**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups

Let $G_1,G_2$ be two delta-hyperbolic groups. If $G_1\times \Bbb{Z}$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2\times \Bbb{Z}$, must it be true that $G_1$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2$?
This is similar to the classic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

141 views

### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used:
Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Hilbert space compression of the lamplighter group

What is the Hilbert space compression exponent of the standard lamplighter group $\mathbb{Z_{2}} \wr \mathbb{Z}$? For $\mathbb{Z} \wr \mathbb{Z}$ it is known to be $2/3$ by work of Austin, Naor and ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague.
Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ?
Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

244 views

### Domination of length functions of trees with equal covolume

(This is a reformulation of an earlier unanswered question. I would like to thank Ian Agol for pointing out to me Walter Parry's characterization of hyperbolic translation length functions.)
Let $G$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

717 views

### Translation length functions of non-simplicial trees

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. By a theorem of Culler and Morgan, the set of non-abelian (not necessarily simplicial) minimal $\mathbb{R}$-trees with isometric $G$-action injects into the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

165 views

### Quasi-isometric embeddings of the mapping class group into the Teichmuller space

Does there exist a quasi-isometric embedding
$$MCG(S) \to (\mathrm{Teich}(S), d)$$
for $d$ any "known" distance on the Teichmuller space (i.e. Teichmuller, Weil-Petersson, Thurston...) ?

**13**

votes

**0**answers

218 views

### Bounding the lengths of the conjugators in the word problem for finite group presentations

Let $G = \langle X \mid R \rangle$ be a group defined by a finite presentation, and let $F$ be the free group on $X$. If $w \in F$ represents the identity in $G$, then $w$ is equal in $F$ to (the free ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### distortion of cyclic subgroups of linear groups

In an informal talk I heard a statement:
"Any cyclic subgroup in a linear group is at most exponentially distorted"
with a vague reference to a work of Lubotzky with coauthors.
The works of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Interesting families of groups as group extensions

Let me start this question with an example that hopefully makes clear what I am looking for:
A discrete subgroup $G$ of the group of euclidean isometries of $\mathbb{R}^d$ is called a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### Analogues of the curve complex for Out(F)

Let $F$ be a finitely generated free group.
Question: Is there an authoritative survey of analogues of the curve complex for $\mathrm{Out}(F)$? If not, as seems likely, would a passing expert be ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### A Magnus theorem in the category of residually finite groups

There is a natural notion of a presentations in the category of residually finite groups. Namely, if $X$ is set and $R$ is a set of words in the free group $FG(X)$ on $X$, then define $G=RF\langle ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Injective simplicial maps between Arc complexes

Let $A(S)$ denotes the Arc complex of a finite type hyperbolic surface $S$ with nonempty boundary. Let $\lambda:A(S)\rightarrow A(S)$ be a map such that on triangulations of $S$ i.e. on the top ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

329 views

### Automorphisms of Hyperbolic groups and Graphs of Groups

I have been reading Levitt's paper Automorphisms of Hyperbolic groups and Graphs of Groups. I am having some trouble trying to fit all the bits together, and would appreciate some help with this last ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

146 views

### Dynamics of virtual automorphisms of free group

The setup is that $F$ is a free finitely generated group, $H, H'$ are subgroups of index $2$, and $\tau:H\to H'$ is an isomorphism.
Denote by $B_r$ the ball around $1$ of radius $r$ in $F$, in the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

417 views

### Uniquely geodesic groups

Definition : A group is CAT(0) if it acts properly, cocompactly and isometrically on a CAT(0) space.
Examples : see this blog.
Remark : A CAT(0) space is uniquely geodesic, but the converse is ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### A question on Cayley graphs and hyperbolic 3-manifolds

There are two hyperbolic closed 3-manifolds, but I don't know whether they are homeomorphic or not. The only thing I know is that the Cayley graphs of their fundamental groups are quasi-isometric.
...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Counterexamples to analogue of Cannon conjecture in higher dimensions

