Large scale properties of groups; growth functions; Dehn functions; small cancellation properties; hyperbolicity and CAT(0); actions and representations; combinatorial group theory; presentations

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-2
votes
0answers
33 views

When is a word metric on a CAT(-1) group a bounded distance from some CAT(-k) metric?

Let $\Gamma$ be a group admitting a discrete and cocompact action on a CAT(-1) space. Let $d$ a word metric on $\Gamma$ coming from some finite set of generators. My question is: Does there exist a ...
15
votes
3answers
714 views

Residual finiteness: why do we care?

Residually finite groups have been studied for a long time. However, I am struggling to work out why we care, or perhaps, why they continue to be of interest. Let me explain. Magnus, in his 1968 ...
6
votes
0answers
149 views

Polynomial growth without Gromov's theorem

It is a consequence of the theorem of M. Gromov on groups with polynomial growth and a result of P. Pansu(*) that if a finitely generated group $\Gamma = \langle S\rangle,\, S=S^{-1}$ satisfies ...
13
votes
0answers
254 views

Linear groups which don't contain products of free groups

Let $G \subset GL(n, \Bbb Z)$ be a f.g. linear group. The Tits alternative says that $G$ is either virtually solvable (i.e. has a solvable subgroup of finite index), or contains a free group $F_2$. ...
7
votes
2answers
588 views

Translation length functions of non-simplicial trees

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. By a theorem of Culler and Morgan, the set of non-abelian (not necessarily simplicial) minimal $\mathbb{R}$-trees with isometric $G$-action injects into the ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Virtually abelian centralizers

This is a sort of a follow-up question to Limits of conjugated subgroups (though it might not seem at first glance to have much to do with it.) Anyway, I'm wondering what sort of groups have the ...
8
votes
1answer
154 views

Is the Cayley graph of Thompson's group isolated in the space of vertex-transitive graphs?

Consider Thompson's group (the one commonly referred to as $T$), which is finitely presentable. Consider the Cayley graph, but then forget the coloring and direction on edges. So now we just have an ...
7
votes
0answers
60 views

Approximation of the effective resistance on Cayley graph

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group, and denote by $G$ the Cayley graph of $\Gamma$. Denote by $d_R$ the resistance distance metric on this graph. The resistance distance metric between the ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

Is a finitely generated subgroup of a free profinite group virtually a retract?

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free profinite group, and let $H \leq F$ be a finitely generated closed subgroup. Must there be some open subgroup $H \leq U \leq F$, and a closed normal ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Geometric automorphism of free group respect to nonorientable suface

An outer automorphism $[ϕ]\in Out(F_n)$ is geometric if it is induced by a surface homeomorphism h:M→M, where M is a compact surface with nonempty boundary. I am wondering is it enough we only ...
7
votes
2answers
218 views

Is the free abstract group residually of rank d > 2?

Let $d \geq 2$ be an integer, and let $\mathcal{F}_d$ be the family of finite groups such that $G \in \mathcal{F}_d$ if and only if every subgroup of $G$ can be generated by at most $d$ elements. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

Special linear groups over function fields

Let $p$ be a prime number, and let $q$ be a finite power of $p$. Denote by $F_q$ the unique field with $q$ elements. What is known about the structure and properties of $\mathrm{SL}_2(F_q[t])$ as ...
11
votes
1answer
334 views

Is there a faithful transitive locally finite action of the modular group?

Is there a faithful transitive action of $G = \mathrm{PSL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that orbits under each $g \in G$ are finite?
10
votes
4answers
982 views

What are the most general classes of simplicial complexes or posets for which the Charney-Davis conjecture is known, and what is the most general setting for which it might expected to be true?

What I would like to know is exactly what the title asks: What are the most general classes of simplicial complexes or posets for which the Charney-Davis conjecture is known, and what is the ...
3
votes
2answers
184 views

Limits of conjugated subgroups

I've recently encountered the following problem. Given a group $G$, a subgroup $H$ and a sequence $g_n\in G$, let $$ \liminf_{j\to\infty}H^{g_j} :=\bigcup_{n\ge 1} \bigcap_{j\ge n} H^{g_j}.$$ Here $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Convex subcomplexes of CAT(0) cubical complexes

Is the following statement true? If so, can anyone provide a reference? Let $X$ be a CAT(0) cubical complex, and let $Y$ be a connected subcomplex of $X$. Then the following are equivalent: ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Zariski dense subgroups and conjugates

Let $H \leq \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ be a finitely generated subgroup which is not Zariski dense, and let $g \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$. Must there be some $a \in \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ such ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Are lattices in the special real linear group subgroup seperable?

