Large scale properties of groups; growth functions; Dehn functions; small cancellation properties; hyperbolicity and CAT(0); actions and representations; combinatorial group theory; presentations

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3
votes
1answer
333 views

Actions of Thompson group F. II

Let $\Gamma$ be a group generated by symmetric finite set $S$ and acting on $X$. The Schreier graph of the action is the graph with vertex set $X$ and $(x,y)$ is an edge if there is $s\in S$ such that ...
12
votes
0answers
321 views

Splay trees and Thompson's group $F$

( I apologize for only indicating some easy to find references, but new users are not allowed to link more than five). This is very speculative, but: Question: Is there a reformulation of the Dynamic ...
8
votes
2answers
351 views

Converse to Milnor's theorem on manifolds with nonnegative Ricci curvature.

Disclaimer : I suspect the question I am about to ask is really hard, but I just want to know the status of such questions. Thanks to Milnor, we know that the $\pi_1$ any compact manifold with ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Periodic automorphisms of free groups and surface homeomorphisms

Denote by $F_n$ the free group of rank $n$. We say that an automorphism $\phi\in Aut(F_n)$ is geometric if there exists a surface with boundary $M$ and a homeomorphism $h\colon M\to M$ such that $h$ ...
8
votes
2answers
683 views

Actions of Thompson group F

Does anybody know the actions of Thompson group F which are not conjugate to the standard one? Motivation is to find actions such that the Schreier graph of the action does not contain a binary tree. ...
7
votes
1answer
240 views

Unbounded metrics on groups

If $G$ is an infinite group, is there necessarily an unbounded left-invariant metric on $G$?
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Polynomial growth of the Betti number of balls of the Cayley graphs

Consider a finitely generated group. Assume that the first Betti number of the ball of radius n in the Cayley graph is at most polynomial in n. This property is satisfied by free groups and groups of ...
5
votes
0answers
164 views

Can one characterize amenable groups with $C_G(x)$ cyclic for all $x\neq 1$?

Can one characterize the amenable groups that have the property that the centralizer of every non-identity element is cyclic? For example, must they be solvable?
4
votes
2answers
302 views

Do quasi convex hyperbolic subgroups remain quasi convex after adding redundant generators?

We know now that hyperbolic 3-manifolds virtually embed into right-angled Artin groups as quasiconvex subgroups. Also, quasiconvexity depends on the generating set. I have been constructing a space ...
5
votes
1answer
324 views

Thompson's group T

Does there exist a non trivial homomorphism from Thompson's group T to a linear group?
0
votes
1answer
235 views

Ordered groups - examples

Let $G=BS(m,n)$ denote the Baumslag–Solitar groups defined by the presentation $\langle a,b: b^m a=a b^n\rangle$. We assume that G is non-abelian. Question: Find $m,n$ such that $G$ is an ...
13
votes
2answers
556 views

Normal subgroups of finite index in free groups

Hi all, This is a question about the groups $H_{n,s}$ introduced by Völklein in his book "Groups as Galois groups", §7.1, and defined as follows: let $N$ be the intersection of all normal subgroups ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Cogrowth and value of its series at the critical exponent

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group and write $G = F/N$ for $N$ a normal subgroup of a free group $F$. Let $S_n$ be the elements in $F$ written as words of exactly $n$ letters. So, for $n\geq 1$, ...
7
votes
2answers
467 views

Are virtual cubulated groups cubulated?

Suppose $G$ has a finite index subgroup $N$ such that $N$ acts properly and cocompactly on a CAT(0)-cube complex. Does $G$ also act properly and cocompactly on a CAT(0)-cube complex? Edit: After ...
1
vote
1answer
480 views

Dehn presentation of a knot group

The knot group is the fundamental group of the knot complement in $S^{3} $. The Dehn presentation of the knot group is a particular group presentation obtained by looking at the regions and crossings ...
6
votes
1answer
390 views

Classification of geometric outer automorphisms of free groups

Good evening everyone, an outer automorphism $[\phi]\in Out(F_n)$ is geometric if it is induced by a surface homeomorphism $h\colon M\stackrel{\cong}{\to}M$, where $M$ is a compact surface with ...
10
votes
0answers
522 views

Definition of a uniformly bounded dual of a group

The unitary dual of a group $G$ is the set of equivalence classes of irreducible unitary representations of $G$ with the Fell topology. (This topology is defined using convergence of positive definite ...
7
votes
1answer
252 views

How large is this “algebra” of defining graphs for Right-angled Artin groups?