It is known that a group $G$ acts geometrically on $\mathbb{H}^2$ if and only if $G$ is word-hyperbolic and its boundary $\partial G$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$.
The analogous statement for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### Fixed points on boundary of hyperbolic group

Let G be a word-hyperbolic group with torsion and let ∂G be its boundary. Do there exist criteria that imply that all non-trivial finite order elements of G act fixed-point freely on ∂G?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Group actions on trees and translates under hyperbolic elements

I have the following question regarding group actions on trees to which I suspect the answer to be "yes", but it could very well be that extra conditions are required (it is certainly true for free ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

605 views

### Is there an algebraically normal function from $\mathbb{Z}^{n}$ to $\{ 0 , 1\}$?

Definition: Let $h$ be a polynomial in $n$ variables, then :
$\gamma(h,r,R):=\{ v \in \mathbb{Z}^{n} : \vert h(v) \vert \leq r, \Vert v \Vert < R \}$
Let $\omega : \mathbb{Z}^{n} \to \{ 0 , ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Is the Thompson group F locally indicable?

A group $G$ is called locally indicable if for any finitely generated subgroup $H \subset G$, there is a non-trivial homomorphism from $H$ to the real additive group $(\mathbb{R},+)$.
Is the Thompson ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### Partition of a group into small subsets

A nonempty subset $S$ of a group $G$ is called small if there is an infinite sequence of elements $g_n$ in $G$ such that the translated sets $g_nS$ are pairwise disjoint.
Question: Is there a group ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

601 views

### Dehn's algorithm for word problem for surface groups

For some $g \geq 2$, let $\Gamma_g$ be the fundamental group of a closed genus $g$ surface and let $S_g=\{a_1,b_1,\ldots,a_g,b_g\}$ be the usual generating set for $\Gamma_g$ satisfying the surface ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

310 views

### What is an example of a word hyperbolic group without a finite complete rewriting system?

I believe that it was an open question back when I was a graduate student whether every word hyperbolic group admits a finite complete (=Church-Rosser=Noetherian+confluent) rewriting system for some ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

225 views

### Group with unsolvable conjugacy problem but solvable conjugacy length?

Could there exist a finitely presented group with unsolvable conjugacy problem, in which it is decidable whether a word over the group generators is a shortest representative of an element in its ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

880 views

### The fundamental group of a closed surface without classification of surfaces?

The fundamental group of a closed oriented surface of genus $g$ has the well-known presentation
$$
\langle x_1,\ldots, x_g,y_1,\ldots ,y_g\vert \prod_{i=1}^{g} [x_i,y_i]\rangle.
$$
The proof I know ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### When does order matter when decomposing a boundedly generated group

A group $G$ is said to be boundedly generated if (it is finitely generated and) there exists a finite family of cyclic subgroups (not necessarily normal or distinct) $\lbrace C_i \rbrace_{i =1, ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### Topology of boundaries of hyperbolic groups

For many examples of word-hyperbolic groups which I have seen in the context of low-dimensional topology, the ideal boundary is either homeomorphic to a n-sphere for some n or a Cantor set. So, I was ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Growth of Poincare duality groups

Can one prove that Poincare duality groups cannot have intermediate growth?

**6**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Lyndon-Schützenberger for torsion-free hyperbolic groups

Given a torsion-free hyperbolic group $G$, does there exist a number $n(G)$ such that for any $x,y,z\in G$, $x^n y^n z^n =1$ implies that $x$, $y$, and $z$ commute pairwise?
Some musings/questions...
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

412 views

### Quantum Cellular Automata on Riemannian manifolds and geometric group theory

We try to motivate our question. We have a certain logical/operational structure that has an
emergent physical interpretation. We are giving this structure a geometric setting via
quasi-isometries. ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