Let $G \leq SL_2(\mathbb{R})$ be a lattice, let $H \leq G$ be a finitely generated subgroup of infinite index, and let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Must there be some $H \leq U \leq G$ such that $n \leq [G : ...
2
votes
2answers
206 views

F.g group with infinite ends not Q.I to a free group

Is there any easy example of a finitely generated group with a Cantor set of ends that is not quasi-isometric to a finitely generated free group? Thanks in advance.
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Can a profinite completion be free pro-p?

Is there a prime number $p$ and a finitely generated residually finite group whose profinite completion is a free pro-$p$ group on a nonempty finite set? Thanks to YCor we see that we cannot take the ...
3
votes
1answer
189 views

Are there quasiconvex normal subgroups?

Let $G$ by a hyperbolic group, and let $H \lhd G$ be a normal quasiconvex subgroup. Is it possible that $|H| = [G : H] = \infty$ ?
2
votes
0answers
155 views

Exotic actions of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group acting faithfully on $\mathbb{Z}$ such that: The action is highly transitive - it is $k$-transitive for each $k \in \mathbb{N}$. For every quasiconvex subgroup $H \leq ...
6
votes
2answers
292 views

Is residual finiteness a property of “many” finitely presented groups?

Is there a reasonable random model for selecting a finitely presented group $G$ such that with positive probablity (or even with probability almost $1$) some of the following properties hold: $G$ is ...
5
votes
1answer
202 views

A hyperbolic group with a small profinite completion

Is there a finitely generated non-elementary word hyperbolic group the profinite completion of which is known (or conjectured) to be rather restricted, that is: abelian, pro-$p$, virtually ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Is there a highly transitive action of a finitely generated torsion simple group?

Is there a highly transitive action of a finitely generated torsion simple group $G$ on $\mathbb{Z}$ ? Highly transitive means $k$-transitive for each $k \in \mathbb{N}$, that is: for every two ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Characterizing residually amenable groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. The amenability of $G$ is equivalent to the existence of a certain "weak measure" on $G$. Is there such a characterization for residually amenable groups as ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Centralizers in virtually special groups

Let $G$ be a virtually compact special group, in the terminology of Haglund and Wise (i.e., $G$ has a finite index subgroup $H$ which is isomorphic to the fundamental group of some compact special ...
3
votes
0answers
143 views

Growth of the number of generators in hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be an infinite hyperbolic group, and let us further assume that it is residually finite (or even LERF/GFERF) so that we have plenty of subgroups of finite index. I would like to know if one ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Measuring products of finitely generated subgroups of free groups

Let $F$ be a finitely generated free group, $H_1, \dots, H_n$ finitely generated subgroups of infinite index in $F$, and $\epsilon > 0$. Must there be an epimorphism to a finite group $\phi \colon ...
8
votes
2answers
291 views

Can a positive measure subset of a free group be nowhere dense?

Let $F$ be a finitely generated free group and let $S \subseteq F$ be a subset for which there is some $\epsilon > 0$ such that for any epimorphism to a finite group $\phi \colon F \to G$ we have ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

Is there a left orderable profinite group?

Is there a profinite group $G$ with a binary transitive relation $<$ such that for any different $x,y \in G$ either $x < y$ or $y < x$ and such that for any $x,y,z \in G$ we have that $x < ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Free abelian subgroups and distorsion

I realized that I know groups with distorted cyclic subgroups and groups all of whose free abelian subgroups are undistorted, but nothing between. Maybe it is a naive question, but: Does there ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Paper by I. N. Sanov, Solution of the Burnside problem for exponent 4

I have searched extensively online and for copies of printed journals containing the paper which details Sanov's solution to the Burnside Problem for exponent 4, which is widely cited in many papers ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

How to find a invariant surface of a diffeomorphism

Recently, I read a paper about discrete Schrödinger operator. There is a map related to trace map from $C^3$ to $C^3$ as follows: $$T(x,y,z)=(y,z,yz-x).$$ We can calculated that $T$ has the folliwng ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Example of a polycyclic group which is not of polynomial growth? [closed]

The title already says everything: What is an example of a polycyclic group $G$ which is not of polynomial growth (equivalently, by Gromov's theorem, which is not virtually nilpotent)?
8
votes
1answer
211 views

amenable + without $BS(m,n)$+finite $K(G,1)$implies virtually cyclic?

