Large scale properties of groups; growth functions; Dehn functions; small cancellation properties; hyperbolicity and CAT(0); actions and representations; combinatorial group theory; presentations

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70 views

Salvaging Howson's theorem for free profinite groups

This is an attempt to find a correct version of Do free profinite groups satisfy Howson's theorem? Let $F$ be a free profinite group, and let $A,B \leq F$ be closed finitely generated subgroups ...
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2answers
235 views

Do limit groups satisfy Howson's theorem?

Let $G$ be a limit group, and let $A,B \leq G$ be finitely generated subgroups generating $G$ (i.e. $\langle A \cup B \rangle = G$). Must $A \cap B$ be finitely generated? Recall that a limit ...
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0answers
96 views

Homology of spherical braid groups

By the spherical braid group, I mean the fundamental group of the configuration space of distinct unordered points in $S^2$. I am wondering what is known about the group homology of the spherical ...
10
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2answers
301 views

Conjugacy of matrices of order three in $PGL(2,k)$, where $k$ is any field

We know that every matrix of order three in $PGL(2,\mathbb Z)$ is conjugate to the following matrix $$ \left( \begin{array}[cc] &1 & -1 \\ 1&0 \end{array} \right) $$ I want to know if ...
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122 views

Rational cohomological dimension of the lattices in $SL_n(\mathbb{Q}_p)$

What is the rational cohomological dimension of the lattices in $SL_n(\mathbb{Q}_p)$, where $n\geq 3$ ? A reference would be appreciated. For the definition of "cohomological dimension of a group ...
5
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267 views

Quotients of an extension of the Higman group

(Note: this started as a different question that soon changed form, thanks to the answers.) Let $G = \mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z} \ltimes H_4$, where $H_4$ is the Higman group and $\mathbb{Z}/4\mathbb{Z}$ ...
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73 views

Algorithm to generate hyperbolic metric on a compact surface

Let $F$ be a compact surface of genus $g$ with generators $a_1,b_1,\ldots ,a_g,b_g$ with relation $[a_1,b_1]\cdots [a_g,b_g]=1$. We can also consider surfaces with boundary in which case the ...
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113 views

Connectedness of cones in the boundary of a 1-ended hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a one-ended hyperbolic group. We can think of the boundary of $G$ as consisting of geodesic rays originating at the identity in some Cayley graph, modulo the relationship of being ...
5
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134 views

A group acting acylindrically on a fine hyperbolic graph with infinite edge stabilizers

I am looking for an example of a group $G$ that acts (cocompactly and) acylindrically on a hyperbolic graph $\Gamma$, such that a) the graph $\Gamma$ is fine, b) $\Gamma$ is not a tree, c) not all ...
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48 views

Cubulating non-compact hyperbolic manifolds

Let $X$ be a hyperbolic manifold of arbitrary dimension. When does $X$ admit a cell structure of a CAT(-1) cube complex? of a hyperbolic CAT(0) cube complex? I suspect that the question is widely ...
7
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177 views

A conjecture of Lubotzky on ranks of subgroups of special linear groups over the integers

In a 1985 paper named "Dimension function for discrete groups" Lubotzky conjectured that: For any integer $n \geq 3$ the group $\mathrm{SL}_n(\mathbb{Z})$ contains infinitely many finite index ...
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1answer
136 views

k-fellow traveler property and automatic structur

Let P be a permutation group with some generating set S and let W be the word acceptor automaton of P, if I know the value of k (k-fellow-traveller property of CayleyGraph CG(P,S)). I realized that ...
5
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1answer
59 views

Local quasiconvexity in graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups

In Wise1 Wise shows that hyperbolic graphs of free groups with cyclic edge groups are subgroup separable. In Hsu-Wise these are shown to be cubulated, and by Agol they're virtually special, so ...
3
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2answers
205 views

Do quasi-isometric groups have the same rational cohomology?

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be two finitely generated groups which are quasi-isometric in the sense of geometric group theory. Are their rational cohomology rings $H^{\ast}(G_i; \mathbb Q)$ necessarily ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Computations with conetypes of hyperbolic groups

I'd like to know if there exists (and, in this case, where I can find it) some computer program/programming language/any kind of software that can find explicitly the conetypes of a hyperbolic group ...
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87 views

Maximum relator and hyperbolicity

It is a well-known theorem that a finitely generated group is hyperbolic if and only if it admits a finite Dehn presentation. To prove the "only if" direction one proceeds roughly as follows: Suppose ...
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93 views

Sharp isoperimetry in the discrete Heisenberg group

The exact shape of the set which has the best isoperimetry in the continuous Heisenberg is (from what I know) a difficult open problem. This brought to wonder what is known in the discrete case? More ...
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1answer
227 views

Is there a one relator group with property (T)?

