# Tagged Questions

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### solvable word problem without algorithm

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group. I wonder if there are examples where: 1) The word problem is known to be solvable in $G$ but there is no algorithm known. 2) The word problem is known to be ...
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### Two-relator products of cyclic groups

In "A proof of the Scott–Wiegold conjecture on free products of cyclic groups" Howie proved that every one-relator product of three cyclic groups is nontrivial. Is there a now proven theorem that says ...
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### Rationality of translation lengths in hyperbolic groups

Recall that the translation length $\tau(g)$ of an element $g \in G$ is the limit $d(1, g^n)/n$, where $d$ is the word metric on $G$ with resepct to some generating set. It is a theorem of Gromov ...
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### Cancellations in products of two elements of a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a non-abelian free group with the standard generating set and the corresponding word metric. If we take two elements $g,h\in G$ and compute their product $gh$, some letters might cancel, ...
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### Help understanding a proof in Stallings' Triangle of Groups paper

I'm trying to understand the proof of theorem 1 in Stalling's Non-positively Curved Triangle of Groups. I have specific questions, but is there anywhere someone has written out the proof in more ...
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### Module structure of the abelianization of the commutator subgroup

Let $G$ be a (non-abelian) group, and let $G_2$ denote its commutator subgroup. Then the abelianization $G_2^{ab} = H_1(G_2,\mathbb{Z})$ is a module over the group ring $\mathbb{Z}[G^{ab}]$. The ...
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### Action of Mapping Class Group on Arc complex

Suppose $S$ is a surface of finite type with nonempty boundary. Now consider the arc complex $\mathcal{A}$. The action of Mod(S)(mapping class group) on the set of all vertices has finitely many ...
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### Can a tree cover a finite graph with arbitrary large girth?

Let $G$ be some discrete finitely generated group acting cocompactly on a leafless tree $T$. Is it true that for any natural number $n$ there is a finite graph $\Gamma$ such that: $T$ is the universal ...
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### Characterizations of product groups under quasi-isometry

This is a follow-up question to Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups. It can be moved to a comment if it is too trivial. If all the asymptotic cones of a finitely generated group ...
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### Quasi-isometric rigidity of certain products of groups

Let $G_1,G_2$ be two delta-hyperbolic groups. If $G_1\times \Bbb{Z}$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2\times \Bbb{Z}$, must it be true that $G_1$ is quasi-isometric to $G_2$? This is similar to the classic ...
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### Density of ends of long words in a hyperbolic group

Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group with a generating set $S$. For each $g \in G$, let $\xi_g$ be the point in the ideal boundary corresponding to the sequence $(g^n)$. Let $l_S(g)$ be the word ...
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### Uniform incentre of collection of quasi convex subspaces in hyperbolic spaces

I'm reading a paper of Wise on cubulations and the following fact is used: Let $H$ be a quasi-convex subgroup of a $\delta$-hyperbolic group and let $H_i, i\in I$ be a finite family of translates of ...
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### Mapping class group and CAT(0) spaces

I hope the questions are not too vague. Is the mapping class group of an orientable punctured surface $CAT(0)$ ? Is any of the remarkable simplicial complexes (curve complex, arc complex...) built ...
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### Domination of length functions of trees with equal covolume

(This is a reformulation of an earlier unanswered question. I would like to thank Ian Agol for pointing out to me Walter Parry's characterization of hyperbolic translation length functions.) Let $G$ ...
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### Interesting families of groups as group extensions

Let me start this question with an example that hopefully makes clear what I am looking for: A discrete subgroup $G$ of the group of euclidean isometries of $\mathbb{R}^d$ is called a ...
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### Analogues of the curve complex for Out(F)

Let $F$ be a finitely generated free group. Question: Is there an authoritative survey of analogues of the curve complex for $\mathrm{Out}(F)$? If not, as seems likely, would a passing expert be ...
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### Injective simplicial maps between Arc complexes

Let $A(S)$ denotes the Arc complex of a finite type hyperbolic surface $S$ with nonempty boundary. Let $\lambda:A(S)\rightarrow A(S)$ be a map such that on triangulations of $S$ i.e. on the top ...
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### A question on Cayley graphs and hyperbolic 3-manifolds

There are two hyperbolic closed 3-manifolds, but I don't know whether they are homeomorphic or not. The only thing I know is that the Cayley graphs of their fundamental groups are quasi-isometric. ...
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### Counterexamples to analogue of Cannon conjecture in higher dimensions

It is known that a group $G$ acts geometrically on $\mathbb{H}^2$ if and only if $G$ is word-hyperbolic and its boundary $\partial G$ is homeomorphic to $S^1$. The analogous statement for ...
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### Group actions on trees and translates under hyperbolic elements

I have the following question regarding group actions on trees to which I suspect the answer to be "yes", but it could very well be that extra conditions are required (it is certainly true for free ...
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### Topology of boundaries of hyperbolic groups

For many examples of word-hyperbolic groups which I have seen in the context of low-dimensional topology, the ideal boundary is either homeomorphic to a n-sphere for some n or a Cantor set. So, I was ...
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### Growth of Poincare duality groups

Can one prove that Poincare duality groups cannot have intermediate growth?
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### Proper Group action on a metric space

Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $C\subset X$ be a compact subset. Let furthermore $G$ be a group that acts on $X$ proper and by isometries. Does there exist an $\epsilon >0$ such that: Let $U=$ ...
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### Converse to Milnor's theorem on manifolds with nonnegative Ricci curvature.

