Geometric invariant theory (or GIT) is a method for constructing quotients by group actions in algebraic geometry, used to construct moduli spaces.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

19
votes
4answers
2k views

When are GIT quotients projective?

Some background on GIT Suppose G is a reductive group acting on a scheme X. We often want to understand the quotient X/G. For example, X might be some parameter space (like the space of possible ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

GIT: For $x$ fixed, is $\{L:x \in X^s(L)\}$ open in $\text{Pic}^G(L)$?

Let $G$ be a complex reductive algebraic group acting on a complex variety $X$ (not necessarily projective) with $\text{Pic}^G(X)$ finite dimensional (for simplicity). For a fixed $x \in X$ define $$P^...
9
votes
1answer
186 views

Geometric invariant theory and normalizers of stabilizers

For simplicity, work over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. Let $$\begin{aligned} X &= \text{a smooth projective variety,} \\ G &= \text{a reductive group acting linearly on ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

How does grade projection act on homogeneous multivectors in geometric algebra?

I'm reading Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus by Hestenes, and struggling with an early result about reversion inside of a grade-projection operator. It is noted that $A_r$ and $B_s$ are ...
12
votes
2answers
721 views

Rationality of GIT quotients

I recently worked through most of the proof of the rationality of the moduli of genus 3 curves, which seemed to have the following structure: Every nonhyperelliptic genus 3 curve is a smooth plane ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Proj of some graded algebra

I was computing some GIT quotients and came up with the following question: to compute $\mathrm{Proj}(\mathbb C [f_1,f_2,f_3,f_4,f_5,f_6]/I)$ where $f_i$'s are homogeneous polynomials of same degree ...
6
votes
3answers
635 views

Quotient of smooth algebraic variety by proper free action of algebraic group

Let $G$ be algebraic group acting on a smooth algebraic variety $M$. Assume the action is proper and free. Is the orbit space $M/G$ an algebraic variety? If so, could someone point to a reference? If ...
7
votes
2answers
497 views

Quotients by the additive group $\mathbb G_a$

Geometric invariant theory doesn't work so well for non-reductive groups, since invariant rings are not generally finitely generated. However, in many cases the action of a non-reductive group has a ...
5
votes
1answer
350 views

A criterion for orbits of complex reductive group to be closed

I am having some trouble understanding Nakajima's proof of the Kempf-Ness theorem in [1]. At the end (proof of Proposition 3.9(6)), his argument is basically the following: Let $G=K_{\Bbb C}$ be a ...
9
votes
1answer
246 views

Invariants and stablizers for the $PGL(V)$ action on $End(V\otimes V)$

Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, and $V$ a finite dimensional vector space over $K$. Consider the action of the algebraic group $G:=PGL(V)$ on the vector space $W:=End_K(V^{\otimes 2})$ by ...
4
votes
0answers
206 views

Kähler quotients of affine varieties and GIT

Let $X\subseteq \Bbb C^n$ be a smooth affine variety and $G=K_{\Bbb C}$ a complex reductive group acting linearly on $\Bbb C^n$ preserving $X$ (where $K$ is a maximal compact subgroup of $G$). Suppose ...
3
votes
0answers
110 views

Quotients of quasi affine varieties and extension of scalars

I have some questions about GIT quotients and extensions of scalars of categorical quotients: 1) Let $X$ be a complex algebraic quasi-affine variety, $G$ an algebraic reductive group over $\...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Smoothness and quotient

Suppose we have a smooth Mumford's quotient $Q//PGL_k(m)$ where $Q$ is a quasi-projective variety and $k$ is an algebraically closed field of positive characteristic. Is it true that $Q$ is also ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

A question about Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $\frak g$ be its Lie algebra. Then by Marsden-Weinstein reduction theory we know that if we take $M=T^*G$ and $J \colon M\to \frak g^*$ be its moment map then the ...
-1
votes
1answer
132 views

Tensor bundles as G structures [closed]

For a smooth, real surface $\Sigma$, its bundle of symmetric, bi-linear forms $S^2T\Sigma$ reduced to a $PGL(2,\mathbb{R})$ structure. A similar reduction(with different structure group) can be done ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

G-invariant functions on manifold for G compact

In a paper I saw the following statement: Let $M$ be a connected symplectic manifold and $G$ be a compact Liegroup acting symplectically and hamiltonian on $M$. Let $\Phi \colon M \to \mathfrak{g^*}$ ...
3
votes
0answers
98 views