488 views

### Distortion of malnormal subgroup of hyperbolic groups

Let $G$ be a countable, Gromov-hyperbolic group.
We say that $H$ is hyperbolically embedded in $G$ if $G$ is relatively hyperbolic to {$H$} (in the strong sense). This definition is due to Osin.
A ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### Proper Group action on a metric space

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $C\subset X$ be a compact subset. Let furthermore $G$ be a group that acts on $X$ proper and by isometries. Does there exist an $\epsilon >0 $ such that: Let $U=$ ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

797 views

### How can I tell if a group is linear?

The basic question is in the title, but I am interested in both necessary and sufficient conditions.
I know the Tits' alternative and Malcev's result that finitely generated linear groups are ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

397 views

### Are Hyperbolic Groups Residually Amenable

It is a well-known conjecture (or maybe just a question) that all hyperbolic groups are residually finite. What happens if we weaken the conclusion; in particular
Are all hyperbolic groups residually ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

118 views

### Amenable normal closure

Prove or disprove:
Let $G$ be a countable group. Let $H < G$ be an amenable subgroup with a finite conjugacy class. Then the normal closure of $H$ is also amenable.
Thanks!

**3**

votes

**3**answers

482 views

### Group action on the real line

Hi,
I was wondering about the following question:
if you have a faithful action of a group G on the real line R by orientation-preserving homeomorphisms, it is easy to construct a new action such ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

468 views

### Growth of Thompson's group $F$

EDIT(August 2013): I accepted Mark's answer as being the state of art- there are two relevant references, one in the answer and one in the comments. The minimal growth rate of $F$ remains unknown with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Cayley graphs of finitely generated infinite groups quasi-isometrically embeddable in R^3

Dear friends,
I am only a theoretical physicist. However, the answer to this question is relevant for emergence of space-time from a quantum cellular automaton (in the future I will pose a much more ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

907 views

### The role of the Automatic Groups in the history of Geometric Group Theory

What is the role of the theory of Automatic Groups in the history of Geometric Group Theory?
Motivation:
When I read through the "Word Processing in Groups" I was amazed by the supreme beauty and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Actions of Thompson group F. II

Let $\Gamma$ be a group generated by symmetric finite set $S$ and acting on $X$. The Schreier graph of the action is the graph with vertex set $X$ and $(x,y)$ is an edge if there is $s\in S$ such that ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

331 views

### Splay trees and Thompson's group $F$

( I apologize for only indicating some easy to find references, but new users are not allowed to link more than five). This is very speculative, but:
Question: Is there a reformulation of the Dynamic ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

365 views

### Converse to Milnor's theorem on manifolds with nonnegative Ricci curvature.

Disclaimer : I suspect the question I am about to ask is really hard, but I just want to know the status of such questions.
Thanks to Milnor, we know that the $\pi_1$ any compact manifold with ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Periodic automorphisms of free groups and surface homeomorphisms

Denote by $F_n$ the free group of rank $n$. We say that an automorphism $\phi\in Aut(F_n)$ is geometric if there exists a surface with boundary $M$ and a homeomorphism $h\colon M\to M$ such that $h$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

696 views

### Actions of Thompson group F

Does anybody know the actions of Thompson group F which are not conjugate to the standard one?
Motivation is to find actions such that the Schreier graph of the action does not contain a binary tree.
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Unbounded metrics on groups

If $G$ is an infinite group, is there necessarily an unbounded left-invariant metric on $G$?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

135 views

### Polynomial growth of the Betti number of balls of the Cayley graphs

Consider a finitely generated group. Assume that the first Betti number of the ball of radius n in the Cayley graph is at most polynomial in n. This property is satisfied by free groups and groups of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

166 views

### Can one characterize amenable groups with $C_G(x)$ cyclic for all $x\neq 1$?

Can one characterize the amenable groups that have the property that the centralizer of every non-identity element is cyclic?
For example, must they be solvable?