Is there an $n > 2$, and some $x \in F_n$ (the free group on $n$ generators) such that the quotient of $F_n$ by the normal subgroup generated by $x$ has Kazhdan's property $\mathrm{(T)}$ ?
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1answer
136 views

local quasi geodesics in hyperbolic spaces

I asked this question on math stackexchange (see here) but didn't get any answer so I thought I post it here too. We have the following two well-known Theorems: T1) For all $\delta > 0, \...
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64 views

Actions on spaces with measured walls

In geometric group theory, the question of whether or not a group acts nicely on a CAT(0) cube complex, or equivalently on a median graph, is of interest. The same question for actions on spaces with ...
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532 views

How boundedly generated is $SL_3(\mathbb{Z})$?

The group $G = \mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ is known to be boundedly generated, that is, there exists some $m \in \mathbb{N}$, and $g_1, \dots, g_m \in G$ such that we have the following equality of ...
3
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1answer
171 views

Is there a bound on the rank of finite index subgroup of SL_3(Z)?

Is there an $N \in \mathbb{N}$ such that every finite index subgroup of $\mathrm{SL}_3(\mathbb{Z})$ has a generating set of size $N$?
4
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1answer
104 views

Is being Noetherian a quasi-isometric invariance for f.g. groups?

Recall that a group $G$ satisfies max (or is said to be Noetherian) if all its proper subgroups are finitely generated. Similarly $G$ satiesfies max-n if all its normal subgroups are normal closures ...
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1answer
367 views

Can a group be a union of finitely many subgroups of infinite index?

Is there a group $G$ and subgroups $H_1, \dots, H_n \leq G$ for some $n \in \mathbb{N}$, such that $[G : H_i] = \infty$ for each $1 \leq i \leq n$, and $$G = \bigcup_{i=1}^n H_i \ \ ?$$
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142 views

A question of braid words

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter group, let $B(W,S)$ be the corresponding braid or Artin-Tits group. Set $S=\{s_1,\dots, s_n\}$ and denote by $\bf{S}=\{\sigma_1,\dots, \sigma_n\}$ the corresponding generators ...
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2answers
338 views

Is there a nonabelian free group inside a group of positive rank gradient?

Let $G$ be a finitely generated residually finite group with positive rank gradient, and let $F_2$ be the free group on $2$ elements. Must there be an embedding $i \colon F_2 \to G$ ? A group $G$...
4
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1answer
106 views

The growth of a subset of a group

Let $S$ be a symmetric subset of a group $G$ containing the identity, and let $S^n$ be the set of all products of $n$ elements of $S$. If $S^3\subset gS$ for some translate $gS$ of $S$ then it ...
4
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0answers
85 views

Roller's problem on median groups

At the end of his dissertation Poc Sets, Median Algebras and Group Actions, Martin Roller asks A group $G$ is called median if it acts freely and transitively on a median algebra. This is ...
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104 views

An inequality from the “Interlacing-1” paper

This question is in reference to this paper, http://annals.math.princeton.edu/wp-content/uploads/annals-v182-n1-p07-p.pdf (or its arxiv version, http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.4132) For the argument to ...
5
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2answers
117 views

Immersed quasi-Fuchsian surfaces surviving Dehn fillings

In papers like, Cooper - Long - Some surface subgroups survive surgery or Li - Immersed essential surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds the game is to find some quasi-Fuchsian immersed surface $Q \...
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2answers
196 views

Detecting HNN-Extension and free products with amalgamation

This question is partly connected with the following Connection between Stalling's end theorem and Seifert-van Kampen Theorem. By Stalling's Theorem a group with more than one end splits over a ...
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98 views

Obtaining a quasi-isometry of the 'boundary'

It is well-known that a quasi-isometry induces a homeomorphism on the space of ends of say a locally finite graph for simplicity. Clearly the converse is not true. In other words the concept of ends ...
3
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1answer
151 views

Connection between Stalling's end theorem and Seifert-van Kampen Theorem

Stalling`s end Theorem (a group has more than one end iff it splits over a finite subgroup) and the Seifert-van Kampen Theorem (the fundamental group of a 'decomposable' space is a free amalgamated ...
10
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2answers
373 views

Is every metric space quasi-isometric to a graph?

