Large scale properties of groups; growth functions; Dehn functions; small cancellation properties; hyperbolicity and CAT(0); actions and representations; combinatorial group theory; presentations

learn more… | top users | synonyms

13
votes
0answers
259 views

Linear groups which don't contain products of free groups

Let $G \subset GL(n, \Bbb Z)$ be a f.g. linear group. The Tits alternative says that $G$ is either virtually solvable (i.e. has a solvable subgroup of finite index), or contains a free group $F_2$. ...
13
votes
0answers
203 views

Bounding the lengths of the conjugators in the word problem for finite group presentations

Let $G = \langle X \mid R \rangle$ be a group defined by a finite presentation, and let $F$ be the free group on $X$. If $w \in F$ represents the identity in $G$, then $w$ is equal in $F$ to (the free ...
12
votes
0answers
297 views

What is an example of a word hyperbolic group without a finite complete rewriting system?

I believe that it was an open question back when I was a graduate student whether every word hyperbolic group admits a finite complete (=Church-Rosser=Noetherian+confluent) rewriting system for some ...
12
votes
0answers
321 views

Splay trees and Thompson's group $F$

( I apologize for only indicating some easy to find references, but new users are not allowed to link more than five). This is very speculative, but: Question: Is there a reformulation of the Dynamic ...
10
votes
0answers
522 views

Definition of a uniformly bounded dual of a group

The unitary dual of a group $G$ is the set of equivalence classes of irreducible unitary representations of $G$ with the Fell topology. (This topology is defined using convergence of positive definite ...
9
votes
0answers
205 views

Group with unsolvable conjugacy problem but solvable conjugacy length?

Could there exist a finitely presented group with unsolvable conjugacy problem, in which it is decidable whether a word over the group generators is a shortest representative of an element in its ...
8
votes
0answers
178 views

A Magnus theorem in the category of residually finite groups

There is a natural notion of a presentations in the category of residually finite groups. Namely, if $X$ is set and $R$ is a set of words in the free group $FG(X)$ on $X$, then define $G=RF\langle ...
8
votes
0answers
384 views

Is it true that every f.g. infinite simple group has exponential growth?

Is it true that every finitely generated infinite simple group has exponential (word-)growth? Remark: As Mark Sapir has pointed out, the question whether every finitely generated group of ...
8
votes
0answers
327 views

is a group $G$, that admits finite $k(G, 1)$ and has no Baumslag-Solitar subgroups, necessarily hyperbolic?

This is the first question asked in Bestvina's article "Questions in Geometric Group Theory". Does anyone know if there has been any progress made on this problem? Is the question answered if $G$ is ...
7
votes
0answers
60 views

Approximation of the effective resistance on Cayley graph

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group, and denote by $G$ the Cayley graph of $\Gamma$. Denote by $d_R$ the resistance distance metric on this graph. The resistance distance metric between the ...
7
votes
0answers
395 views

Uniquely geodesic groups

Definition : A group is CAT(0) if it acts properly, cocompactly and isometrically on a CAT(0) space. Examples : see this blog. Remark : A CAT(0) space is uniquely geodesic, but the converse is ...
6
votes
0answers
155 views

Polynomial growth without Gromov's theorem

It is a consequence of the theorem of M. Gromov on groups with polynomial growth and a result of P. Pansu(*) that if a finitely generated group $\Gamma = \langle S\rangle,\, S=S^{-1}$ satisfies ...
6
votes
0answers
107 views

CAT(0) groups that does not act on CAT(0) cubical complex

CAT(0) groups are groups that act on a CAT(0) space properly and cocompactly. If a group acts on a CAT(0) cubical complex properly and cocompactly, then of course it is a CAT(0) Group. I am wondering ...
6
votes
0answers
126 views

Homology groups of Noetherian groups

Let $G$ be a Noetherian group. Is $H_n(G,\mathbb{Z})$ finitely generated? Do we know the above for the special cases $n=2,3$ even?
6
votes
0answers
157 views