Disclaimer : I suspect the question I am about to ask is really hard, but I just want to know the status of such questions. Thanks to Milnor, we know that the $\pi_1$ any compact manifold with ...
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### Periodic automorphisms of free groups and surface homeomorphisms

Denote by $F_n$ the free group of rank $n$. We say that an automorphism $\phi\in Aut(F_n)$ is geometric if there exists a surface with boundary $M$ and a homeomorphism $h\colon M\to M$ such that $h$ ...
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### Do quasi convex hyperbolic subgroups remain quasi convex after adding redundant generators?

We know now that hyperbolic 3-manifolds virtually embed into right-angled Artin groups as quasiconvex subgroups. Also, quasiconvexity depends on the generating set. I have been constructing a space ...
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### Are virtual cubulated groups cubulated?

Suppose $G$ has a finite index subgroup $N$ such that $N$ acts properly and cocompactly on a CAT(0)-cube complex. Does $G$ also act properly and cocompactly on a CAT(0)-cube complex? Edit: After ...
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### Classification of geometric outer automorphisms of free groups

Good evening everyone, an outer automorphism $[\phi]\in Out(F_n)$ is geometric if it is induced by a surface homeomorphism $h\colon M\stackrel{\cong}{\to}M$, where $M$ is a compact surface with ...
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### How large is this “algebra” of defining graphs for Right-angled Artin groups?

As part of my research, I have been trying to construct a spherical space at infinity for every right-angled artin group. I've been able to work it out for a certain class of defining graphs. I'd like ...
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### Invariant free factor of a free group

Let $F_n=F\ast F'$ be a free splitting of the free group $F_n$ and $\phi\in Aut(F_n)$. The free factor $F$ is said to be invariant under $\phi$ if $\phi(F)\subseteq F$. I recently wondered if this ...
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### General properties of free-by-cyclic groups

I admit this is a very broad question, but I am looking for general properties of [finitely generated free]-by-[infinite cyclic] groups. More precisely, what are some properties that the groups ...
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### The second homotopy group of a simple CW-complex

Let $X$ be a CW-complex with one 0-cell two 1-cells three 2-cells no cells in dimensions 3 or higher. Is it always true that $\pi_2(X)\ne 1$?
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### Asymptotic dimension of graph manifold groups

Does every non-geometric graph manifold have fundamental group of asymptotic dimension 3? This is affirmed in http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.1098 for closed graph manifolds, but I am interested in ...
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### is a group $G$, that admits finite $k(G, 1)$ and has no Baumslag-Solitar subgroups, necessarily hyperbolic?

This is the first question asked in Bestvina's article "Questions in Geometric Group Theory". Does anyone know if there has been any progress made on this problem? Is the question answered if $G$ is ...
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### When is a extension of $\mathbb{Z}$ by a free group a CAT(0) group?

The question has an easy answer, if one replaces free by free abelian: Then the resulting group is always solvable and a solvable subgroup of a CAT(0) group is virtually abelian. If the resulting was ...
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### balls as Foelner sets

This is essentially equivalent to this question by Simon Thomas. Let $G=\langle X\rangle$ be a finitely generated group, $b_n$ be the number of elements in the ball of radius $n$ in the Cayley ...
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### Partial word orders on groups

This is a followup question related to this question. Recall that a left-invariant partial order on a finitely generated group $G$ is called a partial word order if for every $a\le b\le c$ we have ...
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### orders and length functions on finitely generated groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group with the natural word length function ($|x|$ is the length of the shortest word in generators of $G$ representing $x$). We call a partial left invariant order ...
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### Braid groups acting on CAT(0)-complexes

Does the braid group $B_n, n\ge 3$, act properly by isometries on a CAT(0) cube complex? Update 1. During a recent talk of Nigel Higson in Pennstate Dmitri Burago asked whether the braid groups are ...
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### A finite index subgroup of the Mapping Class Group

Let $G$ be the mapping class group of a closed surface $S_{g}$. Bestvina-Bromberg-Fujuwara http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/1006.1939 recently constructed a finite index subgroup $B$ of $G$ such that for ...
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### Higher-dimensional braid group?

Let $\Delta$ be 2-disk. Let $C(\Delta;n)$ be a configuration space. i.e.) $C(\Delta;n)= \lbrace (z_1,\ldots,z_n)\in \Delta\times\ldots\Delta | z_i\neq z_j ~\textrm{if}~ i\neq j \rbrace$ Then, it ...
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### Free splittings of one-relator groups

Roughly speaking, I want to know whether one-relator groups only have 'obvious' free splittings. Consider a one-relator group $G=F/\langle\langle r\rangle\rangle$, where $F$ is a free group. Is ...
Let $K$ be a compact oriented 3-dimensional handlebody of genus $g$. The group $H_g$ of isotopy classes of diffeomorphisms of $K$ is called the handlebody group. (It embeds as a subgroup of the ...