underlying topological space Y by sending y∈Y to the dimension of the fiber of f over y. When is this function upper ...
11
votes
3answers
899 views

Can a coequalizer of schemes fail to be surjective?

Suppose $g,h:Z\to X$ are two morphisms of schemes. Then we say that $f:X\to Y$ is the coequalizer of $g$ and $h$ if the following condition holds: any morphism $t:X\to T$ such that $t\circ g=t\circ h$ ...
11
votes
2answers
639 views

Is an affine “G-variety” with reductive stabilizers a toric variety?

Let $X=Spec(A)$ be a reduced normal affine scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $0$, with an action of a connected reductive group $G$. Suppose $x\in X$ is a ...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

Why and how are moduli spaces of (semi)stable vector bundles well-behaved?

The slope of a vector bundle E is defined as mu(E) = deg(E)/rank(E). Then a vector bundle E is called semistable if mu(E') ≤ mu(E) for all proper sub-bundles E'. It is called stable if mu(E') < ...
10
votes
1answer
472 views

When Are Quotients Complete Intersections?

Let $S_{n}$ denote the permutation group on $n$ letters and $G\subset S_{n}$ a transitive subgroup. The inclusion of $G$ in $S_{n}$ defines an action of $G$ on $\mathbb{C}^{n}$. By finding a ...
10
votes
2answers
584 views

Rationality of GIT quotients

I recently worked through most of the proof of the rationality of the moduli of genus 3 curves, which seemed to have the following structure: Every nonhyperelliptic genus 3 curve is a smooth plane ...
10
votes
3answers
428 views

Algorithms in Invariant Theory

Let $V$ be a polynomial representation of the general linear group $\Gamma:=\DeclareMathOperator{\Gl}{Gl}\Gl_n(\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C)$. In chapter 4.6 of his book "Algorithms in Invariant ...
10
votes
1answer
505 views

Are GIT's good categorical quotients just locally ringed space coequalizers?

Introduction: The definition of "good categorical quotient" in geometric invariant theory (given below) seems fairly ad hoc to me, except that it looks very similar to the coequalizer of the action in ...
9
votes
2answers
311 views

Partial (or complete) flag varieties as GIT quotients of affine spaces

I am looking for presentations of partial or complete flag varieties as GIT quotients of affine varieties spaces. That is, for a choice of of dimensions $0=d_1<d_2<\dots<d_k = n$, I would ...
9
votes
1answer
428 views

A line bundle that does not admit a G-linearisation

I have been thinking about quotients lately and pondered the following: Let $G$ be a connected linear algebraic group and $X$ a $G$-variety acting via the morphism $\sigma:G\times X\rightarrow X$. ...
9
votes
1answer
893 views

Bad Categorical Quotients

Let G be an algebraic group acting on a scheme X. Then f: X --> Y is a categorical quotient if it is constant on G-orbits and any other G-invariant morphism factors through it in a unique fashion. ...
9
votes
2answers
552 views

Fukaya categories of hyperkahler reductions: general request for information

I'd really like to hear any references or information people have about the Fukaya categories of hyperkahler reductions of vector spaces (for more informations on the varieties, see Nick Proudfoot's ...
8
votes
8answers
2k views

Resources on Invariant Theory

Hi, So my question is pretty much summed up by the summary - basically I've run into a need to teach myself some of the basics of invariant theory and was looking for a good place to start. I'd ...
8
votes
3answers
745 views

Toric varieties as quotients of affine space

One way to define toric varieties is as quotients of affine $n-$space by the action of some torus. However, this is not strictly true as we need to throw away "bad points" which ruin this ...
7
votes
2answers
315 views

When is an orbit spherical?

I asked the following question over at math.stackexchange, but got no answers. Maybe it's less well-known than I thought, but I still wanted to ask here: Let's assume we have an affine, reductive, ...
7
votes
1answer
349 views

Why people usually consider reductive groups in GIT?