“Twisted” Lyndon equation in a free group

In 1959, Lyndon showed that in a free group, the equation $u^2v^2=w^2$ has only commuting solutions: $uv=vu=w$. Is there in the litterature any information about the following "twisted" version of the ...
6
votes
0answers
105 views

Two-relator products of cyclic groups

In "A proof of the Scott–Wiegold conjecture on free products of cyclic groups" Howie proved that every one-relator product of three cyclic groups is nontrivial. Is there a now proven theorem that says ...
6
votes
0answers
125 views

How much do the classes of geodesic metrics and Green metrics on a Gromov hyperbolic group differ?

Background Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group. If $G$ acts properly discontinuously and cocompactly on a proper geodesic metric space $X$, then any bijective identification of $G$ with its orbit ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Centralizers in virtually special groups

Let $G$ be a virtually compact special group, in the terminology of Haglund and Wise (i.e., $G$ has a finite index subgroup $H$ which is isomorphic to the fundamental group of some compact special ...
5
votes
0answers
126 views

Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used: Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...
5
votes
0answers
139 views

Dynamics of virtual automorphisms of free group

The setup is that $F$ is a free finitely generated group, $H, H'$ are subgroups of index $2$, and $\tau:H\to H'$ is an isomorphism. Denote by $B_r$ the ball around $1$ of radius $r$ in $F$, in the ...
5
votes
0answers
164 views

Can one characterize amenable groups with $C_G(x)$ cyclic for all $x\neq 1$?

Can one characterize the amenable groups that have the property that the centralizer of every non-identity element is cyclic? For example, must they be solvable?
5
votes
0answers
205 views

Any method to detect subgroup generated by a subset of the generators from its presentation

I have met the following problem. A group $G$ is given as follows $G = \langle x,y,t| y^{-2}xy^2 = x,t^{-1}yt =y^2 ,t^{-1}xt = xy^{-1}xy\rangle$ Is the subgroup generated by $y$ and $t$ just the ...
4
votes
0answers
82 views

Is a finitely generated subgroup of a free profinite group virtually a retract?

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated closed subgroup. Must there be some open subgroup $H \leq U \leq F$, and a closed normal ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Actions of amenable groups on graphs with uncountably many ends

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group acting transitively on an amenable Schreier graph $S$. Is it possible for $S$ to have uncountably many ends? An amenable graph with uncountably many ends ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Nice minimal embeddings of large finite groups into compact Riemannian manifolds

The initial motivation for this question is a very practical problem: I need to find the absolute minimum of a function on a very large symmetric group $\Sigma_N$ (with $N$ 10000 or more). So if ...
4
votes
0answers
106 views

Regularity of polynomial growth of groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group of polynomial growth. This means that the size $B_n$ of the ball of radius $n$ satsifies: $$ A n^d \leq B_n \leq Bn^d $$ for some constants $A$, $B$. My question ...
4
votes
0answers
185 views

Computing the pro-solvable closure of a finitely generated subgroup of a free group

The pro-solvable topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N\lhd G$ with $G/N$ a finite solvable group is a fundamental system of neighborhoods of the ...
4
votes
0answers
233 views

Can one pose a Toeplitz index problem associated to a discrete group?

Before posing my question, let me provide a little background since the Wikipedia page on this stuff is sorely lacking. Let's start with the classical case of the Toeplitz index problem on the ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Geometric automorphism of free group respect to nonorientable suface

An outer automorphism $[ϕ]\in Out(F_n)$ is geometric if it is induced by a surface homeomorphism h:M→M, where M is a compact surface with nonempty boundary. I am wondering is it enough we only ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

Growth of the number of generators in hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be an infinite hyperbolic group, and let us further assume that it is residually finite (or even LERF/GFERF) so that we have plenty of subgroups of finite index. I would like to know if one ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

$S^{3}$-valued harmonic analysis

Edit: Note that $S^{3}$ with the quaternion operation is a group. For a locally compact Abelian group $\Gamma$ we consider $$\tilde{\tilde{\Gamma}}=\{\phi:\Gamma \to S^{3} \mid ...
3
votes
0answers
198 views