Choosing a group action to do GIT of hypersurfaces

When studying GIT stability of hypersurfaces $d$ of $\mathbb P^n$ we look at the Hilbert Scheme $H=\mathbb P^N$ parametrizing homogeneous polynomials $f_d(x_0,\ldots,x_n)$ of degree $d$. There is ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Finding relations between invariant polynomials

Suppose I have an action of a linear reductive group ($GL(2,\mathbb{C})^2$ in this case) on a complex vector space (of dimension $16$) and I want to compute explicitly the ring of invariants of this ...
6
votes
1answer
204 views

GIT quotients and automorphisms

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety. Then we have an exact sequence: $$0\mapsto Aut^{o}(X)\rightarrow Aut(X)\rightarrow H\mapsto 0$$ where $Aut^{o}(X)$ and $H$ are respectively the connected ...
5
votes
2answers
246 views

Invariants of the maximal unipotent subgroup of GL(n) acting on the space of n by n matrices

Let $G=GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ and let $U\subset G$ be a maximal unipotent subgroup. (For example,assume that U is the set of upper triangular matrices with ones in the diagonal.) Now let $X=M_{n}(\mathbb{C}...
2
votes
0answers
138 views

From algebraic group actions to group scheme actions

I am trying to understand the basic results of geometric invariant theory. I want to pull off the band aid and use Mumford, but am a neophyte with respect to scheme theory. Thus, I have been trying to ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Hilbert point and Hilbert stability

For $X\in \mathbb{P}^N$ a closed subscheme, one can consider the m-th Hilbert point $$ [X]_m=[\bigwedge^{h^0(X, \mathcal{O}(m))}H^0(\mathbb{P}^N, \mathcal{O}(m))\to \bigwedge^{h^0(X, \mathcal{O}(m))}H^...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Why we study Geometric invariant theory?

I am trying to learn Geometric invariant theory like it was introduced by Mumford. But I do not have a strong motivation and so I want to know the reason of studying Geometric invariant theory. I just ...
1
vote
2answers
451 views

Semistability in GIT

If I understand correctly, in geometric invariant theory, polystable points can be defined as those which have a closed orbit. Is it true that semistable points can be characterized as those whose ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

Research of a reference about $G$-linearizations of line bundles on quasi-projective schemes

I am looking for some references for the following statement: Let $G$ be a linearly reductive algebraic group acting on a quasi-projective scheme $X$, over an algebraically closed field $K$. Let $L$ ...
3
votes
1answer
305 views

How does one show that slope stability of a vector bundle is an open condition with respect to the polarisation?

I would like a source for the following result, which I expect to be true (probably well known): Let $X$ be a complex projective variety, $L$ an ample line bundle and $E$ a slope stable vector bundle ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

Smoothness of fix point components of finite group action on smooth variety

Let $X$ be a smooth complex algebraic variety, and $\varphi: \Gamma\curvearrowright X$ an action (by automorphisms) of a finite group $\Gamma$ on $X$. Can we say that each irreducible component of ...
3
votes
0answers
377 views

A quotient stack question

Let $X$ be a proper Deligne-Mumford stack, whose normalization, $X'$, is a global quotient stack (that is, a stack of the form [W/GL_n],where W is an algebraic space) with a projective scheme as a ...
6
votes
2answers
991 views

Understanding the definition of the quotient stack $[X/G]$

I'm trying to understand the definition of the quotient stack $[X/G]$ as defined in Frank Neumann's Algebraic Stacks and Moduli of Vector Bundles. Explicitly, let $G$ be an affine smooth group $S$-...
8
votes
1answer
608 views

Why people usually consider reductive groups in GIT?

Where do people essentially use the reductive groups in the theory of GIT? Or how does reductive groups simplify the constructions in GIT? I found that the property of completely reducible of ...
3
votes
2answers
392 views

Quotient of a rational variety by a finite group

Let $X$ be a rational variety and let $G$ be a finite group acting on $X$. Let us consider the diagonal action of $G$ over the product $X^{h} = X\times...\times X$, $$G\times(X\times...\times X)\...
2
votes
2answers
461 views

When does a G-invariant one to one map between two closed algebraic G-set descend to a one to one map on the G.I.T quotient ?

I do not know much about Geometric Invariant Theory. My question is the following: Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex affine or projective varieties. Let $G$ be a reductive group which acts on both $X$ ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

when does one want to use the Reynolds operator in GIT?