Where do people essentially use the reductive groups in the theory of GIT? Or how does reductive groups simplify the constructions in GIT? I found that the property of completely reducible of ...
7
votes
1answer
410 views

About the strength of representation-theoretic obstructions for orbit closure problems

Let $G$ be a reductive, affine, algebraic group over $\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C$. Let $X$ be a $G$-variety. For $x\in X$, we write $$G_x:=\{ g\in G\mid g.x=x\}$$ for its stabilizer and for any ...
6
votes
3answers
587 views

Applications of non-reductive GIT

Geometric invariant theory works well when the algebraic group $G$ acting on a variety is reductive. There has been recent work by Doran and Kirwan here and here to find a canonical method of ...
5
votes
2answers
435 views

The canonical divisor of the Hilbert scheme $Hilb^n P^2$?

Hey everyone, I was wondering if anyone knows what the canonical divisor of the Hilbert scheme $Hilb^n P^2$ is --$Hilb^n P^2$ is the Hilbert scheme of degree-n zero dimensional subschemes of the ...
5
votes
1answer
655 views

References to SGA 8 and descent theory

In Geometric Invariant Theory, by Mumford, Fogarty, and Kirwan, if there is a mention of descent theory, it almost always comes along with a reference to SGA 8, Theorem 5.2 (see the end of the proof ...
5
votes
1answer
322 views

If Spec(A) has a G-fixed point and a dense G-orbit, is Spec(A) a cone?

[Edited to include a dense orbit] Let $X=Spec(A)$ be a normal affine scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$, with an action of a linearly reductive group $G$. Suppose $x\in X$ is a ...
4
votes
3answers
626 views

Why can we define the moment map in this way (i.e. why is this form exact)?

Given a symplectic manifold $(X, \omega)$ and a group $G$ acting on $X$ preserving the symplectic form, we define the moment map $\mu : X \to \mathfrak{g}^*$ so that $$ \langle d\mu(v), \xi\rangle = ...
4
votes
2answers
267 views

Quotient of a rational variety by a finite group

Let $X$ be a rational variety and let $G$ be a finite group acting on $X$. Let us consider the diagonal action of $G$ over the product $X^{h} = X\times...\times X$, $$G\times(X\times...\times ...
4
votes
4answers
958 views

Near Trivial Quiver Varieties

So, today I started learning the definition of a quiver variety, and wanted to make sure I'm understanding things right, so first, my setup: I've been looking at the simplest case that didn't look ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Understanding the definition of the quotient stack $[X/G]$

I'm trying to understand the definition of the quotient stack $[X/G]$ as defined in Frank Neumann's Algebraic Stacks and Moduli of Vector Bundles. Explicitly, let $G$ be an affine smooth group ...
4
votes
2answers
273 views

Quotient of affine space by cyclic permutation

The quotient of the affine space $\mathbb{A}^n$ by the symmetric group $Sym_n$ is again an affine space of the same dimension, and invariants are given by elementary symmetric polynomials. What ...
4
votes
2answers
624 views

Verifying claims in the proof of the Rigidity Lemma (Mumford, GIT)

In Chapter 6 of Mumford's Geometric invariant theory, during the proof of the rigidity lemma, there are two statements I'm not sure how to verify. The general setup is: $p : X \rightarrow S$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
621 views

Hilbert-Mumford criterion and closedness

A version of the Hilbert-Mumford criterion states the following: Let $G$ be a linearly reductive group and $V$ a representation of $G$ over a field $k$ (alg. closed, char. zero). Suppose that $y \in ...
4
votes
2answers
278 views

affinization of T^*CP^n

Is there an elementary description of the affinization of the algebraic cotangent bundle of $CP^n$? I know that it can be described as some sort coadjoint orbits, but I am interested in a translation ...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

When does a group action on a k-algebra induce an algebraic action on the spectrum?

This question arose from my last question, which I considered answered - from the comments, however, it is obvious that the answer is only complete in characteristic zero, and I am trying to ...
4
votes
0answers
129 views

Scaling-Invariant Orbits of Semisimple Group Representations

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple linear algebraic group, and let $V$ be a finite-dimensional complex $G$-module. Note that if $V$ is the adjoint representation of $G$, then ...
4
votes
0answers
204 views

Coarse moduli spaces of quotient stacks

Suppose you have a separated Deligne Mumford quotient stack $[V/G]$ over a field of characteristic $0$, where $V$ is a quasiprojective variety and $G$ is an algebraic group that does not necessarily ...
4
votes
0answers
262 views