As part of my research, I have been trying to construct a spherical space at infinity for every right-angled artin group. I've been able to work it out for a certain class of defining graphs. I'd like ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

On Canonical generators of torsion free nilpotent group

I read somewhere that Maltcev proved that for any finitely generated torsion free Nilpotent group $G$ there are canonical generators, i.e. $g_{1},\ldots,g_{k}$ such that any $g \in G$ can be written ...
8
votes
0answers
384 views

Is it true that every f.g. infinite simple group has exponential growth?

Is it true that every finitely generated infinite simple group has exponential (word-)growth? Remark: As Mark Sapir has pointed out, the question whether every finitely generated group of ...
8
votes
4answers
458 views

isometric embeddings of Cayley graphs in “nice” spaces

This is from a physicist I know and as may be expected, I am threading my way between poorly defined and poorly translated. What groups have Cayley graphs (w.r.t. a fixed finite generating set, and ...
7
votes
1answer
188 views

Nonhyperbolic groups that contain no free abelian groups or Baumslag-Solitar groups

I've heard it conjectured that a finitely presentable group $G$ is hyperbolic if it satisfies the following two conditions. $G$ contains no subgroup isomorphic to a Baumslag-Solitar group $BS(n,m)$ ...
8
votes
1answer
186 views

Do finitely generated groups of polynomial growth satisfy a “uniform covering property?”

Let $G$ be a finitely generated discrete group with a finite symmetric generating set $S=S^{-1}\subset G$. For every group element $g$, define $\|g\|_S$ to be the length with respect to $S$, i.e. the ...
4
votes
1answer
410 views

Recognizing the stablizer of a degenerate three forms in six dimension

Define $Stab^{+}(\Omega )$={ $\phi \in GL^{+}(V)$ : $\phi^{*}\Omega=\Omega$ }. we say three-form $\Omega\in\wedge^{3}V^{*}$ is non-degenerate , if $i_X\Omega\neq 0$ for all $X\in V$-{0} Let $V\cong ...
5
votes
2answers
682 views

When is a Baumslag-Solitar group linear?

The Baumslag-Solitar group $BS(m,n)$ is given by the group presentation $BS(m,n)=(a,b|ba^{m}b^{-1}=a^{n})$. When does it embed into a linear group? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
427 views

why the group $GL(6,V)$ has an open orbit?

N.Hitchen in his paper about geometry of three forms wrote that "for a Real vector space $V$ of dimension six, the group $GL(6,V)$ has an open orbit and he referenced it to a thesis which was written ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Cocycles for right- and left- regular representations on $\ell_2(G)$

Using the standard notation, let $\lambda_gf(x)=f(g^{-1}x)$ be the left regular representation and $\rho_gf(x)=f(xg)$ be the right regular one, acting on the space $V$ of complex-values functions on ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Flows in word-hyperbolic groups

I was wondering if there is a good notion of flows in word-hyperbolic groups (maybe I should say flows in the Cayley graphs of word-hyperbolic groups). More precisely, I wonder if there is an ...
10
votes
2answers
371 views

Invariant free factor of a free group

Let $F_n=F\ast F'$ be a free splitting of the free group $F_n$ and $\phi\in Aut(F_n)$. The free factor $F$ is said to be invariant under $\phi$ if $\phi(F)\subseteq F$. I recently wondered if this ...
4
votes
2answers
243 views

Primitive subwords in a free group of rank 2

I am not sure yet about what I exactly need to prove, but I guess I can formulate a rough statement similar to the following: Suppose $w\in F_2$ is a primitive word whose length is big enough. Then ...
4
votes
3answers
301 views

General properties of free-by-cyclic groups

I admit this is a very broad question, but I am looking for general properties of [finitely generated free]-by-[infinite cyclic] groups. More precisely, what are some properties that the groups ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

convergence action on the boundary of hyperbolic groups

Let G be a word-hyperbolic group acting on its boundary, which is homeomorphic to $S^n$ (n-sphere), effectively. Does this imply that G acts on the boundary as a convergence group of $S^n$? If this ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Local curvature in a Cayley complex

I'm curious about non-shperical regions in the Cayley complex of a hyperbolic group $G = < X : R \>$ that one might reasonably consider "curved", but I haven't found much discussion of local ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

Understanding groups that are not linear.

I have a really hard time "feeling" what it means for a group to fail to be linear. Vaguely, I'd like to know how one should think about such groups. More precisely: What are some interesting ...
5
votes
1answer
338 views

Does $C'\left(\frac{5}{11}\right)$ imply exponential growth?