I heard from someone that the following problem is an open question. (Open Problem 1)For a countable discrete group $G$, suppose it does not contain any Baumslag-Solitar subgroups $BS(m,n):=\langle ...
1
vote
1answer
321 views

Word metrics and finite index subgroups

Suppose that we are given some finitely generated group $ G $ and some finite index subgroup of it $ H $. Given a finite generating symmetric generating set $ S \subset G $, we can define the word ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Open Books $( \Sigma, \Phi) $ living in Lefschetz Fibrations over the disk $D^2$

I have a question about open books and Lefschetz fibrations over the 2-disk $D^2$. Please let me set it up first, before going on. Setup: Say we have a Lefschetz fibration $f: W^4 \rightarrow D^2 $ ...
7
votes
5answers
840 views

Analogues of the dihedral group

A virtually-$\mathbb{Z}$ group $G$ admits either a epimorphism onto $\mathbb{Z}$ or a epimorphism onto $D_\infty$. So what happens if one replaces $\mathbb{Z}$ by another group $F$ (like the free ...
2
votes
3answers
174 views

Combination of Stallings theorem and Dunwoody's accessibility

I am interested in applications of the combination of Stallings theorem and Dunwoody's accessibility, which can be summarized as follow: Theorem: Let $G$ be a finitely presented group. Then $G$ is ...
4
votes
2answers
446 views

HNN extensions which are free products

which HNN-extensions are free products? this question is related with another still unsolved about Nielsen-Thruston-reducibility and connected-sum-irreducibility of 3d-torus- bundles...
14
votes
3answers
476 views

Failure of Mostow rigidity in dim. 2

I am trying to understand why Mostow rigidity fails in dimension 2. More concretely, I have the following question: (1) What is an example of a quasiisometry $f$ of the hyperbolic plane $\mathbb H^2$ ...
10
votes
1answer
184 views

Cantor-Bernstein for quasi-isometric embeddings?

Suppose that two finitely generated groups quasi-isometrically embed into each other. Does it follow that the two groups are quasi-isometric? Recall that a quasi-isometry is a quasi-isometric ...
15
votes
1answer
337 views

Asymmetric metrics and cohomology

If $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $f : X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a Lipschitz function with Lipschitz constant $k < 1$, then the function $$ D(x,y) := d(x,y) + f(y) - f(x) $$ defines an asymmetric ...
5
votes
2answers
252 views

Which groups are LERF?

A finitely generated group $G$ is called LERF if every finitely generated $H \leq G$ is closed in the profinite topology on $G$ (equivalently, there is a family of finite index subgroups of $G$ ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Marshall Hall's theorem for surface groups [closed]

Let $\Gamma_g$ be a surface group of genus $g \geq 2$, that is we have a presentation: $$\Gamma_g = \langle x_1,y_1 \dots, x_g,y_g \vert \prod_{i = 1}^g [x_i,y_i] = 1\rangle$$ Let $H \leq \Gamma_g$ ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Actions of amenable groups on graphs with uncountably many ends

Let $G$ be a finitely generated amenable group acting transitively on an amenable Schreier graph $S$. Is it possible for $S$ to have uncountably many ends? An amenable graph with uncountably many ends ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

δ-hyperbolic space

It is known that A δ-hyperbolic space is a geodesic metric space in which every geodesic triangle is δ-thin. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%94-hyperbolic_space) The question is that if we remove ...
6
votes
1answer
140 views

Is the following module over a group ring necessarily infinitely generated?

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a (finitely presented, but this is probably irrelevant) group, and $M$ is a finitely generated (EDIT: finitely presented) module over $\mathbb{Q}\Gamma$ which is ...
4
votes
0answers
185 views

Computing the pro-solvable closure of a finitely generated subgroup of a free group

The pro-solvable topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N\lhd G$ with $G/N$ a finite solvable group is a fundamental system of neighborhoods of the ...