The role of Reynolds operator in GIT has always been a little mystery to me. Actually I see that in some proofs it gets used in an efficient way, but what I cannot grasp is the general philosophy. I ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Bad Categorical Quotients

Let G be an algebraic group acting on a scheme X. Then f: X --> Y is a categorical quotient if it is constant on G-orbits and any other G-invariant morphism factors through it in a unique fashion. ...
4
votes
0answers
132 views

Scaling-Invariant Orbits of Semisimple Group Representations

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple linear algebraic group, and let $V$ be a finite-dimensional complex $G$-module. Note that if $V$ is the adjoint representation of $G$, then ...
5
votes
1answer
312 views

When does a group action on a k-algebra induce an algebraic action on the spectrum?

This question arose from my last question, which I considered answered - from the comments, however, it is obvious that the answer is only complete in characteristic zero, and I am trying to ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Equivariant fibre product

Let $G$ be an algebraic group. Let $X$ and $Y$ be $S$-schemes such that $X$, $Y$ and $S$ are $G$-schemes and the structural morphisms are equivariant. My question is: Can the fiber product $P:=X\...
1
vote
2answers
245 views

Are orbits of an affine algebraic monoid affine?

Let us work over the complex numbers for simplicity. Let $M$ be an affine algebraic monoid and $X$ an affine variety on which $M$ acts regularly, i.e. there is a morphism $\alpha: M\times X\to X$. Let ...
4
votes
2answers
405 views

Quotient of affine space by cyclic permutation

The quotient of the affine space $\mathbb{A}^n$ by the symmetric group $Sym_n$ is again an affine space of the same dimension, and invariants are given by elementary symmetric polynomials. What ...
1
vote
0answers
140 views

non-flat GIT quotient

Let $G=PGL(N)$ acting on a scheme $X$ over a field $k$ and $L$ be a $G$-linearized invertible sheaf. Let $X^{ss}(L)$ be the semistable locus. We know that a uniform categorical quotient $\phi:X^{ss}(L)...
9
votes
2answers
697 views

Partial (or complete) flag varieties as GIT quotients of affine spaces

I am looking for presentations of partial or complete flag varieties as GIT quotients of affine varieties spaces. That is, for a choice of of dimensions $0=d_1<d_2<\dots<d_k = n$, I would ...
5
votes
0answers
351 views

Coarse moduli spaces of quotient stacks

Suppose you have a separated Deligne Mumford quotient stack $[V/G]$ over a field of characteristic $0$, where $V$ is a quasiprojective variety and $G$ is an algebraic group that does not necessarily ...
5
votes
0answers
134 views

Normalization of quotient stacks

Suppose you have a Deligne Mumford stack which is a quotient $[X/G]$ of a scheme $X$ by an algebraic group $G$ . What is the normalization of that? Is it true that its normalization is a quotient ...
4
votes
0answers
110 views

question about relative stable maps

Let $C$ be a connected smooth curve, $0\in C$ a closed point and $W\rightarrow C$ a family of projective schemes. Assume that the fibers $W_t$ of $W$ are smooth for all $t\neq 0$ and that $W_0=Y_1\cup ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

degrees of the invariants for the action of $SL(V)$ on $\wedge^4V$

How can we find the degrees of the invariants for the action of $SL(V)$ on $\wedge^4V$ , $dimV=8$ by the model in the Lie algebra $E_7$.
3
votes
2answers
209 views

blow up of segre primal and $\mathcal{M}_{0,6}$

The segre cubic primal $X\subset P^4$ is the GIT quotient of 6 points on $P^1$. Let $M_{0,6}$ the DM compactification of the moduli of 6-pointed rational curves. The Segre primal $X$ is a cubic 3-fold ...
10
votes
3answers
587 views

Algorithms in Invariant Theory

Let $V$ be a polynomial representation of the general linear group $\Gamma:=\DeclareMathOperator{\Gl}{Gl}\Gl_n(\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb C}\C)$. In chapter 4.6 of his book "Algorithms in Invariant ...
0
votes
1answer
277 views

Algebraic closure and GIT

Does one need to work over an algebraic closed field in ordre to construct GIT quotients à la Mumford? If yes, why?
1
vote
1answer
243 views

What does this particular geometric quotient locally look like?

Let $k$ be a field and consider the algebraic group $GL_n$ over $Spec(k)$. It has as a closed (but not normal) algebraic subgroup the group $M$ of monomial matrices, i.e. matrices having exactly one ...
3
votes
2answers
244 views

Intersection theory for $G$-varieties - an action on the chow ring?

Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group. Let $X$ be a $G$-variety and consider any closed subvariety $Z$ of $X$. Since any $g\in G$ acts as an automorphism, we know that $g.Z$ is again a closed ...