I came across this rather week small cancellation condition $C'\left(\frac{5}{11}\right)$ of a group $G$. It has been proved that $C'\left(\frac16\right)$ is enough for $G$ to contain free subgroups. ...
6
votes
2answers
243 views

Dehn function for undistorted subgroups of a product of free groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated subgroup of a product of two finite rank free groups $F_m \times F_n$. If there is a Lipschitz retraction $F_m \times F_n \to G$ with respect to word metrics, then $G$ ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Lowering metrics to finite index subgroups

Let $G$ be an infinite, countable, finitely generated group. Let $H$ be a finite index subgroup of $G$. Let $S$ be a finite, symmetric set of generators of $G$, and let $d(\cdot,\cdot)$ be the word ...
1
vote
2answers
353 views

Abstract Commensurator Group of $\mathbb{Z}^n$ $Comm(\mathbb{Z}^n)\cong GL(n,\mathbb{Q})$?

Hello! In a paper I read that $\mathrm{Comm}(\mathbb{Z}^n)\cong \mathrm{GL}(n,\mathbb{Q})$. Why is that true? How can I find an isomorphism of this groups? I know that ...
5
votes
0answers
205 views

Any method to detect subgroup generated by a subset of the generators from its presentation

I have met the following problem. A group $G$ is given as follows $G = \langle x,y,t| y^{-2}xy^2 = x,t^{-1}yt =y^2 ,t^{-1}xt = xy^{-1}xy\rangle$ Is the subgroup generated by $y$ and $t$ just the ...
2
votes
1answer
572 views

Fundamental Lemma Of Geometric Group Theory

I'll be delighted to get some help in understanding the proof of the first theorem here: http://www.math.utah.edu/~malone/QI/notes.pdf "If G acts geometrically on X and Y (proper geodesic metric ...
3
votes
1answer
640 views

French resources for (Geometric) Group Theory

I am looking for ways to improve my mathematical French while learning more material about either finite group theory or geometric group theory. In particular, I would love to find a French equivalent ...
20
votes
2answers
851 views

Asymptotics of the growth rate of a group

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group of exponential growth and $gr(S)=\lim_{k\rightarrow \infty} \sqrt[k]{|B_k(S)|}$ be the growth rate of $\Gamma$ with respect to the generating set $S$. I am ...
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Conjugated elements in amalgameted Product

Hello! Let $G=A\underset{C}\star B$ be an amalgamated Product. Let $a\in A$. If a is conjugated to an Element $b\in B$, then $a$ is conjugated to an Element $c\in C$. The Question is: Why is that ...
11
votes
2answers
491 views

Does every group grow either polynomially or superpolynomially?

I am reading an introduction to growth of groups. The notions of polynomial and superpolynomial growth are introduced, as are exponential and subexponential growth. I can prove that the growth of a ...
3
votes
2answers
376 views

Free groups as quotients of hyperbolic groups

Given any infinite non-elementary hyperbolic group $G$, a theorem of Gromov asserts that there is a subgroup of $G$ isomorphic to a non-abelian free group on two generators. Is there a similar result ...
9
votes
3answers
468 views

Finite subgroups of relatively hyperbolic groups

It is well known that in a given $\delta$-hyperbolic group there are only finitely many conjugacy classes of finite subgroups. This is clearly false for relatively hyperbolic groups since we have no ...
6
votes
1answer
210 views

Asymptotics of the number of required Dehn relators in hyperbolic groups

If $G = \langle X | R \rangle$ is a $\delta$-hyperbolic group presentation, then Dehn's algorithm provides a linear time solution to the word problem, but the linear constant is horribly exponential ...
16
votes
1answer
728 views

Amenable groups of deficiency $1$

Let $G=\langle X;R\rangle$ be a finitely presented group. The rank of $G$ is defined to be the size of smallest generating set of $G$. The deficiency ${\rm def}(G)$ of $G$ is defined to be the maximum ...
10
votes
1answer
374 views

Kazhdan's property T for Kahler surfaces

Is it true that the fundamental groups of compact Kahler surfaces have property T if and only if it they are finite? I am having trouble finding counterexamples to this, but maybe that's just me...
6
votes
2answers
279 views

Groups quasi-isometric to reducible nonuniform lattices

It is known that a finitely group $G$ is quasi-isometric to a nonuniform irreducible lattice $\Lambda$ in a semisimple Lie group if and only if $G$ and $\Lambda$ are commensurable (see references in ...