Stability conditions for coherent sheaves and GIT

I am learning stability conditions for derived categories of coherent sheaves, following Bridgeland, and coming from a vector bundles background. $\mu$-stability for vector bundles has a clear GIT ...
4
votes
0answers
159 views

Components of variety of subalgebras

This question is motivated by the question Subalgebras of matrices and its answer by Mariano. We consider $X_{n,d}$, the variety of $d$-dimensional subalgebras not necessarily with 1 (with 1 makes ...
3
votes
2answers
291 views

degrees of the invariants for the action of $SL(V)$ on $\wedge^4V$

How can we find the degrees of the invariants for the action of $SL(V)$ on $\wedge^4V$ , $dimV=8$ by the model in the Lie algebra $E_7$.
3
votes
2answers
200 views

Intersection theory for $G$-varieties - an action on the chow ring?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group. Let $X$ be a $G$-variety and consider any closed subvariety $Z$ of $X$. Since any $g\in G$ acts as an automorphism, we know that $g.Z$ is again a closed ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

Action of k* on a variety induces grading?

Let $V$ be a $\Bbbk$-variety such that $\Bbbk^\times$ (as an algebraic group) acts algebraically on $V$. Given any $f\in\Bbbk[V]$, let us call $f$ homogeneous of degree $d$ if for all $v\in V$ and all ...
3
votes
2answers
176 views

blow up of segre primal and $\mathcal{M}_{0,6}$

The segre cubic primal $X\subset P^4$ is the GIT quotient of 6 points on $P^1$. Let $M_{0,6}$ the DM compactification of the moduli of 6-pointed rational curves. The Segre primal $X$ is a cubic 3-fold ...
3
votes
0answers
317 views

A quotient stack question

Let $X$ be a proper Deligne-Mumford stack, whose normalization, $X'$, is a global quotient stack (that is, a stack of the form [W/GL_n],where W is an algebraic space) with a projective scheme as a ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Normalization of quotient stacks

Suppose you have a Deligne Mumford stack which is a quotient $[X/G]$ of a scheme $X$ by an algebraic group $G$ . What is the normalization of that? Is it true that its normalization is a quotient ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

question about relative stable maps

Let $C$ be a connected smooth curve, $0\in C$ a closed point and $W\rightarrow C$ a family of projective schemes. Assume that the fibers $W_t$ of $W$ are smooth for all $t\neq 0$ and that $W_0=Y_1\cup ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

Are orbits of an affine algebraic monoid affine?

Let us work over the complex numbers for simplicity. Let $M$ be an affine algebraic monoid and $X$ an affine variety on which $M$ acts regularly, i.e. there is a morphism $\alpha: M\times X\to X$. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Lift of a morphism between geometric quotients

Let $S$ be a scheme. Definition. Let $X$ be an $S$-scheme and $G$ a smooth affine group $S$-scheme acting on $X.$ An $S$-scheme $Y$ is a geometric quotient of $X$ by $G$ if there exists a morphism ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Are irregular points of an action necessarily in the closure of a larger orbit?

Suppose G is an affine algebraic group acting linearly on a vector space V. A point v∈V is stable if the orbit Gv is closed and v is regular (the dimension of the stabilizer of v is locally ...
2
votes
2answers
405 views

When does a G-invariant one to one map between two closed algebraic G-set descend to a one to one map on the G.I.T quotient ?

I do not know much about Geometric Invariant Theory. My question is the following: Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex affine or projective varieties. Let $G$ be a reductive group which acts on both $X$ ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

When the affine quotient is faithfully flat?

It may be easy for the expert. Consider the map from $n$ by $m$ matrices (over $\mathbb{C}$ )to the $n$ by $n$ symmetric matrices $\phi\colon A\mapsto A A^T$. My question is when this map is ...
2
votes
0answers
96 views

Finding relations between invariant polynomials

Suppose I have an action of a linear reductive group ($GL(2,\mathbb{C})^2$ in this case) on a complex vector space (of dimension $16$) and I want to compute explicitly the ring of invariants of this ...
2
votes
0answers
161 views

Level n-structure as defined by Mumford in GIT

In Mumford's GIT, the definition of level $n$ structure ($n \geq 2)$ is $2g$ sections $\{\sigma_1, \dots, \sigma_{2g}\} : S \rightarrow A$ such that two conditions hold: (i) For geometric points the ...