**6**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Orbit spaces of crystallographic groups

In their paper "On Three-Dimensional Space Groups", Conway et al. write
Although this paper was inspired by the orbifold concept, we did not need to consider the 219 orbifolds of space groups ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

140 views

### Products of subgroups that generate a finite group

Consider the following general problem. There is a finite group $G$ and $H_1,H_2 < G$. Suppose we know that $\langle H_1, H_2 \rangle = G$, i.e. $G$ is generated by $H_1$ and $H_2$. Denote by $n_0$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

199 views

### Making a profinite group free

Let $F$ be a free profinite group, $G$ a profinite group. Suppose that the free profinite product $F \amalg G$ is a free profinite group. Must $G$ be a free profinite group?
For abstract groups the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

334 views

### Stallings' Theorem for free products of groups

There is a well known theorem which states that:
Theorem(Stallings):
For any immersion $f$ from a finite graph $D$ to $G$ there is a finite-sheeted covering space $D '$ of $G$ that extends $f$. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

682 views

### solvable word problem without algorithm

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. I wonder if there are examples where:
1) The word problem is known to be solvable in $G$ but there is no algorithm known.
2) The word problem is known to be ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

160 views

### “Twisted” Lyndon equation in a free group

In 1959, Lyndon showed that in a free group, the equation $u^2v^2=w^2$ has only commuting solutions: $uv=vu=w$. Is there in the litterature any information about the following "twisted" version of the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Bases of free groups

Let $F$ be a free group on a finite set $X$. Let $A \subseteq X$ be a subset of $X$ contained in some $H \leq F$, a subgroup of finite index in $F$. Must there be a basis (free generating set) for $H$ ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Two-relator products of cyclic groups

In "A proof of the Scott–Wiegold conjecture on free products of cyclic groups" Howie proved that every one-relator product of three cyclic groups is nontrivial. Is there a now proven theorem that says ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

319 views

### Kropholler's Conjecture and 3-manifolds

Suppose that $G$ is a group and that $H$ is a subgroup, both finitely generated, and assume that there is a non-trivial H-almost invariant set $X$ with $HXH=X$. Kropholler's Conjecture asserts that $ ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### the lower bounded of metrics on a group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group, S is a set of generators. If $\forall s\in S, n\in \mathbb{Z}$, $\exists C>0$ such that $|s^n|_S\ge C|n|$, does it imply $\forall$ infinite order element ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Action of the isometry group of the hyperbolic 5-space

We can think hyperbolic 5-space as, $$\mathcal{H}^5=SO^+_{5,1}(\mathbb{R})/SO_5(\mathbb{R})=SL_2(\mathbb{H})/Sp^*_2(\mathbb{H}),$$$\mathbb{H}$ is real quaternion algebra. By Iwasawa Decomposition the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Profinite groups, completions, and Schreier's formula

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, and $H \leq_o G$. We say that $H$ satisfies Schreier's formula in $G$ if $d(H) - 1 = (d(G)-1)[G:H]$. We say that $G$ satisfies Schreier's formula if ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### L_2-Betti numbers of random groups

Are there any results in calculating $l_2$-Betti numbers of random groups in the Gromov density model?
I can deduce myself a few facts:
If a group has Property (T) then the first $l_2$-Betti ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

207 views

### Combination of Stallings theorem and Dunwoody's accessibility

I am interested in applications of the combination of Stallings theorem and Dunwoody's accessibility, which can be summarized as follow:
Theorem: Let $G$ be a finitely presented group. Then $G$ is ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Regularity of polynomial growth of groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group of polynomial growth. This means that the size $B_n$ of the ball of radius $n$ satsifies:
$$
A n^d \leq B_n \leq Bn^d
$$
for some constants $A$, $B$.
My question ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Rationality of translation lengths in hyperbolic groups

Recall that the translation length $\tau(g)$ of an element $g \in G$ is the limit $d(1, g^n)/n$, where $d$ is the word metric on $G$ with resepct to some generating set.
It is a theorem of Gromov ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

636 views

### Links between Geometric Group Theory and Number Theory

Do You know any successful applications of the geometric group theory in the number theory? GTG is my main field of interest and I would love to use it to prove new facts in the number theory.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

118 views

### Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

356 views

### Algorithms in hyperbolic groups

I'm stuck in some algorithms in hyperbolic groups, which may be rather simple.
Let $G$ be a hyperbolic group given by a finite presentation. It is known that the hyperbolicity constant $\delta$ can ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Does there exists a finitely presented group with Dehn function > n^3 and all asymptotic cones simply connected

It is well known that all asymptotic cones simply connected implies polynomial Dehn function (Gromov). It is also well known that quadratic Dehn function implies all asymptotic cones simply connected ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Induced graphs of cayley graph

I have a Cayley graph $Cay(G,S)$, its group presentation $G=< S | R >$ and it is a metric graph by assigning a length equal to 1 to each edge. I also have an induced subgraph of that Cayley ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Non co-hopfian groups - finite index

What sort of spaces cover themselves with a finite fibre? Or, what sort of finitely generated groups contain isomorphic copies of themselves as subgroups as finite index? Is it a reasonable question ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Asymmetric metrics and cohomology

If $(X,d)$ is a metric space and $f : X \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a Lipschitz function with Lipschitz constant $k < 1$, then the function
$$
D(x,y) := d(x,y) + f(y) - f(x)
$$
defines an asymmetric ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Help understanding a proof in Stallings' Triangle of Groups paper

I'm trying to understand the proof of theorem 1 in Stalling's Non-positively Curved Triangle of Groups. I have specific questions, but is there anywhere someone has written out the proof in more ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

420 views

### Kaplansky's idempotent conjecture for Thompson's group F

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ be a torsion-free group. Kaplansky's idempotent conjecture states that the group ring $K[G]$ does not contain any non-trivial idempotent, i.e. if $x^2=x$ then $x=0$ or ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Connection between degree of growth and return probabilities of random walks on Lie groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group of polynomial growth, let $\mu$ be a non-degenerate symmetric probability measure with finite support on $G$, and let $d$ be the degree of growth of $G$. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### How much do the classes of geodesic metrics and Green metrics on a Gromov hyperbolic group differ?