I've proved that if $(X, d)$ is a geodesic metric space then there exists a graph which is quasi-isometric to $X$...during this proof I've precisely used the fact that given two point in $X$ there ...
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92 views

When is a group generated by three involutions two of which commute a Coxeter group?

Let's say the group is generated by three involutions $a$, $b$, and $c$ such that $ord(ab)= 2$, $ord(bc)=3$, and $ord(ac)=m$. Under which conditions is it isomorphic to the rank 3 Coxeter group $(2, 3,...
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561 views

Reference request: Parallel processor theorem of William Thurston

Sometime in the 1980's or 1990's, Bill Thurston proved a theorem regarding the existence of a universal parallel processing machine, using a certain class for such machines having finite deterministic ...
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162 views

divisible 2nd cohomolgy group $H^2(G,\mathbb{Z}G)$

Recall that a (nontrivial) abelian group $A$ is called divisible if the multiplication by $n$ is surjection $A\to A$ for all $n\in\mathbb{Z}_{>1}$. My question is the following. Is there a ...
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109 views

Poincaré inequality for connected Lie groups

Let $G$ be a compactly generated second countable locally compact group, and let $\mu$ be a probability measure which is: symmetric, adapted (in the sense that there is no proper subgroup $H$ such ...
3
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68 views

Is the family of probabilities generated by a random walk on a finitely generated amenable group asymptotically invariant?

Is the family of probabilities $\mu^n$ (convolution) generated by a random walk $\mu$ on a finitely generated amenable group $G$ asymptotically invariant ($\|g\mu^n-\mu\|_{L^1}\to 0$ for any $g\in G$)?...
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2answers
230 views

Products of elliptic isometries

A well-known property on groups acting on trees is: Theorem: Let $T$ be a tree and $g,h \in \mathrm{Isom}(T)$ two elliptic isometries. If $\mathrm{Fix}(g) \cap \mathrm{Fix}(h) = \emptyset$ then ...
3
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0answers
163 views

Uniform sub-linearity of sub-additive functions on groups

Suppose $G$ is a finitely generated group and suppose $f: G \to \mathbb{R}$ is subadditive function, that is: $f(g_1\circ g_2) \leq f(g_1) + f(g_2)$. One example of such $f$ is the word length in some ...
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3answers
745 views

Your favorite papers on geometric group theory

I would like to improve my culture on geometric group theory, so I am interested in short and accessible papers on subjects related to this field but which are not always available in the classical ...
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92 views

Number of unitary representations of a Kazhdan group

It was proved by de la Harpe, Robertson, and Valette that for a discrete group $\Gamma$ with Kazhdan's property (T), there is a constant $c$ so that the number of irreducible unitary representations ...
8
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1answer
280 views

On the number of ends of a countable simple group

At the beginning I thought that the following statement could be an easy exercise after Stallings' theorem, but I found myself incapable of proving it: Any countable f.g. simple group has one end. ...
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1answer
215 views

Abelianization of limit groups

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be limit groups, and let $C_1$ and $C_2$ be cyclic subgroups of $G_1$ and $G_2$, respectively. Question: If $G$ is the amalgamated product of $G_1$ and $G_2$ with amalgamated ...
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140 views

Hyperbolic manifold of dim 3 with finite volume.

The geometrization Theorem for 3-manifolds classifies all oriented compact (without boundary ) 3-manifolds. Is there a theorem which classifies all hyperbolic oriented 3-manifold (without boundary ) ...
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99 views

A subgroup of corank 1 in a free group contains a primitive element?

Let $F$ be the free group on $\{x_i\}_{i=1}^\infty$, and let $H \leq F$ be a subgroup with $\langle H \cup \{x_1\} \rangle = F$. Must there be a free basis $B$ of $F$ for which $B \cap H \neq \...
4
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184 views

Primitive elements in a free group

Let $F$ be a free group of rank $\aleph_0$ and let $H$ be a subgroup for which there exists some $a \in F$ such that $\langle H \cup \{a\} \rangle = F$. Must there be some free basis $B$ for $F$ and a ...
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1answer
166 views

Must a group of defficiency > 1 be nonabelian?

Let $F$ be a free group of finite rank $n > 2$, and let $S \subseteq F$ be a subset of cardinality at most $n-2$. Denote by $S^F$ the normal subgroup of $F$ generated by $S$. Must $F/S^F$ be ...
2
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101 views

Generating free groups by small subgroups and an element

Let $F$ be a free group of countably infinite rank, and let $L \leq F$ be a finite index subgroup. For some prime $p$ and $k \in \mathbb{N}$, let $\sigma \colon L \to \mathrm{GL}_k(\mathbb{Z}/p\mathbb{...