Profinite groups, completions, and Schreier's formula

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, and $H \leq_o G$. We say that $H$ satisfies Schreier's formula in $G$ if $d(H) - 1 = (d(G)-1)[G:H]$. We say that $G$ satisfies Schreier's formula if ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...
3
votes
0answers
92 views

Does there exists a finitely presented group with Dehn function > n^3 and all asymptotic cones simply connected

It is well known that all asymptotic cones simply connected implies polynomial Dehn function (Gromov). It is also well known that quadratic Dehn function implies all asymptotic cones simply connected ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

Topological interpretation for groups of type $FP_2$

A group $G$ is of type $FP_2$ if it admits a partial projective resolution of $\mathbb{Z}G$-modules $$ P_2 \rightarrow P_1 \rightarrow P_0 \rightarrow \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow 0$$ with each $P_i$ being ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Cogrowth and value of its series at the critical exponent

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and write $G = F/N$ for $N$ a normal subgroup of a free group $F$. Let $S_n$ be the elements in $F$ written as words of exactly $n$ letters. So, for $n\geq 1$, ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from the orbit map of an isometric action on some CAT(-k) metric space?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space. Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators. My question is: Does there exist a ...
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Exotic actions of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group acting faithfully on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that: The action is highly transitive - it is $k$-transitive for each $k \in \mathbb{N}$. For every quasiconvex subgroup $H \leq ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

Finitely generated groups non-embeddable into $L_1(0,1)$

I am interested in finitely generated groups which, endowed with their word metrics, do not admit bilipschitz embeddings into $L_1(0,1)$. I know two classes of such groups: (1) Heisenberg group ...
2
votes
0answers
205 views

Kaplansky Idempotent conjecture and Extension theory

We consider the Idempotent Kaplansky conjecture with $\mathbb{C}$- coefficients, that is the problem of nontrivial idempotents for group algebra $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a torsion free ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

L_2-Betti numbers of random groups

Are there any results in calculating $l_2$-Betti numbers of random groups in the Gromov density model? I can deduce myself a few facts: If a group has Property (T) then the first $l_2$-Betti ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Characterizations of product groups under quasi-isometry

This is a follow-up question to Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups. It can be moved to a comment if it is too trivial. If all the asymptotic cones of a finitely generated group ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

When does order matter when decomposing a boundedly generated group

A group $G$ is said to be boundedly generated if (it is finitely generated and) there exists a finite family of cyclic subgroups (not necessarily normal or distinct) $\lbrace C_i \rbrace_{i =1, ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Local curvature in a Cayley complex

I'm curious about non-shperical regions in the Cayley complex of a hyperbolic group $G = < X : R \>$ that one might reasonably consider "curved", but I haven't found much discussion of local ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Virtually abelian centralizers

This is a sort of a follow-up question to Limits of conjugated subgroups (though it might not seem at first glance to have much to do with it.) Anyway, I'm wondering what sort of groups have the ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Are lattices in the special real linear group subgroup seperable?

Let $G \leq SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a lattice, let $H \leq G$ be a finitely generated subgroup of infinite index, and let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Must there be some $H \leq U \leq G$ such that $n \leq [G : ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Can a profinite completion be free pro-p?

Is there a prime number $p$ and a finitely generated residually finite group whose profinite completion is a free pro-$p$ group on a nonempty finite set? Thanks to YCor we see that we cannot take the ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Free abelian subgroups and distorsion

I realized that I know groups with distorted cyclic subgroups and groups all of whose free abelian subgroups are undistorted, but nothing between. Maybe it is a naive question, but: Does there ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

How to find a invariant surface of a diffeomorphism

Recently, I read a paper about discrete Schrödinger operator. There is a map related to trace map from $C^3$ to $C^3$ as follows: $$T(x,y,z)=(y,z,yz-x).$$ We can calculated that $T$ has the folliwng ...