Background
Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group. If $G$ acts properly discontinuously and cocompactly on a proper geodesic metric space $X$, then any bijective identification of $G$ with its orbit ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### Groups and triangle-square complexes

I would like to know what kind of groups (and/or their group presentation) acting geometrically on CAT(0) curved piecewise Euclidean triangle-square complexes.
Thanks

**0**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### JSJ-decompositions of hyperbolic groups and elementary vertices

My question is the following:
In Bowditch's JSJ-decomposition of hyperbolic groups, can elementary (virtually-cyclic) vertices have degree 1? If not, why not?
I had thought for a long time that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### Candidates for non-sofic groups

What are the "simplest" examples of countable groups that are not known to be sofic?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

297 views

### Computing the pro-solvable closure of a finitely generated subgroup of a free group

The pro-solvable topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N\lhd G$ with $G/N$ a finite solvable group is a fundamental system of neighborhoods of the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Is there a finitely generated residually finite group with solvable word problem that does not embed in a finitely presented residually finite group?

The famous Higman embedding theorem says that every recursively presented group embeds in a finitely presented group. This is a convenient tool to construct finitely presented groups with bizarre ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Topological interpretation for groups of type $FP_2$

A group $G$ is of type $FP_2$ if it admits a partial projective resolution of $\mathbb{Z}G$-modules $$ P_2 \rightarrow P_1 \rightarrow P_0 \rightarrow \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow 0$$ with each $P_i$ being ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### Module structure of the abelianization of the commutator subgroup

Let $G$ be a (non-abelian) group, and let $G_2$ denote its commutator subgroup. Then the abelianization $G_2^{ab} = H_1(G_2,\mathbb{Z})$ is a module over the group ring $\mathbb{Z}[G^{ab}]$. The ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Minimal normally generating subsets of minimal generating sets

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. The weight $w(G)$ of $G$ is defined to be the minimum number of elements of $G$ whose normal closure in $G$ is the whole of $G$ (this is sometimes also called ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

200 views

### Commutator width of soluble Baumslag Solitar groups

Do the soluble Baumslag-Solitar groups have finite commutator width? A soluble Baumslag-Solitar group is given by a presentation of the from
BS(1,m) = $<a,b \mbox{ }| \mbox{ } a^{-1}ba = ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Action of Mapping Class Group on Arc complex

Suppose $S$ is a surface of finite type with nonempty boundary. Now consider the arc complex $\mathcal{A}$. The action of Mod(S)(mapping class group) on the set of all vertices has finitely many ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Commutator Width of a direct limit of hyperbolic groups

Is it known if the direct limit of hyperbolic groups can have finite commutator width? Every hyperbolic group has infinite verbal width for any word $w$, so in particular for the commutator word ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Can a tree cover a finite graph with arbitrary large girth?

Let $G$ be some discrete finitely generated group acting cocompactly on a leafless tree $T$. Is it true that for any natural number $n$ there is a finite graph $\Gamma$ such that: $T$ is the universal ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### What is the definition of an HNN extention of a group, relative to another group?

I am familiar with the definition of the HNN extension of a group relative to an isomorphism between two of its subgroups. For comparison's sake let me make that explicit. For groups $G_1, G_2\leq ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### How to construct a group with specified growth function

Are there any procedures which given a nonnegative nondecreasing function on the integers will construct a finitely generated group with the same growth up to the usual equivalence of growth ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### quasiisomorphic groups and torsion [closed]

Are there two finitely generated quasiisomorphic groups $G$ and $H$ such that $G$ is torsionfree and $H$ has torsion elements of arbitrarily large order?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Characterizations of product groups under quasi-isometry

This is a follow-up question to Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups. It can be moved to a comment if it is too trivial.
If all the asymptotic cones of a finitely generated group ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups

Let $G_1,G_2$ be two delta-hyperbolic groups. If $G_1\times \Bbb{Z}$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2\times \Bbb{Z}$, must it be true that $G_1$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2$?
This is similar to the classic ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

141 views

### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used:
Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Hilbert space compression of the lamplighter group

What is the Hilbert space compression exponent of the standard lamplighter group $\mathbb{Z_{2}} \wr \mathbb{Z}$? For $\mathbb{Z} \wr \mathbb{Z}$ it is known to be $2/3$ by work of Austin, Naor and ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague.
Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ?
Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

242 views

### Domination of length functions of trees with equal covolume

(This is a reformulation of an earlier unanswered question. I would like to thank Ian Agol for pointing out to me Walter Parry's characterization of hyperbolic translation length functions.)
Let $G$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

693 views

### Translation length functions of non-simplicial trees

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. By a theorem of Culler and Morgan, the set of non-abelian (not necessarily simplicial) minimal $\mathbb{R}$-trees with isometric $G$-action injects into the ...